201032617354 智慧電表發展趨勢與商機

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(Wu-Chi Ho) Power Control and Sensing Technology Energy and Environment Lab. ITRI March 26, 20101Copyright 2010 ITRI

(Smart Grid)

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2Copyright 2010 ITRI Source: Altalink, Alberta, Canada

Smart Energy House

REF: TICopyright 2010 ITRI

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AMI 102020 9,000Smart Meter 2013 2009 5 2004 20137 2030, pilot NEDO 1000 12

20113.6

AMI 201080

DOE/EEREGrid 2030 1999CERTS (Consortium for Electric Reliability Solutions)Mad River MicroGrid Park (NREL, Northern Power Systems, 3600 kW) PG&E20125.4 Smart Meter() SCE20135Smart Meter 2009 2010pilot

Victoria 2013 1

2012 130 HAN 4

Copyright 2010 ITRI

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1. 110 2012 2. DOE/EEREGrid 20301999 CERTS (Consortium for Electric Reliability Solutions)Mad River MicroGrid Park (NREL, Northern Power Systems, 3600 kW) 3. IEEE 40 4. NIST20099 NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework

5Copyright 2010 ITRI

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1. 5 1001.08 220 2. NEDO (The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) Hachinohe(710 kW) Aichi EXPO (2400 kW) Kyotango(850 kW) Shimizu(450 kW) 3. 36Copyright 2010 ITRI

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1. 2010135 75 12.5 320131050 2. European SmartGrids Technology Platform 3. 1998National Technical University of Athens(NTUA) 200211 22(ISETEcole de Mines) 4. 20202,600 2010 213,100 7Copyright 2010 ITRI

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1. ()2009 11 2. 20098 3. 1810 4. 20101300

8Copyright 2010 ITRI

2020 , 2050 2009 201120202030 4204 20202030 6%3%4 2009201020112015 2016202020098

Smart Grid Smart Meter2020 9 1 203030% Copyright 2010 ITRI

21 ITTest Bed 5 10Copyright 2010 ITRI

Smart grid (AMR) (AMI) TechnologiesIntelligent Agents Intelligent Applications Network Management Distributed Control Two-Way Automated Metering Infrastructure (AMI)Two-Way Communication Smart Sensors

CapabilitiesIntelligent Appliances Customer Portals Distributed/Cogen Emission Control Load Management Preventive/Self-Healing Substation Automation Distribution Automation Customer Information System Asset Management AMI

Smart Grid (Interconnected Network of Microgrids with Distributed Control)

Smart Grid

ROI

Outage Detection and Restoration Demand ResponseAutomated Billing

One-Way Automated Meter Reading (AMR) Electromechanical Meters Copyright 2010 ITRI

One-Way Communication

AMR

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Investments

2010, THE PATH OF THE SMART GRID Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE , vol.8, no.1, pp. 18 - 28 .

:H. Farhangi,

(AMI)

AMI

AMIPrivate / Public WANGPRS 3.5G/WiMAX PLC FTTx/xDSL

Private Local Area Network (LAN) PLC ZigBee WiFi

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Private Home Area Network (HAN) PLC ZigBee RS485 12

Copyright 2010 ITRI

Questions about AMI ?1. What is the current size and expected growth of the smart meter market worldwide and by region? 2. What trends are occurring with the neighborhood area communications technologies that will be used in conjunction with smart meters? (fixed RF adoption, powerline, cellular technologies ) 3. What trends are occurring with the wide area communications technologies that will be used in conjunction with smart meters? 4. What are the key drivers and challenges to smart metering market adoption? 5. What trends are occurring in the value chain for smart metering technology? 6. What is the impact of government regulation/legislation on smart metering adoption?13Copyright 2010 ITRI

Key Technology Futures for AMI Solution Copyright 2010 ITRI

Ultra-low-power Integrated intelligent peripherals Easy to get started high real-time performance high instruction throughput Minimal response time Intelligent peripherals14

AMI Value Chain s1. MetersMeter functionality is diverse Technological innovation is only a temporary differentiator among meter manufacturers The frequency of meter readings will drive huge investment in data center hardware

2. CommunicationsHome area network communications Last mile to home - the network linking smart meters to the outside world Wide area network - transmitting meter data to the utility

3. Meter data management systems (MDMS)Meter data management systems become the core of AMI-enabled functionality The functionality of MDMS systems varies from supplier to supplier MDMS systems are all adaptations of products designed for different applications All MDMS systems are struggling with scalability issues

4. Beyond the MDMSSmart delivery Smart customerCopyright 2010 ITRI

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GO TO Market

Understand your clients' specific needs Don' t rely on technology to differentiate Provide strong ROI cases and proofs of concept for applications beyond the MDMS Work around utilities' inherent conservatism Services companies should focus on the customer side for AMI-driven opportunities16Copyright 2010 ITRI

