Οδηγός εγκατάστασης και διαμόρφωσης MS-WIndows 2008 Server

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Windows Server 2008 Windows 7 , , Active Directory proxy Squid, Antivirus MS-Security Essentials, updates MS-WSUS, VNC

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  • : Tue, 09 Apr 2013 07:39:59 EET

    Windows2008 Server & Windows 7

    Squid proxy server, Windows Update Services,Security Essentials Antivirus

    VNC

    - ,

  • Windows/ pdf 1Windows 2Windows/ 3Windows/ 4Windows/ 5Windows/ 6Windows/ 7Windows/ 10Windows/ 18Windows/ 20Windows/ domain 23Windows/ 33Windows/ /7zip 36Windows/ /Adobe Reader 38Windows/ /Irfanview 40Windows/ /Mozilla Firefox 43Windows/ /Google Chrome 46Windows/ /MS Office 48Windows/ /LibreOffice 50Windows/ /MBSA 54Windows/ 57Windows/ 59Windows/iTALC 60Windows/ / 65Windows/ / 66Windows/ /UPS 67Windows//Squid 68Windows//VirtualBox 76/VirtualBox 77Windows//MSE 84Windows//WSUS 86Windows// 91

    95 , 96

  • Windows/ pdf 1

    Windows/ pdf

    pdf pdf mwlib [1] PediaPress GmbH [2] / [3] [4] - [5]. pdf ( wiki). " - , , " 2007-2013[6].

    pdf wiki : wiki [7] CCPL (Creative Commons Public License [8]) :

    - - 3.0 [9]. : " - ,

    , " ( [4] - [5])

    "" [5], ( ).

    . , . Creative Commons [9] [10].

    wiki [11] .

  • Windows 2

    Windows MS-Windows MS-Windows Server MS-Windows Professional . Client Access Licenses (CALs) ( ) MS-Windows Server.

    MSWindows Server 2008 MS Windows 7 Professional. MS-Windows Server MS-Windows Professional, ts.sch.gr.

    &

    . Domain

    , : iTALC MS-Windows ( )

  • Windows/ 3

    Windows/ MS-Windows - (client-server). ( -servers) ( - clients). . . .

    ( thin client) ( fat client) .

    Microsoft ActiveDirectory : , .

    Active Directory , , , , .

    Active Directory : . ,

    , . . ,

    . .

    . Active Directory .

    Active Directory LDAP [1], Kerberos [2] DNS [3], .

    Active Directory : (Objects): . (Organizational Units): ,

    . , .

    Domain: Active Directory , .

    - [4] [5]. Active Directory [6].

  • Windows/ 4

    Windows/

    Active Directory :

    , , (. ).

    : , Domain .

    : ( MS-Windows Server) , ("" ) . .

    ( ), ( , ) /.

  • Windows/ 5

    Windows/ [1]. [2].

    .

  • Windows/ 6

    Windows/ . [1]

    [2] [3].

    , , , , .

  • Windows/ 7

    Windows/ CD MS-Windows Server BIOS ( F12 boot menu) . , .

    Time and currency format: Greek (Greece)

    Keyboard or input method: US.

    .

    Drive options (advanced) . . , Linux/LTSP. Windows Linux/LTSP, 200GB.

    1: 200 Gb dualboot Linux / Windows

    Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3 Extended partition

    Logical 1 Logical 2 Logical 3

    20%

    40 Gb ntfsWindows 2008

    15%

    30 Gb ext4 Ubuntu Precise( )

    15%

    30 Gb ext4 Ubuntu Lucid(backup )

    25%

    50 Gb ntfsWindows \Users

    22%

    45 Gb ext4Linux /home

    3%

    5 Gb swapLinux swap

    ( 80GB) Windows Server: 40GB . 200GB, :

    2: 200 Gb dual boot Linux / Windows, ... backups

    1

    Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3 Primary 4

    30%

    60 Gb ntfs Windows 2008 ( )

    20%

    40 Gb ext4 Ubuntu Lucid(backup )

    40%

    80 Gb ext4 Linux /home

    10%

    20 Gb ntfs (backup) Windows \Users

    2

    Primary 1 Primary 2 Primary 3 Primary 4

    30%

    60 Gb ntfs Windows 2008(backup )

    20%

    40 Gb ext4 Ubuntu Precise( )

    47%

    95 Gb ntfs Windows \Users & (backup) Linux /home

    3%

    5 Gb swap Linux swap

  • Windows/ 8

    Linux swap RAM . .

