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    exceptionality (psychotic disorders) ( . 2545 : 2) (Children Special) (Children with Special Needs) (Cripple) (Handicap) Exceptional Children)

    1.1 (Children with Special Needs ( . 2533 : 2)

    ( , 2537 : 3)

  • (. 2539 : 1)

    ) (Cripple ( , 2533 : 1)

    (Handicap) (impairment) handicap ( . 2533 : 3)

    (Ashman and Elkins. 1994 : 2)

    (Kirk. Gallagher. and Anstasiow. 1996 : 4)

    (Gearheart. 1980 : 2)

    ES 203 2

  • (WHO) 3 ( . 2544 : 34) 1. (Impairment) 2. (Disability) 3. (Handicap)

    - ( . 2545 : 5)

    1.2

    2535 (2535 : 15) .. 2542 ( 2) .. 2545 (2545 : 7)

    ES 203 3

  • (Special Education) ( . 2533 : 3)

    ( : 2542 : 13-14)

    ( . 2545 : 11)

    1.3 3,500 (idiot)

    ES 203 4

  • 16 .. 1785

    3

    4

    .. 2481

    .. 2482

    ES 203 5

  • .. 2484 14 .. 2486 20,000 .. 2489 40 40,000 .. 2492 8 () 58 .. 2494 83 .. 2502 .. 2503 .. 2506 .. 2509 1

    ES 203 6

  • 10 2494 17 () 5 ...

    .. 2496 5 1 23 137 5 .. 2518 10 2496 43 7

    .. 2504 .. 2511 10 2512

    ES 203 7

  • .. 2513 .. 2517 .. 2521 ( ) .. 2520 2 .. 2522

    .. 2512 .. 2516

    ES 203 8

  • .. 2519 .. 2493-2494 (Poliomylitis)

    .. 2501 2 17-25 .. 2504

    .. 2508 2 " 11 2508 3 22

    ES 203 9

  • . 6 .. 2499 25,000 .. 2503

    .. 2509 .. 2519 2521

    .. 2497

    .. 2482

    ES 203 10

  • 1.4 (Kirk. 1996 : 29-30) ( . 2546 : 10) 1. ( ) 2. 2.1

    ES 203 11

  • 2.2 2.3 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. ( . 2545 : 10-11)

    1.5

    ES 203 12

  • (Gearheart and Weishahn. 1980 : 3) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

    1.6 10

    1. (Outcome-Based Education-OBE) 1)

    2) 3) 4 (1) (2) (3) (4)

    ES 203 13

  • 2. (Multicultural Education) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

    3. (Multiple Intelligence) (Garddner, 1983 - 2542) IQ 7 1) (Linguistic Ability) 2) (Logical Mathematical Ability) 3) (Musical Ability) 4) (Spatial Ability) 5) (Bodily Kinesthetic Ability) 6) (Interpersonal Ability) 7) (Interpersonal Ability)

    ES 203 14

  • 7

    4. (Constructivist Learning) (Constructivism)

    5. (Interdisciplinary Curriculum)

    6. (Authentic Assessment of Student Performance)

    ES 203 15

  • 1) 2) 3) 4)

    (Norms)

    7. (Multi Age Grouping)

    8. (Peer-Mediated Learning)

    ES 203 16

  • 2 1) (Cooperative Learning) 3-5 2) (Peer Tutoring)

    9. (Noncategorical Approach Education)

    ( 10. Use of Technology) ( . 2542 : 30)

    ES 203 17

  • (2524:53) 1. 2. 3. (Permanent Handicap) 4. 5. (Positive Seif Image) 6. (Individualized Instruction) 7. (Self Realization) 8. 9. 10.

    1.7

    1.

    1.1 1.2

    ES 203 18

  • 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 ( . 2535 : 163) 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5

    ES 203 19

  • 1.8

    1. 2. 3. 1 4.

    1. 2. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) ( . 2544 : 20 )

    1.9

    ES 203 20

  • (.. 2543 2549) 1 12 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 2.1 12 2.2 2.3 2.4

    ES 203 21

  • 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4

    ES 203 22

  • 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 5 5.1 5.2 5.3

    ES 203 23

  • 5.4 5.5 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 7 .. 2542 7.1

    ES 203 24

  • 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4

    ES 203 25

  • 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9 10

    1.10 .. 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act Public Law 94-142 (PL 94-142) .. 1977 3-21 .. 1990 PL 94 -142 Individual with Disabilities Education Act : IDEA

    ES 203 26

  • (PL 101 - 476) (Smith. 1998 : 24) 1. 2. 3. 4.

    1. (Disable Person) 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

    ES 203 27

  • 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. ( 2534)

    ES 203 28

  • .. 2541 10 2541 3 2541

    ES 203 29

  • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

    ES 203 30

  • 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

    .. 2534 20 .. 2534 4 15 14

    ES 203 31

  • (1) (2) (3) 16

    2535 2 4.5

    2540 4 5 26

    ES 203 32

  • 28 30 43 52 53 55 58

    ES 203 33

  • 59 60 80 82 86

    2542 10

    ES 203 34

  • 28 10 58 (1) (2) 66

    ES 203 35

  • 2545 2549 2

    ES 203 36

  • 4 1. 2. 1. 2. /

    1. 1.

    ES 203 37

  • / 1. 2. 3. 1.

    ES 203 38

  • 2. 3. 4.

    (.. 2543 - 2549) (.. 2543 2549) 1 - - 2540 .. 2542

    ES 203 39

  • - 9 - 2 - - 9 - 16

    ES 203 40

  • - 3 (.. 2543 2545) ( 2543 2545) 7,850.575 - 5,399.363 2,569.970 2,488.464 233.799 107.130 - 2,033.232 1,614.100 108.660 272.061 36.221 2.190 - 417.982 74.490 299.282 24.768 19.440 4 (.. 2546 2549) - 55

    ES 203 41

  • - .. 2542 () () 5 - - - () ()

    ES 203 42

  • ES 203 43

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