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26181189 Dictionar Economic Roman Englez Roman

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  • A abandon s.n. 1. {de dreptur) (dr.) desertion/renunciation of rights 2. (a/ navei, al ncrcturi) (mar.) abandon- ment 3. (retragerea dintr-o operaiune cu prim contra cedrii unei prime) {bur.) abandon ~ pe mare rea - abandon in heavy sea abandona v.t. 1. (drepttiri, pretenii) to relinquish, to waive 2. (nava, ncarc- tura etc.) to abandon, to leave abandonare s.f. 1. (de drepturi, pre- tenii) relinquishment 2. abandonment, abandoning ~ a navei - (de ntregul echipqf, cnd nava nu mai poate fi salvaa) abandonment of ship ~ a postului - dereliction ofduty ~ a produsului - (a prodncerii i a comercializru acestuia) product aban- donment/elimination ~ a unui bun - (asig. mar.) dereliction abandonat adj. {asig. mar.) aban- doned, derelict ~ temporar - temporarily abandoned abata v.t. (a exploata un zcmdn} to work abataj s.f. 1. (loc) coal-face. stope, workings 2. (aciune') mining. cutting, hewing 3. (al arborilor) felling 4. (al vitelor) slaughter abate v.t. 1. (din drnm) to turn oft7 aside/away, to divert, to deviate: to sheer, to v.'ander, 10 escape 2. (mar.} to steer off 3. (a/'boti) to fcll v.r. {de la} (dr.) to iniriiige, to vioaie, to transgress

    abatere s.f. 1. tuming off/away, diverting, deviation 2. (dr.) infringe-ment, violation, transgression; trespass(ing) 3. {de la regul) exception ~ de la datorie - breach ofduty ~ din drum - (niar.) deviation ~ disciplinar - misbehaviour, infraction ofdiscipline ~ medie - mean deviation ~ standard (concept statistic care indic gradul de deviere a unei serii de datefa de un etalon central) standard deviation abator s.n. slaughterhouse, abattoir abona v.r. (la} to subscribe ('to), to become a subscriber (to) abonament s.n. 1. (la ziar) subscrip- tion 2. (ca pref} subscription price/rate; (la restaurant} reduced price for regular customers 3. (la teatru, tramvai etc.) season ticket; (a tren, aiitobnz} (SUA) commutation ticket; (a restaitrant) luncheon voucher, book of luncheon vouchers, {SUA} (rednced--pnce) meal ticket a face un ~ (la) - to subscribe (to), to become a subscnber (to) abonat s.m. {la ziar, televiziune etc.) subscriber; (la ren, tramvai etc.) season-ticket holder, regular traveller; (la eiectricitaf.e, ap etc.) consumer; (telefonic) telephone user: {'ia resiauranf) runcheoii-voucher iioider, (SUA) meal-ticket lioldei aiiorda v.i. {u ucosta) (mar.) to moor, to land, to put ashore v.t. 1. (a se ciocni

  • 12 ABO-ACA de) (mar.) to collide with, to run foul of, to come into collision with 2. (o problem, un subiect) to tackle, to deal with 3. (in grup o societate-mam cu filialele ei n scopuri contabile) to consolidate abordaj s.n. (mar.) collision abordare s.f. (in grup a unei societi--mam cu filialele ei n scopuri con-tabile) consolidation ~ planificat - (pentru elaborarea situaiei fluxului de numerar) (cont.) schedule approach abrevia v.t. to abbreviate, to abridge, to shorten abreviere s.f. abbreviation abroga v.t. to abrogate, to annul, to repeal, to abolish abrogare s.f. abrogation, annulment, rescission, abolishment absent adj. (de Id) absent, missing (from), not present (at) s.m. absentee ~ involuntar - (de la locul de munc) involuntary absentee absenta v.i. to be absent/missing absenteism^.n. absenteeism absenteist s.m. 1. absentee 2. (proprie-tar funciar care nu locuiete pe terenul pe care l-a dat n arenda) absentee landlord, remittance man absen s.f. absence; nonattendance ~ de la domiciliu - nonresidence ~ de la serviciu - (repetat i nemo-tivat) absenteeism ~ franuzeasc -(far nvoire) French leave ~ nemotivat - absence without leave absolvent..w. graduate absolvi v.t. 1. (un institut superior) to graduate (from) 2. (dr.) to acquit, to fmd / to pronounce not guilty

    absorbie s.f. (preluarea unei societi de ctre o alta mai mare) absorption, combination abstinen s.f. 1. (periodica) abstinence; (de durat) abstemiousness 2. (eliminarea unor consumuri individuale curente i alocarea unei pri mai mari de venit pentru sporirea capitalului cu scopul de a mri producia de bunuri economice viitoare} abstention abunden s.f. abundance, plenty; (bogie) richness, wealth, overflow abuz s.f. 1. (exces) abuse, excess, intemperance 2. (inelciune) abuse, deceit, fraud 3. (nclcare) encroach- ment, transgression; (ilegalitate) illegal action ~ de autoritate - abuse of authority ~ de drept - abuse of distress, misuse oflaw ~ de funcie - abuse of office ~ de ncredere - abuse of confidence/ tmst, breach of tmst ~ de putere - abuse of discretion, use ofundue authority, misfeasance a face ~ de - to make too free a use of, to indulge too freely in a face ~ de putere - to override one's commission acalmie s.f. (pe piaa bursier) lull acapara v.t. (o marf cu scopul de a controla furnizarea ei) to buy up; (mrfuri, aciuni) to comer; (mrfuri n scop speculativ) to forestall; {a monopoliza) to monopolize, to engross acaparare s.f. buying up; comering, forestalling; coemption acaparator adj. forestalling; monopo-lizing; acquisitive s.m. forestaller,

  • ACA-ACC 13 buyer-up, speculative buyer, monopo- lizer; {de alimente) food hoarder acaret s.n. 1. (dependin) annex, outbuilding 2. pl. household imple- ments; agricultural/farming implements 3.pl. (afr-.)chattel accelera v. t. (dezvoltared) to forward accelerator s.m. (principiu care evi- deniaz o relaie direct ntre volumul investiiilor nete i modificarea veni- tului national) accelerator accept s.n. 1. (cambie acceptat/ andosat de o banc) acceptance, accepted bill 2. (acord de acceptare a unei cambii, ncheiat ntre importator sau exportator i banc) acceptance credit ~ bancar - bank/banker's acceptance ~ curat/fr rezerve/meniuni - clean acceptance ~ de garanie colateral - (pentru un mprumuf) collateral acceptance accepta v.t. 1. to accept; (o oferta) to accept, to agree to, to close with 2. (p cambie, un bilet la ordin la scaden sau naintea scadene) to take up acceptabil adj. acceptable; (despre preur) reasonable, fair acceptant.s'.w. acceptor ~ pentru onoare - (al unei cambii) acceptor for honour ~ sub protest - {al unei cambi) acceptor supra protest acceptare s.f. acceptance ~ a mrcii - (de ctre consumatori) brand acceptance ~ a succesiunii acceptance of an estate ~ a titlurilor - {dobndirea de titluri la termen) accept delivery ~ bancar - bank//banker's acceptance

    ~ condiional - (a unei oferte de ctre cumprtor dac primete unele faciliti) conditional acceptance ~ contra documente - acceptance against documents ~ de complezen - accomodation acceptance ~ de consumatori - (a unui produs) consumer acceptance ~ n alb - acceptance in blank, blank acceptance ~ n caz de necesitate - acceptance m case ofneed ~ necondiionat/fr rezerve - unconditional/general acceptance ~ parial - partial acceptance ~ pentru cotare - (a aciunilor unei societi la bursa) admission to quotation ~ pentru onoare - (a unei cambii neacceptate/nepltite) acceptance for honour ~ special/cu rezerve - special/ qualified acceptance ~ sub protest - acceptance supra protest acces s.n. access ~ legal - (dreptul unor persoane de a intra pe o proprietate, de a avea acces la unele documente) (dr.) legal access ~ liber - free access accesibil adj. accessibile, approachable; (despre preur) popular accesibilitate s.f. 1. accessibility, accessibleness, approachability 2. (numrul de indivizi care recepio- neaza mesajul unei campanii publi- citare) reach accesoriu adj. accessory, incidental; secondary, collateral s.n. pl. appurtenances

  • ACC-ACO 14

    accident.s'.n. accident ~ asigurat - insured accident ~ cauzat terilor - accident to third party ~ de exploatare - shop/mill accident ~ de munc - industrial/labour/work accident ~ maritim - marine/maritime casualty, accident at sea acciz s.n. excise (duty/tax); inland duty a impune plata accizelor - to excise accizars.m. exciseman achita v.t. 1. (a plt) to pay, to settle, to discharge, to defray; (a stinge o datorie) to extinguish; (parial) to compound; (integral) to pay off; (in rate mic) to pay out; (la timp) to pay up; (taxele vamale) to clear up; (o cambie nainte de scadenta) to retire 2. (dr.) to acquit, to discharge achitare s.f. 1. (plata) payment, settlement, discharge, defrayal, defrayment; (a taxelor vamale) clearance; (a unei cambii nainte de scaden) retirement 2. {dr.) acquittal, absolution-, (de ctre jurai) deliverance; {de ctre judectorul de instrucie) discharge ~ a dobnzilor la un mprumut -service of a loan ~ ntr-o singur tran - single payment achizitor s.m. acquirer, buyer, purchaser achiziie s.f. 1. (cumprtur) purchase, acquisition 2. {achiziionare) purchase, purchasing, acquiring, buying ~ condiionat - memorandum buying

    ~ de susinere - (pentru a preveni scderea cursului unor aciuni la burs) support purchase ~ speculativ - (cumprarea de bunuri sau de valori mobiliare cu scopul de a le revinde ulterior cu profif) specu- lation acquisition achiziiona v.t. to purchase, to acquire, to buy achiziionare s.f. purchasing, acquisition, acquiring acont s.n. (plat partiala) part/partial payment, payment on account, sum paid on account; (prima rata) first instalment, down payment; (arvun) eamest money, handsel; (avans) advance (money), {care asigur prioritate la cumprare sau vnzare n condiii prestabilite) option money; (pltit la semnarea contractului de nchiriere) key money a plti un ~ cuiva - to pay smb. a sum on account/a first instalment aconta v.t. to pay on account (for), to pay/to give eamest money (for) acoperi v.t. 1. {bur., fm.) to cover; (un deficit) to make vip, to raeet 1. (un risc) (asig.) to cover acoperire s.f. 1. (bur., fin.) coverage; (tranzacii de acoperire pe piaa bursier prin contracte la termen) covering; (pperaiune de contracarare a riscurilor ce pot decurge dn fluctu-aiile cursurilor la bursele de mrfuri, din variaiile preurilor n tranzaciile de comer exterior sau ale cursurilor de schimb) hedging 2. (a unui risc) (asig.) cover, coverage 3. (procentul de consumatori ai unei piee-int care au cel puin o ocazie de a recepiona un

  • 15ACO-ACO

    niesaj publicitar n timpul tinei campani) coverage

    ~ a dividendelor - (indicator care arata de cte ori pot fi pltite dividendele din proftul net al unei societ) dividend cover ~ a dobnzii - (indicator care arat de cte ori pot fi pltite dobnzile unei ntreprinderi din profitul su brut) interest cover ~ a monedei - backing of currency ~ a posibilitilor de vnzare - (ra- portul dintre numrul estimat de clieni i numrul pe care l poate deservi un agent de vnzri) sales coverage ~ bancar {garantare parial a bancnotelor de ctre banca de emisiune cu ajutorul unui portofoliu de titluri de valoare, devize convertibile etc.) banking cover ~ continental - (asigurare auto britanic oferit persoanelor care se deplaseaz pe continentul european) continental cover ~ efectiv/real - (campanie publi- citar care reia de cel puin patru ori un mesaj publicitar) effective/four-plus cover ~ excedentar - (cumprarea unui numr mai mare de titluri dect pot f vndute) (bur.) long position, bull account/position ~ financiar - backing ~ insuficient - (bur.) short covering, bear account/position ~ n aciuni - (situaia unei societi anonime, care nu mai desfoar acti- vitate economicq, dar care are nc existen juridci) bare shell

