Устойчивое развитие Изменения на европейском рынке

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  • .. ...,

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  • - , 1987 . 1992 . ( --, 314 1992 ) http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/riodecl.shtml ( 5): .

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  • - . ( ) (1) , (, ), , .(1) Hartwick J.M. Intergenerational Equity and the Investing of Rents from Exhaustible Resources, The American Economic Review, Vol. 67, No. 5. (Dec., 1977), pp. 972-974

  • , 1996 . , 2002 . http://www.nsc.ru/win/anonses/1001.html

  • World Wild Fund - http://www.wwf.ru/news/ (Living Planet Index) : , (The Ecological Footprint) . : 1) , 2) , 3) , 4) , 5) , , 6) 2

  • 1993 - System for Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting, 1993http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/qindicators.htmEDP Environmentally adjusted Net Domestic Product NDP = GDP-Depreciation = - EDP=(NDP-DN)-EN, DN ( , .EN ( , , .)GDP = C + I + G + NX

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  • http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/ENVIRONMENT/EXTDATASTA/0,,menuPK:2875803~pagePK:64168427~piPK:64168435~theSitePK:2875751,00.html (Genuine (domestic) savings) GS = (GDS CFC) + EE DN ED, GDS CFC (NDS) GDS ( - - ).CFC EE DN ED

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  • , 2003 . : . , - . http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ag0W4p-D8T4 2008 . . :(1) ( , );(2) ;(3) ( ). .

  • : , 2011 .UNEP, United Nations Environment Programmehttp://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/Portals/88/documents/ger/GER_synthesis_ru.pdf

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  • 2020 , 2010 . 2020 http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htm

    1. 75% 20-64 2. R & D 3% R & D 3. 20% 20% 20% 4. 10% 40% 30-34- 5. 20

  • : http://www.scientific.ru/trv/2009/029/obama.html

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  • 1996, 1998 . , 2003 . ( 1 2004 ). , , . , 3 2012 .

  • http://www.iea.org/gtf/index.asp

  • http://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/swf/factsheet/1_statisticsandtargets.pdf 2009 (). 25,963

  • http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/refsys/

    1: , 1990 2009 . : , (1,2,3)

  • http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/refsys/ 2009

    4: , 2000 2009 ( : (9), Eurobserver (10) ) www.fstrf.ru/eng/international_activity/meropr/6/2.ppt

  • http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/roadmap/docs/roadmap_2050_ppt_ru.pdf

  • - 2020 , 2007 . http://2020strategy.ru/http://strategy2020.rian.ru/

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  • ( ..) , , , , . , : (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) () (2003, 2005), 1000 ; (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)) (2008-2011), (IUCN) 2000- .

  • ( ..) (2000-2002) , , , . 11 .. ( ), . . , . , (, , .), .

  • : ( ..) , : 2020 . 20%, 20% 20% ( 20:20:20) . : 50% 2050 ., 80% 2080 . . : (, , ) (lowcarbon economy) .

  • , () , 2020 - 2020 ek.prirodopolzowania@yandex.ru

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