Market Opportunities (1)Ageing electricity infrastructure is based on centralized generation Current industry pressures puts the centralized generation model under strain Cost to serve Electricity theft is exacerbated by time to detection Widely dispersed renewable energy generation causes problems on the distribution network The intermittency of wind power increases the potential for large scale energy storage investment Improve interoperability Demand management Customer usage data Mismatches in the settlement process

17Copyright 2010 ITRI

Market Opportunities (2) AMI, as a part of the smart grid, can address many of the current industry pressures AMI adoption will vary across geographies The functionality made available through AMI addresses many of the current industry pressures Smart grid technologies address issues surrounding distributed generation There are many factors that drive the type of AMI and smart grid investment AMI is more likely to gain funding than other capital projects Not all AMI roll outs are driven by logical decision-making The drivers for adoption varies across geographies The technology remains unproven at scale Open standards To gain full functional benefit of AMI, much of a utilities back office and applications need upgrading The recession and subsequent economic stimulus package have both caused delays to AMI investments in the United States European regulations will probably insist on minimal technological requirement

There are many barriers to the adoption of AMI technology

18Copyright 2010 ITRI

COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE (1)Meter manufacturers Communications manufacturers Telecommunications companies MDMS vendors Enterprise software companies Systems integrators and outsourcers Partnerships and alliancesOSIsoft , Ecologic Analytics , Itron , EnergyICT , eMeter (EnergyIP) , AlcatelLucent Oracle , SAP Itron , Landis + Gyr , Elster , Echelon

Trilliant , Silver Spring Networks , Ambient , Aclara

IBM , Accenture , Capgemini , Logica

Smart Energy Alliance , AMI Lighthouse Council 19

Copyright 2010 ITRI

COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE (2)Meter and Smart Metering Technology Vendors Connectivity Service ProvidersCalAmp, Echelon Corporation, Eka Systems Inc, Elster Integrated Solutions, ESCO Technologies Inc, GE Energy, Grid Net, GridPoint, Holley Metering Ltd, Itron Inc, Landis+Gyr, Maestro Wireless Solutions (Fargo Telecom Group), Silver Spring Networks, SmartSynch, Telenor Cinclus, Trilliant Networks Aeris Communications, AT&T Corporation, CrossBridge Solutions, Jasper Wireless, KORE Telematics, Mach Communications, NTT DoCoMo, Numerex Corporation, Orange Business Services, Rogers Communications Inc, Sprint, Swisscom, Telefonica O2, Telenor Group, TELUS, Verizon Wireless, T-Mobile USA, Vodafone Group Public Ltd Co, Wyless PLC AnyDATA, Cinterion Wireless Modules, Enfora, Huawei Technologies Co Ltd, iWOW Technology, Motorola M2M Wireless Modules, Sierra Wireless, SIMCom Wireless Solutions, Telit Communications20Copyright 2010 ITRI

Module Vendors

COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE (2)Other Key Smart Metering Players4Home Inc, AlertMe, Ambient Devices, Arcadian Networks Inc, Blue Line Innovations Inc, Control4, Current Cost, Coronis Systems, an Elster Group Company, CURRENT Group, ecobee Inc, Ember Corporation, eMeter Inc, Energate Inc, EnergyHub Inc, EnerNOC Inc, EnOcean Alliance, Exceptional Innovation LLC, Freescale Semiconductor, Google, GreenWare, GridWise Alliance Inc, HomePlug Powerline Alliance, iControl Networks Inc, Intamac Systems, Lagotek Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, OpenPeak Inc, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Portus Singapore Pte Ltd, PowerHouse Dynamics llc, RWE AG, Sequentric Energy Systems LLC, Tendril Networks, uControl Inc, Xanboo Inc, ZigBee Alliance, Z-Wave Alliance

21Copyright 2010 ITRI

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22Copyright 2010 ITRI

Four Characteristics of Intelligent MeterInterval Measurements(Measuring both consumption and time)

Interface with Data Monitoring and Discrete Loads Automatic Transmission of Resulting Data - To energy provider (No manual meter reading)- To consumer (Load and usage control) - To grid operator (Grid Optimization)

Two-way communications(Data collection, Monitoring, Ancillary Services and Load Control)Copyright 2010 ITRI

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Major Players on Global Market of Smart Meter (1)Compan y AMI Business- Smart meters - Communications network and software - Smart meters - Software - Grid Optimization

Markets60 Countries (2/3 revenue from international contracts) 100 countries with major locations in USA, Germany, U.K., France, China 30 Countries

DeploymentsItron won 4 major utility scale AMI contracts, Southern California Edison deal is the largest 4.8 million me

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