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人民幣國際化 ─現況與展望

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人民幣國際化 ─現況與展望. 授課老師:黃志典教授. 本章綱要. 貨幣國際化的意義與條件 國際貨幣體系的現況 中國推動人民幣國際化的原因 人民幣國際化的現況 人民幣國際化的路徑與推動策略 專 題 :中國是貿易大國但不是貿 易強國. 貨幣國際化的意義與條件. 意義: 一國貨幣突破國界在國際間發揮交易媒介、計價標準和價值儲藏的功能,而在國際間發揮這些功能的貨幣即成為國際貨幣。 一國貨幣國際化的具體意義如下 : 交易媒介功能的國際化 計價標準功能的國際化 價值儲藏功能的國際化. 國際貨幣的功能. 國際貨幣的慣性. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of 人民幣國際化 ─現況與展望

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    ()()()()()()

  • (economies of scale)(network externalities)CCCC*

  • *:(Social capital) (Cultural goods)

    ()

  • *

  • * : %: A. Kamps, The Euro as Invoicing Currency in International Trade (Frankfurt am Main: European Central Bank, 2006).

    27.953.76.1--37.549.54.1--64.87.9--19.370.35.5--12489.638.468.74.524.6--------90.32 70------ --------

  • ()(Bank for International SettlementsBIS)201387%33.4%23.0%11.8%8.6%5.2%4.6%2.2%95%

    *

  • : %*2013 200%Bank for International Settlements, Triennial Central Bank Survey of Foreign Exchange and Derivatives Market Activity (Basel: BIS, 2013).

    200420072010201388.786.384.987.037.237.039.133.420.316.519.023.016.915.012.911.86.16.87.68.65.56.76.45.24.24.25.34.61.11.31.32.50.10.50.92.21.11.91.62.0

  • (International Monetary Fund) 201361.2%24.4%3.9%4%0.20%()2.9%

    * ()

  • * : %: IMF, Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves Database.

    200267.123.84.352.810.411.55200365.925.23.942.770.231.97200465.924.83.833.370.171.88200566.924.13.583.600.151.72200665.525.13.084.380.171.80200764.126.32.924.680.161.84200864.126.43.134.010.142.21200962.027.72.904.250.123.05201061.826.03.663.930.134.44201162.225.03.533.830.115.29201261.923.93.904.000.136.10201361.224.43.904.000.202.90

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  • *

  • *

  • 2013*20134 2013

    (A) (B) (A/B)4.6325.8317.92%1.8813.7213.70%2.7511.1122.71%

  • * ()

  • : ()*:

    20045,4176,71012,1270.31%200510,62011,96622,5860.56%200612,22811,17523,4030.49%200722,53910,86133,4000.57%200838,11817,94256,0600.93%200940,66222,05662,7180.98%2010117,573197,365314,9384.59%2011176,398412,132588,5297.75%2012123,542479,493602,9967.27%2013151,055709,741860,47212.05%

  • * ()

  • 2008201324

    *

  • 201252.34%23.60%4.56%3.98%0.87%(SWIFTSociety for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication)201441.62%740.15%31.78%9.24%2.29%

    * ()

  • *

  • *()

  • :

    *()

  • *() 20134.453.8111.2%15.8%4.9%5.9%

  • 2013*

  • 2013*

  • *()

  • *()

  • * ()

  • 19800.77%201310.04% 2013*

  • *

  • Trade Competitiveness Index TCI

    TCIi i XiiMiiTCIiiTCIi*

  • Standard International Trade ClassificationSITC100123456789045968579*

  • :1980-2013*

    SITC0

    SITC1

    SITC2

    SITC3

    SITC4

    SITC5

    SITC6

    SITC7

    SITC8

    SITC9

    1980

    0.13

    0.01

    0.37

    -0.35

    0.91

    -0.60

    -0.18

    -0.44

    -0.02

    -0.72

    0.68

    -0.23

    1985

    0.45

    0.42

    -0.32

    -0.10

    0.95

    0.05

    -0.46

    -0.53

    -0.45

    -0.91

    0.29

    0.16

    1990

    0.23

    0.33

    0.37

    -0.07

    0.61

    -0.72

    0.03

    -0.28

    0.17

    -0.50

    0.72

    0.13

    1995

    -0.06

    0.24

    0.55

    -0.40

    0.02

    -0.70

    0.08

    -0.31

    0.06

    -0.25

    0.74

    -0.98

    2000

    -0.29

    0.44

    0.34

    -0.64

    -0.45

    -0.79

    0.11

    -0.43

    0.01

    -0.05

    0.74

    -0.76

    2005

    -0.50

    0.41

    0.20

    -0.81

    -0.57

    -0.85

    0.16

    -0.37

    0.23

    0.10

    0.52

    -0.11

    2010

    -0.68

    0.31

    -0.12

    -0.90

    -0.75

    -0.92

    0.22

    -0.26

    0.31

    0.17

    0.54

    -0.85

    2011

    -0.71

    0.27

    -0.24

    -0.90

    -0.79

    -0.91

    0.22

    -0.22

    0.36

    0.18

    0.56

    -0.91

    2012

    -0.75

    0.13

    -0.31

    -0.91

    -0.84

    -0.93

    0.19

    -0.28

    0.34

    0.13

    0.55

    -0.96

    2013

    -0.72

    0.14

    -0.27

    -0.90

    -0.81

    -0.89

    0.24

    -0.23

    0.42

    0.19

    0.61

    -0.97

    CEIC

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  • 19800.132013-0.721980-0.181990

    *

  • 2013SITC680.420.610.24 2013SITC579-0.230.19-0.977*

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