С. Морисон - Битва за Атлантику

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1939 . 1945 . -

-

2000

63.3(0) 62 79

79

. . . .: , 2000. 800 .: . ISBN 5-89173-101-1 . . 19391945 . , - . - . 63.3(0) 62

ISBN 5-89173-101-1

, 2000 . ., , 2000

. . . , , 6 1941 . . , . . . , . - 19391945 , - . , , .3

. . , , . - , . - , , , . , , , . - - , , , , . 19391945 . , , , . . . , , 1939 1945 . , .

4

. . . , , . . . , , , , . , , . . , . , . , , .5

, . 1939 . . , , , . , , , . , . , . , . , , . , . . , , . . , , , , , , . , , 1.1 , 1 1941 .

6

, . , , . 19421943 . , , , . , . , . , , 1939 . - . , , , 1942 . 13- Buck , 1942 . 37- , AT-17. . , , . , , . , 1942 . . 1943 . , . . 1 1946 . . 7

- ( ) , , , , - . 1944 . . . , , - - -, , . , , Campbell UGS-61 1944 . , , , . . , , . . . , , , , , . , . , 99% , , 1% 8

, . 1942 1944 . , . . . 1946 . . - , , . 1946 . 1947 . . , . . , , , , . . , . , , . 27 1946 . , . , . , , ( ) . , , 9

( , . II, 1946), . , . , . . , . , . : , . II; 24- , . III; , . IV; - , . IX. , . 1939 . 1945 . , . , , 1. , , . - , , - - . , -, 1 , . , , , , , . , . ( ) 1942 , . . .

10

1. - - , , , . , - , , . IIIV, VI, VIII 2 19441946 . , , . , , ( . .). 1. , - , , . . , , , , , , . , (, - 4- ) ; 10- ; ; 10- , . 2. , (German, Japanese, and Italian Submarine Losses World War II, 1946), 1 2

. II . 11

, . . , . (U. S. Fleet Antisubmarine Warfare Bulletin). 1943 1945 . . . (Administrative History of the Atlantic Fleet) . (History of Convoy and Routing), 1945 . - . 51 (. . Sternhell and . . Thorndike, Antisubmarine Warfare in World War II), 1946 . . , - . 3. , , , . . 250 (Post Mortems on Enemy Submarines), - . 4. - (The Antisubmarine Command), 1945 . (Three Historical Essays relating to Army Antisubmarine Activities), 1944 . - (The Official History of the South Atlantic Division Army Air Forces Air Transport Command), , 1945 .12

5. , . 6. (), - (Befehlshaber der Untersee-Booten Kriegstagebuch), (. d. U. War Diary). , - . . , . (The Conduct of the War at Sea), 1945 . - . - 19391945 . (Fuehrer Conferences on Matters Dealing with the German Navy, 19391945), , - 19461947 . . 7. , , , , , , : (The Battle of the Atlantic), 1946 . (Kurt Assmann, Deutsche Schicksalsjahre), , 1950 . - 1914 ., 1954 . - ( Horton and the Western Aproaches), , 1954 . - (W. F. Craven and J. L. Cate, The Army Air Forces in World War II), , 1949 . (Wolfgang Frank, The Sea Wolves), , 1954 . Die Wlfe und der Admiral, der Roman der U-Boote, 1953 .13

- ! (Rear Admiral D. V. Gallery, Clear the Decks), 1951 . - - 19391945 . (Erich Grner, Die Schiffe der Deutschen Kriegsmarine u. Luftwaffe), , 1954 . - . (Rear Admiral Emory S. Land, The U. S. Merchant Marine at War), 1946 . . (Frederick . Lane, Ships for Victory, A History of Shipbuilding under the U. S. Maritime Commission in World War II), 1951 . - 19391945 . (Denis Richards and Hilary St. G. Saunders, Royal Air Force 19391945), , 1954 . - , - 1945 . . . (Captain S. W. Roskill R. N., The War at Sea), . - 19391945 . (Vizeadmiral Friedrich Ruge, Der Seekrieg 19391945), , 1954 . . - , (Gilbert N. Tucker, The Naval Service of Canada, Its Official History), , , 1952 . (The Far Distant Ships), , 1950 . (D. E. G. Wemyss, Walkers Groups in the Western Approaches), , 1948 . . , , 1947 . , , 1955 .

- ( ) - , , . , , , , . - 1939 . , . - , . . - , , . , . , , . - . , , . .15

, . 1939 . - . , . 19391940 . , , . . . . , : 1) , - 1; 2) - , ; 3) , ( ), . . , 1918 ., 19391940 ., . . , - . . , .1 , 1922 . . .

16

1 1916 . , . 16 . , . . , , , . , . . , , . 1918 ., , - 1916 . , . , , , . . . , 2, . . . - . 1 : ; 2- 67- , . IX, . 390; . . 1922. 2 - 3 1916 .

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, 1921 . . , , . , , , . , . 618 . 1. , 300 , , . , , , . , . 1921 . . , . . , . , , , . , . 10 . : 500 650 , 604 450 , 299 700 . 5 53, . , , . Mutsu. 12 1921 ., . 8. 181

West Virginia, . , , , , . , 553 . , , , . , , 553, . , . , , . Lexington Saratoga, . , , 1. 19211922 . : , . , . , , . , , , , , . , , , , , , , , , , . . 191

Lexington, 1925

, , . . 553. . , . , . , . 1, . , . , , , . , , . . , , .

1

, . 20

, , - . , , , 19211922 . 553 - - , , , . - , , , . , , , - , , . , , . , , , 1, . , - ( ), . , . , . , . , , .1

, . 17. 21

Akagi, 1938

, . , , . , , , , 1930 . , , , . . 5, 5,2, 3,25. , -, , . , 1936 . , , 19211922 . , . 1934 . , . . .22

, 20- . . , . . , . , , , . 19211922 . . . , . , . , . , -, , . , , , : - . . - , , , , , , . , , 1. , ? , . , : 1) ;. , 1922. ( 22 1922 ., . 4712.) 231

2) , ; 3) , - , . , 15 , ; , 1928 ., . , . . . , , . , : . , , . , , (1931). , , , - ... ... , . (1934). , . 24

. . ( ). , 31 . , , 1927 .1. , - .