    ~ n aur {gradul de acoperire a bancnotelor aflate n circulaie) gold cover ~ la termen - (bur.) forward cover ~ minim necesar - (bur.) minimum margin requirements ~ monetar - (cantitatea de valori relativ certe - aur, valute convertibile etc. deinute obligatoriu de ctre bncile de emisiune i exprimat printr-un procent din suma total a emisiumi monetare} currency cover ~ prin active - (fin.) asset cover a avea ~ - to be covered, to hold security a nu avea ~ - to be uncovered, to lack security acord s.n. agreement; arrangement ~ anulabil - cancellable agreement ~ asupra navlului - (mar.) rate agreement ~ asupra tarifelor vamale tariff/union agreement ~ bilateral - bilateral agreement ~ colectiv - collective agreement ~ comercial - trade agreement ~ comercial reciproc/pe baz de reciprocitate - (cu reducerea taxelor vamale) reciprocal trade agreement ~ comercial i de pli - trade agreement and payment ~ contractual restrictiv - (care interzice anumite acium) (dr.) restrictive covenant ~ cu creditorii - (concordat) private arrangement, deed of arrangemeiw assignment ~ de angajare - (de for de munca necesara pentru anumite lucrri, ncheiat ntre patronat i sindicate) manning agreement

  • 16 ACO-ACO ~ de arbitraj - arbitration agreement ~ de asociere - (la CEE) association agreement ~ de barter - barter agreement ~ de cliring - clearing agreement ~ de colaborare - working agreement ~ de consoriu - consortium agreement ~ de constituire a unui sindicat -syndicate agreement ~ de cooperare economic internaional - intemational eco-nomic cooperation agreement ~ de credit cu rennoire automat -revolving credit agreement ~ de cumprare cu plata n rate -(proprietatea asupra produsului deve-nind efectiv n momentul livrri) deferred payment agreement ~ de evitare a dublei impuneri -agreement to avoid double taxation ~ de fixare a preurilor de revnzare - {sistem de vnzare n care preurile la ultimul consumator sunt stabilite de productor) {SUA) fair-trade agree-ment ~ de garantare a investiiilor -guaranteed investment agreement ~ de indexri salariale - (prevzut ntr-un contract de munc pentru situaia n care preurile cu amnuntul depesc un anumit nivel) threshold agreement ~ de pli - payment agreement ~ de productivitate - (ntre sindicate i patronat, prin care mririle salariale sunt condiionate de creterea produc-tivitii) productivity agreement ~ de rscumprare - (a titlurilor de valoare} repurchase agreement

    ~ de reealonare a datoriei externe - standstill/rescheduling agreement ~ de transfer - (convenie ntre dou ri privind fluxul plilor interna-ionale) transfer agreement ~ de vnzare - agreement to sell ~ de vnzare pe credit - credit sale agreement ~ del credere - del credere agreement ~ economic - economic agreement ~ exclusiv de vnzri - (intre furnizor i comerciantul local) exclusive sales agreement ~ fr concesii/compromisun - 'har bargain ~ general de mprumut - (al FMI) general arrangement to borrow ~ global - overall agreement, bargain by thejob/lump, package deal ~ internaional de produse -intemational agreement for goods ~ ntre debitor i creditori - (n caz de fahment) (dr.) scheme of composition/arrangement between debtor and creditors ~ multilateral - multilateral agreement ~ mutual - (incheiat ntre dou sau mai multe state, care prevede faciliti de natur comercial} reciprocity, mutual agreement ~ prealabil - previous agreement ~ prezidenial - (incheiat de preedinte cu un stat strin, care nu necesit aprobarea senatulu} (SUA) executive agreement ~ scris - agreement in writing ~ stand-by - (ncheiat cu FMI) stand--by agreement/arrangement ~ -tip - pattem setting agreement ~ verbal - verbal/oral agreement a fi pltit n ~ - to be paid by the job

  • ACO-ACT 17 acorda v.t. 1. {a da, a aloca) to grant; to give; (a permite) to allow, to permit; (a decernd) to award; (un drept, un privilegiu) to licence, to charter 2. (un termen) (dr.) to respite ~ cuiva un mprumut - to accommodate smb. with a loan ~ daune - interese - to award damages acordare s.f. granting; giving ~ de aciuni angajailor - (la societatea n care lucreaz) coownership/copartnership of industry ~ de consultan pentru recuperarea datoriilor - debt counselling ~ de licene de fabricaie - licensing ~ de rabaturi - discounting acosta v.i. to moor, to land, to come/to handle/to haul alongside; to berth, to wharf ~ n bune condiii - to make a safe landing acreditivs.n. letter of credit ~ colectiv - general letter ofcredit ~ confirmat - confirmed letter of credit ~ cu livrri ealonate - letter of credit with spread-out deliveries ~ de export - export letter ofcredit ~ deschis - open credit ~ direct - direct letter of credit ~ documentar - documentary letter of credit ~ dublu - back-to-back letter of credit ~ irevocabil - irrevocable letter of credit ~ n alb - (cu suma nespecifcat) blank credit ~ limitat - limited letter of credit ~ neconfrmat - unconfirmed letter of credit

    ~ nominal - straight letter of credit ~ pltibil n trane - instalment letter of credit ~ rennoit automat - revolving credit ~ revocabil - revocable letter of credit ~ simplu - simple credit ~ subsidiar - subsidiary letter ofcredit ~ transferabil - transferable letter of credit ~ utilizabil prin cambii - letter of credit useful by bills of exchange acru s.m. (unitate de suprafaa} acre act s.n. 1. (fapt) act, action 2. (dr.) deed, act, document; legal instrument; writ; pl. judicial acts; (certifcat) certificate ~ adiional - addendum, rider ~ de avarie comun - (mar.) general average ~ de cesiune - deed of assignment/ conveyance ~ de conHscare a ncrcturii - seizure note ~ de constatare (asupra ncrc- turif) statement notice; (expertiz) survey report ~ de constatare a cruului - (pentru starea mrfif) (mar.) carrier's statement ~ de depozit n garanie - bailment ~ de depunere a mrfurilor n consignaie - consignment ~ de donaie - deed of gift ~ de faliment - act ofbankruptcy ~ de garanie de depozitare - warehouse bond ~ de garanie pentru tranzit - transit bond ~ de ncredinare spre custodie - deed of tmst ~ de nsoire - (factur) bill ofparcels

  • 18 ACT-ACT ~ de lichidare a daunei - (asig.) claim release and discharge ~ de lichidare n vam - {mar.) clearance note ~ de lichidare n vam la intrare -(mar.) inward clearance bill/certificate, entry certificate ~ de naionalitate - (a navei) certificate ofregistry ~ de navigaie - marine document ~ de proprietate - deed ofproperty ~ de rzboi - act ofwar ~ de recepie - acceptance certificate ~ de revizie vamal special - bill of sight ~ de subrogare - subrogation form ~ de transfer - (al unei propriet) conveyance; (de titluri de vaoare) deed of transfer, transfer deed ~ de vnzare - bill of sale ~ de vnzare absolut - (fr ipotecarea mrfi) absolute bill of sale ~ de vnzare condiionat - (cu ipotecarea nirfi) conditional bill of sale ~ justifcativ/probant - supporting document, document in proof/support, documentary evidence ~ notarial - notarial act/deed, solicitor's deed ~ oficial - official document ~ public - public document acte ale navei - (de registru i de companie) ship's/vessel's documents/ papers ~ comerciale - acts of commerce activ s.n. (i pl.) (cont., dr., fin.) asset(s) ~ de capital - (activ pe termen lung deinut n special pentru activitatea normal afirme) capital asset

    ~ i pasiv - assets and liabilities active acceptate (drept garanie de o banca) bankable assets ~ agresive - (active cu un coeficient beta mai mare dect cel al piee) (bur.) aggressive assets ~ amortizabile - depreciable assets ~ blocate - frozen assets ~ circulante/curente - (elemente de acliv absorbite i transformate n ciclul deproducie) circulating/current assets ~ circulante nete - net quick assets ~ comerciale/de exploatare -commercial/operating assets ~ convertibile n lichiditi - quick/ realizable assets ~ corporale/tangibile - tangible/ physical assets '" cu risc - risk assets ~ curente temporare - (active circu-lante cufluctuaii sezoniere sau ciclice) temporary current assets ~ epuizabile/cu durat limitat de exploatare - {inine, cariere etc., care se epuizeaz n timp) wasting assets ~ eventuale - contingent assets ~ fictive - fctitions assets ~ fnanciare - financial assets ~ fxe - fixed assets ~ foarte lichide - quick assets ~ de rezerv - reserve assets ~ imobilizate - permanent assets ~ inepuizabile - nonwasting assets ~ n curs de fabricaie - (cont.) work in process/progress ~ lichide/disponibile - liquid/ available/cash assets ~minimale - (rezerve minime ale unei bnc} minimal assets ~mobiliare - personal assets ~ monetare - monetary assets

  • ACT-AC 19 ~ necorporale/intangibile - (brevete, licene, mrci de fabric etc.) intangible assets ~ nelichide - illiquid assets ~ nete - (activul contabil minus pasivul exigibif) net assets ~ nominale - {in contabilitatea n partid dubl) nominal assets ~ ponderate cu riscul aferent - (fn.) risk-adjusted assets ~ productive - productive assets; (care aduc dobnda) (fin.) active assets ~ reale - real assets ~ sensibile la dobnd - interest- -sensitive assets ~ sociale - company's assets ~ stagnante - (care nu pot fi vndute rapid contra numerar) slow assets ~ subevaluate - hidden assets ~ succesorale - (dr.) legal assets, net estate activitate s.f. activity; (comerciala) business; (lucru, munca) work ~ bancar - banking ~ bancar de baz - basic banking ~ bancar de la domiciliul clientului - (prin telefon sau calculator) home banking ~ bancar electronic - electronic banking ~ bancar prin intermediul sucursalelor - branch banking ~ comercial frauduloas - (activitate desfurat n timpul derulrii procedurilor defaliment i nedeclarat la tribunat) fraudulent trading ~ de atragere de depozite - (a unei bnc) deposit - taking business ~ de consilier n problemele salariailor - employee counselling

    ~ de transport maritim - shipping industry ~ fr perspectiv - termmal/dead- -endjob ~ prevzut n buget - budgeted activity ~ principal/de baz - core activity/ business ~ public - public activity actualizare s.f. 1. bringing up-to-date 2. (raionament economic prin care se determin evaluarea prezent a unui activ, a unui venit, a unei utiliti viitoare) net present value method actualiza v.t. to bring up-to-date, to update actuar^.m. actuary actuarial adj. actuarial aciona v.i. to act, to take action; to proceed v.t. (p main, un utilaj) to operate, to set in action/motion, to mn ~ conform instruciunilor - to proceed as directed ~ n calitate de - to act in one's capacity ~ n judecat pe cineva - to bring/to take an action against smb., to sue smb. acionar s.m. shareholder; stockholder; (care contribuie la plata datoriilor n caz de lichidare a societi} contributory

    al unei societi de investiii fnanciare - unit-holder ~ deintor de aciuni nominale -stockholder ofrecord ~ deintor de aciuni prefereniale -preference shareholder ~ majoritar - principal/controlling shareholder ~ minoritar - minority shareholder

