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ke_ kp\ fpM R> A_ sL$gua S>$f `X$u iL$-A_ kamsp dmhhpdp kde cg h^y gpNu iL$,

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rhij dygpL$ps:$ L$s_ rhv$u (Adv$phpv$)

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gNcN 1950-51_u hps. rhp^pd hgc rhp_Nfdp lpV$gdp flu_

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hg, Ap eyhp_ AV$g Ar_g frsgpg bL$fu.Adv$phpv$[\s bL$fu Ny`_p Qfd_ A_ d_tS>NqX$fV$f. qfeg AV$V$ rbT_kdp Ar_g bL$fu_y_pd Aey _\u. Adv$phpv$ lpe, dybC lpe L$qv$lu lpe... qfeg AV$V$ X$hg`f L$ rbX$fp Ap^^pdp `kp L$dpep R>, `Z Apb$ _\u L$dpep.S>du_p_p kpQp-MpV$p kpv$pAp A_ p`V$}_u g-hQdp \su Npgdpg_p L$pfZ rbX$fp_ gpL$pbly dp_\u sp _\u, `Z Ar_g bL$fu AdpkyMv$ A`hpv$ R>.

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Agb, Ap CdS> fpspfps _\u QZpC.cfpkp_p Ap QZsf dpV$ A\pN `qfd L$ep R>Ar_gcpCA. hfp_ S>du_pdp kOj_p `pepMpv$u_ AdZ kdq_u Cdpfs MX$u L$fu R>. bL$fuNy`_y kpdpe ApS> Adv$phpv$\u ApNm h^u_lh hX$pv$fp, `yZ A_ R>L$ bNgyfy$ ky^u `lpey R>.

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frsgpgcpC kfL$pf_p bp^L$pdMpspdp CS>_flsp. kfL$pfu _pL$fu_p L$pfZ Ahpf_hpf bv$gu\su flsu AV$g DR>f `Z f_prNqf, L$plp`yf,dybC, kyfs, Np fp Ad OpV$OpV$_p `pZu `u_ \ep.p\rdL$\u L$pgS> ky^u_y rinZ kyfs, Adv$phpv$A_ dybCdp gu y. hL$i_dp Ar_gcpC r`sp_ukp\ L$V$i_ kpCV$ `f S>sp. Ad L$fsp L$fspAd_ fsu-rkdV$-dpV$u-fpX$p kp\ epf gNph\C Nep A_u Mbf _ `X$u!

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A r_Mpgksp\u huL$pf R>: "d_ L$pZ ZL$d r\efudp fk S> _lpsp `X$sp. d_ [V$L$gcZhpdp h^pf d Aphsu.' 1955dp rkrhgA[S>r_eqfN `|fy L$ep `R>u A khprgep MpshZpL$bpfu X$d_u L$_pg_y L$pd Qpgsy lsy epX$pep, `Z bly ey _l] AV$g `R>u dybCeyr_rk`g L$p`pfi_dp Sy>r_ef A[S>r_efsfuL$ X$pep.

- sp `R>u kfL$pfu _pL$fu R>pX$u_ rbT_k i$L$fhp_p rhQpf L$d Apep?

Ar_gcpC L$l R>: "d_ A[S>r_ef b_hp_ufZp r`sp `pk\u dmu, `Z rbT_kd_b_hp_u fZp dpfu dpspA S> Ap`u. lL$uL$sdpr`sp_u Ahpf_hpf \su bv$gu\u L$V$pmu_ A d_ldip L$lsu L$ sy L$pCL$ rbT_k S> L$fS>!'

hk Apa C[X$ep

"bL$fu Ny`'_u ApmM kdu "kpL$pf' rkfuT_p L$pgkdp vy$L$p_p hNf_u dp Apqakp S>b_phhp_p ApCqX$ep L$pfNs _uhX$p.

_hu `Y$uA `kp L$dphp_pArs dpl fpMu_ ^^p _L$fhp. rbT_kdp rhpk_ybly dlh R> AV$g S> hQ_Ap`p A `pmu bsphp...

sd S> f\, sd S> kpfr\...

fkv$ `ysL$_u hpsp[gL$: www.ftfoundation.com

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hk Apa C[X$ep

1959_p A kdeNpmp. AgN NyS>fpsfpe_u \p`_p \i A_ Adv$phpv$ A_y`pV$_Nf b_i Ahu hpspA f `L$X$y lsy.Adv$phpv$ `pV$_Nf b_ sp rbT_k dpV$_usL$p `yL$m h^i Ad rhQpfu_ 1 ApV$pbf,1959_p fpS> Ar_gcpCA dybCeyr_rk`prgV$u_u _pL$fu R>pX$u A_ Adv$phpv$dpbL$fu Ny _p `pep _pep. r`sp `pk\u bp_p_ufL$d_p $r`ep 15,000 gC_ 14,000 hpfMygu S>du_ Mfuv$u. S>du__u v$rnZ TrhekL$pgS> A_ Df Ad.. kpek L$pgS> Adb_ qv$ipA rhp_p ^pd lphp\u A L$ud_y _pd

op_Ly$S> fpey A_ hs gpV$ `pX$p.Al] Ar_gcpC r_Mpgksp\u `$spe

L$f R>: "d L$C kph i|edp\u kS>_ _\u L$eyL$ kph Nfubudp\u i$Aps _\u L$fu.rbT_k_u i$Apsdp dpfp r`spA d_

Apr\L$ dv$v$ L$fu lsu.'A S> fus, Ar_gcpC_p L$lhp dyS>b

i$Aps_p qv$hkpdp L$pgL$pspdp hksp Ad_pb_hu frkL$cpC ipl_pe kpfp dpfg k`pV$ lsp.A b_hu L$fsp rd S>hp h^y lsp...

bly ApR>p kam gpL$p Aphu L$b|gps L$fhp_ur_Mpgksp bsphu iL$ R>, `Z Ap L$b|gps_p A\A _\u L$ Ar_gcpC_u kamsp_u kS>_L$\p ApR>uqv$gQ` R>. AdZ epf rb[X$N L$V$i__p^^pdp T`gpey epf Adv$phpv$dp Ap rbT_kdpS> gpL$p lsp Adp\u dpV$p cpN_p kde_u \`pV$pMpC_ MphpC Nep R>, epf Ar_gcpC ApS>eAX$uMd R>.

