Справочник конструктора-машиностроителя. Том 1

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  • ..

    -

  • ..

    -

    2001

  • ..

    -

    8-,

    ..

    2001

  • 34.422 73

    621.001.66 (035)

    . . -: 3 . . 1. - 8- .,

    . . . . . . - .: , 2001. 920 : .

    I5N 5-217-02963-3

    , , , , , , , .

    (7- . 1992 .) - , , .

    -.

    3 4 . 4 2 . 2

    ; 5-217-02963-3 (. 1)

    5 5-217-02962-5

    () , 1992

    , 1999,

    ", 2001,

  • I. 11

    11 20 23 24 31 34 61 75 76

    II. 79

    79 79 79 ) 82 84 85 89

    89 92 94 96 98 104 104 104 ... 105 106 107 108 -, 113 -, 115 120 120 124 126

  • 6

    ... 126 130 131 131 132 132 134 134 135 136 136 142 149 153 154 156 160 162 163 166 167 178 179 180

    180

    181

    181 187 188 193

    194

    195

    195 196 - 101 198 - 198 , 201 201 , 203 - 203 206 - 208 - () 208 - () 209 - (), 211 212 214 217 219 220 . 221 ... 230 232 ... 242 247 254 256 258 259 261 261

  • 7

    261 261 , 262 264 265 268 270 271

    274

    274 - () 274 278 281 - ( ) - 286 .... 287 288 289 289 291 - 293 294 296 296 297 297 300 -4 300 300 301 -

    302 303 -4 303 304 305 -4 306 309 309 312 318 - 320 322 322

    327

    III. 328

    ( 2789-73) 328 334

    338 339 340 344 345 346 348

    349

    . ... 350

    350 () 353 ... 399 410 414

    , 414 440

  • 8

    446 451 452 455 456 456

    457

    457 462 , 463

    466

    466 469 469

    478

    478 480 480

    480

    V. 481

    , , .... 481 , 490 492 . , , 496 514 527

    , 529 , - ... 535 544 . 546 552 552 566 580 581 582

    582 598 60 602 605 609 612 614 618

    624

    633

    634

    VI. 0 3 5

    , , 635 43 66* 681 68^ 706 729

    VII. 737

    , , 737 758 762 766

  • 9

    771 775 , 801 809 811 821 , 823 829 836 839 842 , , 844

    VIII. - 849

    849

    , 849 859 859

    859

    859 869 870

    899 906

    909 913

  • , , .

    . -, , .

    .

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    , , , , ..; , , , , -, .. -- , - , .

    - , 1 2000. , .

    , , .

    ! , ,

    ". " 1, 2000 .

    7 2 4 2 8 " " 2001 .

  • . I

    1.

    ... () ... ' () . . . " ()

    ()

    1,745329 ... "2 2,908882 ... -3 4,848137 ... 10'6

    ( )

    ()

    3,0482 ... "4

    , , , ,

    11 2 2 2 , 2 , 2 , 2

    3 3 3 , 3 , 3

    ( "")

    ()

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    /, / / /

    / 2 , / 2 / 2

    / /

    / 6,28 / 0,105 /

    / 2 / 2

    () , , ,

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    1-1 1/60 1 = 0,016 (6) 1

    ()

    2 10' 4 - , , ,

    /* / 3 / 3 , / 3 , / 3

    -- *

    / ' /

    1/ 2 /

    ( )

    2 2

  • 12

    . 1

    , , ()

    9,80665 () - 5

    , , ,

    / 3 / 3 10 / 3

    ( )

    9,80665 10"7

    , , ,

    9,80665 - -5

    (/ 2)

    . . . .

    ()

    98066,5 101325 9,80665 133,322

    105 133,322

    , , , ,

    ()

    / 2 9,80665 105 , ,

    ,

    / 2 / 2

    0,1 9,80665

    () / 2

    0,1 9,80665

    2 / ()

    2 / 10"4 2 / 2 /

    / 2 / 2

    / 2 9,80665 104 / 2 10"3 / 2

    / 2

    / / -3 / /

    / / 9806,65 /

    2 / 2 / 10 2 /

    ,

    (.-)

    ()

    -7 9,80665 3,6 10

    1,60219 -6

    , , , ,

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    / /

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    () 735,499 -7

    9,80665 4,1868 1,163

    , , , ,

    (

    0

    (-) (

    7),

    = - 0, 0 = 273,15

  • 13

    . 1

    "1 "*

    ,

    4,1868 () , , , ,

    / )"7

    / (--) /(--) /(--)

    / ( ) - 5 / ( ) 4,187 10'2 / ( )

    1,163 / ( - )

    /( 2--) /( 2--) /( 2--)

    / ( 2 -) - 3 / ( 2 ) 4,1868- 1 0 4 / ( 2 - )

    1,1630 / ( 2 )

    / / 10"7 / /

    ,

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    /( )

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    ,

    / / 10"4 / / , /

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    /( - 2 ) / 2 10"3 / 2

    ) / 1,163 /

    -- 2 / 2 / 0,8598 2 /

    () , , , ,

    ()

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    () / 79,5775 / /, / , /

  • 14

    . 1

    1

    1

    - ,

    () ()

    () 0,795775 ,

    () (

    )

    ()

    10"8

    ,

    () / 2

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    )

    -9

    () . . .