  • 20____________________________

    actiune s.f. 1. action, act 2. (dr.) legal action, lawsuit, action at law 3. (titlu de valoare) share; stock ~ ascunsa - (forma de manifestare a hazardului moral intr-o relatie con-tractuald incompletd) hidden action ~ civila - civil action ~ comerciala - venture ~ de aur - (actiune care li conferd detindtorului drept de control asupra societdtii respective) golden share ~ directa (presiuni exercitate de muncitori asupra patronatului prin greve, proteste etc.) direct action ~ grevista - strike struggle ~ indirecta - (actiune publicitard care urmdreste promovarea prestigiului unei firme sou al unei mdrci $i nu vdnzarea propriu-zisd de produse) indirect action ~ judiciara - legal action, lawsuit, action at law ~ in anulare - (dr.) nullity suit, action v>i WiwAttvyiA ~ in etape/trepte - step action ~ in restituire - (dr.) action for restauration, restitutio in integrum; trover ~ mixta - (civila si penald) mixed action ~ pentru daune - action for damages ~ reala - (pentru arestarea unei nave) (mar.) action in rem ~ reconventionala - (dr.) cross action ~ subrogatorie - (dr.) indirect action actiuni achitate integral - fully paid shares ~ active - (frecvent tranzactionate) active shares ~ ale administratorilor - (acfiuni pe care administratorii unei societdti

    ____________________ACT-ACT

    anonime sunt obligati sd Ie depund ca garantie a responsabilitdtii lor pe toatd durata mandatului) qualifying shares ~ ale companiilor care exploateaza plantatii - (de tutun, cafea etc.) plantations ~ ale companiilor de navigatie -shipping shares ~ ale salariatilor - staff shares ~ ale societatilor de servicii publice -public utilities ~ ale societatilor din industria aviatica - aviation shares ~ ale societatilor din industria cauciucului - rubbers ~ ale societatilor din industria distractiilor/spectacolelor - (cinema, televiziune, teatru) amusement/ entertainment shares ~ ale societatilor din industria de automobile - automotive shares, motors ~ ale societatilor din industria mulwaL - mming, shares ~ ale societatilor din industria textila

    - textiles ~ ale societatilor din industria tutunului - tobaccos ~ ale societatilor din sectorul asigurarilor - insurance shares ~ ale societatilor din sectorul comercial - commercials ~ ale societatilor din sectorul extractiei si al prelucrarii aurului - gold shares ~ ale societatilor din sectorul extractiei si al prelucrarii cuprului - coppers ~ alfa - (foarte sigure i rentabile) alpha shares, blue chips

  • ACT-ACT 21 ~ amanate - (cu plata dividendelor dupd ce toate celelalte tipuri de actiuni aufost achitate) - deferred shares ~ americane - (ale societdtilor din SUA) Yankees ~ atractive - (frecvent tranzactionate) leaders ~ australiene - (ale societdtilor din Australia, mai ales din industria minierd si a prelucrdrii tutunului) Kangaroos ~ - barometru - barometer stock ~ comune/obisnuite - common/ ordinary shares/stock, equity shares ~ cotate/listate - listed shares ~ cu drept de vot - voting shares ~ cu drept de vot restrictiv - restricted voting shares ~ cu drepturi multiple de vot - multiple voting shares ~ cu perspective de crestere - growth shares/stock ~ cu profit mare - high yielders ~ cu sau fara drept de vot - (SUA) classified common stock ~ de compensare - (actiuni ale statului oferite in compensate actiona- rilor de la unele societdti nationalizate) compensation stock ~ de folosinta - (titlu emis in locul unei acfiuni rambursate si care da drept la o parte din activele ce ar rezulta din lichidarea societdtii) bonus shares ~ de fondator - founder's/vendor's shares ~ de tezaur - (actiuni comune rdscumpdrate de societatea emitentd de la actionari) (SUA) Treasury shares/stock

    ~ detinute de public - outstanding shares ~ divizate (in alte actiuni cu valoare mai mica) split shares ~ emise la preturi foarte scazute - (pentru speculatii) penny stock ~ emise pentru obtinerea de lichiditati - cash capital/shares ~ excedentare - (actiuni preferentiale necumpdrate la emisiune de actionarii existent!) excess shares ~ fara drept de vot - nonvoting/ voteless shares ~ fara valoare nominala - shares of no par value/without par value, unvalued shares ~ feroviare - (ale companiilor feroviare) railway/rail shares, rails; (SUA) railroads ~ fictive/diluate - (emise prin supraevaluarea activelor) watering stock, waters ~ gemene (actiunile a doud societdti independente din punct de vedere juridic care au aceiasi actionari) twin shares ~ gratuite - (emise pe baza rezervelor de capital ale societdtii si care sunt distribute actionarilor existenti proportional cu actiunile detinute) bonus issue/shares ~ indivize -joint shares ~ industriale - (emise de societdti comerciale industriale) industrial shares, industrials ~ la moda (foarte cdutate pentru o scurtd perioadd de timp) fashion shares ~ la purtator - bearer shares, shares to bearer ~ la societati de investitii financiare -trust units

  • 22 ACT-ACU ~ manageriale - management/ managers' shares ~ marcate - (al cdror certificat de acfiuni poartd dovada exercitdrii drepturilor specifice) marked shares ~ neparticipative - (care nil participd la profit, dar au un dividend fix) nonparticipating shares ~ nepreferentiale/neprivilegiate - ordinary/common shares/stock ~ nesigure - bazaar shares ~ noi - (emise in cadrul cresterii capitahdui social) new shares ~ nominale - registered shares/stock ~ petroliere - {ale companiilor petroliere) oil shares ~ preferentiale - (cu plata prioritard a dividendelor) preference/preferred shares, senior shares/stock ~ preferentiale cumulative - {cu dividend cumulativ) cumulative preference/preferred shares/stock ~ preferentiale cumulative $i cu par- ticipare deplina - fully participating and cumulative preference/preferred shares/stock ~ preferentiale necumulative - (jard dividend cumulativ) noncumulative preference/preferred shares/stock ~ preferentiale nerecuperabile - (pe care societatea emitentd nu are dreptui sd Ie rdscumpere) irredeemable preference/preferred shares/stock ~ purtatoare de dividende - dividend- -beanng shares ~ revocabile (pe care emitentui isi rezervd dreptui de a Ie rdscumpdra) revocable shares ~ staiutate - (nunicn' obli^iilo rlu de actiuni pe cafe o petsoui'ici irebui.e su u; detind pciilru a Candida, ca inembru m

    consiliul de administratie al societdtii respective) directors '/qualification shares ~ subevaluate - (dar cu posibilitdti de redresare) recovery shares ~ sud-africane - (al societdtilor din Africa de Sud, mai ales din indiistria extractiei de aur) Kaffirs ~ suplimentare - (emise in contui dividendelor) scrips ~ tranzactionate in afara bursei - over-the-counter shares ~ vechi - {care, la o eventuald emisiune, va avea o valoare mai mica decdt o actiune noua) old shares acumula v.t. to accumulate, to amass; (rezerve) to pile, to lay aside/by; (barn) to hoard up; (a inmagazina) to store; (a spori) to increase, to augment v.i. (a creste, a se mdri) to accrue acumulare s.f. \. accumulation 2. (mdrirea valoru unui activ prin crestere naturala) accretion; accrual ~ de capital - accumulation of capital, capital accumulation/formation ~ primara - primary/original accumulation acuza v.t. 1. (de) to accuse (of), to charge (with) 2. (dr.) to prosecute, to sue, to bring/to enter/to lay an action/a charge against, to proceed against; (im functionar public) to impeach acuzare s.f. \. accusation 2. (dr.) charge; (inculpare) inculpation, imputation, mcrimmation; (penald) arraignment; (a unui functionar public) impeachment; (pentru diverse vmi) indictment a punc pe ciiiyva '^ib ~ - to commit smb. for tii^l, to .i.'.icH^i smb.

    ^^,.

  • ADA-ADM 23 adaos s.n. 1. addition; {spor, crestere) increase, increment, rise; (plus) extra; (supliment) supplement; {completare) completion, appendage, pendant; (anexd) annex; (accesoriu) accessory 2. (amendament) amendment; (la o lege, un document) additional clause, rider; (la un testament} codicil; (la o polita) slip ~ comercial - (trade) markup ~ la greutate - makeweight adauga v.t. to add adaptabilitate s.f. adaptability ~ a factorilor de productie - (capacitated de asociere a unei unitati dintr-nn factor cu mai miilte unitati din alt factor de productie) production factors adaptability adecvat adj. adequate; (potrivit) fit, suitable adept 5. m. partisan, follower, adherent; (sprijinitor) supporter, backer, advocate ~ al cartelarii - cartelist "- al economiei planificate/dirijate - statist adeverinta s.f. {certificat) certificate; (de primire) receipt; {cupon) counterfoil; (recipisa de depunere a marfurilor) warrant; {atestat) attestation ~ de vama pentru provizii de bord - (mar.) ship's store bond a elibera o ~ - to draw up/to issue a certificate aditional adj. additional, extra; (suplimentar) supplementary adjudeca v.t. {la licitatie) to knock down adjudecatar s.m. (la licitatie) highest bidder, successful tenderer

    adjunct adj. deputy...; assistant s.m. deputy; assistant administra v.t. {a conduce) to manage, to administer; to husband; to superintend; (o afacere) to carry on, to run; (prost, incompetent) to mismanage administrare s.f. administration; management; husbandry; superintendence ~ a activelor - administration of assets ~ a averii - (apartindnd unei persoane decedate) (dr.) administration of estates ~ a contului - account management ~ a datoriei - debt management ~ a navei - management of the ship/ vessel, ship's management, husbandry ~ fiduciara - trusteeship ~ judiciara - trusteeship in bankruptcy ~ prin procura - (a afacerilor) procuration ~ proasta/incompetenta -mismanagement administrativ adj. administrative administrator s.m. administrator; (director) manager, director, executive; {al unui spital, al unei mchisori) warden, governor; {al bunurilor altei persoane) trustee; (supraveghetor) superintendent; {econom al unui colegiu, al unui club) steward; (intendent) housekeeper; {custode) custodian, keeper ~ de chei - wharfinger ~ de cont - account manager ~ de dana - (SUA) wharf superintendent ~ de epave - receiver of wrecks ~ de nava - ship's husband - delegat - managing director, acting manager

  • 24 ADM-ADU ~ funciar - estate manager, land agent ~ judiciar - (al averii falitului) tmstee in bankruptcy, receiver (in bankruptcy), official receiver ~ public/din oficiu - public trustee administratie s.f. 1. (conducere) administration, management; (directie) direction; {inspectoral) superintendence 2. (serviciu) administrative service/department 3. (guvernare, guvern) government; (SUA) administration ~ a drumurilor - road board ~ financiara - revenue office, tax administration ~ locala - local authority/body/ government ~ prin procura/tutela - trust ~ publica/de stat - state management, civil service admis adj. admitted; (acceptat) accepted; received; (recunoscut) acknowledged admisa asigurarea interesului total -(asig.) full interest admitted admisibil adj. admissible; allowable admite v.t. 1. (o cerere) to allow, to grant 2. (un candidat) to admit, to let in, to matriculate ~ un apel - (dr.) to allow an appeal admitere s.f. 1. (a unei cereri) allowance, grant 2. {intr-un post, intr-o scoald) admission, admittance; matriculation ~ de noi membri - admission of new members ~ temporara - (a mdrfurilor de import cu scutire de taxe vamale) temporary admission adoptav.?. to adopt

