Το τοπίο ως μέσο διαπαιδαγώγησης

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Το τοπίο ως μέσο διαπαιδαγώγησης. Νικόλαος Δ. Χασάναγας Δασαρχείο Περτουλίου Για το σεμινάριο «Δασός», ΚΠΕ- Περτούλι 14-5-2011. Παιδαγωγικοί στόχοι. Τοπίο Α. Τοπίο Β. Το «παρελαύνον δάσος» ως παιδαδωγός του λαού επί Χίτλερ. (Lehmann 1999). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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(Lehmann 1999)

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Scientific namePictureCountryUtility functionSymbolicfunctionMythical-historic functionCommentsEuropePinus cebraAustriaTechnical use (burning, building, small objects, e.g. toys, decorative things), fine foodTaxus baccataEnglandTechnical use (bow), immortality at cemetery and church, magicQuercus petraea, Q. roburGermanyTechnical use, forage, Stability and strength, paganismTilia cordata, T. platyphyllosGermanysmall art works Lover tree, idyllic, holly wood, leaf which made Siegfried vulnerableOlea europeaGreeceAgricultural product (oil for multiple use: nutrition, aromatic, lighting, medical means, athletic use, cosmetic), honor symbol for Olympic champions and dead persons, present of Goddess Athena, Ulysses made a marriage bed of olive wood, and blinded cyclop with olive trunkCupressus sempervirensItaliaTechnical use (ships, doors etc), mourning and death, Kyparrysios wanted to mourn for ever because he killed his life partner by mistake and gods metamorphosed him in Cupressus Quercus suberPortugalTechnical use (cork)Betula pendula, B. pubescensRussiaMedical use, ritual use, religious -spiritual meaning concerning marriage and children, literary valueOnopordon acanthium ScotlandProtection and victory, defense against enemies

61Scientific namePictureCountryUtility functionSymbolicfunctionMythical-historic functionCommentsAsiaGinkgo bilobaChina(fine) food, detergent, medicament, ornamentalFicus religiosaIndiaSacral in Buddhism and Hinduism, knowledge tree, cosmic, roots=creator, trunk=destructor, branches=maintainer, well-proliferating, male treeMyristica fragransIndonesiaAgricultural product, heady, medical (good for stomach, voice and lumbago, aphrodisiac)Ficus caricaIsraelNutrition, medical use, welfare, peace, Adam and EvaPrunus serulataJapanBeautifulness, warriors virtuousnessCedrus libaniLebanonTechnical use (strong construction material), strength and decencyBoswellia sacraOmanPleasant drug effect (erotic pleasure), religion-spiritual use (honor to dead), one of the 3 presents to Christ Catha edulisYemenAgricultural product, anti-aphrodisiac(=good for religion restrictions), tonic, anti-appetizer

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