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  • : -

    : 24907 : . : 0602032 : .

    2007 .

    1

  • ..4

    1. 5

    1.1 ....5 1.2

    7

    1.2.1 .. 7

    1.2.2

    ..8

    1.2.3 10

    1.2.4 .10

    2. :

    .............................................................12

    2.1 12

    2.2 13

    2.2.1 what is beautiful is good

    (attractiveness-beautybias) .13

    2.2.2 (first impression primacy or snap judgment effect)..17

    2.2.3 Recency effect...18

    2.2.4 Contrast effect18

    2.2.5 Halo-Horn effect19

    2.2.6 : (Fundamental Attribution

    Error & Actor-Observer Bias) ..20

    2.2.7 -

    .20

    3. ..25

    3.1 .25

    3.2 :

    ...28

    3.2.1 :

    ..30

    3.3 :

    34

    4. 36

    4.1 .36

    4.2 .36 4.2.1 : .36

    2

  • 4.2.2 - 38

    4.3 corpus: ....40 4.3.1 ..40

    4.3.2 - ..44

    4.3.3 .49

    4.4 corpus: ..50

    4.4.1 ...50

    4.4.2 - ..53 4.4.3 . 66

    4.5 - - ( 2 corpus)..68

    5. -72

    5.1 .72

    5.2 : ..74

    5.3

    .78

    6. : ..81

    7. .84 1) corpus..84

    2) corpus.86

    3) ..89

    3

  • .

    ,

    ,

    (&, 1991).

    .

    .

    corpus-

    - - ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    attractiveness/beauty bias-

    halo/primacy effect-

    gender bias-

    , ,

    status quo(Fiske 1993).

    4

  • 1. 1. 1 , :

    / /

    / (Spector, 2000).

    (Breakwell, 1995 /

    Riggio,2003 / Spector,2000)

    , . Steiner&Gilliand (1996)

    ,

    (Spector, 2000).

    ,

    .

    (Riggio, 2003).

    ,

    ,

    .

    , ,

    (Riggio, 2003)

    .

    ,

    -interviewer biases.

    , , ,

    ,

    ,

    1

    1 , , Human Resources Management .

    5

  • ,

    .

    , human resources managers

    ,

    .

    -bias- , 2:

    Snap judgement 3:

    , ,

    . ,

    , -

    , . Beauty-Attractiveness bias: What is beautiful is

    good

    .

    ,

    (Shahani-Denning, 1993)

    (Efran & Pattertson,

    Shahani-Denning, 1993) .

    Halo effect: halo effect ,

    , . (causal attributional error):

    -

    , ,

    . ,

    (Fiske 1993).

    2 : ) www.indiana.edu/~hrm/employment/best.html: Best Practices for a successful interview, Indiana University,University Human Resources Services, , 3-1-2006. ) www.orthopaedic.ed.ac.uk/jobhtm-16k: Interview skills for Trainee Orthopedic Surgeons, . 3-1-2006 ) www. sciencecareers/sciencemag.org/layout/set/print/career_development/issue/articles/0 Bias:Identifying, Understanding and Mitigating negative Biases in your Job Search, . 3/1/2006. 3 -bias- 2.2.

    6

  • ,

    , ,

    .

    , ,

    management (Huffcutt.A, Roth.Ph, Conway & J, Stone.N, 2001)

    ,

    .

    1.2 . 1.2.1 ( )

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    (job related skills)

    ,

    (Breakwell,

    1995).

    Marchese & Muchinsky (1993) Wiesner & Cronshaw (1998)

    ,

    (Spector,2000).

    T ,

    bias-

    .

    Cable and Judge (1997)

    ,

    /

    / /

    (Spector,2000).

    7

  • (Huffcutt.A, Roth.Ph, Conway & J, Stone.N, 2001)

    -

    , 4

    .

    , Cable and Judge (1997)

    ,

    ,

    - . ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    : (Riggio, 2003)

    9 .

    9 . 9 .

    1.2.2

    ,

    ,

    .

    (Middendorf-Macan, 2002)

    , ,

    (Kiewra, 1989,

    Middendorf-Macan, 2002)

    ,

    .

    (Dipboye, 1992 Middendorf-

    Macan, 2002)

    .

    4 Job related skills.

    8

  • ,

    ,

    ,

    - (key-points)

    .

    ,

    Breakwell (1990)

    (Middendorf-Macan, 2002).

    (Middendorf-Macan, 2002)

    ,

    (high-qualified applicants)

    ,

    .

    ,

    -screening cv-

    /

    ,

    ! (Balzer, 1986,

    Middendorf-Macan, 2002).

    , (Biesanz-Neuberg & Nicole Judice,1989)

    ,

    ,

    - .

    H

    ,

    , .

    9

  • 1.2.3

    .

    , (Breakwell,1995):

    -

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    (Breakwell,1995).

    ,

    .

    . ,

    ,

    , ,

    .

    1.2.4

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    10

  • ,

    (Breakwell,1995)-attractiveness-bias-,

    5 pacing,

    -inference logic-

    6,

    .

    ,

    ,

    , (

    Hogan (1991) Smith-Hanges & Dikson, 2001).

    (Levashina & Campion, 2001)

    , ,

    ,

    -

    .

    5 www.law.indiana.edu/careers/guides/interview_interview.shtml. IU School of Law-Bloomington/ Indiana University: Your Guide to Successful Interviewing Section: Attributes Employers Prefer.: 8-1-2006 6 www.orthopaedic.ac.uk/jobhtml16k. Chris Oliver, Consultant Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeonInterview Skills for Trainee Orthopedic Surgeons, Edinburgh Orthopedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland, : 8-1-2006.

    11

  • 2. : 2.1 . .

    ,

    7.

    ,

    , .

    , , , ,

    , --

    / /.

    -attractiveness bias- .8

    (Dipboye,1992)

    - -

    , -

    ,

    (Ilkka.R,Point S, 1995).

    7 , Breakwelll, 1995, . 78. 8 2.2.

    12

  • 2.2 (Riggio, 2003 /

    Ilkka.R,Point S, 1995) 9:

    2.2.1 what is beautiful is good (attractiveness- beauty bias)

    (DipboyeArvey &Tepstra 1977, Dipboye Franklin &Wiback

    1975) ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    (Warkins & Johnston, 2000).

    beauty bias what is beautiful is good ,

    .

    , ,

    .

    , ,

    , ,

    (, 1989).

    what is beautiful is good (Dion, Berscheid &Walster, 1972)

    , ,

    -,, -

    (Warkins & Johnston, 2000).

    , ,

    -

    -

    , .

    9 www. sciencecarrers.sciencemag.org: Peter Fiske, Bias:Identifying,Understanding and Mitigating negative biases in your job search, United States, 22-10-1999,article.

    13

  • ,

    , ,

    , / /

    standards -

    ,

    .

    10 ,

    ,

    -

    .

    ,

    (, ) ,

    , ,

    ,

    .

    Johnson & Roach-Higgins (1987) ,

    . Riggio &

    Throckmorton ,

    (Shahani-Denning 1993).

    , ,

    , , ,

    (Forsythe, Drake & Cox, 1985).

    Solomon (1987)

    ,

    (Forsythe, Drake & Cox, 1985).

    10 corpus .

    14

  • Forsythe, Drake & Cox (1985)

    , ,