61001

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177426

2

. 2552 15 . (Theory of probability) (Theory of Great Numbers)

2

3

1. 3 20 1 2 (.861-868)

3

(.869-882)

-

- (. 883-886) - (.

2.

3

887-888)

(. 889-897)

2.1 ... .. 2535 2.2 ... .. 2535 ...

3.

.. 2535

3

4

1. 3

1.1 1.2 ... . 868 1.3 1. 2. - - -

4

5

3. 2. 3 1.

. 60 2. . . 20 3. 861 5

. 60

20

6

3

1. 2. ( 64/2516) 861 (contingent loss) . 2513/2518 11 24 27 22 6

7

861 22 3. 1. .369 2. 20 20

7

8

3. . 5 . 162 . 865 4.

. 867

8

9

. 5133/2542 . . . 13.55 192/2524 ... . 867 . 867 3 867 2 9

10

1564 / 2525 867 2 . 31 2521 1 2521 867 2 31 2521 5. 10

11

... .. 2535 ... .. 2535 . 29 . 862 1. . 150

1106/2516 20 11

12

2. . 656/2521 . . . . . . . . ( ) . . . . . 862 . . 820 . ( 5/2527) 12

13

1968/2523 . . . . . . . 821 . . 3. . 374 2 . 375 . 375 . 1950 / 2543 . . 13

14

. 132 /2540 . . . . ... 862 . 374 . 1.

. 863 14

15

2 1. 2.

1.

. 869 2. - .

1461 - 1. 15

16

2. 6 .. ..

2.

. 1. 2. 3. 1.

. . . . . .16

17

. . .458 . . . . . 863 ( 5417/2537) 3054/2525 . 863

115/2521 .4728/2540 ... 863 . 4830/2537 17

18

... 863 ( 458) (Cost ,Insurance ,Freight) 2.

4 2705/2516 1788/2520 *

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19

3. . 1. 2. - - 1) 2) - 2

2

19

20

. 1437 - - 6 - .64/2516 ( ) ... 863 -

. 1629

100,000 100,000 (Keyman Insurance)

20

21 -

- - 3.

.

1. 2.

. 21

22

4.

. 863 . 406 . 853

22

23

.865

. 865

1. . 922/2542 . 23

24

(2.

1769/2521)

50,000

24

25

( 918/2519) ( 1422/2516) 1 2995/2517 15

10 . 4498/2542 25

26

... 865 . 6518/2545 . . . . . . . . . . . 1 26

27

- - - - - - - - - - 3. 3

27

28

4. .865

5. . 865 1. 1 2.

51

2 1

5852/2537

28

29

. 181 1 10 5.1 1 . 3 2544 3 2544 .

3 2544 2544 1 . 865

24

1247/2514 . . . 29

30

. 2 . 1 17

. 3682/2545

2538 8 2538 17 2538 865 5.2

. 176

30

31

- - . 892

. 865 . 865 . 866

865

. .

31

32

. ( 2447/2516 ) 584-585/2531 . 798 . 867 ... . 66 ... . 71 . 821

. 822

32

33

.865 . 798 . 821 . 822 . 771/2531 . . . . .

33

34

. . . (Principle of indemnity contract )

1. .231 2,3 34

35

2. .323 3. .. 2535 .43 ... . 867(4)

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36

4 1. 2. 3. 4.

.877 (1) (2) (3) .878

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37

3

1. 2 100.000 1.1

70.000 70.000 .877 100.000

150.000 1.2 Average Clause 500,000 300,000 250,000

300,000 x 250,000 = 150,000

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38

500,000 100,000 00,000 200,000 x 250,000 = 5

250,000 100,000

150,000

2. 3.

38

39

. 5743/2537 877 . 381/2524 700,000 562,508 700,000 . 870

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40

1. . . 2. . . 10 10 3. 40

41

4.

2 1. 870 x

2. 870 3

41

42

.871 .291 200,000 300,000 500,000 .293 .340

42

43

.874 .7 705 300,000

500,000 500,000 300,000 300,000 7.5

200,000

43

44

1.

2. .879 857/2534 1.

( 1006/2518) ( 1484/2523)

44

45

1 ( 1114/2512)

2.

1. .879 .879 1. . . .

45

46

879

4830/2537

5925/2538 . .

46

47

30 10 - -

-

2. .879 1. 2. .879 . 889 47

48

.890 .61

.895 (1) (2) 2

1. 1 48

49

( 667-668/2516) 1

1 1) .895 1 2) .936/2536 1 1 .895 (1) 2. .. .288,289

49

50

1,000,000 .290 .291 .294 - - - . 1606 (1) (Principle of subrogation) 2 1.

50

51

2. 2

2 . 880

. 226

51

52

. 880 2

1. 2. 227 1930/2538 226 880 438 . 880 1637/2530

52

53

987/2537 3888/2537

... 867 1227/2523 850-852 ( 1892/2538) . 4045/2548 . . . 53

54

850 . . . . . . . . . . . 6114/2540 420

54

55

880 -

880 448 . 6246/2540 880 226 1 448 5 2536 1 . 880 2 . . . 10,000 . 5,000 . 5,000 . . 55

56

5,000 . 8,000 . 5,000 3,000 . . 5,000 .

. 880 . 226,227 ... . 306 ( 943/2510) 1. 660/2529

... 880 2. . 213 , . 233 , . 237

56

57

1118/2498 2. . 896 ( ) . . 10,000 5,000

10,000 . 5,000

57

58

1. 2. - - -

- 3.

-

2

887

58

59

1. 5/2527 . 2 1 . 1 2 1 887 2343/2527

862

3 2 3 2 2 3 3