ระบบ BRT กับสุขภาวะคนเมือง

  • View
    443

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • BRT

  • : ,

    :

    :

    : , ,

    : :

    : .. 2558

    : (CPWI)

    : (.)

  • 1

    BRT 1

    1. (Bus Rapid Transit: BRT) BRT BRT 18 48 ( , 2555) BRT BRT World Resources Institute (WRI) BRT1 (Cost-Benefit Analysis: CBA)

    2. BRT

    BRT

    1 Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and

    Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute.

  • 2

    3. BRT

    BRT 3 (1) BRT (2) (3) BRT (dwell time) ( 1)

    1 BRT TransMilenio

    : http://www.sustainablecitiescollective.com/cflower/95236/bogota-colombias-tranmilenio-how-public-trans portation-can-socially-include-and-exclud

    4. BRT

    BRT BRT .. 1974 ( 1) Rede Integrada de Transporte (RIT) (Curitiba) Metrorail System (So Paulo) .. 1992-2001 BRT

  • 3

    23 115 .. 2002 .. 2001 (Bogot) TransMilenio BRT .. 2013 BRT 163 (Brampton) (Ecatepec) (Jaipur) (Guangzhou) 4,200 30

    1 BRT

    5. BRT BRT (urban) BRT WRI 4 ( 1) (1) TransMilenio (2) Metrobs (3) Rea Vaya (4) Metrobs BRT

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.6.

  • 4

    1 BRT 4

    7.3 9 4.4 10.9

    BRT TransMilenio Metrobs Rea Vaya Metrobs

    Phase 1 2 Line 3 Phase 1A Phase 1-4

    (..) 2000 2011 2009 2007

    1.6 123,000 40,000 600,000

    BRT

    BRT BRT BRT BRT BRT BRT (bypass lanes) BRT (interaction) BRT BRT BRT BRT BRT ( 2) TransMilenio BRT 1.98 Metrobs Metrobs 600,000-800,000 70,000

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.7.

  • 5

    2 BRT

    TransMilenio 45,000 BRT BRT - Metrobs TUYAP Sogutlucesme 24,000 (highway median) BRT 20,000 BRT 14-40 BRT BRT BRT BRT Metrobs 40 BRT

    BRT

    BRT ()

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.8.

  • 6

    6. BRT

    (capital cost) ( 2) BRT

    3

    1) BRT BRT BRT BRT

    2) (Greenhouse Gas) BRT

    3) BRT

    2 BRT BRT

    BRT

    - BRT -

    BRT -

    - BRT 13

    - Metrobs 52

  • 7

    - BRT

    - - BRT - (Driving Cycle)

    - TransMilenio 1

    - Metrobs Line 1 2.5 BRT

    - -

    BRT - BRT BRT

    - BRT

    - TransMilenio 2

    - BRT 40

    - BRT

    -

    - TransMilenio 43 18 12

    - Metrobs Line 1 6,000 12 3

    - BRT

    - BRT BRT

    - Metrobs 2.45

    - BRT 8.30

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.11.

  • 8

    7. (Cost-Benefit Analysis: CBA)

    BRT BRT ( 3)

    3 BRT BRT BRT

    (capital cost)

    - -

    BRT BRT

    ( )

    BRT 4

    (Cost-Benefit Analysis: CBA) ( 4)

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.13.

  • 9

    4

    BRT

    (: .. 2012)

    TransMilenio

    Phase 1 2 1,400 1.6 23%

    Metrobs

    Line 3 36 1.2 14%

    Rea Vaya

    Phase 1A 143 1.2 12%

    Metrobs

    Phase 1-4 6,407 2.8 66%

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.14.

    1) TransMilenio TransMilenio 2

    2) Metrobs Metrobs BRT BRT BRT

    3) Rea Vaya Rea Vaya 96 ( 5) ( 4) ( 1)

  • 10

    4) Metrobs Metrobs

    BRT 4 BRT ( 1) ( 5) BRT ( 5) BRT BRT BRT

    5

    (: .. 2012)

    BRT 1

    ( ) 2 3 4

    5-6 ()

    TransMilenio

    92 642 603 238 -176

    Metrobs

    11.4 37.9 12.2 -9.5 -16.4

    Rea Vaya

    18.6 8.2 35.2 353.9 -273.3

    Metrobs

    765.9 2,308.5 1,414 969 952.1

    : Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. (2013). Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute. p.15.

  • 11

    8. BRT

    4 BRT TransMilenio Metrobs Rea Vaya Metrobs BRT

    1) -

    - -

    BRT 2)

    BRT 4 BRT - BRT

    (bi-articulated bus)

    - BRT BRT

    -

  • 12

    -

    - BRT BRT

    - BRT 3) BRT

    BRT - -

    - (trust fund)

    - BRT

    9.

    BRT BRT (Cost-Benefit Analysis: CBA) BRT 4 TransMilenio Metrobs Rea Vaya Metrobs BRT BRT 3

  • 13

    BRT

    Carrigan, A., King, R., Velsquez, J. M., Duduta, N. and Raifman, M. 2013. Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts of Bus Rapid Transit. EMBRAQ. World Resources Institute.

    . 2555. .