Учебник Электрика

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  • SUZUKI

    SUZUKI

    SUZUKI

    HAMAMATSU JAPAN

  • [1] 8

    [1-1] , , 8 [1-1-1] , ,

    8 [1-1-2] 9 [1-1-3] 9

    [1-1-3-1] (DC)9 [1-1-3-2] ()9

    [1-1-4] 10 [1-1-4-1] 11 [1-1-4-2] 11 [1-1-4-3]

    12 [1-1-4-4] 13 [1-1-4-5] C 13

    [1-2] 13 [1-2-1] 14

    [1-2-1-1] 14 [1-2-1-2] 14

    [1-2-2] 15 [1-2-2-1] 16 [1-2-2-3] 16

    [1-2-3] 17

    [1-2-4] 17 [1-2-4-1] 18

    [1-2-5] 19 [1-2-5-1] 19

    [1-3] 20 [1-3-1] 20

    [1-3-1-1] 21 [1-3-2] 21 [1-3-3] 22

    [1-3-3-1] 22 [1-3-3-2] 23 [1-3-3-3] 23 [1-3-3-4] 24 [1-3-3-5] ()25 [1-3-3-6] ,

    25 [1-3-3-7] ()26 [1-3-3-8] ,

    26 [1-3-3-8-1] 26 [1-3-3-8-2] 27

    [1-3-3-9] 28 [1-3-3-9-1] 29

    [1-3-3-10] ()29

    [1-3-3-10-1] 29 [1-3-3-10-2] ,

    30 [2] 32

    [2-1] 32 [2-1-1] -32 [2-1-2] N-...33

  • [2-1-3] 33 [2-2] PN 34

    [2-2-1] 34 [2-3] 35

    [2-3-1] 35 [2-3-1-1] 35 [2-3-1-2] 36 [2-3-1-3] 37 [2-3-1-4] 37 [2-3-1-5] 37 [2-3-1-6] 38

    [2-3-1-6-1] 38 [2-3-1-6-2] 39 [2-3-1-6-3] 39 [2-3-1-6-4] 40 [2-3-1-6-5] 40

    [2-3-1-7] -41 [2-3-1-8] -41

    [2-3-1-8-1] 41 [2-3-1-8-2] (

    IC)42 [2-3-1-8-3] 42

    [2-3-1-9] (LED)43 [2-3-1-10] 43 [2-3-1-11] 44

    [2-3-2] 44 [2-3-2-1] 44 [2-3-2-2] 45 [2-3-2-3] 46 [2-3-2-4] -

    46 [2-3-2-5] 47

    [2-3-2-5-1] 47 [2-3-2-5-2] 48

    [2-3-2-6] 48 [2-3-2-7] ...49 [2-3-2-8] (FET)50

    [2-3-2-8-1] (MOS FET)...50

    [2-3-2-8-2] (MOS FET) 51

    [2-3-3] 52 [2-3-3-1] 52 [2-3-3-2] 52 [2-3-3-3] (Cds cell)53 [2-3-3-4] IC ( )54

    [2-3-3-4-1] 55 [2-3-4] 55 [2-3-5] 56 [2-3-6] 56

    [2-3-6-1] ( )56 [2-3-6-2] 57 [2-3-6-3] 57 [2-3-6-4] -58 [2-3-6-5] -58 [2-3-6-6] 59

  • [3] 60 [3-1] , 60

    [3-1-1] ()60 [3-1-1-1] () ()61

    [3-1-2] 62 [3-1-2-1] 62 [3-1-2-2] 63 [3-1-2-3]

    63 [3-1-2-3-1] /64

    [3-1-2-4] 65

    [3-1-2-4-1] 1: 65 [3-1-2-4-2] 2:

    65 [3-1-2-4-3] 3:

    66 [3-1-2-4-4] 4: 3 0 67

    [3-2] 67 [3-2-1] 67 [3-2-2]

    67 [3-2-3]

    67 [4] 69

    [4-1] 69 [4-1-1] 69 [4-1-2] 69 [4-1-3] 70

    [4-1-3-1] : 71 [4-1-3-2] :

    1 ( )71 [4-1-3-3] :

    2 ( )72 [4-1-3-4] : (

    )73 [4-1-3-5] : (

    )74 [4-2] ()74

    [4-2-1] ( )74 [4-2-1-1] 1: 75 [4-2-1-2] 2: 75 [4-2-1-3] 3: 76 [4-2-1-4] 4: 76

    [4-2-2] 77 [4-2-2-1] 1: 77 [4-2-2-2] 2: 77 [4-2-2-3] - 78

    [4-2-3] 78 [4-3] 79

    [4-3-1] 79 [4-3-2] 80

    [4-3-2-1] 80 [4-3-2-1-1] 81 [4-3-2-1-2]

