Экономическая теория. Ч.2. Макроэкономика: Учебное пособие

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  • 4C 7..................................................................................................................................................................... 6 1. .................................................................................................. 6

    1.1. ......................................................... 6 1.2. ..................................................................................... 7 1.3. ........................................................................................... 7 1.4. , .......................................... 8 ........................................................................................................................................ 8 ....................................................................................................................................... 9 (Monetarism).............................................................................................................................. 10 (RATEX=Rational Expectations School) ................................................ 11

    1.5. ............................................................................................. 11 ..................................................................................................................................... 12 ......................................................................................................................... 12 ................................................................................................................................ 13 ............................................................... 13 ................................................................................................................... 14 .................................................................................................................................... 14

    2. ............................................................................................ 15 2.1. ................................................................................................................................. 15 2.2. ................................................ 16 2.3. ..................................................... 17 ..................................................................................................................................... 17 (Joseph Schumpeter) ...................................................................................... 17

    2.4. ................................................................................................................ 17 .......................................................................................................................................... 17 ...................................................................................................................................... 18

    2.5. : , .................................................................................................. 18 .............................................................................................................................................. 18 ............................................................................................ 20 ............................................................................................. 21 ......................................................................................................... 21

    8................................................................................................................................................................... 22 1. ............................................................. 22

    1.1. ................................................................................................................ 22 1.2. , ............................................................................................. 22 1.3. () ...................................................................................................... 23 1.4. .......................................................................................... 23 ....................................................................................................................................... 26 ........................................................................................................................................ 27

    1.5. ............................................................................................................................................... 28 1.6. , ......................................................................................... 29

    2. ............................. 29 2.1. , ............................................................ 29 2.2. ...................................................................................... 30 2.3. .................................................................................................................... 31 (Natural Law) ........................................................................... 31 (Utilitarianism) ......................................................................................................................... 31 (Rawlsian equality theory)...................................................................................... 31

    2.4. ................................................................. 32 9................................................................................................................................................................... 33 1. ................................................................................................... 33

    1.1. ....................................................................................................... 33 ................................................................................................................ 33 , , ......................................................................... 34 ........................................................................................................................... 34

    1.2. , ................................................................................................................ 35 ................................................................................................................................................ 35 ...................................................................................................................................................... 35

    1.3. ..................................................................................................................................... 36 ................................................................................................................................... 36 ......................................................................................................................... 37 .......................................................... 37

  • 5 ............................................................................................................. 38

    1.4. ...................................................................................... 38 1.5. ( )................................................................................... 39

    2. , ...................................................................................... 40 2.1. ........................................................................................................................................................... 40 ............................................................................................................................................ 40

    2.2. . ....................................................................................... 41 .............................................................................................. 41 ( )...................................................................................... 41 ........................... 42

    2.3. ...................................................................................................... 44 - ............................................................................................................... 44 .................................................................... 44 ........................................................................................................................................... 44 ................................................................................................................................. 44 (Money Market Mutual Funds) ........................................................... 44

    2.4. ................................................................................................................................... 45 3. .............................................................................................. 45

    3.1. ............................................................................................................... 45 3.2. .......................................................................................................................... 46 3.3. .................................................................................................................................................... 47

    10...................................................................................................................