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Chapter Five 10 4 The Mission Begins II The Hidden Years I Infancy Narratives III Beginnings of Public Life IV Preacher / Teacher

Chapter Five 104 The Mission Begins II The Hidden Years I Infancy Narratives III Beginnings of Public Life IV Preacher / Teacher

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Chapter Five 104 The Mission Begins II The Hidden Years I Infancy Narratives III Beginnings of Public Life IV Preacher / Teacher Slide 2 Infancy Stories (Infancy Narratives) A. Introduction C. Matthew D. Luke B. Gospel of John Slide 3 1. Explanation Cause and effect Evidence - data Surface - Latin planus = flat How?Answers How? A. Introduction Slide 4 Meaning 2. Meaning Beneath the surface Mystery Intuition - not logic Deals with the deepest Why A. Introduction Slide 5 3. The gospels are faith literature explanation a) Not so much concerned with explanation meaning. as with meaning. why? b) Not so much the how? as the why? A. Introduction Slide 6 4. Approaching the infancy stories we should ask: mean? a) What do these things mean? point b) What point is the gospel writer trying to make? about Jesus c) What can we understand about Jesus from this? Slide 7 39 The Four Gospels Matt. 65-70 C.E 90ish C.E 80s C.E John 95ish C.E. 70 C.E. 80 C.E. Luke 90 C.E. 100 C.E. Mark infancy narratives Slide 8 39 Matthew Luke infancy narratives Slide 9 I Infancy Stories A. Introduction C. Matthew D. Luke B. Gospel of John Slide 10 B. The Gospel of John 106 Speaks of the origins of Jesus in a complex, poetic, highly philosophical prelude: the prologue In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God... He was in the world, and the world came to be through him, but the world did not know him. He came to what was his own, but his own people did not accept him And the Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us, and we saw his glory, the glory as of the Father's only Son, full of grace and truth. (Jn 1:1, 10-14) Slide 11 The Gospel of John 106 The last gospel written starting pointJesus as Son of God is the starting point for John. the WordSpeaks of Jesus as the Word that reveals, communicates to us the reality of God origins of Jesus before the beginning of timeExplores the origins of Jesus in the heart of God before the beginning of time. Result of many years of reflection Slide 12 I Infancy Stories A. Introduction C. Matthew D. Luke B. Gospel of John Slide 13 C. The Gospel of Matthew 107 Starts with Jesus genealogy (family tree) return of holy family to Nazareth in Galilee the flight into Egypt Magi: Visit of the Magi: the star, the three gifts Mary and Joseph, Jesus birth (1:18-25) slaughter of innocents 1. Outline Slide 14 Matthews themes shown in his infancy stories 2. Matthews themes shown in his infancy stories a. Jesus is the Messiah d. Jesus is the new Moses b. Jesus accepted by pagans and rejected by Jews Son of David, Son of Abraham (1:1) Story of the Magi (2:1-12) Jesus escapes from the slaughter of all male infants Written for Jewish converts c. Jesus is the new Israel Flight into Egypt (2:13-15) Slide 15 3. The Visit of the Magi 110 - Magoi - astrologers, worked with occult wisdom. From Persia - Star? Possibly a nova in 5.b.c.e. - In medieval times they became kings (Matthew) - gospel does not give a number, e.g. three Slide 16 I Infancy Stories A. Introduction C. Matthew D. Luke B. Gospel of John Slide 17 The Gospel of Luke 108 A. Preface ( before Jesus birth ) C. Early Childhood Stories B. Infancy Narratives Slide 18 The Gospel of Luke 108 A. Starts with a preface before Jesus birth 2. Annunciation: Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she is to bear a son, Jesus (1:26-38) 1. Announcement of Birth of John the Baptist (1:5-25) 3. The Visitation: Mary visits her cousin Elizabeth, mother of Baptist, (1:39-45) 4. Marys poetic response, The Magnificat (46-55) 5. John the Baptist: birth, circumcision, naming (vv 57-80) Slide 19 The Gospel of Luke 108 A. Preface ( before Jesus birth ) C. Early Childhood Stories B. Infancy Narratives Slide 20 B. Lukes Infancy Narratives 108 swaddling clothes a mangerthe inn. 1. The Nativity : Birth of Jesus. Mary wrapped him in swaddling clothes, laid him in a manger, no room in the inn. (2:7) shepherds. 