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BIAYA PRODUKSI

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PENGANTAR EKONOMI MIKRO. BIAYA PRODUKSI. Seluruh beban keuangan yang dikeluarkan oleh produsen untuk memproduksi suatu barang atau jasa. BIAYA PRODUKSI. EXPLICIT COST. BIAYA. IMPLICIT COST. EXPLICIT COST adalah biaya yang mengharuskan perusahaan mengeluarkan uangnya. CONTOH. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of BIAYA PRODUKSI

  • Seluruh beban keuangan yang dikeluarkan oleh produsen untuk memproduksi suatu barang atau jasa

  • BIAYAEXPLICIT COSTIMPLICIT COST

  • EXPLICIT COST adalah biaya yang mengharuskan perusahaan mengeluarkan uangnyaCONTOH

  • IMPLICIT COST adalah biaya yang tidak mengharuskan suatu perusahaan mengeluarkan uangnya.CONTOH

  • CONTOH EXPLICIT COST :

    Pembelian peralatan Beban Gaji Pembelian Bahan Baku Beban Listrik dan Telepon

    KEMBALI

  • CONTOH IMPLICIT COST: Beban Perlengkapan Beban Penyusutan Peralatan DllKEMBALI

  • MACAM-MACAM BIAYA PRODUKSI:FIXED COST (TFC)VARIABLE COST (TVC)TOTAL COST (TC) AVERAGE FIXED COST (AFC)AVERAGE VARIABLE COST (AVC)AVERAGE COST (AC)MARGINAL COST (MC)

    KURVA

  • TOTAL FIXED COST atau Biaya Tetap adalah biaya yang besarnya tidak tergantung jumlah produksi.CONTOHTABEL

  • TOTAL VARIABLE COST (TVC) atau Biaya Tidak Tetap adalah biaya yang besarnya tergantung jumlah produksi.CONTOHTABEL

  • TOTAL COST (TC) atau Biaya Keseluruhan adalah seluruh biaya yang dikeluarkan untuk memproduksi sejumlah. Besarnya Total Cost didapat dari:

    TC = FC + VCTABEL

  • AVERAGE FIXED COST (AFC) atau Biaya Tetap Rata-rata adalah Biaya tetap untuk setiap unit barang yang di poduksi. Besarnya AFC di dapat dari:

    AFC = FC Q TABEL

  • AVERAGE VARIABLE COST (AVC) atau Biaya Tidak Tetap Rata-rata adalah Biaya tidak tetap untuk setiap unit barang yang di poduksi. Besarnya AVC dapat dicari dengan:

    AVC = VC Q TABEL

  • AVERAGE COST (AC) atau Biaya Rata-rata adalah Biaya yang dikeluarkan untuk setiap unit barang yang di produksi. Besarnya AC dapat dicari dengan:

    AC = TC atau AC = AFC +AVC Q

    TABEL

  • MARGINAL COST (MC) atau Biaya Marginal adalah Pertambahan biaya yang dikeluarkan yang disebabkan pertambahan unit barang yang di poduksi. Besarnya MC dapat dicari dengan:

    MC = TC atau MC = TC Q

    TABEL

  • CONTOH TFC:BEBAN PENYUSUTANGAJI DIREKTURSEWA GEDUNGBEBAN ASURANSIDLLKEMBALI

  • CONTOH TVC:BAHAN BAKUUPAH TENAGA KERJADLLKEMBALI

  • KURVA

    QTFC0 200 1 200 2 200 3 200 4 200 5 200 6 200 7 200 8 200 9 200 10 200

  • Q0200CTFC510KEMBALI

  • TABEL

    QTFCTVC0 200 01 200 30 2 200 80 3 200 150 4 200 250 5 200 350 6 200 460 7 200 600 8 200 800 9 200 1,010 10 200 1,250

  • KEMBALI

    Chart1

    2000

    20030

    20080

    200150

    200250

    200350

    200460

    200600

    200800

    2001010

    2001250

    TFC

    TVC

    FC, VC,TC

    QTFCQTFCTVCQTFCTVCTC

    0$2000$20000$2000$200

    1$2001$200$301$200$30$230

    2$2002$200$802$200$80$280

    3$2003$200$1503$200$150$350

    4$2004$200$2504$200$250$450

    5$2005$200$3505$200$350$550

    6$2006$200$4606$200$460$660

    7$2007$200$6007$200$600$800

    8$2008$200$8008$200$800$1,000

    9$2009$200$1,0109$200$1,010$1,210

    10$20010$200$1,25010$200$1,250$1,450

    FC, VC,TC

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    AFC,AVC,

    QTFCTVCTCAFCQTFCTVCTCAFCAVC

    0$2000$200-0$2000$200--

    1$200$30$230$2001$200$30$230$200$30

    2$200$80$280$1002$200$80$280$100$40

    3$200$150$350$673$200$150$350$67$50

    4$200$250$450$504$200$250$450$50$63

    5$200$350$550$405$200$350$550$40$70

    6$200$460$660$336$200$460$660$33$77

    7$200$600$800$297$200$600$800$29$86

    8$200$800$1,000$258$200$800$1,000$25$100

    9$200$1,010$1,210$229$200$1,010$1,210$22$112

    10$200$1,250$1,450$2010$200$1,250$1,450$20$125

    AC, MC

    QTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACQTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2000$2000.00.00.00$2000$200----