Agb, Ny _u kamsp_u ApmM b_u kpL$pfrkfuT. gNcN 1990_u i$ApsdpAr_gcpCA kpL$pf-1 _pd L$pgk b_pey.vy$L$p_p rh_p as Apqak dpV$ L$pgk b_phhp_pMepg A S>dp_pdp bly _hp lsp. Ar_gcpC A_L$p`pfV$ L$pey_ sfuL$ ApmMph R>. kpL$pf_uAv$cys kamspA Ny`_ rs$p A`phu. A `R>usp kpL$pf-Vy$, \u, apf... Ad rkfuT Aphu. ApS>`Z Adv$phpv$_p rb[X$N L$V$i_ rbT_kdpkpL$pf bL$fu Ny`_u ApmM R>.

bL$fu Ny`_u Ahu S> bu ApmM R>u_v$_Nf V$pD_ri`. Ar_gcpC Ahp rbX$f R>,S> `lgp Nfub NplL$p_y rhQpf R> `R>u udsp_y.`psp_p X$pChf L$ V$pa_p `V$phpmp_ C_ Ad_ldip rhQpf Aphsp L$ Ap gpL$p_ Of_y Of epfdm? Nfubp e_u Ap khv$_p_p L$pfZ AdZAdv$phpv$_p hS>g`yf rhspfdp u_v$_Nf L$udd|L$u. Nfub-ded hN dpV$_p AL$-b bX$$d-qL$Q__p gV$ gNcN `X$sf qL$ds hep.35 Qpfkhpf_p _p_L$X$p dL$p_ b_phu_ `Zhep. hmu, lhp-Dk-`pZu_u kyrh^p spAd_u bu L$uddp lpe Ahu S>. NyZhpdpL$pC kdp^p_ _l]. Nl apC_pk Ap hN_gp_ Ap`u A_ `qfZpd A_L$ `qfhpf hdp_cfOf_y Of gC iep. _l]hs _ap fmu_Ar_gcpCA A_L$ Nfub `qfhpfp_p Apiuhpv$fmu gu^p!

Apde rbT_kdp _ap-_yL$kp__yAr_gcpC_y NrZs Sy>vy$ R>. 1971 `R>u_pkdeNpmp_u hps R>. Ad_u Z-Qpf L$ud Qpgylsu. A S> kde bpgpv$i kpd_p ey_p `qfZpdA\sdp ceL$f ayNphp Apep. fp-dV$uqfeg_pcph h^hp_p L$pfZ ilf_p b^p L$pV$pV$fp

D Z cpCdp Ar_gcpC kp\u dpV$p. b cpCdp\u aygcpC rbT_kdp Ad_u kp\ R>, epf`L$S>cpC L$p`X$_p rbT_kdp R>. v$f hj AL$ hpf Ar_gcpC ApMp `qfhpf_ kp\ gC_ epL$ afhp AQ|L$ e. Ad_ `psp_ rldpQg_p A Npdpdp ep huS>mu A_ dpbpCg _\u ep S>C_ flhp_u M|b CR>p R>.

D Ar_gcpC `ps S> L$pC R> A_p ei `_u lkpbl__ Ap` R>. A S>dp_pdp gp NeyAV$\egp lkpbl_ kp\ Ar_gcpCA dg_ L$fgp. Ar_gcpC rbT_kdp es lsp epfksp_p_p DR>fdp dpsp-r`sp b__u c|rdL$p Av$p L$f_pfp lkpbl_ Ar_gcpC_u i[s_pps b_u fp R>.

D Ar_gcpC_p d_dp hjp\u AL$ CR>p R> DQ AphL$ ^fphsp hN dpV$ Aep^yr_L$ kNhX$p ^fphsy qfV$pefdV$ lpd b_phhp_u. hpd _l], `Z b^u S> kNhX$p A_ klpeL$ V$pa kp\_yAphy qfV$pefdV$ lpd `ps b_phu iep _\u A_p Ad_ lSy> fS> R>.

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Ar_gcpC_y ANs ANs...

k`qfhpf... b_ `y s\p `yu `Z Ad_p L$pddp r_`yZ.

kplrkL$sp rhi kepb^fZpv$peu gMp hpQp...

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hk Apa C[X$epdyL$gudp Aphu Nep. b^pA dmu_ S> qL$ds dL$p_Ap`hp_y _$u L$ey lsy Adp h^pfp L$ep, `Z bL$fuNy NplL$p_ ANpD S> cph hQhp_y _$u L$ey lsyA S> cph dL$p_ hep. AdZ $r`ep huk gpM_uMpV$ kl_ L$fu, `Z Ar_gcpC L$l R>: "^^pdp_yL$kp_ dpV$e sepf flhy `X$. L$ped _ap S> \peAhy _\u.' _yL$kp_ \pe sp `Z A hQ__ hmNuflhp_p Ad_p rkps.

Ar_gcpC huL$pf R>: "lL$uL$sdp Ad__L$pfpdL$ `qfbmpA dv$v$ L$fu R>. Qpf bpSy> L$CL$MpVy$ \C fy lpe A_u hQ sd r_ed dpZpdprZL$sp\u L$pd L$fp sp gpL$p sdp