184 - Numar deschis - Sfera Politicii

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Sfera Politicii este prima revista de stiinta si teorie politica aparuta în RomAnia, dupa caderea comunismului. Revista apare fara intrerupere din 1992. Sfera Politicii a jucat si joaca un rol important in difuzarea principalelor teme de stiinta si teorie politica si în constituirea si dezvoltarea unei reflectii politologice viabile in peisajul stiintific si cultural din Romania.

Text of 184 - Numar deschis - Sfera Politicii

  • Sfera Politicii

    VOLUM XXIII2 (184)

    Bogdan Ficeac

    Andrei Tinu

    Ioana Muntean

    Dana Raluca Buturoiu

    Liliana Lupescu

    Alexandru Florian

    Marius Stan

    Silviu Petre

    !"

    Ionela Gavril

  • EDITORIAL BOARDClin Anastasiu

    Consilier Principal al Preedintelui Societii Romne de Radiodifuziune, Bucureti, Romnia

    Daniel ChirotUniversity of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

    Dennis John DeletantProfessor, University College, London, United Kingdom

    Alexandru FlorianProfesor, Facultatea de tiine Politice, Universitatea Cretin Dimitrie Cantemir, BucuretiInstitutul Naional pentru Studierea Holocaustului din Romnia Elie Wiesel

    Anneli Ute GabanyiCercettor asociat al Institutului German pentru Probleme Internaionale i de Securitate (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik), Berlin, Germania

    Gail KligmanProfessor, University of California, Berkeley, USA

    Steven SampsonProfessor, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

    Gisle SapiroDirectrice de recherche au CNRS, Directrice du Centre europen de sociologie et de science politique (CESSP), Universit Paris-Panthon-Sorbonne/CNRS/EHESS

    Michael ShafirProfesor, Facultatea de Studii Europene, Universitatea Babe-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romnia

    Lavinia StanProfessor, Department of Political Science, St. Francis Xavier University, Canada

    G. M. TamasBudapest, Hungary

    Katherine VerderyProfessor, City University of New York Graduate Center, USA

    REDACTOR EFAlexandru Radu

    Profesor, Facultatea de tiine Politice, Universitatea Cretin Dimitrie Cantemir, Bucureti

    SECRETAR GENERAL DE REDACIEDaniel Buti

    REDACIEAlexandru ClimescuNicolae Drguin Aurora MartinIoana PavermanCamelia RunceanuCecilia Tohneanu

    TEHNOREDACTORLiviu Stoica

    Fundaia Societatea Civil

    Revista Sfera Politicii a fost editat din anul 1992 de:

    sferapoliticii@rdslink.ro; redactia@sferapoliticii.ro; http://www.sferapoliticii.ro

    Sfera Politicii este prima revist de tiin i teorie politic aprut n Romnia, dup cderea comunismului. Revista apare fr ntrerupere din 1992.

    Sfera Politicii a jucat i joac un rol important n difuzarea principalelor teme de tiin i teorie politic i n constituirea i dezvoltarea unei reflecii politologice viabile n peisajul tiinific i cultural din Romnia.

    Sfera Politicii pune la ndemna cercettorilor, a oamenilor politici i a publicului, analize, comentarii i studii de specialitate, realizate pe baza paradigmelor teoretice i metodologice ale tiinei i teoriei politice actuale.

    Sfera Politicii i face o misiune din contribuia la consolidarea i dezvoltarea societii democratice i de pia n Romnia.

    Sfera Politicii respect Ordinul nr. 4691 din 26 iulie 2011 al Ministrului Educaiei, Cercetrii, Tineretului i Sportului privind aprobarea standardelor minimale necesare i obligatorii pentru conferirea titlurilor didactice din nvmntul superior, a gradelor pro-fesionale de cercetare-dezvoltare.

    INDEXRI INTERNAIONALE: Central and Eastern European Online Library (CEEOL) DOAJ - Directory of Open Access Journals International Political Science Abstract / Association internationale de science politique (IPSA/AISP)

    Imaginea de pe copert: Honore Daumier

  • Sfera PoliticiiVOLUMUL XXIII, NUMRUL 2 (184), aprilie-iunie 2015

    Bogdan Ficeac Unhappy Between Worlds Cultures and People in the Post-Communist Transition an Ethological Approach ........................................................................ 3

    Andrei TinuPoziia actorilor politici internaionali fa de primvara de la Praga .................. 19

    Dan DrghiaO perspectiv teoretic asupra contestrii politice ................................................. 29

    Ioana MunteanSelecia i recrutarea elitelor parlamentare ............................................................ 39

    Adrian Basarab i Mihai-Cristian CojocaruMethods for Converging the Romanian Economic Policy with the Circular Economy Model in the Context of Romania's European Integration .................... 50

