第二十 一課:どろぼう

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. . . http://wpgenki.whitebase.co.jp/self/genki-movie. Grammar point 1: Passive. When A does something to B, this can be described from two different angles (1) from the viewpoint of A, who performs the action (active) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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http://wpgenki.whitebase.co.jp/self/genki-movie

Grammar point 1: PassiveWhen A does something to B, this can be described from two different angles(1) from the viewpoint of A, who performs the action (active)(2) from the viewpoint of B, who is on the receiving end of the action (passive)

From: Situational Functional Japanese Volume 3 Notes, Tsukuba Language Group, Bonjinsha Co., LTD.

Two types of Passives1. Direct PassivesThis is used when the actor directly affects the subject.

2. Indirect PassivesThis normally implies the subject is somehow being inconvenienced by the action of the verb.1. Direct Passives

This is used when the actor directly affects the subject.Active sentence

Passive sentence

The subject is marked by the particle / and the person who performs the action is marked by .Direct passive examples

Lisa-san was invited to the movies by Yamashita-san.Smith-san was asked by his teacher to do a translation.Im invited to dinner by Suzuki-sensei this evening.2Indirect PassivesThis normally implies the subject is somehow being inconvenienced by the action of the verb.

Victim Villian Evil Act (verb)

Active Sentence1

Passive Sentence

Suzuki-san broke Lisa-sans camera.Lisa-san had her camera broken by Suzuki-san

Indirect Passives ContThe person who is directly affected is the subject marked by /.His/her belongings is marked by .The person performing the action by .

I had my money stolen by a burglar.How to make the passive formRu-verbs Drop the final ru and add rare-ruU-verbsDrop the final u and add-are-ruIrregular verbs (Note this is the same as the potential form!!!!)

(Note this is the same as the potential form!!!!)

Activity IA p. 219Work with a partner to complete A.Activity IB

A:B:A:B:Activity IC and ID p. 220Work with a partner to complete C and DGrammar Point 2 This expresses a state resulting from an action (implies someone is responsible for the action although not stated.)

2

3The door has been opened.Juice has been put in the fridge.The address is written here.VS ignores that there was an actor or force that may have acted

indicates that someone brought about that action.

indicates that someone did the action verb for a future purpose

Activity IIAp. 221Activity IICp. 222 AND 228A: B:A:B:A:B:As List-Decide who will do it:(I have done it.)(I have done it.)Bs List-Decide who will do it:(I have done it.)(I have done it.)(I have done it.)ActivityProposal

Grammar Point 3 ~ABB takes place, while A (specifically in the middle of another event) NOTE: A Bis used to indicate that B extends throughout the time when A occurs.

Activity IIIA and B p. 223Activity

Grammar Point 4:Adjective +Chapter 10: AdjectiveTo become

This timeAdjective +To make)

For both and, -adjectives go to , while -adjectives go to .

Activity IVA:p. 223

Increase parks.Make the town cleaner.2. Make the municipal hospital new.3.Make the town safer.4. Make the environment.5.Make the tax lower. (6. Make the school holidays longer.7.Make the roads wider8. Make the town famous.Activity IVB: p. 224

Grammar Point 5:Expressing desire with want (something)-adjectiveSubject of sentence must be the speaker or the listener of the conversation.

Ipod conjugations-adjectivesI want ~

I dont want ~

I wanted ~

I didnt want ~

/PersonI want (person) to do..)/PersonI dont want (person) to do..)

I want you to go to Tokyo tomorrow.Tanaka-san says she wants you/me/us/someone) to check her translation.

Activity VA p. 224Activity VB p. 225Activity VC and VDp. 225-226

A:Activity Oral:B Role PlayFor this chapters oral, you will act out one of the following situations: You were punched by a man when you were walking on a streetYour bicycle was stolenYou were deceived by a sales person () and money was takenYou were followed by a man from the station to your houseYour wallet was taken while you were sleeping on a train.Sensei will have you pick one of these scenarios randomly and then have you act it out with sensei as the police officer.

Listeninghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQnI9aMDqho

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCdNg0tsQJ8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=skDQdGCISN4Reading21EQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)I. Nouns and AdjectivesCross out the word which does not belong to the others, discussing your reasons with your classmates.1.EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)2.EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)3.EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)4.EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

II. VerbsLook at the verbs on pages 210-211. Choose verbs for the following situations given below and make some phrases.

1. The things you want to do to someone you dont like. Ex. EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

2. The things you do on the weekends.

3. The things you should do for your class.

4. The things you often do in your life.

5. The things you want to do for someone you like.

21IIEQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)You friend (B) is going to propose to his girlfriend/her boyfriend tonight. He/she is so nervous, so you help your friend to go over the list of the things he/she should do for this special occasion. If something is missing in the list below, you might want to help your friend. (Use casual forms.)

Example: clean the bedroomEQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

1. bake a cake2. buy flowers3. buy a ring

4. wrap a present

5. buy candles6. make a reservation at a fancy restaurant

7. prepare a short speech for the proposalEQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 11(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 11(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 11(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps11 \o\ad(\s\up 11(),)8. choose clothes to wear9. wash a car21IIIEQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font: " \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)2You and your partner are making plans for a world trip this summer.

Choose three cites or counties you want to visit and then discuss what you want to do while you are in each place.Example:EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)(Places to go)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)EQ \* jc2 \* "Font:HGSB" \* hps12 \o\ad(\s\up 12(),)

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