    1$200$30$230$200$30$2301$200$30$230$200$30$230$30

    2$200$80$280$100$40$1402$200$80$280$100$40$140$50

    3$200$150$350$67$50$1173$200$150$350$67$50$117$70

    4$200$250$450$50$63$1134$200$250$450$50$63$113$100

    5$200$350$550$40$70$1105$200$350$550$40$70$110$100

    6$200$460$660$33$77$1106$200$460$660$33$77$110$110

    7$200$600$800$29$86$1147$200$600$800$29$86$114$140

    8$200$800$1,000$25$100$1258$200$800$1,000$25$100$125$200

    9$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$1349$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$134$210

    10$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$14510$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$145$240

    Sheet3

    QFCVCTCAFCAVCACMCQFCVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2,0000$2,000----0$2,0000$2,000----

    1$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$301$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$30

    2$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$502$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$50

    3$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$703$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$70

    4$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$1004$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$100

    5$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$1005$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$100

    6$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$1106$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$110

    7$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$1407$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$140

    8$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$2008$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$200

    9$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$2109$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$210

    10$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$24010$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$240

  • KURVA

    QTFCTVCTC0 200 0 200 1 200 30 230 2 200 80 280 3 200 150 350 4 200 250 450 5 200 350 550 6 200 460 660 7 200 600 800 8 200 800 1,000 9 200 1,010 1,210 10 200 1,250 1,450

  • KEMBALI

    Chart1

    2000200

    20030230

    20080280

    200150350

    200250450

    200350550

    200460660

    200600800

    2008001000

    20010101210

    20012501450

    TFC

    TVC

    TC

    FC, VC,TC

    QTFCQTFCTVCQTFCTVCTC

    0$2000$20000$2000$200

    1$2001$200$301$200$30$230

    2$2002$200$802$200$80$280

    3$2003$200$1503$200$150$350

    4$2004$200$2504$200$250$450

    5$2005$200$3505$200$350$550

    6$2006$200$4606$200$460$660

    7$2007$200$6007$200$600$800

    8$2008$200$8008$200$800$1,000

    9$2009$200$1,0109$200$1,010$1,210

    10$20010$200$1,25010$200$1,250$1,450

    FC, VC,TC

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    AFC,AVC,

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    TC

    AC, MC

    QTFCTVCTCAFCQTFCTVCTCAFCAVC

    0$2000$200-0$2000$200--

    1$200$30$230$2001$200$30$230$200$30

    2$200$80$280$1002$200$80$280$100$40

    3$200$150$350$673$200$150$350$67$50

    4$200$250$450$504$200$250$450$50$63

    5$200$350$550$405$200$350$550$40$70

    6$200$460$660$336$200$460$660$33$77

    7$200$600$800$297$200$600$800$29$86

    8$200$800$1,000$258$200$800$1,000$25$100

    9$200$1,010$1,210$229$200$1,010$1,210$22$112

    10$200$1,250$1,450$2010$200$1,250$1,450$20$125

    Sheet3

    QTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACQTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2000$2000.00.00.00$2000$200----

    1$200$30$230$200$30$2301$200$30$230$200$30$230$30

    2$200$80$280$100$40$1402$200$80$280$100$40$140$50

    3$200$150$350$67$50$1173$200$150$350$67$50$117$70

    4$200$250$450$50$63$1134$200$250$450$50$63$113$100

    5$200$350$550$40$70$1105$200$350$550$40$70$110$100

    6$200$460$660$33$77$1106$200$460$660$33$77$110$110

    7$200$600$800$29$86$1147$200$600$800$29$86$114$140

    8$200$800$1,000$25$100$1258$200$800$1,000$25$100$125$200

    9$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$1349$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$134$210

    10$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$14510$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$145$240

    QFCVCTCAFCAVCACMCQFCVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2,0000$2,000----0$2,0000$2,000----

    1$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$301$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$30

    2$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$502$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$50

    3$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$703$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$70

    4$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$1004$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$100

    5$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$1005$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$100

    6$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$1106$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$110

