Industry Higher

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  • 1. Industry Total for this question: 25 marks(a) study the following industries:Iron ore miningSteel makingBankingDairy farming (i)Tick the two that are examples of primary industry.(2 marks) Study Figure 10, a photograph of primary industry.(ii) Give two features of primary industry shown in Figure 10.1 2 (2 marks) (iii) Give one product which can be made using wood from forests. (1 mark) (b) Study Figure 11 on the next page, a sketch map of Northern Italy showing informationabout industry.

2. (i) Using Figure 11, suggest reasons for the location of industry in Northern Italy. (4 marks) (ii)Heavy industries sometimes pollute the environment. Describe how governments are trying to reduce pollution. (4 marks) 3. (c) Study Figure 12, a diagram of some factors affecting where industries are located. Using Figure 12, explain how factors such as these may affect industrial location. (4 marks)(c) Describe and explain the advantages and disadvantages of transnational corporations. (TNCs). 4. (8 marks)(a) Study Figure 7, a map showing footloose industry in southern England. Describe and explain the distribution of footloose industry shown in Figure 7.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................(4 marks) (b) (i) What is meant by secondary industry?............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ (1 mark) (ii) Study Figure 8, which gives information about secondary industry in the United Kingdom. 5. Complete the line graph by using the figures given for 1991 and 2001. (3 marks)(c) Many areas have experienced industrial decline.Describe and explain how industrial decline has affected the environment and the lives of the local people.1 Environment ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6. ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Lives of the local people ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................(7 marks)(d) Explain how governments can encourage industries to move into certain areas.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................(4 marks)(e) Describe the inputs, processes and outputs for one type of industry in a European Union 7. area that you have studied. You may include a diagram in your answer. ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................(6 marks) (a) Look at Figure 10, which shows an industrial system in England. 8. (i) Complete the table by circling the correct type of industry shown in Figure 10. Give reasons for your choice.Type of IndustryReason Shown in Figure 10 Primary I chose this becauseor ......Secondaryor .. Tertiary.orQuaternary(2 marks) (ii) What is the link between secondary and tertiary industry? .. (2 marks) (b) Figure 11, on the next page shows the industrial development of South Korea, anewly industrialised country (NIC) in East Asia, between 1971 and 2001. 9. (i) Use Figure 11 to describe the industrial changes that took place in South Korea between 1971 and 2001.... (4 marks) (ii) Give two reasons for the industrial changes that have taken place in NICs1.2. (2 marks)(C) Study Figure 12, which shows the distribution of Samsung factories and offices. Samsung is a South Korean company. 10. (i) Why can Samsung be called a Transnational Corporation (TNC)? (1 marks)(ii) Suggest reasons for the distribution of Samsung factories and offices shown in Figure12..... (4 marks)(d) (i) Why has there been a decline in the many traditional manufacturing industries in MEDCs? (4 marks) 11. (ii) Explain the political and environmental consequences for areas in MEDCs wheretraditional manufacturing industry had declined (6 marks)(a) Study Figure 8, a which shows the location of steel-making, a secondary industry in Great Britain in 2005 12. (i) What is the meaning of the term secondary industry (1 marks(ii) Explain the factors that have led to the decline of steel-making or another secondary industry in an MEDC that you have studied. Type of secondary industry (if not steel making). (4 marks)(b) Study Figure 9, which a photograph of the Cambridge Science Park.Figure 9 13. (i) Describe the main feature of the Cambridge Science Park shown on the photograph...........(4 marks)(ii)Why can industries which have developed on Science Parks be considered to be footloose?..(1 marks)(C) Study Figure 10, which shows some of the factors affecting the location of industry. (i) Explain how one or more of these factors have affected the location of some industry. 14. ........ ........ (9 marks)(d) Using one or more examples, describe the effects of industrial pollution on either the land or the sea. 15. (6 marks) (a) (i)Study Figure 9, a table which gives information about three countries in the world. Figure 6Percentage Employed in PrimarySecondaryTertiary Country InduInduIndu Type of CountrystrystrystryA 4 71 25B 6