发展经济学 ( Economics of Development )

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Economics of Development . . . + 20% 80%. . 2002 10 1 . . 2000 3 1 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Economics of Development

  • + 20% 80%

  • 2002101

  • 200031[]A. P. 2001121[]20021012003111999111

  • Vcampus.fudan.edu.cn

  • 1.1

  • 1.1.1 **

  • 1.1.2

  • OECD*Underdeveloped CountriesLess developed CountriesLDCsDeveloping Countries****

  • 11945194919501959196019751976

  • 21990180100274810111

  • 3

  • 1Uncivilized nationsBackward countriesLess-developed countriesLDCs

  • 220601964Developing countries

  • 19554771974222

  • GDP1001971GDP10%20% 197121496.3

  • 1Newly Industrialized CountriesNICs19941994GNP8956241994GNP72589561994GNP28951994GNP725

  • 2NICs1979610

  • 6

  • 12006

  • 2GDP2004200520062007 2005GDP441802005GDP17001/261/5

  • 1999GDP12402573020200510369056400196219843/4

  • 12.5

  • 7581636757831013102005

  • 19981530%49%5%

  • 199810006612653111721715.6

  • 20%93%20%0.2%300162000479217.516.67.2

  • *1998525562591

  • Dependency Burden

  • 3/4 13

  • 2005200513.0411.042.962.221.841.621.441.431.321.28

  • 304010152%4 2500

  • 1998156433%39%Dependency Burden

  • 101417%6%0

  • 1015%152430%

  • Under-employment*30%10

  • 199069%32%5%

  • *

  • * *

  • *

  • 2006 60%

  • 1.1.3

  • 205060702080

  • 18

  • 205060

  • 7070Goulet1971*Amartya Sen19831984

  • 208020801996 *

  • **

  • 196019750.6%1970

  • Clower, R. W., 1966

  • GNPGDP

  • GDP

  • GDP GDP*UNDP1999GDP32911287801402003GDP45802002402014%

  • Niewiaroski, N. H.14Adelman, I.Morris, C. T.411625 **

  • HDIUNDP1990Human Development IndexHDI **

  • The UNDPs Human Development Index

    STEP 1:

  • STEP 2:

  • STEP 3:

  • SPEP 4

  • 45

    65

    64

  • HDIUNDP2003200270.670.985.5%90.9%64%68%GDP40204580HDI17710494200585199020%

  • 2005HDI72005177200522

  • IMDWEF

  • WEF60314

  • WEF2002 200520023349 20063119

  • WEF(80)200152005582001445885

  • 1.2

  • 1.2.1

  • 20506030 Journal of Development Economics

  • 1.2.2

  • Rosenstein-Rodan1944Staley, E.1944Mandelbaum, K.1947 1947

  • **

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3196589

  • 430GDP1959400199012000199922000

  • 5

  • * **

  • 1Edward Lorenz1963

  • 2LTCM20901997Robert MertonMyron Scholes19986390%

  • 319989Merrill LynchJ. P. Morgan15LTCM15%

  • 1.2.3 1940s1960s 1960s1980s 1980s

  • 1 Structural RigiditiesInstitutional Rigidities

  • 2

  • 3Big Push

  • 4

  • 5

  • 1 Nurkse, R.Nelson, R.Myrdal, C.Leibenstein, H.Chenery, H. B.*

  • 2

  • *Lewis, W. A.Hirschman, A. O.Prebisch, R.*

  • 1*

  • 219501980300

  • * *

  • 184819600.6%196019700.1%Sub-sectors

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3Natura non facit saltum

  • 1960sKuznets, S.Kravis, I. B.Singer, H. W.

  • *

  • * *

  • *

  • *Haberler, G.*

  • P. BardhanInter-linking Factor MarketL. TaylorE. Bacha

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 1* * *

  • 2

  • 1

  • 2Institutions do matter

  • 3

  • 4Getting the institutions right

  • 5

  • 1.2.4

  • J. SachsD. Lal V. N. Balasubramanyam P. Krugman

  • SachsJ. D. Sachs205060

  • D. Lal1983D. Lal

  • V. N. BalasubramanyamV. N. Balasubramanyam

  • P. KrugmanP. Krugman1995

  • P. T. BauerD. Seers1979A. O. Hirschman1982204050

  • 1

  • 2G. HaberlerMono-economicsDuo-economics

  • 3H. W. Arndt

  • 1Washington Consensus

  • 220801989John Williamson

  • 319971998

  • 4

  • 5

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 1S. AminR. Prebish

  • 22050601110

  • 3

  • 4204060

  • 5

  • 20704%200210.6% 19821994199969.3%2002

  • 1 SachsJ Curve

  • 2L Curve1990100200014799109826443

  • 120901997

  • 2IMF

  • 19981 ()

  • 1Jashua Cooper Ramo20045Beijing Consensus

  • 2

  • 1

  • 2CGE

  • 3 1997

  • 1Hyper-special SubjectN. Stern

  • 2

  • 3,

  • 4

  • 11998

  • 21990UNDPGDP

  • 1,

  • 2J. E. Stiglitz

  • 1998,, ,

  • 1Social CapitalP. Bourdieu19801988JamesS. ColemanRobert D. Putnam

  • 219931997

  • 3 Stephen KnackPhilip Keefer29

  • 4

  • 1

  • 2

  • 1 R. Grier63GDP

  • 2205060

  • 3R. J. BarroR. M. McCleary1981199959I. AlonG. ChaseGDP

  • 1

  • 2M. PorterFrancis Fukuyama

  • 3

  • 1GDPGDP

  • 2J. DiamondJ. D. SachsJ. L. Gallup

  • 3

  • 420

  • 5

  • 62090P. KrugmanM. Porter

  • 71890

  • 1 1960Miklukho-MaklaiEthno-linguistic Fragmentation

  • 21593%90%90%89%89%88%87%86%83%83%83%82%78%78%77%

  • 3151%1%1%2%2%3%1%4%4%4%4%4%4%5%5%5%

  • 4W. EasterlyR. LevineA. Alesina

  • 2030401978

  • 203040203040

  • 1945194985

  • 19781979198519871989

  • Sudisen