สรุปวิชา Research Methodology

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Research methodology: Conceptual idea to do research in social science. (in Thai)

Text of สรุปวิชา Research Methodology

  • Contents Paradigm............................................................................................................................................2

    .....................................................................................................................................4

    Axiom ............................................................................................................................................4

    Rule ...............................................................................................................................................4

    Theory ...........................................................................................................................................4

    Model ............................................................................................................................................4

    Practice ..........................................................................................................................................4

    ...............................................................................................................................5

    Research Topic (RT) ............................................................................................................................6

    Research Question (RQ) ......................................................................................................................7

    Literature Review (LR).........................................................................................................................7

    Conceptual Framework (CF) ................................................................................................................7

    Research Design (RD) ..........................................................................................................................8

    Population & Sampling........................................................................................................................9

    Data Collecting Tool (DCT).................................................................................................................10

    Data Analysis Technique ...................................................................................................................11

    Code of conduct ...............................................................................................................................11

  • Research Methodology ..

    Paradigm

    ( - Subjective)

  • ( - Objective)

    ()

    (regulation)

    4 paradigm

    1. Functionalist () +

    2. Radical Structuralist ()

    () +

    ( Functionalist)

    3. Interpretivist () ( Functionalist) +

    4. Radical Humanist ()

    () ( Radical Structuralist) +

    ( Interpretivist)

  • Axiom

    (

    - )

    Rule

    (co-factor)

    100

    Theory

    /

    Model

    ( model )

    Practice

    () ->

    Theory

    Paradigm Humanist Model

  • Research Topic (RT) Paradigm (Theory/Model/Practice)

    . (Public Administration Incident)

    ( ) ( )

    . .

  • Research Question (RQ)

    . Paradigm (locus)

    Literature Review (LR)

    / (reminder)

    (the explored / order mechanism for self and successors by symbolistic [pictorial / linguistic] process, whose formats are documenting , animating, recording, digitizing)

    (source) Materials Materials must be approved by academic/state authority (

    )

    Almanac, Chronicles source material

    Conceptual Framework (CF)

    LR CF

    CF paradigm (

    )

    (Independent) (Dependent)

    ( ) ()

    Format CF

    (1) (Diagram) Flowchart Algorithm

    (2) (Narrative)

    (3) (Mixed)

  • Research Design (RD)

    RD ( Design Control ) Design = Control (Control of Functions

    [ (Social Architecture)

    (Public Administration Incident)

    (Blueprint)

    Function

    ]

    Hard Science Control ()

    = Experimental Design (XD)

    ( paradigm )

    Humanity & Art (Original Setting)

    () paradigm

    Non-Experimental Design (NXD) (

    )

    Quasi-Experimental Design (QXD)

    QXD

    Validity Reliability

    Validity / ( ) Validity Control

    perform function (

    )

    Validity

  • 1) Construct Validity Concept ( concept

    Construct)

    2) Perceived Validity

    3) Concept Validity lab paradigm

    paradigm

    4) Time-related validity perceived validity

    5) Technology-related validity

    Reliability ( )

    reliable

    Population & Sampling

    RT Population ( Sampling Sampling

    ) Incident Locus

    (Multiverse) ( . RT)

    Paradigm Population Multiverse Radical Humanist

    () Interpretivist ()

    (Research Object

    ) size (Sample size)

    (sample technics) (sample size) Taro Yamane

    ( Paradigm Functionalist (1) )

    1) Probabilistic ( % )

    2) Non-probabilistic ( )

  • (Stratified )

    Data Collecting Tool (DCT)

    1) (--

    ?)

    2) () ()

    validity

    3) ( ) , CF, RQ

    Paradigm

    3.1) Passive () ()

    3.2) Active () ( active mode )

    3.3) Interactive ()

    4) ()

    4.1) Person to person ()

    4.2) Person to Many () consensus ()

    /

    4.3) Many to person ()

    4.4) Many to Many NGO

    5)

    5.1) Interpersonal ()

    5.2) Post ()

    5.3) Phone () 5.4) VDO Conference

    5.5) Internet

    : ( )

  • Data Analysis Technique

    (Quantitative)

    (Qualitative)

    Transform data

    Ordinal (Transform them to Ratio)

    Qualitative / (Interpreted) the given data

    technique CF ( Paradigm

    )

    (Technique

    1. Stepwise analysis = single route

    2. Integrated analysis = simple value

    3. Matrix Analysis = Multi route

    4. Discourse (pro-con analysis) = Multi value

    Code of conduct

    Ethics

    (Code of conduct)

    (/

    )

    (Professional)

    (Intellect intensive market)

  • liberal (accredit

    )

    code of conduct mainstream alternative

    Intellectual Property (/ IP)

    Mainstream IP

    (Reference)

    ( ) social

    sanction

    Alternative (IP)

    Creative Commons share value Economic Value

    IP IP

    ( )

    . reserved Mainstream

    . Directed study reserved Economic Value