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14-membered-ring macrolide 14

5-lipoxygenase 5-LO

abscess of the nasal septum

accessory alar cartilage

accessory olfactory organ vomeronasal organJacobson organ

accessory ostium

acoustic rhinometer

acoustic rhinometry

acquired immunodeficiencysyndrome

AIDS

active rhinomanometry

adenocarcinoma

adenoid cystic carcinoma

adenoid vegetation adenoid hypertrophy

adenoma

Adenovirus

adoptive immunotherapy

adrenergic nerve

aerosol therapy

agger nasi nasal ridge

air cleaning

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air pressure of the nasalcavity

airway respiratory tract

alinamin test intravenous olfactometry

allassotherapy allergen specifichyposensitization

allergen avoidance

allergen specificimmunotherapy

SITallergen specifichyposensitization

allergen-specific IgE IgE antigen-specific IgE IgE

allergic bronchopulmonaryaspergillosis

ABPA

allergic conjunctivitis

allergic fungal rhinosinusitis AFRS allergic fungalsinusitis AFS

allergic mucin

allergic rhinitis

allergic salute

allergic shiner

allergic sinusitis

allergic skin crease

allergy test

alpha adrenergic receptor

alpha-sympathetic stimulants

Alternaria

alveolar process

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alveolar pyorrhea

Alzheimer disease

anaerobe

anaphylactic shock

anaphylaxis

angioectatic polyp

angiosarcoma

angular artery

angular vein

anosmia

anterior clinoid process

anterior cranial fossa

anterior ethmoid (al) cells anterior ethmoid(al) sinus

anterior ethmoid(al) artery

anterior ethmoid(al) sinus anterior ethmoid (al) cells (

anterior ethmoidal foramen

anterior ethmoidal nerve

anterior fontanelle membranous portion

anterior group of theparanasal sinuses

anterior nare nostrilexternal nostril

anterior nasal spine

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anterior olfactory nucleus

anterior rhinomanometry

anterior rhinoscope

anterior rhinoscopy

anterior tampon anterior pack

anti-allergic medicine anti-allergic drug

antibacterial drug antimicrobial drugs

antibody-dependent cellularcytotoxicity

ADCC

anti-cholinergic drugs anticholinergics

antigen presenting cell APC

antigen-specific IgE IgE

antihistamines histamine receptorantagonist

anti-inflammatory enzymepreparations

proteolytic enzyme

anti-laminin antibody ALA

antimicrobial drug antibacterial drugs

anti-mitocondoria antibody AMA

anti-neutrophil cytoplasmicantibody

ANCA

anti-smooth muscle antibody ASMA

antrochoanal polyp ACP

apnea

apnea reflex

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arachidonic acid

arhinencephaly

Aspergillus

aspirin induced asthma AIA aspirin intolerantasthma, aspirin sensitiveasthma

aspirin sensitivity

atopic backgrand atopic diathesis

atopic cough

atopic diathesis atopic background

atresiaof the anterior nare

atresia of the nasolacrimalduct

nasolacrimal obstruction

atrophic rhinitis ozena dry nose empty nose

atrophy of the nasal mucosa

augmentation rhinoplasty nasomaxillary epithelialinlay grafting

autoimmune disease

axial section horizontal section

B cell

Ballenger's swivel knife -

balloon tampon

basal cell

basal cell carcinoma BCC

basal lamellas

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basal membrane

basilar skull fracture skull base fracture

basophil

basophilic cell

Behet disease

Bellocq tampon

Bertin cartilage sphenoidal concha

binasal hemianopia

biofilm

biological preparations

bleeding polyp

blepharoptosis ptosis

blepharospasm

blood boil

blowout fracture BOF orbital wall fracture

bone destruction

Bowman's gland olfactory gland

bronchial asthma

bronchus-associated lymphoidtissue

BALT

bucconasal membrane

bullar recess

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calcitonin gene-relatedpeptide

