農業水利九十二年度計畫 成果發表討論會

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  • 1960 1960 Nielsen and Biggar1961

  • v.s.

  • Adriano et al.1971 6,90012500

  • Coe and Laverty1972 TDSGilde1973

  • Lance1975 90%Ward et al.1978 50%urea90%50%

  • Guenzi et al.1978 15N60%90%field capacity3.1%90 tons/haOron et al.1979 EC1100~2400S/cmSAR1.1~2.3

  • Mugwira1979 022.54590180225 ton/ha22.5 ton/haAmoozegar-Fard et al.1980 800010000 S/cm

  • Smith et al. (1980) 28,700 kg/haDuncans multiple range test /Kuo (1981) 10 ton/ha2.5 cm/yr45 cm600S/cm50-65 cm 1200S/cm4000S/cm

  • Cooper et al.1984 3610658Freeze and Sommerfeldt (1985) 15

  • Sommerfeldt and Chang1985 bulk densityhardpanBergstom1987

  • Noute and Bassers1989 0.6~3%10.4mg0.6mgDhawan and Toor1989 Wong1990 21

  • Burns et al.,1990 1340kg/haNielson and Halvorson1991 84kg/haIqbal and Krothe1995

  • (1993)(1995a)

  • Duncans Multiple-range Test(Duncan) s2 rpstudentSPSS for Windows 10.1 Duncans Multiple-range Test

  • ()

  • () ()

  • 509015

  • () ()

  • () ()

  • () ()2060(31%42%26%)

  • 10()3() ()35

  • 61.71/55115.94/8820.57/46

    30 115.94/20.57/

  • TKN(NIEA W420.50B)NO3N(NIEA W417.50A)NH4+N(NIEA W416.50A)EC(NIEA W203.51B)

  • (SPAD-502, Minolta Camera Co. Ltd, Osaka, Japan)()Glowa et al.(1974) Kjeldahl

  • -908~753S/cm625~662S/cm

  • ()1. 2.=- 3.=+

    (S/cm)(mg/l)(%)(mg/l)(%)(mg/l)(%)(mg/l)(%)(mg/l)(%) 907890.070.2527.5399.727.60100908140.160.84.2921.320.0199.215.7277.920.17100919081.034.78.7239.521.0595.312.3355.822.08100917530.070.66.5857.811.3299.44.7441.611.39100928860.130.711.6662.418.5699.36.9036.918.69100928321.116.311.0762.716.5593.75.4831.017.66100 906590.063.61.6396.41.69100906250.063.60.3419.51.6896.61.3477.01.74100916620.3713.60.165.92.3686.52.2080.62.73100916420.3314.20.4017.21.9985.81.5968.52.32100926560.094.20.3215.12.0395.81.7180.72.12100926500.113.30.288.43.2496.72.9688.43.35100

  • () 1. 2.=- 3.=+

    ()(EcS/cm)(NO3N mg/l)(NH4+N mg/l)(TKNmg/l)(NOrg mg/l)(TN mg/l)10831.51.1111.0716.555.4817.6611740.90.615.689.904.2210.5412710.80.443.887.683.808.1213695.70.362.986.573.596.9301650.40.110.283.242.963.35

  • A-113121110()89(:)1:11:01:21:30:1

  • ()650.4S/cm3.35mg/l()831.5S/cm17.66mg/l

  • ()

    ()85()1011011213(29.4)(30.5)(30.7)(30.8)(33.4)

    85(cm)1011131201(110.4)(114.9)(116.7)(116.7)(121.9)

    85 ()1013121101(29.7)(32.2)(32.8)(35.1)(36.2)

    89(NO3N mg/l)1213110110(0.15)(0.18)(0.22)(0.28)(0.48)

    89(NH4+N mg/l)0111121310(0.22)(0.34)(0.37)(0.59)(0.72)

  • ()()

    ()89(TKNmg/l)0112101113(1.28)(1.69)(2.14)(2.46)(2.64)

    89 (ECs/cm)1210130111(2045.3)(2213.3)(2256.0)(2320.0)(2490.0)

    89pH1110011213(6.70)(6.73)(6.80)(6.83)(6.93)

    (%)0111131012(9.48)(12.70)(13.79)(15.38)(15.58)

  • 08/01~10/2889

    85()10(831.5S/cm17.66mg/l) 9.4%13(695.7S/cm6.93mg/l) 9.5%13.8%45.4%

  • () 1. 2.=- 3.=+

  • ()121 ()1210130111(26.7)(31.9)(33.0)(35.4)(35.8)

    121 (cm)1012111301(113.3)(116.1)(116.5)(117.5)(119.4)

    ()1213111001(28.1)(29.0)(31.1)(31.9)(32.6)

    (g)1110131201(16.9)(18.9)(19.5)(20.9)(22.3)

    (%)1213111001(8.7)(12.6)(14.9)(14.9)(16.1)

  • ()(%)0113121011(10.56)(12.82)(13.12)(14.35)(14.40)

    (%)0110131211(4.79)(5.99)(6.18)(6.55)(7.68)

