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Report of assignment OUMH 2203

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2. OUMH 2203CONTENT1.0 Introduction4-52.0 Content2.1 Present Situation 52.2 Problem 5-62.3 Solution2.3.1 Improvement of Storage72.3.2 Manual Processes On the Experience and Knowledge of Personnel72.3.3 Provide Training On How to Operate the Equipment for Employees. 7-82.3.4 Provide a Slip,Trips and Falls Checklist/ Manual Handling Checklist/Electrical Checklist 8-132.3.5 Provide Training on Lifting Techniques for Employees133.0 Conclusion3.1 Evaluation of changes143.2 Recommendation14-154.0 References162 3. OUMH 2203 A Standard Report To Improve Safety In The Factory Prepared forAlvin Wong , Managing DirectorThe Fortune Textile IndustrialJalan Tanjung Laboh,83000 Batu PahatBy Lim Poh TinFactory ManagerThe Fortune Textile IndustrialJalan Tanjung Laboh,83000 Batu Pahat 10 November 2012To : Alvin Wong, Managing DirectorFrom : Lim Poh Tin, Factory ManagerDate : 10 November 2012 3 4. OUMH 2203Subject: A Standard Report To Improve Safety In The Factory1.0 INTRODUCTIONAs an Occupational Health manager of the factory, I had a tour to the factory the pastfew days. While I was looking at the Material and Handling department, I discoveredthat the operators of that department didnt abibe the safety regulations as stipulated.They were ignoring the safety regulations at their work. Handling and storing materialsinvolves diverse operations such as storage of corrosive chemicals , presence of largequantities of dry fabric or paper can increase the risk and spread of fires.The efficient handling and storing of materials is important to industry. Theseoperations provide a continuous flow of raw materials, parts, and assemblies through theworkplace, and ensure that materials are available when needed. Yet, the improperhandling and storing of materials can cause costly injuries.Nowadays, machiner have become larger, speedier and more sophiscated and they alsointroduced now potential hazards. As workers have to cope with mechanization and thedemand for increasing productivity, work stress, largely unrecognized or ignored,exerted an increasing influence on their well being.Environmental concern raised by the textile industries stem from two sources, theprocesses involved in textile manufacturing and hazards associated with the way theproducts are used. Therefore, the workers encounter various types of factory accidentsor health danger due to lack of proper safety rules. I wrote this report to you with thepurpose to propose a permanent solution that prevents recurrence of the actual causes ofhazards in the factory.Management is rmly committed to a policy enabling all work activities to be carriedout safely, and with all possible measures taken to remove (or at least reduce) risks tothe health, safety and welfare of employees, contractors, authorised visitors, and anyoneelse who may be affected by our operations. We are committed to ensuring we complywith the Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995, the Workplace Health and Safety4 5. OUMH 2203Regulations 1998 and applicable codes of practice and Malaysian Standards as far aspossible.2.0 CONTENT2.1 Present Situation 1 The housekeeping aspect in the Material and Handling department is controlled by a crew of middle-aged women. 2 Workers dealing with the dyeing of materials are wearing slippers. 3 The switchboards and electrical equipment in that department is in charged by an in-experience supervisor who is a twenty-eight-year man .Everything on the switchboard are not clearly labelled. The safety switches (residual current devices) have not been tted to all circuits. 4 During mechanically moving materials, the workers overload the equipment not according the weight, size and shape of the materials or moved dictate the type of equipment used for transporting them . 5 The steam pipes are leaking because they are worn-out.2.2 Problem 1 The walkways and doorways in the factory are fulled of boxes, extension cords and litter even at the stairways.There are also stacked up with boxes. Nobody is responsibility for cleaning the oors, clearing work areas and walkways. The workers have no adequate space to enable ease of movement. The tread on stairs are not adequate to minimise slipping too. Employees expose to many potential hazards like moving industrial equipment or slick areas. A hazard is something that can cause harm if not controlled. The outcome is the harm that results from an uncontrolled hazard.5 6. OUMH 2203These can cause crush injuries, lacerations, bruising, sprains and strains to thepart of the body that is hit or trapped. In case of a dangerous situation such asfire, the workers will not be able to escape quickly. 2Improper storage of dyes, chemicals and other auxiliaries. Exposure tochemicals and certain reactive, vat and disperse dyes can cause skin irritation. 