    ~ un proiect de lege - to adopt/to pass a bill adresa v.t. (o scrisoare) to address v.r. (cuiva) to address oneself to, to address smb., to approach; (pentru a solicita ceva) to apply to adresant^./n. addressee adresa s.f. 1. (pe plic) address 2. (locul uncle se gdseste cinevd) address; (domi- ciliu) domicile, residence 3. (scrisoare oficiald) address ~ completa - full address ~ juridica - legal address ~ mobila - float address ~ permanenta - permanent address ~ postala - postal address ~ privata - home address ~ sociala - registered address aduce v.t. 1. to bring 2. (a transporta) to transport, to convey 3. (a produce, a da) to bring in, to yield; (cdstig; despre o mar/a) to command aduna v.t. 1. (cifre) to add, to figure up, to cast up, to tot up 2. (provizii) to lay in/up; (recolta) to gather/to get in, to harvest, to reap 3. (a colecta) to collect 4. {la o adunare) to assemble ~ impozite - to raise money, to levy/to collect taxes/money ~ prin colecta - to collect money/ subscriptions adunare s.f. (sedinta) sitting; (intrunire) meeting, rally; (plen) assembly; (politico} congress, convention ~ a actionarilor - shareholders'/ stockholders' meeting ~ a creditorilor - creditors' meeting ~ generala a actionarilor - general meeting of shareholders

  • ADU-AFL 25 ~ generala anuala - (a actionarilor) annual general meeting ~ generala extraordinara - (a actionarilor) extraordinary general meeting ~ legislative - legislative assembly ~ statutara - (prima adunare generala a actionarilor) statutory meeting/report advertorial s.n. (articol de fond, editorial special conceput pentru a face publicitate unuiprodus) advertorial aeroports.n. airport afacere s.f. 1. {in sens general) affair 2. business; deal; (incheiatd si reusita) bargain; (negot) trade, commerce; (tranzactie) transaction 3. (judiciara) case, lawsuit ~ banoasa - moneymaker ~ buna - good stroke of business ~ cinstita - straight dealing ~ civila - civil case/suit ~ de familie - family business ~ de stat - state affair ~ dubioasa - shady deal/affair ~ necinstita - (a unui functionar public) jobbery ~ obisnuita - (asigurdri de afaceri, altele decdt cele care nu sunt din sectorul industrial) (asig.) ordinary business ~ olandeza - (in care una dintre parti obtine toate avantajele) Dutch bargain ~ proasta - bad stroke/piece of business, bad/losing bargain ~ producatoare de pierderi - loss maker ~ rentabila - remunerative business, paying/going concern/bargain, capital stroke of business ~ riscanta - adventure, gamble, wildcatting

    afaceri ale initiatilor - (directori de societdti, inaiti functionari care detin informatii suplimentare despre anumite actiuni tranzactionate) (bur.) insider dealing/trading ~ bancare - banking ~ bancare de mare anvergura - (implicdnd sume mari de bani) wholesale banking ~ de lunga durata - long-winded business ~ de navlosire - (mar.) chartering business ~ maritime - maritime affairs/ business, shipping business - potentiale/posibile - business prospects a intra in ~ - to go into business a se lansa in ~ - to establish oneself in business afacerism s.n. 1. (peiorativ) profiteering, shady business 2. (spirit mtreprinzdtor) mercantile spirit, businesslike manner afacerist s.m. 1. (peiorativ) trafficker, racketeer 2. (pm de afaceri) businessman afilia v.t. to affiliate v.r. to affiliate, to be affiliated afi s.f. poster, bill, billboard ~ mare - crown poster ~ mic - handbill ~ publicitar - show bill afisa v.t. to post up, to bill afiare s.f. bill sticking afisier s.n. notice board ailuenta s.f. 1. (belsug) affluence, plenty 2. (de lume, de clientela) affluence,rush ~ a ofertelor de vanzare - selling pressure

  • 26 AFL-AGE aflux s. n. (de capital, clienti, mdrfuri etc.) inflow, influx afreta v.t. (mar.) to charter, to freight, to affreight, to fix ~ cu navlu forfetar/global - to charter for lump sum ~ spatiu pe nava - to charter space afretare s.f. (mar.) chartering, freightage, affreightment, fixture agenda s.f. 1. (cornet) note/pocket book 2. (ordine de zi) agenda, order of the day agent s.m. 1. agent; (de schimb, bursa etc.) broker; (intermediar) go-between, medium, middleman 2, (substantd) agent ~ al armatorului - (mar.) owner's agent ~ al carausului - carrier's agent ~ al navlositorului - (mar.) charterer's agent, charter bound agent ~ al unei companii de mesagerie - (SUA) expressman ~ comercial - commercial agent; (comis-voiajor) travelling salesman, canvasser; (comisionar) mercantile agent; (intermediar) merchandise broker ~ comercial costier - (mar.) beachman ~ comisionar - commission agent ~ consular - consular agent ~ de aprovizionare a navelor - shipchandler, ship's chandler ~ de asigurare - insurance agent/ broker; (cdruia i se cedeazd un bun asigurat) (asig. mar.) abandonee; (membru al unei asociatii profesionale) incorporated broker ~ de asigurare Lloyd - (asig. mar.) Lloyd's agent

    ~ de asigurari maritime - marine insurance broker ~ de bursa - (specializat in tranzactii cu optiuni) option dealer/operator; (SUA) commission broker; (la bursa de mdrfuri) produce broker ~ de colectare a accizelor - exciseman ~ de companie - (mar.) company's agent ~ de cumparare - (care achizitioneazd mdrfuri pentru patronul sail) purchasing agent ~ de descarcare - unloading agent ~ de descarcare-primire - discharging contractor ~ de expeditie - (a mdrfurilor) forwarding agent, freight forwarder ~ de export - export agent ~ de import - import agent ~ de investitii - money manager ~ de incasari - collecting agent ~ de Tncarcare - loading contractor ~ de incarcare si expeditie - shipping and forwarding agent ~ de lichidare in vama - clearance/ clearing agent; (SUA) customs broker ~ de navlosire - (mar.) chartering agent/broker, freight agent/broker ~ de onorare a cererilor de despa-gubire - (in baza politelor de asigurare) claims adjuster ~ de pariuri - bookmaker ~ de presa - press agent ~ de primire - (a mdrfurilor) receiving clerk ~ de publicitate - advertising/publicity agent ~ de schimb - (bur.) stockbroker; (de mdrfuri) mercantile broker; (de cambii) cambist, running broker; (de titliin (ie vuio^ift'} conversion a "en:

  • AGE-AGR 27 ~ de schimb valutar - foreign exchange broker/dealer ~ de scont - discount broker, bill broker ~ de subscriere - subscription agent ~ de transfer - (care inregistreazd transferal titlurilor de valoare) (SUA) transfer agent ~ de transport - transport agent ~ de transport si expeditie - shipping and forwarding agent ~ de tranzitari - transit agent ~ de vanzare a navei - ship sale broker ~ de vanzari - selling agent, sales agent/representative ~ del credere - del credere agent ~ electoral - canvasser ~ fiscal - tax collector, exacter, exactor; (care fixeazd impozitele) assessor ~ frigorific - cold carrier, cooling agent, refrigerant ~ frigorific lichid - refrigerant fluid ~ general al armatorului - (mar.) husband ~ imobiliar - real estate agent/ operator, estate agent; (SUA) realtor ~ intermediar - (comisionar cu ridicatd) factor ~ maritim - marine agent, ship agent/ broker; (de expeditie) shipping agent ~ monetar - circulating medium ~ pentru brevete - patent agent ~ platitor - paying agent ~ sanitar - health officer agentie A./' agen;,)1, {^euhi} uffice ~ comerciala conii-iserciaL'ti-ciJi., agency ~ de bilete - ticket agciicy

    ~ de garantare a creditelor de export - export credit agency ~ de informatii de credit - credit reference agency ~ de informatii financiare - (despre firme) status enquiry agency ~ de navigatie - shipping agency ~ de plasare - employment agency/ bureau ~ de presa - press agency ~ de publicitate - advertising agency ~ de rating - rating agency ~ de recuperare a datoriilor - debt- -recovery agency ~ de stiri - news agency ~ de verificare a solvabilitatii - (unui client sau a unei firme) credit agency ~ de voiaj - travel/tourist agency ~ guvernamentala - government agency ~ imobiliara - estate agency ~ maritima - maritime agency ~ portuara - port agency ~ vamala - customs agency agio s.n. (bur., fin.) agio; premium agiota v.t. to job, to speculate on the stock exchange, to bull and bear agiotaj s.n. agiotage agiotor.y.m. agio/stockjobber agitare s.f. (a pietei bursiere prin cumpdrarea masivd de actiiim ale unei societdti neperfbrmante cu intentia de u-i create artificial valoarea) bubble agitat adj. (despre piata bursieru} excited agrar adj. agrarian agregat s.n i. (uti/a]) (engine) unit, plani. unit. :"-seinbly, geiieratsng sc; 2. {indicts,..:' siati.Mic ci.! cme ,u' niasouici acli':uutea econciii[(.n u ii/ici tan') a^gre^ti^

  • 28 AGR-AJU ~ macroeconomic - macroeconomic aggregate ~ monetar - monetary aggregate agricol adj. agricultural agricultor s.m. farmer, cultivator; agriculturist; (tdran) peasant agricultura s.f. agriculture, farming;

    ~ a salariilor - wage adjustment ~ a valorii - (mdrirea sau scdderea valorii unui post de activ din bilant pand la valoarea zilei respective) (cont.) value adjustment ~ conjuncturala - (ansamblu de politici si mdsuri macroeconomice luate de stat) conjunctural adjustment

    subsistence ^bsist ~ de subzistenta agriculture/farming ~ extensiva - extensive agriculture ~ intensiva - intensive agriculture, high farming ~ mecanizata - mechanized agriculture ~ mixta - (cultivarea pdmantului si cresterea animalelor) mixed farming agrimensor s.m. land surveyor agrimensura s.f. land surveying agrobiologie s.f. agrobiology, agricultural biology agrochimie s.f. agrochemistry, agricultural chemistry agroindustrie s.f. agribusiness agronoms.m. agronomist agronomic s.f. agronomy, agronomics, agriculture agrotehnica s.f. agrotechnics, agricultural engineering, land use, farm practices agrozootehnica s.f. agricultural zootechnics ajun s.n. eve ~ al lichidarii - (bur.) name day ajunge v.i. (la) 1. to arrive (at) 2. (despre o sumo) to amount (to) ~ la scadenta - to fall due ~ la un compromis - (cu creditorii) to compound ajusta v.t. (la) to adjust (to) ajustare s.f. adjustment

    ~ ^mM a Droturilor -corrcctiE price adjustment ~ la convertire - (sumd rezultatd, in momentui convertirii obligatiunilor, din diferenta dintre pretui de ram- bursare al vechilor obligatiuni si pretui color noi) adjustment on conversion ~ la sfarsitui anului - (a conturilor in vederea mcheierii bilan^ului) year-end adjustment ~ structurala - (modificdri promovate de autoritdtile guvernamentale pentru ameliorarea climatului general al economiei nationale) structural adjustment ajustari ale taxelor vamale la export - border tax adjustments ajuta v.t. to aid; to assist; (material) to support; (a sustine) to sustain, to back up; (la nevoie) to relieve ajutor s.n. aid; (asistentd) assistance; (material) support; (la nevoie) relief; (bdnesc) allowance; (alocatie) benefit s.m. 1. aid; assistant 2. (loctiitor) deputy; (adjunct) adjunct, adjoint ~ de boala - sick(ness) allowance/ benefit/pay ~ de inmormantare - death grant ~ de maistru - charge hand ~ de natere - maternity allowance/ benefit/pay ~ de stat - (acordat familiilor numeroase) state grant to large families

