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κεφαλαιο 7ο ιστορία γ΄ γυμνασίου

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2. 3. 4. , 1. ( ) , ( ) 5. 6. ( ) . 7. 8. 1914 1914-1918: 60 9. Gavrilo Princip 10. Gavrilo Princip 11. 12. : , : 1914 : . 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 1915 : : (1915) : , . . 19. 1916 1916 : : 20. - 21. 1917 : , , : ( - ,3-3-1918) 1917 1.0.000 1917 : 22. 23. 24. - 25. 1918 : : : 8.000.000 20.000.000 26. - , , 27. 28. 1915 : : 1915 : 29. 1915 : , 30. 1915 : . . ( ) 31. 32. 200.000 . 33. 34. , 35. 36. - 37. 38. (1915-17) 39. / 1916 35 () 1917 40. 1916 41. - 42. (: . 18 19 1916 , . , 1919, . 94): , , . . . , . 43. (: . 18 19 1916 , . , 1919, . 99): , , , , , " , "! 44. : (1934) . , , 1917 : 1917, . - . . , . , , , , , , . , , , . 45. , . , , ( ), , . : http://ey-test.sch.gr/htmls/istoria/gr_piges/fikeim4.aspx 46. : , 31 1915 . ' . , . . . ... 47. . 1915 () 48. 49. - 1918 50. 51. 1919- 1920 : , 52. 14 53. 54. 55. ( 1919) : , ,, , 56. (1919) , , , . 57. (1919) ( . , . ) , , 58. (1920) , , 59. 1920 ( ) () 60. ( /) 0 .. 12/ 5 . 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. Richard Tawney, speech at a Union of Democratic Control (11th November, 1920) For every man who a year ago knew and said that the Peace Treaty was immoral in conception and would be disastrous, there are thousands who say it now. Though there seems little to be said about the Treaties which has not been said already, it is nevertheless of immense importance to let public opinion abroad realise that the heartless and cynical politicians who negotiated them do not represent the real temper of Great Britain. 67. (11) John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of Peace (1920) The Treaty includes no provision for the economic rehabilitation of Europe - nothing to make the defeated Central Powers into good neighbours, nothing to stabilise the new States of Europe, nothing to reclaim Russia; nor does it promote in any way a compact of economic solidarity amongst the Allies themselves; no arrangement was reached at Paris for restoring the disordered finances of France and Italy, or to adjust the systems of the Old World and the New. 68. It is an extraordinary fact that the fundamental economic problem of a Europe starving and disintegrating before their eyes, was the one question in which it was impossible to arouse the interest of the Four. Reparation was their main excursion into the economic field, and they settled it from every point of view except that of the economic future of the States whose destiny they were handling.