Bao Cao KT-XH 3 Nam WTO

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    BKHOCH V U T

    BO CO

    TC NG CA HI NHP KINH TQUC TI VI NN KINH TSAU BA NM

    VIT NAM GIA NHP WTO

    H Ni

    Thng 5 nm 2010

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    Mc lc

    LI MU .................................................................................................................1

    Tin trnh hi nhp kinh tquc tca Vit Nam ......................................................1Tnh hnh Vit Nam thc hin cc cam kt WTO.......................................................3

    Tnh hnh cc nc thc hin cc cam kt i vi Vit Nam.....................................8

    Bi cnh kinh tthgii v phn ng chnh sch ca Vit Nam ...............................9

    Cc knh tc ng chyu..........................................................................................1

    Hi nhp kinh tquc t..........................................................................................1

    Khng hong ti chnh thgii ...............................................................................6

    Phn ng chnh sch ca Chnh ph.......................................................................6Mc tiu, kt cu v phm vi ca Bo co..................................................................7

    PHN THNHT..........................................................................................................8

    NH GI TC NG CA HI NHP KINH TQUC T ...............................8

    1. TNG TRNG KINH T .......................................................................................8

    1.1. nh gi chung.....................................................................................................8

    1.2. Tc ng ti cc ngnh.......................................................................................10

    1.2.1. Tlbo hthc t.....................................................................................101.2.2. Nng-lm nghip, thy sn..........................................................................11

    1.2.3. Cng nghip xy dng..............................................................................15

    1.2.4. Dch v.........................................................................................................17

    1.3. Tc ng ti cc yu tbn tiu dng ca GDP ................................................18

    1.4. Cc khu vc kinh ttheo hnh thc shu........................................................20

    2. XUT NHP KHU HNG HA .........................................................................22

    2.1. Xut khu............................................................................................................222.1.1.nh gi chung ...........................................................................................22

    2.1.2. Xut khu theo mt hng.............................................................................22

    2.1.3. Xut khu theo thtrng............................................................................24

    2.1.4. Nhng hn chca xut khu.....................................................................27

    2.1.5. Cc vkin phng vthng mi...............................................................30

    2.2. Nhp khu...........................................................................................................30

    3. U T....................................................................................................................33

    3.1. nh gi chung...................................................................................................33

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    ii

    3.2. u ttheo ngnh ..............................................................................................34

    3.3. u ttheo thnh phn kinh t...........................................................................37

    3.3.1.u tca nh nc...................................................................................39

    3.3.2.u tca dn cv tnhn.....................................................................413.3.3.u ttrc tip nc ngoi ........................................................................42

    4. TC NG N N NH KINH TVM......................................................49

    4.1. Lm pht.............................................................................................................49

    4.2. Tgi..................................................................................................................51

    4.3. Cn cn thanh ton .............................................................................................53

    4.4. Hthng v thtrng ti chnh.........................................................................58

    4.4.1. Hthng NHTM..........................................................................................59

    4.4.2. Thtrng chng khon ..............................................................................61

    4.5. Ngn sch nh nc (NSNN).............................................................................64

    4.6. Cc thnh tu v vn ni bt trong cng tc n nh kinh tvm..............67

    4.6.1. Thnh tu.....................................................................................................67

    4.6.2. Cc vn tn ti........................................................................................68

    5. TC NG X HI................................................................................................70

    5.1. Lao ng, vic lm .............................................................................................70

    5.1.1. Lc lng lao ng .....................................................................................70

    5.1.2. Vic lm.......................................................................................................72

    5.2. Tin lng v thu nhp.......................................................................................74

    5.2.1. Xu hng tin lng v thu nhp................................................................74

    5.3. Tht nghip .........................................................................................................76

    5.3.1. Qui m v thnh phn ngi btht nghip................................................76

    5.3.2. Tltht nghip ..........................................................................................78

    5.4. Ngho i v dbtn thng...........................................................................78

    5.4.1. Xu hng gim ngho..................................................................................78

    5.4.2. Tnh trng dbtn thng.........................................................................79

    5.5. Quan hlao ng................................................................................................80

    5.6. Cc khun khphp lut mi vtiu chun lao ng .......................................81

    5.6.1. Scn thit phi tun thcc tiu chun quc t.......................................81

    5.6.2. Cc "khun khcng cng"........................................................................82

    5.6.3. Cc "khun khtnhn" ............................................................................83

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    iii

    6. TC NG I VI THCHKINH T............................................................85

    6.1. Hon thin khung php l...................................................................................85

    6.1.1. Tc ng tch cc........................................................................................85

    6.1.2. Kim sot ca Chnh phi vi vic phn bngun lc v gi c ..........916.1.3. Vn tn ng...........................................................................................91

    6.2. Bmy thc thi chnh sch ................................................................................94

    6.2.1. Tc ng tch cc........................................................................................94

    6.2.2. Vn tn ng...........................................................................................95

    6.3. Cchthc thi php lut....................................................................................97

    6.3.1. Tc ng tch cc........................................................................................97

    6.3.2. Cc vn tn ng....................................................................................98

    PHN THHAI............................................................................................................99

    NH GI KHI QUT V MT SKIN NGH ................................................99

    nh gi khi qut.....................................................................................................99

    Mt skin ngh ......................................................................................................106

    Nhm chnh sch kinh t......................................................................................106

    Nhm chnh sch ngnh v doanh nghip...........................................................107

    Nhm chnh sch x hi ......................................................................................108

    Nhm chnh sch vthch................................................................................109

    Nhm chnh sch khc.........................................................................................110

    TI LIU THAM KHO...........................................................................................111

    PHLC 1: R SOT VIC THC HIN CC CAM KT GIA NHP WTO IVI HNG HA........................................................................................................114

    PHLC 2: R SOT V