CGRP

Caldwell view occipitofrontal view

Caldwell-Luc operation

Candida

canine

canine fossa

capillary hemangioma

capsaicin

carcinoma of the frontal sinus

carcinoma of the paranasalsinuses

carcinoma of the sphenoidalsinus

caseous material

caseous sinusitis

caspase

cat allergy

cauterization

cavernous hemangioma

cavernous sinus

cavernous sinus thrombosis

central microtubule

cerebrospinal fluid CSF

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cerebrospinal fluid leakage CSF leak

cerebrospinal rhinorrhea liquorrheacerebrospinal fluid rhinorrheanasal CSF leak

Charlin syndrome

chemical mediator

chemical mediator receptorantagonists

chemical mediator releaseinhibitors

mast cell stabilizer

chemoattractant receptor-homologousmoleculeexpressed on Thcells

CRTH CRTH CRTH

chemokine

chemosis conjunctival chemosis

chemosurgery

chemotactic factor

choana posterior nasal apertureposterior nare

choanal atresia

choanal polyp antrochoanal polyp

cholinergic

chondroma

chondrosarcoma

chronic granulomatousdisease

CGD

chronic obstructivepulmonary disease

COPD

Churg-Strauss syndrome ()allergic granulomatousangitis

cilia cilium

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ciliated cell

ciliated epithelium

Cladosporium

cleft nose

cleft palate

clivus

cold rhinitis skier's nose

columella

combined immunodeficiency CID

combined olfactory disorders

common cold

common nasal meatus

compensatory hypertrophy

concha bullosa

concha turbinate

condylar process

conjunctival chemosis chemosis

connective tissue type mastcell

coronal section

coronoid process

corrective surgery of thenasal cavity

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corticosteroids glucocorticoids

coryza neonatorum neonatal rhinitis

cough-variant asthma

cribriform plate lanima cribrosa

crista

crista galli

crust formation crusting, scabbing

cryosurgery

cyclooxygenase COX

cyst wall

cysteinyl leukotriene CysLT

cystic fibrosis CF

cystic polyp

cytokine

cytology of nasal smear

cytoplasmic anti-neutrophilcytoplasmic antibody

c-ANCA PR-3 ANCA

cytotoxic T lymphocyte T CTL

dacryocystitis

dacryorrhea epiphora

decongestants decongestant drug

deflected nasal septum deviatio septi nasi(),septal deviation

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dendritic cell DC

dendritic knob

Denker's operation

Denker-Watsuji method -

dental germ

Dermatophagoides

Dermatophagoides farinae

Df

Dermatophagoidespteronyssinus

Dp

diesel exhaust particles DEP

diffuse panbronchiolitis DPB

diffuse polyposis

diplopia double vision

direct rhinomanometry

dorsum of the nose nasal dorsum

double vision diplopia

dry nose

dura mater

dynein arm

dysosmia parosmiacacosmia, olfactoryhallucination,2)smell disorder

early phase reaction

early response

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EB virusEpstein-Barrvirus)

EB

eczema of the nasalvestibulum

edematous polyp

edge of the anterior nare

edge of the inferior eyelid

effective stroke

electrocoagulation

electro-olfactogram

emotional rhinitis

empyema

endoscopic endonasal sinussurgery

ESS

endoscopic examination

endoscopic medialmaxillectomy

EMM

endoscopic sinus surgery ESS

endothelin-1 -1

enophthalmos

enzyme linked immuno-sorbent assay

ELISA

eosinophil

eosinophil cationic protein ECP

eosinophil peroxidase EPO

eosinophil-derived neurotoxin EDN

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eosinophilia

eosinophilic granule 2 EG2

eosinophilic granuloma of thesoft tissue

Kimura disease

eosinophilic inflammation

eosinophilic sinusitis

eotaxin

epidermal growth factor EGF

epipharynx nasopharynx

epistaxis nasal bleeding

ethmoid bone

ethmoid cancer carcinoma of the ethmoidalcell

ethmoid cells ethmoidal cells, ethmoidalsinus

ethmoid sinus ethmoidal sinus, ethmoidcells

ethmoidal bulla

ethmoidal cribriform plate

ethmoidal cyst

ethmoidal infundibulum

ethmoidal vein

ethmoiditis

ethmomaxillary plate

exophthalmos proptosis

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exploratory antrotomy

exploratory puncture of themaxilla