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服務業談判之 展望與商機. 經濟部國際貿易局 副局長 徐純芳 95 年 2 月 17 日. 簡報大綱 壹、服務業簡介及我國服務業發展現況 貳、 WTO 服務業貿易談判如何進行 叁、 WTO 服務業談判上緊發條 ─香港部長會議宣言重要結論 肆、宣言內容對我國服務業的影響 伍、我國對 WTO 服務業談判的策略. 壹、服務業簡介及我國服務業發展現況. 一、我國產業結構及服務業現況 二、服務 v.s. 服務貿易 三、服務貿易的分類. 壹、服務業簡介及我國服務業發展現況. 一、我國產業結構及服務業現況. 資料來源:主計處. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • 95217

  • WTO WTO WTO

  • v.s.

  • Chart2

    0.07290.45470.4724

    0.04890.42310.528

    0.04170.41230.546

    0.03780.41070.5515

    0.03590.40080.5633

    0.03630.39350.5702

    0.03510.37710.5878

    0.03470.36380.6015

    0.03190.35710.61

    0.02550.35320.6213

    0.02480.34670.6285

    0.02570.33240.642

    0.02090.32520.6538

    0.01960.31170.6687

    0.01860.31360.6679

    0.0180.30570.6763

    0.01740.29540.6872

    GDP

    1.74%

    29.54%

    68.72%

    Sheet1

    19992000200120022003

    2.60%2.10%2.00%19%1.80%

    33.20%32.40%31.10%31.10%30.40%

    64.20%65.50%67%67.10%67.80%

    19992000200120022003

    8.30%7.80%7.50%7.50%7.30%

    37.20%37.20%36.00%35.20%34.80%

    54.50%55.00%56.50%57.30%57.90%

    19981999200020012002

    16.614.520.220.321.1

    23.323.525.723.724.3

    ()-6.7-9-5.5-3.4-3.2

    199719981999200020012002

    n.a-6.7-9-5.5-3.4-3.2

    14.611.510.415.917.321

    -3.60.1-1.3-4.2-3.5-8

    110.34.85.36.46.3

    7078798081828384858687888990919293

    7.29%4.89%4.17%3.78%3.59%3.63%3.51%3.47%3.19%2.55%2.48%2.57%2.09%1.96%1.86%1.80%1.74%

    45.47%42.31%41.23%41.07%40.08%39.35%37.71%36.38%35.71%35.32%34.67%33.24%32.52%31.17%31.36%30.57%29.54%

    47.24%52.80%54.60%55.15%56.33%57.02%58.78%60.15%61.00%62.13%62.85%64.20%65.38%66.87%66.79%67.63%68.72%

    Sheet1

    0.0260.3320.642

    0.0210.3240.655

    0.020.3110.67

    0.190.3110.671

    0.0180.3040.678

    GDP

    Sheet2

    0.0830.3720.545

    0.0780.3720.55

    0.0750.360.565

    0.0750.3520.573

    0.0730.3480.579

    Sheet3

    16.623.3-6.7

    14.523.5-9

    20.225.7-5.5

    20.323.7-3.4

    21.124.3-3.2

    &A

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    014.6-3.611

    -6.711.50.10.3

    -910.4-1.34.8

    -5.515.9-4.25.3

    -3.417.3-3.56.4

    -3.221-86.3

    &A

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    GDP

  • , IMD, The World Competitiveness Yearbook (2003)GDP(2002)

  • : US $ Million::()

    85%92%

    5,94625.04%4,78119.28%

    4,50718.98%4,87419.65%

    2,2069.29%1,6996.85%

    1,7287.28%1,8407.42%

    1,1014.64%1,1124.48%

    1,2345.20%1,6896.81%

    5632.37%1,2364.98%

    5632.37%4601.85%

    2551.07%4571.84%

    1810.76%2060.83%

    480.20%2481.00%

    5,41822.81%6,20125.00%

    23750100.00%24803100.00%

    85%93%

    2,59216.05%2,5699.97%

    2,54615.76%2,72210.56%

    1,64510.18%2,72710.58%

    1,0906.75%1,3185.11%

    7414.59%1,1424.43%

    6033.73%3331.29%

    3242.01%3821.48%

    2561.58%2901.13%

    1360.84%1520.59%

    80.05%1100.43%

    50.03%490.19%

    6,20838.43%13,73953.30%

    16154100.00%25777100.00%

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • : US $ Million::()

