هواية الاتصالات

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)(ST2NH

VHF AND UFH 3

Q - /http://www.sudanham.bizland.com/book 4

: : : Q 5

6

7

. . . . . . , , . . , . , . .

INTERNATIONAL AMATEUR RADIO UNION

)(IARU

. . 8

INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION

, , . , . . . . . . . . . 4681 , . . , 000,003 . 9

=

) (. 5,2 , 8981 91 . 1091 . .

?AMATEUR RADIO1. , . 2. . . 3. . 4. , , . 5. ) .(International goodwill , . . 01

:

. . , . ! . . , . .

1. , , . 2. . AM/FM/SSB

3. . . 4. .

11

. , )04 (OSCAR .

)AMSAT (The organization for Amateur Radio Satellites

)(ISS

. ) ( . MIR 21

)(International space station

.

- - 04 OSCAR . 5. . DIGITAL MODE , RTTY .Slow- Scan television

31

AMATEUR RADIO HOME STATION SHACK AMATEUR RADIO MOBILE STATION

SSTV 6. . Continuous wave . 7. )(QSL CARD 8. .

9. . 01. )(Dxpeditions . 11. . 21. . . , . . 41

. . . . , , . , . , . . . . 51

ST2NH

. , .

)SHORT WAVE LISTENERS (SWL

. .

. . SWL ) ( AMATEUR .

, . . . . * VHF/UHF * HF/VHF/UH , .

CALLSIGN

61

. callsigns . ..... ........ Prefix . ..... ........ Suffix . ) )ST2NH ) (ST , . ) (NH . . . ( (CALLBOOK . . :-http://www.qrz.com http://www.eham.net

71

81

19

, . , , , . . . , . DXCC ((ARRL . . . . : . . . . . . . ) ( ( COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME ( UTC =

QSL CARDS

02

21

, . . , QRZ.COM . . .

QSL Information

THE GREEN STAMP . ) (. . .

The Bureau .And QSL manager

, . . . 22

. , .) (. , , , , . . .

((ITU ) (Bands :

BANDS

32

MF/HF 0002 0004 0037 051.01 053.41 861.81 054.12 099.42 007.92

0081 0053 0007 001.01 000.41 860.81 000.12 098.42 000.82

)(061 08 04 03 02 7 51 21 31

VHF/UHF 0.45 0.841 0.522 0.054 0.829 0031

0.05 0.441 0.222 0.024 0.209 0421

)(6 2 52.1 07 33 32

High Frequencies

0002 . 42

160 0081 .

0004

, . .

80 0053 .

0037

005 . . . 0017 , . 30 001.01 051.01 ) (CW . . . 20 000.41 053.41 02 . . )SOLAR . (CYCLE ) (NET . . PILEUP . . 52

40 0007 .

.

.

. , . . , . . ) (solar cycle The peak of 12 098.42 099.42 01 . ! 10 000.82 007.92 , , . . ). (QRP .

17 860.81 861.81 .

15 000.12 054.12 .

. .

Propagation of HF/ MF

. ) (Ground wave . . ) (Sky wave , . . 62

. .Skip Zoon . , , . )(The number of sunspots , . : D E F D . D , ) 061 , 08 04 03 ( , , 51 01 F . . D F, F 51 01 . 02 . F . E . Propagation . . 72

.

HF AND UFH6 2 52.1 07 33 32

0.45 0.841 0.522 0.054 0.829 0031

0.05 0.441 0.222 0.024 0.209 0421

)(

Propagation of VHF/UHF

Line Of Sight . . 82

. E . . . . . : 000,41 070,41 . 070,41 990,41 . 001,41 ) Beacon ( 101,41 522,41 522,41 532,41 . 532,41 053,41 . .

MODES OF

COMMUNICATION

. . 1. .: 92

)(AM ) (Amplitude Modulation )(FM ) (Frequency Modulation SSB Single ),RTTY DIGITAL

5. (.PSK, SSTV ))CW 6. ((Continuous Wave

Side Band

2. 3. 4.

. . , . . . ) .(Phonetic Alphabet .

Phonetic AlphabetA B C D E F G H I Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India J K L M N O P Q R

S T U V W X Y Z Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whiskey X-ray Yankee Zulu

Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo

Q , : 03

Q

QRM QRN QTH QSY QRO QRP QRT QRV QRX QSB QSL QSO QTR QRZ

. Tank you for the QSO My QTH is KHARTOUM . Q CODE , . . . . . . . 13CQ CW DX HI WX XYL

ABBREVIATIONS

. . . . . .

YL Rig TX RX

37 88

, . . , .

Signal Report

Readability

UNREADABLE BARELY READABLE READABLE WITH DIFFICULTY READABLE WITH NO DIFFICULTY TOTALLY READABLE

Signal strengthFAINT SIGNAL VERY WEAK WEAK FAIR FAIR GOOD

23

GOOD MODERNITY STRONG STRONG VERY STRONG

9/5 . 3-3 . , , ) ( .

TONEEXTREMELY ROUGH NOTE VERY ROUGH NOTE ROUGH NOTE RATHER ROUGH NOTE RIPPLE NOTE MODULATE NOTE NEAR D.C GOOD NOTE PURE NOTE

33

43

35

) ( DX . . Dxer ) ( . Dx . . . . .

Dxing

)( VHF ) (UHF ).(FM )) The Repeaters . 441-841 FM . . 05 . 5 .

FM and Repeaters

63

, . . . . . . . CQ . CQ , CQ.CQ.CQ Pacific Ocean

CQ

. ) .!!!( ) (DX . ). (CQ DX.CQ DX.CQ DX .

Phone

communication73

. CQ

. CQ . CQ , . , , , , , , . . . . . , , . DX Summit 3 . . , .

CQ DX CQ DX CQ DX THIS IS SIERRA, TANGO, TOW, NOVEMBER, HOTEL SIERRA, TANGO, TOW, NOVEMBER, HOTEL SIERRA, TANGO, TOW, NOVEMBER, HOTEL .CALLING CQ DX AND STANDING BY

ST2NH .

: 83

SIERRA, TANGO, TOW, NOVEMBER, HOTEL DO YOU COPY DELTA, X RAY FOUR, ZULU, DELTA .OVER

.DELTA, X RAY FOUR, ZULU, DELTA GOOD DAY MY FRIEND 7/5 YOUR SIGNAL REPORT IS .MY NAME IS NADER AND MY QTH IS KHARTOUM THE CAPITAL OF SUDAN. DELTA, X RAY FOUR, ZULU, DELTA THIS IS ,SIERRA, TANGO, TOW, NOVEMBER, HOTEL (QSL (OR OVER

:

QSL (OR ROGER) MY FRIEND. YOU SIGNAL ,REPORT IS 5/5, MY NAME IS TED LIKE (TANGO, ECHO .DELTA) AND MY QTH IS GERMANY 37 HOPE TO MEET YOU AGAIN ALL THE BEST AND

:

. . 01 . , , . . . . . 93

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