  • AJU-ALO 29 ~ de omaj - unemployment allowance/benefit/pay, dole ~ economic - economic assistance ~ extern - foreign aid ~ financiar - financial assistance ~ mutual - mutual aid ~ pentru comert - (serviciile bancare, de publicitate, asigurdri, transporturi) aids/ancillaries to trade ~ social - social security benefit alatura v.t. \. (a pune aldturi) to lay by, to join, to add/to adjoin/to subjoin to; (a anexd) to annex; (intr-un plic) to enclose 2. (a compara) to compare; (a confruntd) to confront; (a colationa) to collate alaturat adj. (anexat) annexed, enclosed aici ~ - here enclosed, herewith album s.n. album; (pentru articole, decupaje etc.) scrap book ~ de mostre - sample book alcatui v.t. 1. (a schita, a redacta) to draw up 2. (un deviz) to estimate aleatoriu adj. aleatory, random alegator s.m. voter, elector alege v.t. 1. to choose; (a selecta) to select, to screen 2. (a vota) to elect, to vote 3. {intr-un post) to vote in alegere s.f. 1. choice; selection; (a celei mai bune alternative) (man.) screening 2. (yotare) election, polling alianta s.f. alliance aliena v.t. (dr.) to alienate alienabil adj. alienable alienare s.f. (dr.) alienation aliment s.n. food, foodstuff; pi. victuals alimente de prima necesitate - essential foodstuff

    ~ pentru consum rapid - (fast foods, alimente special ambalate si preparate pentru a fi consumate imediat) convenience goods alimenta v.t. 1. to feed, to nourish 2. (CM apd, energie electricd etc.) to supply; (cu combustibil) to fuel 3. (piata) to supply alimentara s.f. provision/food store aliniere s.f. (procesul prin care o bancd isi coreleazd activul/creditele cu pasivul/depozitele) matching ~ a fondurilor - (rnetodd de finantare a creditelor prin depozite cu scadentd comund) funds matching aloca v.t. to allocate, to allot, to assign; (din buget) to budget; (a destina) to earmark alocare s.f. allocation, allotment, assignment; appropriation ~ a activelor - asset allocation ~ a capitalului - (criterii de decizie pentru investitii in active fixe care implied compararea costului investitiei cu beneficiile sale viitoare) capital budgeting ~ a costurilor individuale - (din costui total) cost allocation ~ a resurselor - (distribuirea resur- selor, mtr-o economic, intre diferite utilizdri pentru a obtine un ansamblu de bunuri finale) allocation of resources, resources allocation ~ de actiuni - allotment of shares ~ de sarcini specifice - (fiecdrui utilaj din cadrul fabricii) machine loading alocatie s.f. allocation, allotment, assignment; (ajutor bdnesc) allowance, benefit, compensation, grant-in-aid ~ bugetara - budget dole

  • 30 ALO-AMB ~ de familie - (pentru copii) family allowance ~ de hrana - food/victualling allowance ~ de tmbarcare - (mar.) shipping allocation ~ de omaj - dole ~ individuals - capitation grant ~ pentru copil - child benefit ~ pentru greviti - strike benefit/pay alonja s.f. (pagina atasatd unei cambii, destinatd andosdrilor succesive) allonge, rider alterna v.t. to alternate alternative s.f. alternative alternative nonmonetare - (elemente implicate in luarea deciziilor privind utilizarea resurselor care nu pot fi exprimate in forma monetard) nonmonetary alternatives amanets.n. pawn a da/a lasa ~ - to pawn a scoate de la ~ - to take out of pawn, to redeem, to ransom amaneta v.t. to pawn, to put in pawn amanetare s.f. pawnage amara v.t. (incdrcdtura navel) (mar.) to lash, to secure, to fasten, to fix, to bind amarare v.t. (mar.) lashing, securing, fastening, fixing, binding ~ a caricului/incarcaturii - (in magazia navei sail pe punte) securing of cargo ~ a marfurilor - making fast, strapping ~ pentru mare - securing for sea ~ temporara - working fastening amana v.t. 1. to postpone, to lay over, to put off; (a intdrzia) to delay 2. (dr.)

    to adjourn, to continue 3. (a pdsui) to reprieve, to respite amanare s.f. 1. postponement; delay 2. (dr.) adjournment 3. (pdsuire) respite, grace ~ sine die - adjournment sine die ambala v.t. to pack up, to package, to wrap up; (in baluri) to bale; (in sad) to bag; (in Idzi, cutii) to encase; (cadouri) to gift-wrap ambalaj s.n. pack, package, packing, wrapping ~ cerut i platit de cumparator - special packing paid ~ de export - export packing ~ de maina - machine packing ~ defectuos - deficient/faulty packing ~ din hartie rezistenta - kraft paper ~ etan/impermeabil - waterproof packing ~ facturat separat - packing extra ~ inclus in pret - packing included ~ maritim - seaworthy packing ~ necorespunzator - inadequate packing, unsound package ~ neinclus in pret - packing not included ~ pentru cadouri - giftwrapping ~ pentru transportui pe mare - packing for shipment, overseas pack ~ potrivit dupa forma obiectului - fit packing ~ refolosit - second-hand package ~ returnabil - returnable package ~ transparent - blister pack ambalare s.f. packing, wrapping; (in baluri) baling; (in sad) bagging, sacking; (in Idzi, ciitii) encasement, crating; (de cadouri) giftwrapping ambalator^.w. packer, wrapper ambasada s.f. embassy

  • AMB-ANA 31 ambasador s.m. ambassador ~ plenipotentiar - plenipotentiary ambulant adj. itinerant, strolling ameliora v.t. to improve, to make better, to better ameliorare s.f. improvement, betterment ~ a solului - soil improvement amenaja v.t. 1. to arrange; (o casa) to fit up, to dispose; (un oras) to plan; (a mobila) to furnish 2. (a echipa) to fit out, to appropriate; (o nova pentru o anumitd clasd de pasageri sau pentru transportui de marfd) to accommodate amenajare s.f. 1. arrangement; accommodation 2. pi. {ale navei) accommodations, fittings, facilities ~ de santier - construction management ~ forestiera - forest management ~ portuara - harbour accommodation amenajari de dana - berthing facilities, berth fittings ~ pentru animale - cattle fittings ~ pentru cereale - grain fittings ~ pentru pasageri - passenger accommodations ~ pentru transportui fructelor - (faguri de lemn) fruit fittings amenda v.t. 1. (a imbundtdti) to amend, to improve; (o lege) to amend 2. (a pune la amenda} to fine, to penalize amendamenti-.n. amendment amenda s.f. fine, penalty; (penalitate pentru mcalcarea unui contract) forfeit, penalty amiralitate s.f. admiralty amnistia v.t. to amnesty amortiza v.t. 1. {a rambursa treptat o datorie prin pidti repetate) to amortize,

    to sink, to clear off, to write off 2. (procedeu contabil ce constd in diminuarea treptatd a valorii capitalului fix, survenitd in cursul perioadei de functionare, ca urmare a uzurii normale si a invechirii previzibile} to depreciate amortizabil adj. depreciable amortizare s.f. 1. (a unei datorii) amortization, sinking 2. (cont.) depreciation, wear and tear ~ accelerata - accelerated depreciation ~ cumulata - accumulated depreciation ~ fixa - fixed depreciation ~ in cote egale - straight-line depreciation ~ in sume fixe - level payment amortization ~ libera - free depreciation ~ normala - fair wear and tear amplasa v.t. to place, to lay out, to site, to locate amplasament^.n. site, location an s.m. year ~ civil/calendaristic - civil/calendar year ~ comercial - commercial business ~ contabil - accounting year ~ cu vin de calitate - vintage year ~ curent - current year ~ de productie - working year ~ de referinta - base year ~ financiar - financial year ~ fiscal/bugetar - fiscal year ~ - record/de varf- peak year ~ universitar - academic year ani de munca - (socotiti la calcularea pensiei) pensionable service analists.m. analyst

  • 32 ANA-ANA ~ al pietei bursiere - (care intocmeste grafice, tabele) chartist ~ de investitii - investment analyst analiza v.t. to analyse; (a defaica) to break down analiza s.f. analysis; (defalcare) breakdown ~ a breselor - (identificarea oportunitdtilor de marketing pe o piata) gap analysis ~ a calitatii - quality survey ~ a cheltuielilor de capital - capital expenditure analysis ~ a componentelor activitatii - operation breakdown ~ a componentelor postului - job breakdown ~ a concurentei - (de cdtre firmele rivale) competitor analysis ~ a drumului critic - (analiza etapelor pentru realizarea fiecdrei activitdti succesive in vederea implementdrii intregii strategii) critical path analysis ~ a fluxului de numerar - (cont., fin.) funds-flow analysis ~ a investitiei - investment analysis ~ a postului -job analysis ~ a pragului de rentabilitate - (metodd de a stabili ce nivel al vdnzdrilor este necesar pentru ca un produs nou so. depdseascd pragul de rentabilitate, adicd veniturile sdfie mat man decdt costurile) (cont.) break- -even analysis ~ a preturilor - breakdown of prices ~ a proportiilor (pentru deter- minarea performantelor unui agent economic) ratio analysis ~ a riscului - (fin.) risk analysis ~ a riscului politic - (evaluat de un investitor, referitor la politico guver-

    namentald a unui stat) political risk analysis ~ a scadentelor - due date analysis ~ a seriilor cronologice - (pentru elaborarea previziunilor comerciale) time-series analysis ~ a sistemului - system analysis ~ a timpului necesar miscarilor - (in procesul muncii) motion time analysis ~ a titrului - assay ~ a tranzactiei - (cont.) transaction analysis - a valorii - (analiza componentelor fi a operatiilor pentru obtinerea unui produs, in vederea realizdrii aceleia^i calitdti la un cost mai redus) value analysis ~ a vanzarilor - sales analysis, breakdown of sales ~ a vanzarilor cu amanuntui - (debuseuri, stocuri, publicitate etc.} shop audit ~ a vanzarilor in adancime - (de la primirea comenzii pdnd la expedierea mdrfii i afacturilor) sales depth test ~ a vechimii debitorilor - debtor age analysis ~ asociata - (tehnicd de lucru utilizatd in dezvoltarea noilor produse) conjoint analysis ~ calitativa - (studiu de piata) qualitative analysis ~ cantitativa - (studiu de piata} quantitative analysis ~ comportamentala - (initiatd dc conducerea unei intreprinderi pentru u afia cauza relafiilor necorespunzdtoare dintre patronat si salariati) attitude survey ~ contabila - accounting analysis

  • ANA-AND 33 ~ cost - beneficiu - (metoda de evaluare a oportunitdtii implementdrii unui protect, a continuant unei afaceri prin compararea beneficiilor obtinute cu costurile /acute) cost-benefit analysis ~ de expertiza/arbitraj - umpire analysis ~ de grup - (tehnicd de analizd statisticd prin intermediul cdreia o mostrd este incadratd intr-o serie de grupuri cu anumite trdsdturi comune) cluster analysis ~ de piata - market analysis ~ de portofoliu - (analiza unui depozit de titluri avdnd drept criteriu valoarea bursierd a acestora, profitui etc.) portfolio analysis ~ de trend - (analiza evolutiei situatiei financiare mregistratd de o firmd) trend analysis ~ dispersionala/de variants - (analiza diferentelor dintre costurile si veni- turile alocate si cele actuate) variance analysis ~ economics - economic analysis ~ factorials - factorial analysis ~ financiara - financial analysis ~ globala - bulk analysis ~ incrementala - incremental analysis ~ intrare-iesire - (metoda de studiere a interdependentelor cantitative dintre activitdti economice corelate, de analizare a relafiilor dintre divers ele industrii producdtoare fi consumatoare din cadrul unei economii nationale) input-output analysis ~ in sectiune transversals - (calculul ratelor financiare la doud momente diferite de timp) cross-sectional analysis