    (administrator password).

    . 8 , (. password: Changem3!).

    Server Manager Microsoft Management Console (MMC) logon (administrator). : Start -click Computer Manage Start Administrative Tools Server Manager Quick Launch toolbar Windows taskbar1. Server Manager Server

    Summary View Network Connections properties . H domain , . TCP/IP .

    IP 10.x.y.z x & y helpdesk (8011180181) z 10 , 11 . subnet mask 255.255.255.0 default gateway 10.x.y.1 x & y IP . DNSServer IP (10.x.y.z). DHCP . ( nic.sch.gr, nic.att.sch.gr, nic.thess.sch.gr)

    2. (computer name) . Server . , . DNS ().

    domain LTSP (. Server1, Server2).

    ' ServerManager Server Summary Change System Properties.

    3. Windows 2008 Server (Windows components). , Terminal Services administrationmode. DNS domain.

  • Windows/ 9

    &

    (product activation). Windows 2008 Server . ServerManager (Server Summary Activate Windows ). (registration) .

    . ServerManager Server Summary Configure Updates Install Updates Automatically.

    (system drivers) , . (cds, ) . , .

    , . , .

  • Windows/ 10

    Windows/ .

    (Remote Desktop) Windows. System Properties Remote RemoteDesktop Allow connections from computers running any version of remote desktop Remote Desktop groupAdministrators.

    shadow copies Microsoft Server 2003 Shadow copies of shared folders. (shared) . (shadow copies) , . , . Computer Management Shared folders All tasks Configure shadowcopies. 10% 11:00, . shadow copies: A \\\$,

    . A Shadow copy client ( http:/ / www. microsoft.

    com/ downloads/ , shadow copy client), \\\, Previous Versions Properties Shared Folder.

    Domain , (domain) . , . (Customize this server), domain controller. :

    dcpromo

  • Windows/ 11

    , domain controller , . Add Roles.

    ActiveDirectory Domain Services . , binaries Active Directory.

    , .

    , Active Directory. advanced mode. Next.

  • Windows/ 12

    , Windows 2008Server domain controllers Microsoft. Next.

    domain forest, .

    domain. domain ( school.local). domain name. NetBIOS name .

  • Windows/ 13

    forest functional level WindowsServer 2003.

    , domain functional level Windows Server 2003.

    DNS domain controller.

  • Windows/ 14

    IP .

    , . No, I will assign static IP addresses to allphysical network adapters, AD .

    (database andlog folders). Active Directory . . , sysvol. .

    , "directory services restoremode". , domain.

  • Windows/ 15

    ActiveDirectory.

    , txt , .

    , domaincontroller . Active Directory, .

  • Windows/ 16

    , Finish.

    .

    DNS DNS, Active Directory. school.local, dns servers , forwarders. DNS forwarders Start All Programs Administrative tools DNS Server dns servers DHCP router . Use root hints if no forwarders are available, server .

    . NTP (IPaddress 10.x.y.1) ntp ntp.sch.gr ( ntp ).

    Active Directory, ntp.

    : Server :

  • Windows/ 17

    PS C:\Users\Administrator> w32tm /stripchart /computer:10.x.y.1 /samples:3Tracking 10.x.y.1 [10.x.y.1:123].Collecting 3 samples.The current time is 28/8/2012 12:27:14 .12:27:14, -79.8252831s12:27:16, -79.8264222s12:27:18, -79.8264938sPS C:\Users\Administrator>

    NTP Source Domain Controller:

    PS C:\Users\Administrator> w32tm /config /manualpeerlist:10.x.y.1,ntp.sch.gr /syncfromflags:domhier /updateThe command completed successfully.

    NTP Source NTP Client:

    PS C:\Users\Administrator> w32tm /stripchart /computer:10.x.y.1 /samples:3Tracking 10.x.y.1 [10.x.y.1:123].Collecting 3 samples.The current time is 28/8/2012 12:28:38 .12:28:38, -00.0034371s12:28:40, -00.0052040s12:28:42, -00.0052799sPS C:\Users\Administrator>

    Tracking 10.x.y.1 [10.x.y.1:123] 123 IP port NTP.

  • Wi