    81

  • [4-3-2-1-2-1] 81

    [4-3-2-1-2-2] 81

    [4-3-2-1-2-3] 82

    [4-3-2-2] 82 [4-3-2-3] 83 [4-3-2-4] (slow blow fuse)83 [4-3-2-5] 84

    [5] 85 [5-1] 85

    [5-1-1] () 85 [5-1-1-1] 85 [5-1-1-2] 85

    [5-1-1-2-1] 85 [5-1-1-2-2] 86 [5-1-1-2-3] 0 ()87

    [5-1-2] 87 [5-1-2-1] 87 [5-1-2-2] 88

    [5-1-2-2-1] FLUKE 8389

    [5-1-2-2-2] FLUKE 83 ( -1)89

    [5-1-2-2-3] FLUKE 83 ( -2)89

    [5-1-2-2-4] FLUKE 83 ( -3)90

    [5-1-2-2-5] FLUKE 83 ( -4)90

    [5-1-2-2-6] FLUKE 83 ( -5)91

    [5-1-2-2-7] FLUKE 83 ( -6)92

    [5-1-3] 93 [5-1-3-1] 93 [5-1-3-2] 93

    [5-2] 94 [5-2-1] (CRT)94

    [5-2-1-1] 94 [5-2-1-2] 95 [5-2-1-3] 95 [5-2-1-4] 95

    [5-2-2] 96 [5-2-2-1] 96 [5-2-2-2] 96

    [5-2-2-2-1] 96 [5-2-2-2-2] A/D (-) 97 [5-2-2-2-3] LCD ( )98

    [5-2-2-2-3-1] (LCD)98

    [5-2-2-2-3-2] 99

    [5-2-2-3] DMM/SCOPE Model 300100

  • [5-2-2-3-1] 100 [5-2-2-3-2]

    100 [5-2-2-3-3] 101

    [5-2-2-3-3-1] 101 [5-2-2-3-3-2]

    101 [5-2-2-3-3-3] 102 [5-2-2-3-3-4] 102

    [5-2-2-4] 102 [5-2-2-4-1] 103 [5-2-2-4-2] 103 [5-2-2-4-3] 103

    [6] TECH2105 [6-1] 105

    [6-1-1] TECH2105 [6-2] TECH2105

    [6-2-1] 105 [6-2-1-1] 1 5105 [6-2-1-2] 6 11106

    [6-2-2] TECH2...107 [6-2-3] 107

    [6-2-3-1] 1 3107 [6-2-3-2] 4 6108

    [6-2-4] PCMCIA108 [6-2-5] 109 [6-2-6] 109

    [6-2-6-1] POST ( )110

    [6-2-6-1] 110 [6-3] ...110

    [6-3-1] C 1 5110 [6-3-2] 6 8111 [6-3-3] 1111 [6-3-4] 2111 [6-3-5] 3112 [6-3-6] 112 [6-3-7] Tool Utilities ( )112

    [6-3-7-1] [F0] [F1] [F2]112 [6-3-7-2] [F3]113 [6-3-7-3] [F4][F5]113

    [6-4] 113 [6-5] 114

    [6-5-1] - 115 [6-6] ( )115

    [6-6-1] 116 [6-6-1-1] 117 [6-6-1-2] 118

    [6-6-2] ()118 [6-6-3] (DATA GRAPH)118 [6-6-4] 119

    [6-6-4-1] , (Current/History DTC)...120

    [6-6-4-2] DTC ( )120

  • [6-6-4-3] - Freeze Data ( )120

    [6-6-4-4] DTC120 [6-6-5] 121

    [6-6-5-1] 121 [6-6-5-2] 121 [6-6-5-3] 121

    [6-6-5-3-1] 121 [6-6-5-3-2] 122 [6-6-5-3-3] Data Display -

    123 [6-6-6] 124

    [6-6-6-1] /124 [6-6-6-1-1] 124 [6-6-6-1-2] Fixed Spark ( )125 [6-6-6-1-3]

    IAC ( )126

    [6-6-6-1-4] (EGR)127

    [6-6-6-1-5] 127

    [6-6-6-1-6] 128 [6-6-6-1-7]

    (MIL)...128 [6-6-6-1-8] 129 [6-6-6-1-9]

    130 [6-6-7] READINESS TEST ( )130 [6-6-8] (ID)

    131

  • 1.

