פשוט חשבון ספר ב2

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  • ' 5422

    ' : "

    :

    " ,

    1

  • 2" , : ':

    " : , :

    : :

    " ": , , , " ,

    , , , ,

    . ' 5422 70.1.41

    .

    5 5 1" 692 490 7

    , , , , , , , .

    ".

    : .. "

    , , "2061, " , 21' 0

    )1( 8002

  • 3 :

    4...........................................001

    64..................................................................

    16.....................................................................................

    96....................................................................3 2

    87........................................................6 5, 01, 4

    88....................................................................................

    211.......................................

    121.......................................................................

    621......................................................................

    131.............................................................................

    631.............................................................. "

    041..........................................................................001

    : , , : , , , .

  • 4

  • 5010

    = 43 + 91: ':

    :

    04 = 03 + 01

    '::

    31 = 3 + )1 + 9( = 4 + 9

    ': 01

    : ,

    35 = 3 + 01 + 04

    3 + 914= :

    4 + 91 + 303 + 32 35

    3 + 914= :

    03 + 91+ 335 05

    +94(1)

    02+91(1)

  • 6 001

    (. ) 1.:

    .= 74 + 32

    .= 85 + 43

    .= 92 + 54

    .= 33 + 62

    .= 92 + 91X

    .= 76 + 41

    .= 51 + 57

    .= 11 + 98

  • 7010

    :.

    .3 .61 ?

    . .2:

    .4 ..3 ?

    .83 ' ..34 ' .

    . 34 ' ..02 . ?

    . ' 83 .. 7

    ?

  • 8 001

    : . 06 .3

    02564520151

    22 0453448254

    718118042333

    05245691915

    01121428541

    930302142564

    : 4.

    .= 51 + 53.= 21 + 73

    .= 22 + 64.= 52 + 56

    .= 41 + 05.= 21 + 38

  • 9010

    .1

    52= 9 +: :

    :

    : .1

    . 2.:

    61= 9 +.

    42= 8 +.

    +4 5 +

  • 01

    001

    72= 6 +.

    83= 7 +.

    94= 3 +.

    45= 7 +.

    86= 8 +.

    54= 7 +.

  • 11

    010

    : 3.

    .52 = 62 +02= 02 +5= 6 +

    +=

    .55 = 63 ++= += +=

    .44 = 82 ++= += +=

    .42 = 74 ++= += +=

    .83 = 93 ++= += +=

    .65 = 82 ++= += +=

    .58 = 62 ++= += +=

    .47 = 61 ++= += +=

    84= 63 +: 0407 = 03 + 841 = 6 +

    0748 = 4 + 01 +

  • 21

    001

    . 1.:

    .65 ..9 ?

    :

    . 15 ..9

    ?

    :

    .86 ..4 ?

    :

    . 2.:27= 8 +.

  • 31

    010

    57= 6 +.

    48= 7 +.

    88= 6 +.

    26= 9 +.

    93= 8 +.

    49= 6 +.

    69= 7 +.

  • 41

    001

    01865321

    84

    ?

    . . 4 3.

    ?

    :? 4.(. . )

    + + 03 =

    + + 54 =

    + + 56 =

    + + 04 =

  • 51

    010

    23+14 =

    238 +1 + 04 14

    . 1.

    : 32+13 =.

    54+75 =.

    85+47 =.

  • 61

    46+87 =.

    27+18 =.

    87+59 =.

    34+06 =.

    85+37 =.

    34+95 =.

    99+901 =.

    001

  • 71

    010

    . 2.:

    . 54 .?07

    . 76 .?18

    : . 08 3.

    036542535552

    043353545654

    74025253557

    05243627964

    01711482643

    029312367181

  • 81

    001

    : . .4

    85X= 02 + 83:

    .= 12 + 83

    .= 91 + 83

    .= 02 + 93

    .= 03 + 83

    23X= 71 + 51: .5

    .= 81 + 51

    .= 61 + 51

    .= 71 + 61

    .= 72 + 51

  • 91

    010

    : .62 .53 ?

    5362

    05 = 03 + 02:

    01 = 5 + 5

    16 = 1 + 01 + 05

    .16

    : , 1.

    .46 = 83 ++= += +=

    .43 = 61 ++= += +=

    .67 = 91 ++= += +=

    .25 = 62 ++= += +=

  • 02

    001

    ? . 2

    01 66 .

    7 .

    91 .

    81 .

  • 12

    010

    . .3. . .

    .84 ..63 ?

    .5 .?7

    .32 . ?06

    .53 1 ..86 2 ?

    .53 ..51 ?

    .= 92 + 04. = 81 + 06.4

    .= 33 + 05.= 53 + 07

  • 22

    .1 ? .

    .3 .61 ?

    = 61 + 61 + 61

    03X= 01 + 01 + 0181 = 6 + 6 + 6

    84 = 81 + 03

    3X61=84

    = 61 + 61 + 61= 01 + 01 + 0103= 6 + 6 + 681= 01 + 0304= 8 + 0484

    3X61=84

    3X01=033X6=8103+81=84

  • 32

    : 1.

    = 42 + 753 + 7502 + 06 1 + 08 18

    02 + 753 + 77 1 + 08 18

    77 = 02 + 7508 = 3 + 7718 = 1 + 08

    : 2.