    Dana Raluca Buturoiu i Liliana LupescuMinimal Effects or Not YET? Do Media Still Have a Role on Audiences Political and Social Involvement? .............................................................................. 58

    Alexandru FlorianDe la Ion Antonescu la Sfinii nchisorilor. Embleme extremiste pe spaiul public ........................................................................................................ 66

    Sebastian oc i Andreea GhebaFamily Background, Gender and Reading Achievement in Romania ..................... 83

    Teodora-Maria DaghieMigration AND Development in Post-Totalitarian Argentina ................................ 93

    Enache Tua coala sociologic de la Bucureti i micarea monografic din Dobrogea n secolul al XX-lea .................................................................................................. 107

    Marius StanThe Intersection between Art and Politics in Interwar Romania ........................... 117

    Silviu Petre Educaia cavalerilor n Evul Mediu. Schi comparativ ntre Occident i Bizan ...124

    RecenziiCritica religioas a socialismului i anti-modernitatea politic la Ren Gunon (Nicolae Drguin)................................................................................................... 132

    Ren Gunon, Autoritate spiritual i putere temporal

    Cum influeneaz ntrebrile parlamentare orale angajamentul cetenilor (Ionela Gavril) .......................................................................................................... 137

    Rob Salmond, Parliamentary Question Times. How Legislative Accountability Mechanism Affect Mass Political Engagement

    Index de autori ........................................................................................................ 142

    Summary .................................................................................................................... 145

  • 3Sfera Politicii nr. 2 (184) / 2015

    1. From euphoria to despair

    1989. The fall of the Berlin Wall was an unparalleled moment of collec-tive euphoria. The wave of enthusiasm swept across Europe, causing communist regimes to tumble like so many pins in a bowling alley.

    20 years later. Global studies and research concerning the subjective eval-uation of happiness show without a doubt that in Europe the peoples in the former communist countries are unhap-pier than those in Western European countries, that their confidence in the future is at alarmingly low levels, and that nostalgia for the former totalitar-ian regimes has grown to a so far un-thinkable extent. In World Data Base of Happiness1, a simple comparison of the data made available for the European Union member countries (the results of scientific research carried out between 2000 and 2009) points out the clear dif-ference between the seventeen Western states and the ten ex-communist coun-tries (Figure 1). The mean value for hap-piness in the seventeen Western states of the EU is mW = 7.22, whereas the mean value for the former communist states is mE = 5.82.

    1 Ruut Veenhoven, Happiness in Na-tions, World Database of Happiness (Rot-terdam: Erasmus University, 2013), http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl (accessed 30 May, 2013).

    Unhappy Between Worlds Cultures and People in the Post-Communist Transition

    an Ethological Approach

    BOGDAN FICEAC[Hyperion University of Bucharest]

    AbstractThe mean value of happiness in the former communist countries in the European Union is considerably lower than the mean value of happiness in Western European countries. Nostalgia for the former totalitarian regimes has grown to a so far unthinkable extent. Those afflicted by nostalgia (by the unhappiness of transition) seem to live in a no mans land between two real worlds (the totalitarian and the democratic one), and an imaginary one (the utopian world created in their minds during decades of communist propaganda). The current work proposes an ethological and psycho-sociological approach of the fundamental mutations produced by communism and then by transition both at cultural and individual level. The only tried and tested antidote to frustration in the ex-communist space seems to be the democratic happiness.

    Keywordspost-communism; happiness; nostalgia; transition; culture; human nature

    Sfera Politicii

  • 4 Sfera Politicii nr. 2 (184) / 2015

    Figure 1. Happiness value for the 27 European Union member states (the chart uses the data in the World Data Base of Happiness).

    A similar situation is presented by the Map of Happiness2, drawn according to the statistics centralised in the ASEP/JDS database, by the Happiness Map3 made by the researchers at Gallup World Poll, or by the World Bank Life in Transition Survey4. Even though there are significant differences between the ex-communist countries, even though the difference between the mean value of happiness for the seventeen Western countries and the mean value of happiness for the ten former communist countries of the EU seems to decrease as the democratic system and the market economy gain strength5, the conclusion remains the same: the Iron Curtain of the Cod Ward era seems to have been replaced in the post-communist era by a genuine iron curtain of unhappiness6.

    A number of researchers have pointed out the connection between the lev-el of (un)happiness in the former communist states and the various aspects of

    2 Jaime Diez Medrano, Map of Happiness, Banco de datos ASEP/JDS , 2013, http://www. jdsurvey.net/jds/jdsurveyMaps.jsp?Idioma=I&SeccionTexto=0404&NOID=103, (accessed 30 May, 2013)3 http://www.targetmap.com/viewer.aspx?reportId=2903 (accessed 30 May, 2013)4 European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Life in Transition Survey II, Cap. 2: At