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English Project 2015 ALBANIA’S HISTORY DONE BY :#MesueseAurela

Albania's History

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Albania's HistoryAlbania has natural beauty in such abundance that you might wonder why it's taken 20 years for the country to take off as a tourist destination since the end of a particularly brutal strain of communism in 1991. So backward was Albania when it emerged blinking into the bright light of freedom that it needed two decades just to catch up with the rest of Eastern Europe. Now that it arguably has done so, Albania offers a remarkable array of unique attractions, not least due to this very isolation: ancient mountain behaviour codes, forgotten archaeological sites and villages where time seems to have stood still are all on the menu. With its stunning mountain scenery, a thriving capital in Tirana and beaches to rival any elsewhere in the Mediterranean, Albania has become the sleeper hit of the Balkans. But hurry here, as word is well and truly out.#MesueseAurela

Text of Albania's History

Page 1: Albania's History

English Project



DONE BY :#MesueseAurela

Page 2: Albania's History
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Albania is the Medieval Latin name of the country which is called Shqipëri by its people, from Medieval

Greek Ἀλβανία Albania, besides variantsAlbanitia or Arbanitia.

The name may be derived from the Illyrian tribe of the Albani recorded byPtolemy, the geographer and

astronomer from Alexandria who drafted a map in 150 AD that shows the city of Albanopolis (located northeast

of Durrës).

The name may have a continuation in the name of a medieval settlement called Albanon and Arbanon, although

it is not certain this was the same place. In his History written in 1079–1080, the Byzantine historian Michael

Attaliates was the first to refer to Albanoi as having taken part in a revolt against Constantinople in 1043 and to

the Arbanitai as subjects of the Duke of Dyrrachium. During the Middle Ages, the Albanians called their

country Arbër or Arbën and referred to themselves as Arbëresh orArbnesh.

As early as the 17th century the placename Shqipëria and the ethnic demonym Shqiptarë gradually

replaced Arbëria and Arbëresh. While the two terms are popularly interpreted as "Land of the Eagles" and

"Children of the Eagles", they derive from the adverb shqip, which means "understanding each other". Under

the Ottoman Empire Albania was referred to officially as Arnavutluk and its inhabitants

as Arnauts (TurkicArnavutlar). These terms remain the same officially and in common usage in the current

Republic of Turkey. The word is considered to be ametathesis from the word Arvanite, which was the Medieval

Greek name for the Albanians.

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Skanderbeg (1405–1468) – 15th-century Albanian lord; "Hero of Christianism"; initiated and organized the League of Lezhë, which proclaimed him Chief of the League of the Albanian people.

Isa Boletini (1864–1916) – Albanian nationalist figure and guerilla fighter; born in the village of Boletin near Mitroviça (now Kosovska Mitrovica), Ottoman Empire; freedom fighter in Kosovo and became a major figure of Albanian resistance against the Ottomans, Serbia and Montenegro.

Ismail Qemali (1844–1919) – leader of the Albanian national movement; founder of the modern Albanian state as its first head of state and government.

Luigj Gurakuqi (1879–1925) – writer and politician; important figure of the Albanian National Awakening; honoured with the People's Hero of Albania medal.

Fadil Berisha official photographer for Miss Universe,Miss USA and Rolex.

Angela Martini model and 6th at Miss Universe 2010.

Kledi Kadiu, dancer, actor, television personality, and author.

John Belushi (1949–1982) – American actor of Albanian origin.

Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, known as Mother Teresa (1910–1997)[1][2] – Nobel Peace Prize winner and beatified nun.

Rita Ora (born 1990) – British singer-songwriter and actress; in 2012, released her debut album, Ora which debuted at number one in the United Kingdom; of Albanian parents from Kosovo.

Inva Mula (born 1963) – opera lyric soprano and actress.

Lorik Cana (1983)- football player

Adnan Januzaj (born 1995)-football player

Muhammad Ali Pasha is regarded as the founder of modern Egypt because of the dramatic reforms in the military, economic and cultural spheres that he instituted. He also ruled Levantine territories outside Egypt. The dynasty that he established would rule Egypt and Sudan until theEgyptian Revolution of 1952 led by Muhammad Naguib.

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HOW DID OUR HISTORY CHANGED? Albania is a small country, but it hasn’t been like this always. A long time ago Albania has been the biggest country in Balkan. We have been the first people who populated Balkan. But after all the wars we have passed we became what we are now.

