Advanced Writing Skills - basic writing skills ... political savvy, technical competency and ... Large Class Techniques

Embed Size (px)

Text of Advanced Writing Skills - basic writing skills ... political savvy, technical competency and ......

  • 3/26/2010

    1

    ElenaElenaPlantePlante,PhD,PhDTheUniversityofArizonaTheUniversityofArizona

    YesYes,parentsshouldhaveinsistedtheirchildrenread,parentsshouldhaveinsistedtheirchildrenreadratherthanplayvideogamesratherthanplayvideogames

    YesYes,highschoolsshouldhavepreparedstudents,highschoolsshouldhavepreparedstudentsbetter.better.YY th E li h l d t t d t f th E li h l d t t d t f YesYes,theEnglish101classdoesnotpreparestudentsfor,theEnglish101classdoesnotpreparestudentsforprofessionalwritingprofessionalwriting

    But they are your students now.But they are your students now.

    Advanced Writing SkillsAdvanced Writing Skills ExpertwritersExpertwriters

    aregoaldirectedaregoaldirected understandtheirtopicsunderstandtheirtopics considerhowparagraphsandsentencesadvancetheconsiderhowparagraphsandsentencesadvancethegoalgoalgoalgoal

    usecohesivedevisestotiesentencesandparagraphsusecohesivedevisestotiesentencesandparagraphstogethertogether

    awareofandanticipatereadersneedsawareofandanticipatereadersneeds attendmoretomeaningthanforminwritingattendmoretomeaningthanforminwriting makemorerevisionsthannonmakemorerevisionsthannonexpertwritersexpertwriters

    (Flowersandcolleagues,1980,1986)

  • 3/26/2010

    2

    Developing WritersDeveloping Writers OOftenften donotviewwritingasaproductdonotviewwritingasaproduct MMaybelieverevisionisaboutwordchoiceoraybelieverevisionisaboutwordchoiceorpunctuationpunctuation

    CCannotannot simultaneouslyincorporatefeedbackonsimultaneouslyincorporatefeedbackonmultipleelementsofwritingmultipleelementsofwritingmultipleelementsofwritingmultipleelementsofwriting

    RRevisionevision musttargetspecificskillsmusttargetspecificskills howtointroduceatopic&supportithowtointroduceatopic&supportit howtobuildanargumenthowtobuildanargument howtocheckforgrammarproblemshowtocheckforgrammarproblems whentolookatspelling/punctuationwhentolookatspelling/punctuation

    IndividualswithlimitedaccesstoqualitywritingIndividualswithlimitedaccesstoqualitywritinginstructioninstruction

    IndividualswithdiagnosedlanguageorlearningIndividualswithdiagnosedlanguageorlearningdi bilitidi bilitidisabilitiesdisabilities

    IndividualswithIndividualswithundiagnosedundiagnosed languageorlearninglanguageorlearningdisabilitiesdisabilities

    PoorcomprehensionofthematerialPoorcomprehensionofthematerial Macrostructureproblems

    Poorabilitytoorganizeinformation Poorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsfordifferentpurposes

    Poorabilitytoproduceadvancedgrammaticalforms. Weakvocabularyskills Spellingandpunctuationproblems

  • 3/26/2010

    3

    Poor Comprehension of the MaterialPoor Comprehension of the Material

    TherenaissancewasatimewhenpeopleTherenaissancewasatimewhenpeoplefeltmoreworthintheirbeings.Martinfeltmoreworthintheirbeings.MartinLutherwasnailedtoachurchdoorinLutherwasnailedtoachurchdoorinGermanyforsellingpapalindulgences.Germanyforsellingpapalindulgences.Germanyforsellingpapalindulgences.Germanyforsellingpapalindulgences.HediedahorribledeathbybeingHediedahorribledeathbybeingexcomunicatedexcomunicated withapapalbull.withapapalbull.DonatellowascalledthefatheroftheDonatellowascalledthefatheroftherenaisancerenaisance becauseofhisloveofthebecauseofhisloveofthefemalenude.femalenude.

    http://historyworld.org/essays.htm

    Why cant students write well?Why cant students write well?

    Poorcomprehensionofthematerial MacrostructureproblemsMacrostructureproblems

    PoorabilitytoorganizeinformationPoorabilitytoorganizeinformation PoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsforPoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsforPoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsforPoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsfordifferentpurposesdifferentpurposes

    Poorabilitytoproduceadvancedgrammaticalforms.

    Weakvocabularyskills Spellingandpunctuationproblems

    While While there are some areas of the there are some areas of the brain that work individually, under brain that work individually, under certain auditory conditions many certain auditory conditions many stimuli can be linked in a function stimuli can be linked in a function with each other depending on both with each other depending on both localization and lateralization. localization and lateralization. The The ability to hear can effect the location in ability to hear can effect the location in which the brain processes differentwhich the brain processes different

    ToomanyideasinfirstToomanyideasinfirstsentencemakesthissentencemakesthisdifficulttofollow.difficulttofollow. Idea1,Idea1,somebrainsomebrain

    regionsworkregionsworkindividuallyindividually

    idea2,idea2,sometimessometimeswhich the brain processes different which the brain processes different forms of speech. Phonetic and forms of speech. Phonetic and emotional tasks are relatively emotional tasks are relatively processed in the right hemisphere. The processed in the right hemisphere. The focus put on a certain ear will effect focus put on a certain ear will effect which auditory cortex is activated. Nonwhich auditory cortex is activated. Non--primary as well as primary regions can primary as well as primary regions can be activated depending on sound level. be activated depending on sound level. Different tones of speech, complex and Different tones of speech, complex and purepure activate both hemispheres of the activate both hemispheres of the brain.brain.

    auditorystimulationauditorystimulationevokeslinkedfunctionevokeslinkedfunction

    idea3,idea3,linkedfunctionslinkedfunctionsmaybedistinguishedbymaybedistinguishedbytheirlocalizationandtheirlocalizationandlateralizationpatternslateralizationpatterns..