    7$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$1407$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$140

    8$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$2008$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$200

    9$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$2109$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$210

    10$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$24010$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$240

  • KURVA

    QTFCAFC0 200 - 1 200 200 2 200 100 3 200 67 4 200 50 5 200 40 6 200 33 7 200 29 8 200 25 9 200 22 10 200 20

  • 200C0QTFCAFCKEMBALI

  • KURVA

    QTVCAVC00 - 1 30 30 2 80 40 3 150 50 4 250 63 5 350 70 6 460 77 7 600 86 8 800 100 9 1,010 112 10 1,250 125

  • KEMBALI

    Chart1

    3030

    8040

    15050

    25062.5

    35070

    46076.6666666667

    60085.7142857143

    800100

    1010112.2222222222

    1250125

    TVC 0

    AVC -

    FC, VC,TC

    QTFCQTFCTVCQTFCTVCTC

    0$2000$20000$2000$200

    1$2001$200$301$200$30$230

    2$2002$200$802$200$80$280

    3$2003$200$1503$200$150$350

    4$2004$200$2504$200$250$450

    5$2005$200$3505$200$350$550

    6$2006$200$4606$200$460$660

    7$2007$200$6007$200$600$800

    8$2008$200$8008$200$800$1,000

    9$2009$200$1,0109$200$1,010$1,210

    10$20010$200$1,25010$200$1,250$1,450

    FC, VC,TC

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    AFC,AVC,

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    TC

    AC, MC

    QTFCAFCQTVCAVC

    0$200-00-

    1$200$2001$30$30

    2$200$1002$80$40

    3$200$673$150$50

    4$200$504$250$63

    5$200$405$350$70

    6$200$336$460$77

    7$200$297$600$86

    8$200$258$800$100

    9$200$229$1,010$112

    10$200$2010$1,250$125

    AC, MC

    Q 0

    TFC 200

    AFC -

    Sheet3

    Q 0

    TVC 0

    AVC -

    QTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACQTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2000$2000.00.00.00$2000$200----

    1$200$30$230$200$30$2301$200$30$230$200$30$230$30

    2$200$80$280$100$40$1402$200$80$280$100$40$140$50

    3$200$150$350$67$50$1173$200$150$350$67$50$117$70

    4$200$250$450$50$63$1134$200$250$450$50$63$113$100

    5$200$350$550$40$70$1105$200$350$550$40$70$110$100

    6$200$460$660$33$77$1106$200$460$660$33$77$110$110

    7$200$600$800$29$86$1147$200$600$800$29$86$114$140

    8$200$800$1,000$25$100$1258$200$800$1,000$25$100$125$200

    9$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$1349$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$134$210

    10$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$14510$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$145$240

    QFCVCTCAFCAVCACMCQFCVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2,0000$2,000----0$2,0000$2,000----

    1$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$301$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$30

    2$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$502$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$50

    3$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$703$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$70

    4$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$1004$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$100

    5$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$1005$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$100

    6$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$1106$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$110

    7$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$1407$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$140

    8$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$2008$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$200

    9$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$2109$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$210

    10$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$24010$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$240