    .25 = 92 ++= += +=

    .93 = 93 ++= += +=

    .56 = 82 ++= += +=

    .84 = 63 ++= += +=

    :

    :

    :

  • 42

    . 3.. .

    .= 81 + 83

    .= 81 + 56

    .= 52 + 65

    .= 43 + 76

    .= 82 + 65

    .= 72 + 86

    .= 94 + 94

    .= 82 + 27

    .= 81 + 34

    .= 92 + 86

  • 52

    , 2 .4:.

    0307

    8103

    552

    8365

    8104

    : 5.

    .82 = 92 ++= += +=

    .64 = 64 ++= += +=

    .36 = 72 ++= += +=

    .65 = 61 ++= += +=

  • 62

    : .6

    .= 02 + 87.= 94 + 03

    .= 23 + 55.= 42 + 46

    .= 51 + 47.= 36 + 51

    .= 78 + 21.= 98 + 01

    .= 64 + 35.= 36 + 44

  • 72

    = 7 23:

    25:

    . ,2 .7

    . .1. :

    .= 4 53

    .= 7 42

    .= 6 25

    .= 7 83

    .= 5 06

    . .2

  • 82

    = 7 23: 5: 2 7

    7

    52:2 1.

    03 = 2 235: , 01 2.

    52 = 5 03

    (: ) 3.

    .= 8 32.= 8 47

    .= 9 43.= 6 28

    .= 7 54.= 9 59

    .= 8 15.= 3 29

    .= 9 36.= 9 401

  • 92

    :. , .

    .81 51 ' ?

    . 4..

    .

    .

    .

    .

    : .5

    .+ 1102 = .+ 2102 =

    .+ 3203 = .+ 6203 =

    .+ 5304 = .+ 5304 =

    .+ 7405 = .+ 4405 =

  • 03

    = 71 23:

    : , 01

    .7

    01 .7

    51 = 7 22

    = 71 23:

    : 7,

    .01

    :7 .1,2 7 .

    03 = 2 23:5 :5 01 , 5 .

    52 = 5 03:01

    51 = 01 52

    22 = 01 23

  • 13

    . .1(: )

    .= 42 35.= 13 86

    .= 81 26.= 36 47

    .= 43 44.= 73 18

    .= 82 07.= 67 59

    : . 07 2.

    036541525551

    043253548254

    747432242301

    05243686915

    0171421643

    931302149263

  • 23

    (: ) .3

    . 64 ..51

    ?

    .

    .25 ..72

    ?

    .

  • 33

    . 05 . 72 ?

    = 72 05:

    03 = 02 05

    5 1 01 .1 5

    32 = 7 03:

    . 1.:

    . 05 .51

    .81 ? .? .

    . 011 ..58 ?

  • 43

    844233

    ? . ..2

    :

    ? . . 001 .

    :

    : .

    ? :

  • 53

    : 3.

    24= 52 :

    2422 = 02

    2202 = 2

    0271 = 3

    .46 = 62 46= = =

    .82 = 91 82= 01 = 8 = 1

    .73 = 82 73= = =

    .64 = 81 64= = =

    .55 = 73 55=

    = =

    .19 = 91 = = =

    .28 = 56 = = =

    .37 = 43 = = =

  • 63

    . 1.:

    . 4 ..51 ?

    .42 .? 3

    ? . 2.

    .75= 34 +

    .91= 15 +

    .82= 26 +

    .64= 45 +

    .55= 53 +

    .

    +=

  • 73

    : 3.

    .42 = 51 42= 01 = 4 = 1

    .16 = 73 = = =

    .23 = 21 23= = =

    .87 = 93 = = =

    .14 = 92 14= = =

    .38 = 32 = = =

    .35 = 74 35=

    = =

    .49 = 73 = = =

  • 83

    : 4.

    .33 = 61 33= 01 = 3 = 3

    .56 = 84 = = =

    .54 = 72 54= = =

    .87 = 96 = = =

    .25 = 43 25= = =

    .38 = 57 = = =

    .37 = 34 37=

    = =

    .19 = 44 = = =

  • 93

    >, 03 + 21

    .3

    = 8 33 :

    53:

    = 8 33= 5

    : 333

    813 + 9 5 + 3

    2 + 83 01 + 51 .03 .03

    31+71 6 + 42 .03 .03

  • . . .4:

    52= 7 .

    23= 9 .

    14= 6 .

    55= 9 .

    76= 8 .

    04

  • 14

    : 5. .

    .

    .

    , = . 6

    .02

    .02

    .02

    .02

    01+13 .02

    2 + 81

    91+11

    4 + 51

    2 + 71

    05 03

    0508

    07001

  • 24

    .7 ? .

    .51 ' .81?

    :

    81 51

    . 3

    :

    + 5181 =

  • 34

    : . .1

    81 = 02 83:

    .= 12 83

    .= 22 83

    .= 91 83

    .= 02 73

    25 = 02 27:

    .= 12 27

    .= 22 27

    .= 91 27

    .= 91 17

    . . .2:

    66= 8 .

    45= 7 .

  • 44

    26= 6 .

    87= 9 .

    28= 3 .

    49= 8 .

    401= 6 .

    801= 9 .

    . . .3:

    .43 74 .?

    . 82 . ?05

  • 54

    . 2 ..9 ? 02 ? ,

    . 22 .. 24

    ?

    5