בדיקה גופנית- מערכת הנשימה

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בדיקה גופנית- מערכת הנשימה. אנטומיה. אנטומיה. midsternal. Anterior axillary. Anterior axillary. Posterior axillary. midclavicular. midaxillary. Scapular line. Vertebral line. אנטומיה. LUL. RUL. RUL. LUL. RUL. RML. LLL. LUL. RLL. RLL. LLL. RML. LLL. RLL. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of בדיקה גופנית- מערכת הנשימה

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  • midsternalmidclavicularAnterior axillaryPosterior axillarymidaxillaryAnterior axillaryVertebral lineScapular line

  • RULRMLRLLLULLLLLULLLLRULRLLRULRLLRMLLULLLL

  • -oblique fissure. - T3 spinous process 6 - - horizintal fissure- 4 - obliqe - midaxillary line 5

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  • Pectus excavatumPectus carinatum=pigeon chest

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  • Precussion notes and their characteristics

  • DISCONTINUOUS SOUNDS (CRACKLES OR RALES) are intermittent,nonmusical, and brieflike dots in timeFine crackles -are soft, high pitched, and very brief (510 msec).Coarse crackles -are somewhat louder, lower in pitch, and not quite sobrief (2030 msec).CONTINUOUS SOUNDS are > 250 msec, notably longer than crackleslike dashes in timebut do not necessarily persist throughout the respiratory cycle. Unlike crackles, they are musical.Wheezes -are relatively high pitched (around 400 Hz or higher) and have a hissing or shrill quality.Rhonchi are relatively low pitched (around 200 Hz or lower) and have asnoring quality.

  • - Pneumonia, fibrosis, early congestive heart failure, bronchitis, bronchiectasis narrowed airways in asthma, bronciolitis, CF or bronchitissecretion in large airways ?

  • Transmitted Voice Sounds Egophony & Whispered PectoriloquyEgophony: E EAY change.Whispered pectoriloquy: loudered, clearer whispered sounds.Heard through an airless lung (consolidation, lobar pneumonia).

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