    ~ macroeconomics - macroeconomic analysis ~ marginala - marginal analysis ~ pe categorii - category analysis ~ procentuala - percentage analysis ~ statistics - statistical analysis ~ strategics - (analiza factorilor-cheie care pot asigura succesul) (man.) strategic analysis ~ structurala - (a unei ramuri indus- triale, a unei economii nationale) structural analysis ~ volumetrica - measure analysis ancheta s.f. 1. (dr.) inquest, inquiry, investigation 2. (sociald etc.) investigation; (studiu) survey ~ de opinie - opinion survey ~ de piata - market survey ~ de teren - field research -judiciara -judicial investigation ~ prin sondaj - sample survey ~ sociala - social investigation andoca v.t. (mar.) to dock, to drydock andosa v.t. (un efect de comert) to endorse, to back andosabil adj. endorsable andosant v. andosator andosare s.f. endorsement ~ completa - endorsement in full

    conditionata - conditional endorsement ~ cu rezerve - qualified endorsement ~ de complezenta - accommodation endorsement ~ defectuoasa - incorrect endorsement ~ facultativa - facultative endorsement ~ in alb - endorsement in blank ~ neconditionata - unconditional/ absolute endorsement ~ prin procura - procuration endorsement

  • 34 AND-ANS ~ reglementara - regular endorsement ~ restrictiva - restrictive/restricted endorsement

    speciala/nominala - special endorsement andosatar^.rn. endorsee andosator-y./n. endorser, backer ~ precedent - previous endorser ~ ulterior - subsequent endorser al doilea ~ - second endorser anex adj. annexed; enclosed anexa v.t. to annex, to append, to join; {intr-un plic) to enclose anexat adj. annexed; (alaturat) enclosed ~ alaturat - annexed herewith ~ la prezenta - attached hereto anexa s.f. 1. annex; (la un document} rider, schedule; (in plic) enclosure 2. {dependinta} annex; dependency, appurtenance angaja v.t. 1. to employ, to hire (on); to take in one's service; (ca ucenic) to indent, to indenture 2. (o nava) to book, to hire, to fix 3. (a implied} to involve v.r. 1. (a se obligd) (sd) to engage oneself (to), to pledge/to bind oneself (to) 2. (intr-un serviciu) to become employed, to go into service ~ raspunderea - to pledge the liability of angajament s.n. 1. engagement, commitment; pledge; (de naturd contractuala) indenture 2. {obligatie) obligation, liability; (datorie, pasiv) liability ~ de contributie - (in avaria comund) (asig. mar.) average bond ~ de garantie - suretyship ~ eventual - contingent liability

    ~ ferm (a! subscriitorului fata de intreaga emisiune de titluri de valoare) firm commitment ~ neonorat/restant - outstanding liability ~ scris - (depus in custodia unei terte persoane care actioneazd conform unei intelegeri prealabile} (dr.) escrow angajare s.f. employment, hire; (intr-un post) induction ~ continua (perioadd de functionare nemtreruptd la o firmd, folositd pentru calcularea unor beneficii) continuous employment ~ de forta de munca excedentara - (pentru a evita lips a acesteia in viitor) labour hoarding ~ de personal - staffing angajat.s-.rn. person engaged/employed ~ cu norma intreaga - whole timer, full-time employee angro adv. wholesale angrosist s.m. wholesale dealer/ merchant, wholesaler; (comerciant care se aprovizioneazd de la un anumit producdtor, pdstrdnd un anumit stoc de marfd, in schimbul unor bonificatii) stockist animal s. n. animal - de povara - pack animal, beast of burden ~ de tractiune - beast of draught ~ producator de lana - wool bearer animate de reproductie - bloodstock, pedigree stock ~ vii - {categoric de marfd) live cattle/stock animatic s.n. (fragmentele in miscare dintr-un clip publicitar televizai) animatic ansamblu^.rt. ensemble; aggregate

  • ANS-ANU 35 ~ de date catalogate - catalogued data set ~ de elemente - (care afecteazd randamentid) yield mix ~ de locuinte - housing development ~ de produse - product mix antedata v.t. to antedate, to foredate antedata s.f. antedate anteproiect s.n. preliminary/previous design/plan/project, first draft anterior adj. anterior (to), prior (to) anterioritate s.f. anteriority, previousness; priority ~ a inventiei - priority of invention aatets.n. heading of a letter, letterhead anticipa v.t., v.i. to anticipate, to forestall anticipare s.f. anticipation; (asteptare, expectativa) expectation ~ si temporizare - (indicatorii activitdtii economice nationale sunt fie previzionati, fie confirmati dupa producerea transformdrilor) leading and lagging anticipari de pret - price expectations ~ inflationiste - inflationary expectations ~ rationale - (tendinta participantilor la schimb de a prevedea actuinile vizand modificarea rezultatelor pietei) rational expectations anticipat adj. anticipated adv. beforehand antidumping s. n. antidumping antiinflationist adj. anti-inflationary antiprotectionist s.m. (SUA) tariff reformer antitrust adj. antitrust antrepozit s.n. warehouse, storehouse, entrepot

    ~ de consignatie - consignment warehouse ~ frigoritic cold storehouse ~ pe tarm - warehouse ashore - portuar - harbour warehouse ~ vamal - bonded/customs warehouse, public storehouse antrepozitare s.f. warehousing antreprenor s.m. contractor, entrepreneur, enterpriser, undertaker ~ de chei - wharfinger ~ de constructii - master-builder, building contractor ~ de descarcare-primire - (a mdrfu- rilor) (mar.) landing coniractor ~ de incarcare - loading contractor ~ de pompe funebre - undertaker: (SUA) mortician ~ de transporturi - haulage/cartage contractor, transporter ~ general - prime/chief contractor antrepriza s.f. undertaking, enterprise, work by contract, contract for a work a da in ~ - to put out to contract a lua in ~ - to contract for, to take by contract anual adj. yearly, annual adv. yearly, annually anuar s.n. yearbook, directory ~ comercial/al societatilor comerciale - trade/commercial directory ~ de publicitate - advertising directory ~ statistic - statistical yearbook anuitate s.f. annuity ~ a politei comune de asigurare de viata -joint life annuity ~ a politei comune de asigurare de viata si pentru supravietuitor - (cu anuitatea diminuatd dupa decesul unuia dintre cei doi asigurati) joint life and survivor annuity

  • 36 ANU-APE ~ aleatorie - (a unei polite de asigurare de viatd, a caret platd este conditionatd de producerea unui eveniment) contingent annuity ~ amanata - (as ig.) deferred annuity ~ perpetua - perpetual annuity ~ platibila pentru o perioada limitata - (asig.) terminable annuity ~ prin reversiune - (asig.) reversionary annuity ~ sigura/la termen - (asigurare care prevede plata cdtre beneficiar a unei anuitdti pe o perioada determinata) annuity certain anula v.t. 1. to annul, to disannul; (a revoca) to revoke; (a contramanda) to call off; (o comandd, un credit etc.) to withdraw; (o datorie) (cont.) to write off 2. (dr.) (a abrogd) to nullify; (a rezilia) to cancel, to undo, to void, to vacate; (a respinge, a casa) to overrule, to reverse; (o lege, un testament etc.) to render void, to void, to repeal anulabil adj. cancellable; voidable, vacatable anulare s.f. 1. annulment, disannulment; (a unei comenzi, a unui credit etc.) withdrawal; (a unei datorii) remittal, write-off 2. (dr.) (abrogare) nullification, defeasance; (reziliere) cancellation, voidance, avoidance; (a unui testament etc.) invalidation, voidance anunt s.f. announcement, notice, notification; (afis) bill; (in ziar) advertisement; (informatie apdrutd in ziar) insertion; (fluturas, anunt distribuit trecdtorilor) handbill ~ de reclama - (secvenfe din filme de cinema si televiziune prezentate ca reclama) trailer

    ~ in ziar - newspaper advertisement ~ publicitar - (la radio si televiziune) spot announcement/broadcast, commercial; (al unui detailist publicat aldturi de anuntui fabricantului respective (SUA) tie-in a da un ~ la ziar - to advertise in a newspaper, to put an advertisement anunta v.t. to announce, to notify; (printr-un afis) to bill; (in ziar, la radio etc.) to advertise aparat s.n. apparatus, device, appliance; (marina) machine; (instrument) instrument; (mecanism) gear, mechanism ~ de productie - production apparatus ~ pentru prelevare de probe - sampler, sampling device aparatura s.f. apparatus; equipment ~ electrocasnica - white goods apartament.s'.n. flat; suite apartamente cu chirie/de inchiriat - lodgings apatie s.f. apathy ~ la cumparare - (in ciuda reclame!) sales apathy apa s.f. water ~ poluata - polluted water ~ potabila - drinking/potable water ape continentale - continental waters ~ costiere - coastal/offshore waters ~ cu trafic intens - congested waters ~ de pescuit - fishing waters ~ industriale - industrial waters ~ interioare - intemal/interior/inland waters ~ Internationale - international waters ~ inchise - (pentru navigatie) closed waters ~ maritime - maritime waters ~ nationale - inland waters

  • APE-ARE 37 ~ navigable - navigable waters ~ portuare - harbour/port waters ~ reziduale/uzate - waste waters, effluents ~ teritoriale - territorial waters apel s.n. 1. call 2. (dr.) appeal ~ de sinistru - {mar.) distress/SOS call a declara ~ - to lay/to lodge an appeal, to reclaim apelant s.m. (dr.) appellant, appealing party, plaintiff in appeal aplana v.t. (un conflict) to settle aplica v.t. 1. (o lege) to enforce 2. (o semndtura, o stampild) to append, to affix apart s.n. contribution ~ de capital - contribution of capital aprecia v.t. (a evalua) to appraise, to evaluate, to estimate, to assess v.r. (bur., cont.,fin.) to appreciate apreciere s.f. 1. (evaluare) appraisal, evaluation, estimate, assessment 2. (a valorii unui activ) (bur., cont., fin.) appreciation ~ a capacitatii - (unui salariat) performance appraisal ~ a perspectivelor pietei - assessment of market prospects ~ a unei valute - (in raport cu altele) currency appreciation aproba v.t. to approve; to sanction; (a ratified) to ratify; (a fi de acord cu) to agree with/to aprobare s.f. approval ~ a cadastrului - planning permission apropria v.t. to appropriate 2. (dr.) to convert apropriere s.f. 1. appropriation 2. (dr.) conversion aproviziona v.t. to supply; (a furniza) to furnish; ( cu materiale, piese etc.) to

    stock; ( cu alimente) to provision, to victual, to cater for v.r. to take/to lay in a stock/supply, to buy in, to provide oneself ~ excesiv (o piatd, un magazin etc.) to overstock ~ insuficient - to understock aprovizionare s.f. supply; (furnizare) furnishing; (cu alimente) provisioning, victualling, catering ~ institutionalizata - (modalitate prin care diversele organizatii identified si evalueazd produsele pe care doresc sd Ie achizitioneze) organizational buying ~ in grup - (a detailistilor) group trading ~ pe termen scurt - short-run supply ar s.m. (unitate de mdsurd) are ara v.t. to plough, to till arabil adj. arable, tillable aranjament s.n. arrangement; (intelegere) agreement, settlement ~ amical - friendly arrangement aratura s.f. 1. (arat) ploughing, tilling 2. ploughland, tillage arbitra v.t. to arbitrate; (un diferend) to umpire arbitraj s.n. 1. (solutionarea unui diferend de cdtre o persoand sau institutie automata) arbitration 2. (cumpdrarea si vdnzarea simultand de instrumente financiare similare pe piete diferite cu scopul realizdrii unui profit sau pentru a prevent eventualele schimbdri posibile in raporturile de preturi ale instrumentelor respective) arbitrage ~ cu dobaiida acoperita - (fin.) covered interest arbitrage ~ de indici - (bur.) index arbitrage