  • 02/27~06/27121

    12(733S/cm7.65mg/l) 5.1%11(771S/cm10.41mg/l) 24.2%

  • 13(713.8S/cm4.91mg/l) 10.6%12.8%21.4%11(771.1S/cm10.41mg/l) 4.79%7.68%60.3%

  • a.831.5S/cm 17.66mg/l9.4%

    b.695.7S/cm 6.93mg/l 9.5%13.8%45.4%

  • a.733S/cm 7.65mg/l5.1%

    b.711S/cm 10.41mg/l24.2%

  • c.713.8S/cm 4.91mg/l 10.6%12.8%21.4% d.771.1S/cm 10.41mg/l 4.79%7.68%60.3%

  • 753~908S/cm11.39~27.50 mg/l745~962S/cm4.62~23.84 mg/l 625~659S/cm 1.69~3.35 mg/l

  • (EC)1560~5530S/cm4.25~940.37mg/l(EC)753S/cm11.39mg/l(EC)625S/cm1.69mg/l12.5~44.2(EC)750S/cm3.2~717.83mg/l

  • 750S/cm7mg/l4.9~6.9mg/l

  • Adriano, D.C., P.F. Pratt, and S.E. Bishop. 1971. Nitrate and salt in soils and ground waters from land disposal of dairy manure. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 35:759-762.Amoozegar-Fard, A., W. H. Fuller, and A.W. Warrick. 1980. A movement of salts from soils following heavy application of feedlot wastes. J. Environ. Qual. 9(2): 269-273.Bergstrom, L. 1987. Nitrate leaching and drainage from annual and perennial crops in tile-drained plots and lysimeters. J. Environ. Qual. 16:11-18.Bouwer, H. and E. Idelovitch. 1987. Quality requirements for irrigation with sewage water. J. of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 113(4):516-535.Burns, J.C., L.D. King, and P.W. Westerman. 1990. Long-term swine lagoon effluent applications on coastal bermudagrass: I. yield, quality, and element removal. J. Environ. Qual. 19:749-756.Coe, J. J., and F.B. Laverty. 1972. Wastewater reclamation in southern California. J. of Irrigation and Drainage:419-432.Cooper, J.R., R.B. Beneau, J.R., W. Kroontje, and G.D. Jones. 1984. Distribution of nitrogenous compounds in a Rhodic Paleudult following heavy manure application. J. Environ. Qual. 13(2):189-193.Dhawan, A. and H.S. Toor. 1989. Impact of organic manures or supplementary diet on plankton production and growth and fecundity of an Indian major carp, Cirrhina mrigala (Ham.), in fish ponds. Biological wastes:289-297.Freeze, B.S. and Sommerfeldt, T.G.. 1985. Breakeven Hauling distances for beef feedlot manure in southern Alberta. Can. J. Soil Sci. 65:687-693.Gidle, L.L. 1973. Land treatment of food processing wastewater. J. of Irrigation and Drainage Division:339-352.Guenzi, W.D., W.E. Beard, F.S. Watanabe, S.R. Olsen and L.K.Porter. 1978. Nitrification and denitrification in cattle manure-amended soil. J. Environ. Qual.7(2):196-202.

  • 12.Iqbal, M.Z. and N.C. Krothe. 1995. Infiltration mechanisms related to agricultural waste transport through the soil mantle to karst aquifers of southern Indiana, USA. J. of Hydrology 164:171-192.Kuo, S. 1981. Effect of long-term manure application of nitrogen, copper, zinc, and salt distribution and availability in soils. J. Environ. Qual. 10(3): 365-368.Lance, J.C. 1975. Fate of nitrogen in sewage effluent applied to soil. J. of Irrigation and Drainage Division:131-144.Mugwira, L.M. 1979. Residual effects of dairy cattle manure on millet and rye forage and soil properties. J. Environ. Qual.8(2):251-255. Nielsen, D.R., and J.W.Biggar. 1961. Miscible displacement in soils:1.Experimental information. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 25(1):1-5. Nielsen, D.C. and A.D. Halvorson. 1991. Nitrogen fertility influence on water stress and yield of winter wheat. Agron. J. 83:1065-1070.Noue, J. de la and A. Basseres. 1989. Biotreatment of anaerobically digested swine manure with microalgae. Biological wastes:17-33.Oron, G., G. Shelef, and B.Turzynski. 1979. Trickle irrigation using treated wastewater. J. of Irrigation and Drainage Division:175-186.Smith, S.J., A.C., Mathers, and B.A. Stewart. 1980. Distribution of nitrogen forms in soil receiving cattle feedlot waste. J. Environ. Qual. 9(2):215-218. Sommerfeldt, T.G., and C. Chang. 1985. Changes in soil properties under annual applications of feedlot manure and different tillage practices. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 49:983-987.Ward, G.M., T.V. Muscato, D.A.Hill, and R.W.Hansen. 1978. Chemical composition of feedlot manure. J Environ.Qual.7(2):159-164.Wong, M.H. 1990. Anaerobic digestion of pig manure mixed with sewage sludge. Biological wastes:223.

  • Glowa, W., Zirconium dioxide, a new catalyst, in Kjeldahl method for total nitrogen determination. J. AOAC. 57:1228-1230. 1974.Sung, J.H., Chung, S.O., and Hong, S. Y. Site-specific rice fertilizing based on chlorophyll content. Pcroceeding of 99 international conference on agricultural engineering. Beijing, China. 1999.Yasui, A., and Shindoh, K. Determination of the geographic origin of brown-rice with trace-element composition. Bunseki Kagaku 49:405-410. 2000.()2419911993()5:103-1181995a()5:119-1331995bI.177: 71-8419962000