    10"6 8,98755 1 1

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    10"6 8,98755 109

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    10 4 / 2 3,193 103 / 2

    3 / 3 / 101325 3 / 101,325 3 /

    / / 4187 /

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    2 / 2 / 2,7778 104 2 /

    /( 2-) / ( 2 ) 6 5 /( 2 )

    -

    / 3 / 3 -3 / 3

    : 1. , : (); (); (); (); ... (); ... ' (); ... " (); (). 2. , , : (); /; /; .

  • 15

    2.

    1 (.) = 1,85318 1 (.) = 1,852 () 1 () = 1,852 () 1 (.) = 1,60934 1 = 914,4 () 1 = 304,8 () 1 = 25,4 () 1 (1/10 ) = 2,54 () 1 (1/12 ) = 2,117 1 = 25,4 () 1 = 25,4 ()

    1 . (.) = 2,58999 2 1 . = 0,836127 2 1 . = 929,030 2 1 . = 645,16 2 () 1 . = 645,16 2 ()

    1 . = 0,764555 3 1 . = 28,3169 3 1 . = 16,3871 3 1 () = 158,987 3 1 () = 115,627 3 1 (.) = 4,54609 3 1 () = 3,78541 3 1 () = 4,40488 3

    1 (.) (2240 ) = = 1,01605 1 () (2000 ) = = 0,907185 1 (.) = 50,8023 1 (), = = 45,3592 1 () = 0,453592 1 = 28,3495

    16,0185 / 3 1 .

    1 _ = 1 , 0 0 1 1 6 / .

    1 = 0,593276 /* .

    1 = 2,76799 10* / 3 ,

    1 = 0,3048 / ()

    1 = 0,3048 / ()

    1 - 22. = 1,60934 / = 0,47704 /

    1 = 1,60934 / = 5793,64 /

    1 = 0,3048 / 2 () .

    1 - (.)=9,96402 1 - () = 8,89644 1 - = 4,44822 1 = 0,138255 1 - = 0,278014

    ,

    1 - .

    1 - .

    1 - .

    1 .

    = 6,89476

    = 47,8803

    = 5,32003

    = 1,48816

    1 - = 430,922 .

    1 = 2,98907 1 = 249,089 1 = 3,38639

    ,

    1 -- = 1,35582 1 - = 42,1401 1 = 1,05506 1 (.) = = 1,05435

  • 16

    . 2

    1*^= 1,48816 /

    1*522 = 0,496055 /

    = 4,88243 /* .

    1 - 0,542492 / 2 .

    ,

    1 - -

    1 - -

    1 - -

    1 -

    = 22,5970

    = 376,616

    = 42,1401

    1 = 745,700 1

    = 1055,06

    1 _ 0 2^067

    = 0 ) 4 5 3 5 9 2 ^ = 025998 /

    1 (.) = 1,01605 /=0,28224 /

    1 ( ) = 0 > 9 0 7 1 8 5 / = 0,251996 /

    1 6 ' =28,3169 3/=0,47947 3/

    1 . = 0764555 / = ,7426 3 /

    ( ) =

    3 / = 0,063091 3 / ^ . . _.^_ ~ -,

    1 (.) = 4,54609 3 / =

    = 0,75768 3 /

    1 -- = 0,112984 1 -- - 1,35582 1 - = 42,1401

    - ^ . . 1 = 157,087 / 3

    . 1 = = 4 8 7 9 8 4 / 3

    .

    - - ^ ^ _ I . = 172,369 .

    - -

    .

    -

    = 47,8803

    . = 1,48816

    1 . = 2 5 4 2 /

    1 = 9 2 9 ) 0 3 0 2 /

    (1 = 0,03937")

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    0 - 0,0394 0,0787 0,1181 0,1575 0,1969 0,2362 0,2756 0,3150 0,3543 10 0,3937 0,4331 0,4724 0,5118 0,5512 0,5906 0,6299 0,6693 0,7087 0,7480 20 0,7874 0,8268 0,8661 0,9055 0,9449 0,9843 1,0236 1,0630 1,1024 1,1417 30 1,1811 1,2205 1,2598 1,2992 1,3386 1,3780 1,4173 1,4567 1,4961 1,5354 40 1,5748 1,6142 1,6535 1,6929 1,7323 1,7717 1,8110 1,8504 1,8898 1,9291 50 1,9685 2,0079 2,0472 2,0866 2,1260 2,1654 2,2047 2,2411 2,2835 2,3228 60 2,3622 2,4016 2,4409 2,4803 2,5197 2,5591 2,5984 2,5378 2,6772 2,7165 70 2,7559 2,7953 2,8346 2,8740 2,9134 2,9528 2,9921 3,0315 3,0709 3,1102 80 3,1496 3,1890 3,2283 3,2677 3,3071 3,3465 3,3858 3,4252 3,4646 3,5039 90 3,5433 3,5827 3,6220 3,6614 3,7008 3,7402 3,7795 3,8189 3,8583 3,8976

  • 17

    . 2

    1/64 0,397 3/64 1,191 5/64 1,984