  • 38 ARB-ARM ~ intre burse ale aceleiasi tari - shunting ~ pentru normele de munca ~ arbitration of work standards ~ speculativ - speculative arbitrage ~ valutar - arbitrage in/of exchange, exchange arbitrage arbitru s.m. arbitrator, arbiter arbore s.m. tree ~ de decizie - (stabilirea grqflcd a tipului de relatie intre deciziile manageriale si factorii probabilistici) (man.) decision tree arenda v.t. (a da sau a Ilia in arenda) to lease, to rent; [a luu in arenda} to tenant arendare s.f. (dare sau luare in arenda) lease, leasing; (luare in arenda) tenancy arenda? s.m. leaseholder, lessee, tenant ~ abuziv (care continud sd ocupe o proprietate dupd expirarea contrac- tului fdrd acordul proprielarului) tenant at sufferance ~ cu contract (valabil un anumit numdr de ani) tenant for years ~ cu contract valabil un an - tenant from year to year - fara contract -- tenant at will ~ in cota indiviza - tenant in common ~ pe viata - tenant for life, life tenant arenda s.f. (drept) lease; (plata) rent -- excesiva - rack-rent - pe viata - perpetual lease - supiimentara - (p'ldtitd pentru terenuri cdnd aceslea sunt insuficiente) scarcity rent a da in ~ - to grant/to iet out on lease a lua in ~ - to lake on lease ar^mts.n. silver - in. liiigoiiri - silver bullion

    ~ monetar/cu titlu legal - standard/ sterling silver arhivar s.m. archivist, keeper of the records arhivas.f. archives, records arhivele statului - public records arie s.f. area; (siiprafatd) surface; (zond) zone; (intindere) extent, expanse ~ a vanzarilor - (de care rdspunde un agent de vdnzdri) sales territory/zone ~ productiva - (arie petroliferd} payable area/zone arierat^.n. arrear, overdue debt arima v.t. (afrxa incdrcdtura unei. nave sau a unm avion pentru mentinerea mini centra/ favorabil stabilitdtii) to stow arimare s.f. stowing, stowage ~ a marfurilor - stowing goods ~ corecta - sound stowage arma v.t. 1. (o nava) to fit out, to outfit, to commission 2. (a incadra cu echipaj o navd) to man armare .s'./ (mar.) 1. (dotare cu echipament si materiale) fitting out, outfit, commission 2. (incadrare cu echipaj) manning armatorA'./H. (mar.) shipowner, owner ~ - administrator - managing owner ~ al navei de linie - berth owner/ shipowner ~ al navei-tramp - tramp owner ~ - ciimparator merchant shipper

    independent/necartelat nonconference carrier ~ - Inchirietor - chartered/freight contractor - { na\ lositor - owner and charterer

    armoniza v.i 1. {poliiici fi practici nationale Ci! stundardele inte:''r.a-honai.e} to harmonize 2. (d!fe"te'

  • ARM-ARU 39 tipuri de registre contabile ale unei societdti) to reconcile armonizare s.f. hamionization ~ a taxelor vamale - (nniformizarea nomenclatoarelor ^i a procedurilor vamale in tdrile care coopereaza) customs/tariff harmonization ~ strategica {corelarea dintre stra- tegia companiei ^i resursele sale} {man.) strategic fit arta s.f. art ~ a decorarii vitrinelor - window dressing ~ mestesugareasca - handicraft, craftsmanship articol s.n. 1. (de ziur) article 2. {de lege) article, item 3. (comercial) article, commodity; pi. goods, wares ~ contabil - entry, item ~ de export - export ~ de fond - {editorial) leader, leading article ~ de import - import, foreigner ~ de inchidere - {cont.) closing entry ~ de lux- luxury article ~ de ordine - {cont.) suspense entry ~ de virament - {cont.) transfer entry ~ debitor - {cont.) debit entry ~ economic - (in ziar) city article ~ fara cautare - (impiis consumatorului) (SU'A) tie-in ~ foarte cautat - best seller ~ garantat - {ca origine) genuine article ~ impozabil - taxable article ~ patentat - proprietary article ~ recapitulativ - (cont.) compound entry ~ vandut in pierdere - (pentru a atrage clienieia fi a promova alie articole) Joss leade'-

    articole casnice - household articles ~ casnice de folosinta indelungata - household durables ~ de baza ale exportului - staple exports - de fierarie - ironmongery ~ de larg consum - consumer goods ~ de lana - woollen goods ~ de lemn - woodenware ~ de menaj - small ware ~ de mercerie - haberdashery ~ de moda - fancy goods ~ de papetarie - paper goods ~ de prima/stricta necesitate - (living) essentials, necessaries ~ de sezon - seasonal articles

    desperecheate/dezasortate broken/job lot, oddments ~ diverse - sundries ~ exceptionale - {cont.) exceptional items ~ extraordinare - (cont.', extraordinary items ~ returnate - (vdnzdtorului} saSes returns, returns inwards ~ sanitare - sanitary articles ~ semifabricate - semifinished semimanufactured articles eel mai avantajos/competitiv ~ - best buy artizan s.m. artisan, handicraftsman, craftsman artizan al adj. handmade artizanatj-.n. handicraft arunca v.t. {mdrfnn, materiale etc peste hoi-d pentru salvarea navci} {mar.) to jettison, to cast/to throw overboard ariincare ;c,/' {a incarcutiin, ':e:.!.. bord) (mar ) ieUison

  • 40 ARU-ASI arvuna s.f. advance (money), earnest (money), handsel a da ~ - to bind a bargain arvuni v.t. to give earnest (money) for asambia v.t. to assemble asana v.t. 1. (o miastind) to reclaim; (tin lac, o baltd) to drain 2. (a imbundtdti, a redresa) to improve; to normalize 3. (finantele) to reorganize ascundere s.f. (a activelor de cdtre un falit, a adevdrului de cdtre un asigurat etc.) concealment asesor^.m. (dr.) assessor asieta s.f. 1. (pozitie a planului de baza al unei nave fata de planul orizontal) trim 2. (baza de calcul a unui impozit) basis ~ de exploatare - (mar.) operating trim ~ de mar - (mar.) running/sailing trim asigura v.t. \. (a da cele necesare) to provide 2. (a garanta) to secure, to ensure; to assure 3. (impotriva) to insure (against); (un rise) to cover; (o proprietate maritimd) to underwrite v.r. (impotriva) to insure oneself (against), to take out an insurance (against) asigurabil adj. insurable asigurare s.f. 1. securing, ensuring; assurance 2. (impotriva accidentelor, a pierderilor) insurance; (a unui rise) cover; {de viatd) assurance; (maritimd) underwriting ~ a animalelor - livestock insurance ~ a calitatii - quality assurance ~ a caricului/incarcaturii - insurance of cargo, cargo insurance ~ a cheltuielilor extraordinare - disbursement insurance

    ~ a creditelor - (care ii garanteazd unui creditor cd isi va recupera fondurile in cazul in care debitorul nu isi mat poate indeplini obligatiile de platd) credit insurance ~ a creditelor de export - export credit insurance ~ a depozitului bancar - bank deposit insurance ~ a garantiei - guarantee insurance ~ a marfurilor depozitate -warehouse insurance ~ a navlului - (asig. mar.) freight insurance ~ a raspunderii - liability insurance ~ auto - automobile/motor insurance ~ aviatica - aviation insurance ~ casco - hull insurance ~ colectiva - group insurance ~ concurenta - (la mai multi asigurdtori) concurrent insurance ~ cu anuitate - annuity insurance ~ cu avarie particulars! - (asig. mar.) insurance with particular average ~ cu echipament si accesorii - (asig. mar.) outfit insurance ~ de la depozit la depozit - warehouse to warehouse insurance ~ de marfuri periculoase - hazardous (goods) insurance ~ de persoane impotriva accidentelor si a bolilor - personal accident and sickness insurance ~ de proprietate - property insurance ~ de raspundere civila - third-party insurance, public liability insurance ~ de raspundere personala - personal liability insurance ~ de renta viagera - life annuity insurance ~ de somaj - uneployment insurance

  • ASI-ASI 41 ~ de viata - life assurance/insurance ~ de viata din fonduri salariale - (cu prime achitate/refinute din salami) salary savings insurance, payroll deduction insurance ~ dubia - {la doi asigurdtori) double insurance ~ efectuata de o societate comerciala de asigurari - (spre deosebire de o asigurare mutuala) proprietary insurance ~ facultativa - voluntary insurance ~ fara avarie particular^ - (asig. mar.) insurance free from particular average ~ flotanta - floating/open insurance ~ fluviala - river insurance ~ generala - (impotriva tuturor riscurilor) general insurance ~ globala - (care acoperd un grup de riscuri multiple sau asigurd o proprietate in locuri diferite) blanket insurance; (SUA) package insurance ~ inferioara (subasigurare, asigurare in care suma asiguratd este mult mai mica decdt valoarea reald a bunului asigurat) underinsurance ~ impotriva accidentelor - accident/casualty insurance ~ impotriva accidentelor de munca - workmen's compensation insurance ~ impotriva avariilor - insurance against damages ~ Impotriva furtului - theft/burglary insurance ~ impotriva incendiului - fire insurance ~ impotriva lipsei de onestitate - (incheiatd de patronul care se asigurd impotriva pierderilor cauzate de

    necinstea unui angajat) fidelity insurance ~ Impotriva nerespectarii obligatiilor contractuale - fidelity insurance ~ Impotriva pierderii totale - insurance against total loss ~ impotriva prejudiciilor aduse unui tert - third-party insurance ~ impotriva riscurilor de razboi - insurance against war risks, war risk insurance ~ impotriva riscului de transport - transport insurance ~ impotriva riscurilor multiple - multiple peril insurance ~ impotriva spargerii - insurance against breakage ~ impotriva tuturor pierderilor sau a avariilor - insurance against all losses or damages ~ impotriva tuturor riscurilor - insurance against all risks ~ in bloc - (a mdrfurilor expediate in loturi mid cu diferite mijioace de transport} block insurance ~ maritima - marine/sea insurance ~ mobiliara - movable property insurance ~ mutuala - mutual insurance ~ partiala - partial insurance ~ pe viata - whole life insurance; (SUA) straight life insurance ~ pe voiaj - (asig. mar.) voyage insurance ~ pentru accidente de munca - industrial injuries insurance ~ pentru sectorul tehnic - engineering insurance ~ pentru toate riscurile - all-risks insurance

  • 42 ASI-ASO ~ pentru vreme rea - (asig. mar.} weather insurance ~ perfecta impotriva riscurilor - (bur., fin.) perfect hedge ~ provizorie - provisional insurance

    suplimentara - additional/ supplementary insurance asigurari de sanatate - medical/health insurance - de stat - state/national insurance - maritime pe caile navigabile interioare - inland marine/transit insurance ~ sociale social/national insurance ~ sociale din fonduri salariale - contributory insurance asigurat adj. insured s.m. insured person, insurance carrier

    integral - fully insured asigurator s.m. insurer; (asig. mar.) underwriter - ;il earicului - cargo underwriter -- casco - {at corpuhd navei} hull underwriter - de navlu - freight underwriter - Lloyd - Lloyd's underwriter - maritini - marine underwriter - principal - leading underwnter asimetrie .;,,/. asymmetry ~ intre nivelurile de dezvoitare economica - [aspect esential cil eco-nomici mondiale conlemporane, conferit de structura elerogend a acesieia, cure este alcutuitd din tdri en niveJuri economice difenie'} asymmetry '1 economic development levels asistent s.m. assistant -- social - welfare/social worker asistenta s.f. 1, {anuor} assistance, aici;

    tc. i relief ^.