  • KURVA

    QTCAC0 200 - 1 230 230 2 280 140 3 350 117 4 450 113 5 550 110 6 660 110 7 800 114 8 1,000 125 9 1,210 134 10 1,450 145

  • KEMBALI

    Chart1

    2000

    230230

    280140

    350116.6666666667

    450112.5

    550110

    660110

    800114.2857142857

    1000125

    1210134.4444444444

    1450145

    TC

    AC

    FC, VC,TC

    QTFCQTFCTVCQTFCTVCTC

    0$2000$20000$2000$200

    1$2001$200$301$200$30$230

    2$2002$200$802$200$80$280

    3$2003$200$1503$200$150$350

    4$2004$200$2504$200$250$450

    5$2005$200$3505$200$350$550

    6$2006$200$4606$200$460$660

    7$2007$200$6007$200$600$800

    8$2008$200$8008$200$800$1,000

    9$2009$200$1,0109$200$1,010$1,210

    10$20010$200$1,25010$200$1,250$1,450

    FC, VC,TC

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    AFC,AVC,

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    TC

    AC, MC

    QTFCAFCQTVCAVC

    0$200-00-

    1$200$2001$30$30

    2$200$1002$80$40

    3$200$673$150$50

    4$200$504$250$63

    5$200$405$350$70

    6$200$336$460$77

    7$200$297$600$86

    8$200$258$800$100

    9$200$229$1,010$112

    10$200$2010$1,250$125

    AC, MC

    Q 0

    TFC 200

    AFC -

    Sheet3

    Q 0

    TVC 0

    AVC -

    QTCACQTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2000.00$2000$200----

    1$230$2301$200$30$230$200$30$230$30

    2$280$1402$200$80$280$100$40$140$50

    3$350$1173$200$150$350$67$50$117$70

    4$450$1134$200$250$450$50$63$113$100

    5$550$1105$200$350$550$40$70$110$100

    6$660$1106$200$460$660$33$77$110$110

    7$800$1147$200$600$800$29$86$114$140

    8$1,000$1258$200$800$1,000$25$100$125$200

    9$1,210$1349$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$134$210

    10$1,450$14510$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$145$240

    TFCTVCTC

    $2000$200

    $200$30$230

    $200$80$280

    $200$150$350

    $200$250$450

    $200$350$550

    $200$460$660

    $200$600$800

    $200$800$1,000

    $200$1,010$1,210

    $200$1,250$1,450

    Q

    TC

    AC

    QFCVCTCAFCAVCACMCQFCVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2,0000$2,000----0$2,0000$2,000----

    1$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$301$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$30

    2$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$502$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$50

    3$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$703$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$70

    4$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$1004$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$100

    5$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$1005$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$100

    6$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$1106$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$110

    7$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$1407$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$140

    8$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$2008$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$200

    9$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$2109$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$210

    10$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$24010$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$240

  • KURVA

    QTCMC0 200 - 1 230 30 2 280 50 3 350 70 4 450 100 5 550 100 6 660 110 7 800 140 8 1,000 200 9 1,210 210 10 1,450 240

  • KEMBALI

    Chart1

    23030

    28050

    35070

    450100

    550100

    660110

    800140

    1000200

    1210210

    1450240

    TC 200

    MC -

    FC, VC,TC

    QTFCQTFCTVCQTFCTVCTC

    0$2000$20000$2000$200

    1$2001$200$301$200$30$230

    2$2002$200$802$200$80$280

    3$2003$200$1503$200$150$350

    4$2004$200$2504$200$250$450

    5$2005$200$3505$200$350$550

    6$2006$200$4606$200$460$660

    7$2007$200$6007$200$600$800

    8$2008$200$8008$200$800$1,000

    9$2009$200$1,0109$200$1,010$1,210

    10$20010$200$1,25010$200$1,250$1,450

    FC, VC,TC

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    AFC,AVC,

    Q

    TFC

    TVC

    TC

    AC, MC

    QTFCAFCQTVCAVC

    0$200-00-

    1$200$2001$30$30

    2$200$1002$80$40

    3$200$673$150$50

    4$200$504$250$63

    5$200$405$350$70

    6$200$336$460$77

    7$200$297$600$86

    8$200$258$800$100

    9$200$229$1,010$112

    10$200$2010$1,250$125

    AC, MC

    Q 0

    TFC 200

    AFC -

    Sheet3

    Q 0

    TVC 0

    AVC -

    QTCACQTCMC

    0$2000.00$200-

    1$230$2301$230$30

    2$280$1402$280$50

    3$350$1173$350$70

    4$450$1134$450$100

    5$550$1105$550$100

    6$660$1106$660$110

    7$800$1147$800$140

    8$1,000$1258$1,000$200

    9$1,210$1349$1,210$210

    10$1,450$14510$1,450$240

    QTFCTVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2000$200----

    1$200$30$230$200$30$230$30MC

    2$200$80$280$100$40$140$50-

    3$200$150$350$67$50$117$70$0

    4$200$250$450$50$63$113$100$0

    5$200$350$550$40$70$110$100$0

    6$200$460$660$33$77$110$110$0

    7$200$600$800$29$86$114$140$0

    8$200$800$1,000$25$100$125$200$0

    9$200$1,010$1,210$22$112$134$210$0

    10$200$1,250$1,450$20$125$145$240$0

    $0

    0.0

    Q 0

    TC 200

    MC -

    QFCVCTCAFCAVCACMCQFCVCTCAFCAVCACMC

    0$2,0000$2,000----0$2,0000$2,000----

    1$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$301$2,000$30$2,030$2,000$30$2,030$30

    2$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$502$2,000$80$2,080$1,000$40$1,040$50

    3$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$703$2,000$150$2,150$667$50$717$70

    4$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$1004$2,000$250$2,250$500$63$563$100

    5$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$1005$2,000$350$2,350$400$70$470$100

    6$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$1106$2,000$460$2,460$333$77$410$110

    7$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$1407$2,000$600$2,600$286$86$371$140

    8$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$2008$2,000$800$2,800$250$100$350$200

    9$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$2109$2,000$1,010$3,010$222$112$334$210

    10$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$24010$2,000$1,250$3,250$200$125$325$240

  • FCVCAVCACAFCTCMCCQ0