    85%93%

    5,94625.04%6,13019.91%

    4,50718.98%6,25520.32%

    2,2069.29%2,0406.63%

    1,7287.28%3,0629.95%

    1,1014.64%8842.87%

    1,2345.20%1,6775.45%

    5632.37%1,2063.92%

    5632.37%4961.61%

    2551.07%5581.81%

    1810.76%2380.77%

    480.20%2380.77%

    5,41822.81%8,26126.84%

    23750100.00%30784100.00%

    85%92%

    2,59216.05%2,1129.17%

    2,54615.76%2,0128.74%

    1,64510.18%2,2759.88%

    1,0906.75%9654.19%

    7414.59%8633.75%

    6033.73%3381.47%

    3242.01%4511.96%

    2561.58%2150.93%

    1360.84%1180.51%

    80.05%1100.48%

    50.03%400.17%

    6,20838.43%13,52958.75%

    16154100.00%23028100.00%

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • :WTO :US $ billionWTO

    Chart4

    16.623.3-6.7

    14.523.5-9

    20.225.7-5.5

    20.323.7-3.4

    21.124.3-3.2

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    25.429.9-4.5

    ()

    Sheet1

    19992000200120022003

    2.60%2.10%2.00%19%1.80%

    33.20%32.40%31.10%31.10%30.40%

    64.20%65.50%67%67.10%67.80%

    19992000200120022003

    8.30%7.80%7.50%7.50%7.30%

    37.20%37.20%36.00%35.20%34.80%

    54.50%55.00%56.50%57.30%57.90%

    1998199920002001200220032004

    16.614.520.220.321.12325.4

    23.323.525.723.724.325.529.9

    ()-6.7-9-5.5-3.4-3.2-2.5-4.5

    Sheet1

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    Chart5

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    -6.711.50.10.3

    -910.4-1.34.8

    -5.515.9-4.25.3

    -3.417.3-3.56.4

    -3.221-86.3

    Sheet1

    19992000200120022003

    2.60%2.10%2.00%19%1.80%

    33.20%32.40%31.10%31.10%30.40%

    64.20%65.50%67%67.10%67.80%

    19992000200120022003

    8.30%7.80%7.50%7.50%7.30%

    37.20%37.20%36.00%35.20%34.80%

    54.50%55.00%56.50%57.30%57.90%

    19981999200020012002

    16.614.520.220.321.1

    23.323.525.723.724.3

    ()-6.7-9-5.5-3.4-3.2

    19971998199920002001200220032004

    -7.1-6.7-9-5.5-3.4-3.2-2.5-4.5

    14.611.510.415.917.32119.724.7

    -3.60.1-1.3-4.2-3.5-8-7.5-9.9

    110.34.85.36.46.33.20.4

    Sheet1

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  • Ronald Shelp T. P. Hill S. Hirsch

  • (a) (b) (c) - Phedon Nacolaides

    - G. Sampson, R. Snape

  • GATS1(a) (1)(b) (2)(c) (3)(d) (4)WTO

  • WTO121551. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. WTO7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

  • (ISIC)1990F-P11136 5-96109WTOW/12012155ISIC

  • WTO - - 4

  • WTO(Request)(Offer)

  • WTO

  • WTO

  • WTOGATS

  • WTO41 Cross-border Supply(E-learning)(E-medicine)(E-commerce)(E-banking, Internet banking)(outsourcing, ex: call center)

  • WTO2 Consumption AbroadHOTEL

    4

  • WTO3 Commercial Presence4

  • WTO4 Presence of Natural Persons4

  • 1 Cross-border Supply1. 2. 2 Consumption Abroad

  • 3 Commercial Presence

  • 4 Presence of NaturalPersons

  • (Benchmark)80%60%X

  • (Request and Offer) (PlurilateralRequest)

  • 20062006228731103122005121861231

  • 9521

  • ()12

  • 3()

  • 4()

  • WTO

  • WTO WTO

  • !WTOhttp://cwto.trade.gov.tw/http://www.trade.gov.tw/

    WTO70-93200445WTO (General Agreement on Trade in Services, GATS)WTO199511 GATS GATS2. GATSGATS3.GATS GATSGATS (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(1)(2)(1)(2)(3)(1)(2)(3)

    20017(International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, ISIC) 1990WTOWTOWTO1991W120(Services Sectoral Classification List)(ISIC)W120CPC (Central Product Classification)CPCISIC7201ISIC7220CPCISICCPC8421W120CPC 8421B.bW120CPCWTO(request and offer)2002634(initial request)(initial and revised offers)9369251 5430251 9455(empty container and feeder services)

    4 2222 8AIGMilleaFedEx, UPS, DHLMBANord Anglia PLC350% WTO2527(Annex) CWTO4111122 (Economic Needs Test, ENT) ENTENT190SOHO356%24%(benchmark)80%60%10WTO20062281.27C3(Requesting Members)2.(Requested Members)3.CPC512CPC5134.23(Grace Period) WTO200211200511WTO20033(initial offer)20055(revised offer)7223request and offerWTO2005632WTO2006200912121 350%340%51%10 200211 WTO WTO