3There is no evaluation on the ability of the workers during the handlingmaterials. The main risk in the factory is usually associated with individualcapabilities. Here comes the fact that the strength, skill and disposition varyfrom one person to another. A certain task may be perceived in many differentways such that the effects of the task change in terms of intensity and gravity foreach employee. 4Not all material can be manually lifted. Carts, bins, hand trucks, dollies, and forklifts are all mechanical aids that can only help transport a load without puttingundue strain on the back. Pushcarts and bins only can be useful for light,awkward material handling tasks, while hand trucks and forklifts just can help tomove heavier, stackable material. Our factory is lack of mechanical aids forloading the heavier materials. 5The Material and Handling department is shortage of well-trained staffespecially in mechanically moving materials. The worst situation that happenedfrequently is the workers havent gain access typically to perform maintenanceor to replenish supplies or raw materials (ink, oil, water, or toner). They alwaysmade mistake to replenish supplies or maintenance of machinery.2.3 Solution2.3.1 Improvement of Storage Stored materials must not create a hazard. Storage areas must be kept free fromaccumulated materials that may cause tripping, fires, or explosions, or that maycontribute to the harboring of rats and other pests. When stacking and piling 6 7. OUMH 2203materials, it is important to be aware of such factors as the materials height andweight, how accessible the stored materials are to the user, and the condition ofthe containers where the materials are being stored. All bound material should be stacked, placed on racks, blocked, interlocked, orotherwise secured to prevent it from sliding, falling, or collapsing. A loadgreater than that approved by a building official may not be placed on any floorof a building or other structure. Where applicable, load limits approved by thebuilding inspector should be conspicuously posted in all storage areas. Dyes, chemicals and other auxiliaries should be stored in a separate work areaand access to this area should be limited to trained personnel. The storage areashould be kept relatively cool and dry and all items must be recorded in a logbook and clearly labelled. Internationally recognized symbols should be usedand all factory workers should be train to recognize them. The storage areas,balances and all utensils should be kept clean for safety reasons and to avoidcross contamination.2.3.2 Manual Processes On the Experience and Knowledge of PersonnelThe effective identification of hazards and controls can vary widely in manualprocesses depending on the experience and knowledge of personnel. Make surethe workers have the skills for the job. The new workers must be provided with,in addition to the information required or relevant comprehensible informationas to the safety and health risks and the preventive and protective measurestaken withrespect to those manual handling operations. When there is anew worker, we should introduce them to the workplace: the facilities, theirfellow workers, work times and meal breaks. This is only an induction. In aninduction, we must also tell the workers how to work safely and how to report aproblem, incident or injury. It is a good idea to formalise the inductions andstructure them in a way we can keep track of.2.3.3 Provide Training On How to Operate the Equipment for Employees. 7 8. OUMH 2203To reduce potential accidents associated with workplace equipment, employeesneed to be trained in the proper use and limitations of the equipment theyoperate. This includes knowing how to effectively use equipment such asconveyors, cranes, and slings. To ensure that our staffs have sufficientknowledge to handle the machines or equipment, the management needs toprepare a standard training manual for all the relevant staff. We shouldrecommend using a formal training program to reduce materials handlinghazards. Instructors should be well-versed in matters that pertain to safetyengineering and materials handling and storing. The content of the trainingshould emphasize those factors that will contribute to reducing workplacehazards including the following: Alerting the employee to the dangers of lifting without proper training. Showing the employee how to avoid unnecessary physical stress and strain. Teaching workers to become aware of what they can comfortably handlewithout undue strain. Instructing workers on the proper use of equipment. Teaching workers to recognize potential hazards and how to prevent orcorrect them.Because of the high incidence of back injuries, safe lifting techniques for manuallifting should be demonstrated and practiced at the work site by supervisors aswell as by employees.2.3.4 Provide Sli