    [1-1] , , , ,

    . , , , .

    , , . , . . . . (+) () . , , , .

    , . , . , , . , , .

    (: 1-1) 1. () 2. 3. () ( ) 4. () 5. 6. () ( ) [] [b]

    [1-1-1] , , .

    , , , (), () () . (. ).

    ()

    () 1 = 1000 , 1 = 1000

    (I) ()

    1 = 1000 , 1 = 1000

    (R)

    () 1 = 1000 , 1 = 1000

  • [1-1-2] . , ,

    . .

    1826 . .

    (: 1-1-2) : I: R:

    [1-1-3]

    [1-1-3-1] (DC)

    : (DC) (). (DC) ,

    , , .

    (: 1-1-3-1) V: T:

    [1-1-3-2] () () ,

    . 220 , , , , ().

    () , () , . , ( ), , () . f () "T () = 1/f

    () , (DC). ( ) , .

    () 1/ 2 .

  • , ( peak-to-peak).

    (: 1-1-3-2) T: () f: () 1. 2. Vo: VE: VPP:

    [1-1-4]

    ()

    , . , , , , , .

    , , , , , , , . , , , ., , .

    , , , . , , .

  • , , (CCD).

    , . . , . .

    [1-1-4-1] ,

    . . . R = p x (L/S) R: () p: (-) L: () S: (. )

    , .

    , L = 1 , S = 1 ., R = p, 1 1 ..

    (: 1-1-4-1)

    [1-1-4-2] ,

    . 1 . .

    . , , .

    . , . , .

  • (: 1-1-4-2) [a] ( ) [b] ( ) T: R:

    [1-1-4-3] , ,

    . RT = Ro {1 + (T To)} RT: (. ) Ro: (. ) a: T: (. ) To: (. )

    ()

    20 . . (. ). (.)

    1,62 10-8 0,0038 1,69 10-8 0,0039 2,62 10-8 0,0039 5,48 10-8 0,0045 6,1 10-8 0,0037 1,0 - 1,4 10-7 0,005 0,0063 0,0000000690 10-8 0,0069 0,00000095 0,00000104 10-6 0,03 0,04 ( AV, 20 . ) .

    /

    (?/)

    AV0,5 7/0,32 0,563 2,2 0,0327 AV0,5f 20/0,18 0,508 2,2 0,0367 AV0,75f 30/0,18 0,763 2,4 0,0244 AV0,85 11/0,32 0,884 2,4 0,0208 AV1,25 16/0,32 1,287 2,7 0,0143 AV1,25f 50/0,18 1,273 2,7 0,0147 AV2 26/0,32 2.091 3,1 0,0088 AV20 41/0,80 20,61 8,2 0,0009

  • [1-1-4-4] ,

    , , , , . , , .

    , . , , , .

    (: 1-1-4-4) R:

    [1-1-4-5] C , ,

    , , . , , . , (?) (megger). , , .

    [1-2] ,

    , (+) () (+) . , , .

    (: 1-2) I:

  • BAT: R:

    [1-2-1]

    [1-2-1-1]

    , , . .

    a. , , . b. , .

    R, R1, R2, , Rn, R = R1 + R2 + + Rn. c. , ( ).

    .

    , , , , E V1 V2 = 0 E = V1 V2

    (: 1-2-1-1) I: E:

    [1-2-1-2] ,

    (), . .

    . a. . b. , , , ( ).

    , "" "". , . : I = I1 + I2. , .

  • ,

    . . , .

    Ro, R1, R2, , Rn, , ().

    (: 1-2-1-2)

    [1-2-2] ,

    . . , , ,

    . Ro = R1 + R2 + R3 Ro:

    Vo, V1, V2 V3 I = Vo/Ro Vo = I x Ro

    V1 Vo , V1 : Vo + (I x R1) : (I x Ro) = R1 : Ro, , , V1 = Vo x R1/Ro, V2 = Vo x R2/Ro, V3 = Vo x R3/Ro

    ( ), ( ).

    (: 1-2-2)

  • [1-2-2-1] ,

    b, V1 = I x R1, b V2 = I x R2.

    , . , .

    (: 1-2-2-1) V1: R1 V2: R2

    [1-2-2-3] , .

    Io = I1 + I2 (1) Io = Vo/Ro (2) I1 = Vo/R1 (3) I2 = Vo/