Our history has had lot ups and downs but mostly downs. We have passed a lot of invasions but we survived. We have been a neutral and peaceful country and we never ever have tried to invade. Wars always have followed our country.

After the World War II we became a communist country. That was a big fail for our country. We were isolated by the other part of the world and we didn’t make forward like the other West European countries. Instead we followed the example of the East European countries which just like us were communist. Fortunately in ‘90s even in Albania began the democratic movements. The government had no choice so Albania turned on multiparty country.

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ALBANIAN TRADITIONS Albania has an incredibly hospitable culture and its own particular traditions of courtesy. They are very closely related to the notion of hospitality. Many Albanian traditions of hospitality come from The Kanun, or "The Code", a 15th-century text written by the Dukagjin, although many of the laws written in the code date from earlier times. As written in The Kanun, the guest will be shown the highest respect by being offered a seat at the head of the table. The guest is then regaled with the best the family has to offer, usually taking the form of homemade raki, traditional liquor.

It is an Albanian tradition to shake hands when meeting one another, and in many cases, they kiss

each other on the cheeks, generally four times. One of the most common gesticulation confusions

arises from the fact that Albanians nod their heads up and down to mean "no", and shake their heads

left to right to indicate "yes". Another specific Albanian gesture that may be confusing to foreigners is

when the palm is placed in the chest, it expresses thanks. Albanians are friendly and very open

towards foreigners that visit their country. If you are lucky enough to be invited to visit an Albanian's

home, you will be treated as royalty.

Traditional Albanian clothing

Includes more than 200 different kind of clothing in all Albania and Albanian inhabited lands. This is

due to the division the Albanian principalities in the Middle Ages. To this day, some conservative old

men and women mainly from the North wear traditional clothing in their daily lives. Instead, older

women from the South usually wear all black outfits. Almost every region in Albania has its own

traditional dress with women clothing being particularly colorful and rich in detail. Albanian food

The cuisine of Albania is influenced by Turkish, Greek, and Italian cooking. Albanian cuisine is

characterized by the use of Mediterranean herbs such as oregano, black pepper, mint, basil, rosemary

and more in cooking meat and fish. Olive oil and butter are a main ingredient in dishes. Vegetables are

used in almost every dish. Usually, Albanian farmers grow every vegetable present in the

Mediterranean region and sell them at the local farmers' market. Vegetables are bought fresh at the

farmers' market early in the morning, which is open every day. The main meal of the Albanians is

lunch, which usually consists of gjellë, the main dish of slowly cooked meat, and a salad of fresh

vegetables, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, green peppers, and olives. The salad is dressed with olive oil,

vinegar, and salt.

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ALBANIA TODAY Albanians have made a lot of progress. After the communist system we have developed our country a lot. We have 24/7 electrical energy & water, we have internet and computer in our homes; most of Albanians have cars so we don’t have why to complain. We have all these goods. Of course we can improve a lot but why to complain. We should work hard to be the country we want to be, we should not complain.

In these 24 years of democracy we have made progress even though we have a lot of work to do to be a good country, a country just like the others. In these 24 years we have signed the stabilization and association agreement, we are part of NATO, Albanians can travel around the Schengen zone without visas and this June we are expecting a yes from the European Union so we can be part of EU. People’s lifes are much better than they were 24 years ago. Of course we have a lot of things to fix but we shouldn’t deny what we have right now. We should be grateful for the things we have.

Tirana at night.

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SUMMARY Albania is the Medieval Latin name of the country which is called Shqipëriby its people. The name may have a continuation in the name of a medieval settlement called Albanon and Arbanon, although it is not certain this was the same place.

Albania is a country which has a lot of great people well known all around the world. Some of them are heroes of this country, musicians , actors & actresses , supermodels , football players , etc. Some of them are Mother Teresa , Skanderbeg , Angela Martini , Inva Mula ,Lorik Cana, Muhammad Ali Pasha , Ismail Qemali etc.

Albania has passed a lot of wars and invations so we got smaller than we were. After the World War II Albania became a communist country.We got isolated so we didn’t move forward to progress. We were left behind just like the other communist countries and finally in ‘90s the communist system fell down. We finally became a democratic country.

After 24 years of democracy we have made a big progress. We are part of Nato , we can travel in the Schengen zone without visas and this June we may be part of EU.

Albanians have a lot of traditions. We are known for our hospitality. We are an ancient nation with a lot of values. We have unique traditionals clothes. Our cuisine is simmilar with Greek & Italian cuisine. We use a lot mediterranean vegetables and herbs .