    ~ economica - economic assistance ~ juridica - legal aid ~ maritima/pe mare - (in caz de pericol) salvage ~ pentru dezvoitare - development assistance ~ sociala - social welfare, welfare work ~ tehnica - technical assistance asocia v.r. (cu) to associate (with), to enter into partnership (with) asocial.?.;. associate; partner ~ activ - active/acting partner - - administrator - managing partner ~ cu numele - quasi-partner ~ in participate - (cu raspundere in limitele capitaliilui subscris) special partner ~ nominal - nominal partner ~ principal - senior partner ~ putin cunoscut - (comanditar, partener care nil ia parte acliva la afaceri) silent/sleeping partner ~ secundar - junior partner ~ unic - sole trader a lua pe cineva ca - to take smb. into partnership asociatie s.f. 1. association; (socielate) society 2. (economica) partnership ~ de asigurare mutuala - mutual insurance association ~ de economii si credite - (SUA) savings and loan association - de intrajutorare - (a muncitorilor) jiroviderit society ~ familiala - family firm

    nonprofit - unicorporated .issociation - patronalii - trade' association prolesionala/necomerciai;'

  • ASO-ATI 43 ~ voluntara - (de detailisti care au convenit sd cumpere de la un singur angrosist, in schimbul unor facilitdti si avantaje) voluntary groups asociere s.f. association; (economica) partnership ~ fara contract - partnership at will asolament s.n. (rotatie a cultiirilor agricole) rotation/alternation/ succession/shift of crops, crop rotation/ succession ~ de cinci ani five-course rotation ~ furajer - fodder rotation asorta v.t. 1. to assort, to sort: to match, to suit, to fit 2. (a aproviziona un magazin cu mdrfuri variate) to assort asortiment s.'n. (corn.) assortment, range, variety ~ de eantionare - variety of patterns ~ in vanzare - sales mix asumare s.f. assumption ~ a riscului (acceptarea riscului chiar si in conditiile in care existd numeroase incertitudini legate de posi- bilitatea obtinerii mini anumit cdstig ^i de stabilitatea acestuia) risk assumption ~ a riscului de credit - assumption of credit risk asa adv. (cum) as ~ cum este prezentat - (refentor Ju semnarea iinui conosameiit) (nun: i as presented ~ cum se prezinta - (conditie in asigurarea maritimd} tale qiiale a^teptare s.f. 1, waiting 2, (speri.inSe perspective} expectation 3 (rnvel a! eforliilui pe care un. salanat cnn.sici(:'i'ci cd trebuie sa-i depnnu pentrii (.i-fi

    mdeplini sarcmile si obiectivele de lucru) {man.) expectancy ~ la descarcare - waiting for discharge ~ la incarcare waiting for loading a^teptari Hexibile - (referitor la valoarea viitoare a unei variahile, estimatd mfunctie de mai multi factori) adaptive expectations ~ rationale (explicarea comporta- mentului economic al indivizilor sou al companiilor in functie de. optiunea pentru una dintre previziunile realizate) rational expectations ataffats.m. attache ~ cultural - cultural attache ~ comercial - commercial attache ~ militar - military attache atelier s.n. workshop, shop ~ de montaj - assembly shop ~ de reparatii auto motor repair shop ~ mecanic - machine shop ~ mesteugaresc - small plan! operation ~ plutitor - (mar.) repair ship/vessel. workshop ship/vessel, floating facton,"' works atesta r t. to attest, to certify atestat s.n. certificate - de recomandare - testimonial atinge v.t. 1. (un nivel) to reach; (') cifrd, o suma) to run to 2. (un scop} to achie'\ e. to gain, to attain; {a realiza) to achieve - Tn medie - to average ~- pragul de rentabiSitate - to breai< even atin^ere A/.' (a firii^iihii/citr'isni/i /';;'';/?;) (but.) grounding atltudine s.''". attitude

  • 44 ATI-AUT ~ in fata riscului - (felul in care diferite persoane se raporteazd, in procesul ludrii deciziilor, la caracterul probabilist al evenimentelor) risk attitude atomicitate s.f. (caracteristicd esen- tiald a pietei in cadrul cdreia existd numerosi cumpdrdtori si vdnzdtori, fdrd ca vreunul dintre ei sdfie prepon- derenf) atomicity atribui v.t. to allot, to assign atribuire s.f. allotment, assigning ~ a actiunilor - allotment of shares atribut^.n. attribute ~ evident/caracteristic - (al unui produs) salient attribute atributie s.f. prerogative, competence; (insdrcinare) task, obligation; (de serviciu) duty, function atributii de serviciu - functions audienta s.f. audience ~ tinta {segment de consumatori vizat de o campanie publicitara) target audience audit s. n. audit ~ al resurselor - (in vederea realizdrii unei strategii economice) (man.) resource audit ~ bancar - banking audit ~ casnic - home audit ~ de marketing - marketing audit ~ detaliat - detailed audit ~ ecologic - environmental audit ~ extern - (efectuat de specialist! din afara institutief) external audit ~ general (la sfdrsitui anului financial general audit ~ intern - (efectuat de specialisti din institutia respectivd) internal audit ~ permanent - continuous audit

    ~ social - (justificarea costurilor si a beneficiilor impuse societdtii de cdtre mtreprinderf) social audit auditoriu s.n. audience ~ captiv - (obligat sd asculte material publicitar in timpul receptiondrii unor programe de radio si televiziune) captive audience aur s.n. gold ~ afectat.. ./in custodie - gold earmarked ~ monetar/cu titlu legal - standard gold ~ nemonetar - nonstandard gold aurifer adj. auriferous, gold-bearing austeritate s.f. austerity autarhie s.f. autarchy, autarky ~ economica - economic self- -sufficiency autentic adj. authentic, genuine; (despre o copie) certified ~ si valabil - (despre cecuri) genuine and valid autenticitate s.f. authenticity, genuineness autentifica v.t. to authenticate, to legalize, to certify; (la notarial) to notarize autoaprindere s.f. (a unor mdrfuri) spontaneous combustion/ignition, auto- -ignition autobuz s.n. bus; (pentru curse lungi) coach autocamion s.n. (motor) lorry, (automotive/motor) truck ~ cu remorca - motor lorry and trailer ~ de transportat busteni lungi - timber truck autocisterna s.f. tank lorry/truck, road tank car/tanker, bulk lorry

  • AVT-A^A 45

    autoconsum 5.7!. (consumul de bunuri si servicii finale de cdtre producatorul msusi) self-consumption autoevaluare s.f. (a impunerii; sistem practical in unele tdri prin care contribuabilul isi calculezd singur cuantumul impozitelor) self-assessment autofinantare s.f. self-financing, internal financing autoimpunere s.f. self-taxation automacara s.f. crane tmck, truck crane automat adj. automatic s.n. automatic machine; (pentru vdnzarea de bilete, tigdri, ziare etc.) slot/vending machine automatizare s.f. automation automobil s.n. (motor) car; (SUA) automobile ~ de proba - test car autoritate s.f. authority ~ civila - civil authority ~ delegata - vicarious authority ~ executiva - executive authority ~ fiscala - revenue authority ~ ierarhica - line authority ~ maritima - maritime authority autoritati portuare - harbour/port authorities ~ vamale - customs authorities autoriza v.t. to authorize; (a permite) to allow, to permit; {a imputernici) to empower, to warrant; (a either a o licentd/autorizatie) to licence; (publicarea in presd) to release autorizare s.f. authorization ~ de retragere - {de sume din cont) drawing authorization autorizatie s.f. authorization, permit; licence ~ de brevet - patent licence ~ de export - export licence

    ~ de import - import licence ~ de reimport cu scutire de taxe vamale (a mdrfurilor care au fost exportate din Marea Britanie cu mai putin de cinci ani inainte de data reimportului) bill of store ~ de retragere - (de sume din cont) drawing authorization ~ de vanzare - selling licence ~ scrisa - authorization in writing ~ vamala pentru provizii de bord -(mar.) victualling bill autoservire s.f. 1. self-service 2. (magazin) self-service store autostrada s.f. motorway, expressway autotransport s.n. truck haul(ing) autotren s.n. truck/motor lorry and trailer, trailer truck autoturism s.n. touring car, (motor) car, tourer autoutilitara s.f. utility car/vehicle autovehicul s.n. motor vehicle, power--driven vehicle aval s.n. (garantie speciald de platd a unei cambii) bill guarantee, surety for a bill of exchange avalist s.m. (eel care garanteazd plata unei cambii prin aval) referee in case of need, guarantor avaliza v.t. (a gira o cambje) to guarantee, to warrant avanport s.n. outer harbour/port, outside port avans s.n. advance (money), earnest (money), handsel; (acordat unei mtreprinderi care produce pentru stat sou pentru derularea unor servicii publice) imprest ~ de contributie la avaria comuna -(asig. mar.) general average deposit

  • 46 AVA-AVA '- de tmprumut maritim - advance on bottomry ~ din navlu - (mar.) freight advance ~ in contui marfurilor - advance against goods ~ in contui platii - account of payment ~ in numerar - cash advance avansa v.t. 1. (pe cinevd) to promote 2. (bani) to advance; to pay in advance, to make an advance payment v.i. (in junctie) to advance, to be promoted avantaj s.n. 1. advantage 2. pi. (acordate angajatilor in afara salariului) amenities ~ absolut - (detinut de o tara sail o regiune in raport cu altele datorita resurselor naturale, fortei de mimed etc., fapt care determina scdderea costurilor de productie) absolute advantage ~ comparativ (principiu care considerd cd o tara sail o regiune ar trebui sd se specializeze in productia si exportui acelor bunuri pentru care eficienta este relativ crescutd, in comparatie cu alte bunuri si servicii) comparative advantage ~ competitiv - (ideea conform cdreia punctele forte si slabe ale unei societdti se pot determina mimai prin comparatie cu concurenta) competitive advantage avantaj e si dezavantaje - assets and drawbacks avantaj os adj. advantageous, favourable; profitable, beneficial avaria v.t. to damage avariat adj. damaged ~ de conditii atmosferice nefavorabile - (despre mdrfuri) weather-beaten

    avarie s.f. 1. damage; (asig. mar.) average 2. (defectiune) breakdown, failure ~ (a marfii) prin contaminare - damage by contamination ~ accidentals - accidental damage ~ anticipata/probabila - anticipatory damage ~ ascunsa/neobservata - (asig. mar.} hidden damage ~ comuna - {asig. mar.') general/gross average ~ comuna in strainatate - (asig. mar.) foreign general average ~ comuna $i salvare - (asig. mar.) general average and salvage ~ de abordaj - (asig. mar.) collision damage ~ de euare - (asig. mar.) damage through grounding/stranding ~ de manipulare - damage by handling ~ evaluabila - assessable