    ParagraphdoesnotParagraphdoesnotestablishatopic/haveoneestablishatopic/haveonecoherentthemecoherenttheme

  • 3/26/2010

    4

    Why cant students write well?Why cant students write well?

    Poorcomprehensionofthematerial Macrostructureproblems

    Poorabilitytoorganizeinformation PoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsforPoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsfordifferentpurposes

    PoorabilitytoproduceadvancedPoorabilitytoproduceadvancedgrammaticalforms.grammaticalforms.

    Weakvocabularyskills Spellingandpunctuationproblems

    SocrateswasaSocrateswasafamousGreekfamousGreekteacherwhoteacherwho wentwentaroundgivingaroundgiving

    SimplesyntaxSimplesyntaxpredominatespredominates

    CasuallanguageCasuallanguageinappropriateforinappropriateforg gg g

    peopleadvice.peopleadvice. TheyTheykilledhim.killedhim. SocratesSocrateswaskilledbyanwaskilledbyanoverdoseofwedlockoverdoseofwedlock

    inappropriateforinappropriateforprofessionalwritingprofessionalwriting

    http://historyworld.org/essays.htm

    WongetalWongetal (1999)studiedwhen(1999)studiedwhen thethepeoplewiththeimplantheardsilenceitpeoplewiththeimplantheardsilenceitactivatedtherighttemporalactivatedtherighttemporalregionregion..S dS dl l i b thl l i b th SoundSoundlevelsareseeninbothlevelsareseeninbothhemisphereshemispheres whenresearchedbyHartetwhenresearchedbyHartetal(2002).al(2002).

    HeschlsHeschls gryrusgryrus hasmorehasmoreinvolvementinvolvement ininsoundsoundlevels.levels.

  • 3/26/2010

    5

    Why cant students write well?Why cant students write well?

    Poorcomprehensionofthematerial Macrostructureproblems

    Poorabilitytoorganizeinformation PoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsforPoorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsfordifferentpurposes

    Poorabilitytoproduceadvancedgrammaticalforms.

    WeakvocabularyskillsWeakvocabularyskills Spellingandpunctuationproblems

    SirFrancisDrakecircumcisedtheglobewithSirFrancisDrakecircumcisedtheglobewitha100footclipper.a100footclipper.

    ThegovernmentofEnglandwasalimitedThegovernmentofEnglandwasalimitedk Q Eli b th i i k Q Eli b th i i mockery.QueenElizabethwasavirginmockery.QueenElizabethwasavirgin

    queenandhertroopsshoutedhoorahwhenqueenandhertroopsshoutedhoorahwhensherevealedherselfinfrontofthem.sherevealedherselfinfrontofthem. SheShebeatuptheSpanisharmadillo.beatuptheSpanisharmadillo.

    http://historyworld.org/essays.htm

  • 3/26/2010

    6

    Why cant students write well?Why cant students write well? Poorcomprehensionofthematerial Macrostructureproblems

    Poorabilitytoorganizeinformation Poorabilitytousedifferentorganizationsfordifferentpurposesp p

    Poorabilitytoproduceadvancedgrammaticalforms.

    Weakvocabularyskills SpellingandpunctuationproblemsSpellingandpunctuationproblems

    HenrytheVIIIdidn'tlikewomansHenrytheVIIIdidn'tlikewomansheadsverymuch.headsverymuch.

    TheclimateoftheSarahissuchthatTheclimateoftheSarahissuchthattheinhabitantshavetoliveelsewheretheinhabitantshavetoliveelsewhereandcertainareasofthedessertareandcertainareasofthedessertarecultivatedbyirritation.cultivatedbyirritation.

    http://historyworld.org/essays.htm

    ConsidertheprimarygoalforwritingConsidertheprimarygoalforwritingassignmentsassignments

    Developadepartmentalwritingcurriculum Incorporatebestpracticesforwritinginstruction

  • 3/26/2010

    7

    DemonstrateknowledgeDemonstrateknowledge EssayexamsEssayexams UngradedEssaysUngradedEssays ClassgeneratedtestClassgeneratedtestquestionsquestions

    AcquirenewknowledgeAcquirenewknowledge

    ImprovewritingskillsImprovewritingskills

    TermpapersTermpapers ArticlereviewsArticlereviews ShortpapersShortpapers FeedbackFeedback RewritesRewrites

    What can be done?What can be done?

    Considertheprimarygoalforwritingassignments

    DevelopadepartmentalwritingcurriculumDevelopadepartmentalwritingcurriculumI b i f i i Incorporatebestpracticesforwritinginstruction

    Goal1:Hitthemhardwiththewritingstick.Goal1:Hitthemhardwiththewritingstick. FocustheirattentiononwritingskillsFocustheirattentiononwritingskills Conveytheprograms