2. Angels announce news to shepherds. Shepherds visit stable. (2:11) circumcision, presentation 3. Jesus circumcision, andpresentation in the temple, prophecies by Simeon and Anna (2:21-38) Slide 21 The Gospel of Luke 108 A. Preface ( before Jesus birth ) C. Early Childhood Stories B. Infancy Narratives Slide 22 C. Lukes Early Childhood Stories 108 Jesus went down with his parents and came to Nazareth, and was obedient to them. And Jesus increased in wisdom and in years... (2:51-52) 2. a) Jesus lived in Nazareth b) Jesus increased in wisdom age 12 1.Jesus at age 12 found teaching in temple (2:41-50) Slide 23 Lukes Lukes Themes shown in his infancy stories Written for gentile Christians all B. Jesus came for all people, not just for Jews A. Important roles for minorities: Central roles of poor & outcastsMary, Elizabeth First visitors = shepherds Genealogy traces Christ Adam C. Jesus as humble, poor Born in a stable, laid in a manger back to Slide 24 Luke: The good news is for everyone! Slide 25 Two genealogies of Christ Luke (Ch.3:23-38) Born in Bethlehem Adam Jesus Matthew (Ch.1:1-17) Abraham Jesus Son of David, Son of Abraham Slide 26 Chapter Five 104 The Mission Begins II The Hidden Years I Infancy Narratives III Beginnings of Public Life IV Preacher / Teacher Slide 27 The Hidden Years 114 B. Jesus probably experienced the life of a typical Jew of his day C. He must have been particularly gifted, intelligent, sensitive D. A human, one with us in everything except SIN. A. We can only make educated guesses based on solid assumptions Slide 28 E. What year was Jesus Born? 114 1. Born during reign of Herod, who died in 4 B.C.E. 2. People of that time didnt treat dates with the same precise attitude as we do. Slide 29 In what year was Jesus Born? 114 3. About the time of St. Benedict, Europeans numbered their years from the year that the emperor Diocletian became emperor. 4. A scholarly monk, Dionysius Exiguus, decided to number the years based instead on the date of Jesus birth. Slide 30 In what year was Jesus Born? 114 5. Dionysius counted the years back to the birth of Christ, and named that Year 1 A.D. 6. All subsequent years were numbered accordingly. Slide 31 W O O P S ! 114 1 +10 +50 +100 +200 +300 +400 +500 7. Dionysius calculated the years and came up with 532. 8. He goofed! Counted 4 to 6 years too few. 9. So Jesus was actually born somewhere between 4-6 B.C.E. Slide 32 F. Jesus Birthday 114 1. December 25 was chosen in 3rd century a. Starting with the night of Dec. 24-25, the days get longer, nights shorter. There was already the pagan Roman feast of sol invictus, (the unconquered sun,) celebrated on that date to mark the longest night of the year. Slide 33 G. Jesus Childhood in Nazareth 116 1. Probably worked as a carpenter with his father 2. Good education (p.117) - Probably 3 languages: Aramaic, Hebrew, Greek - Synagogue school at age 8-13 Scriptures, faith, history of Judaism 3. Faith-filled family life Mary and Joseph deeply prayerful and committed Jews Slide 34 Chapter Five 104 The Mission Begins II The Hidden Years I Infancy Narratives III Beginnings of Public Life IV Preacher / Teacher Slide 35 104 Second Episode: Temptation of Christ in the Desert First Episode: Baptism by John in the Jordan III Beginnings of Public Life Slide 36 III Beginnings of Jesus Public Life 118 A. John the Baptists Baptism of Repentance 1. Johns task was to prepare the way for Jesus. John announced that a whole new order was about to begin. Get ready! Repent of your sins! 2. The symbol of this repentance was a ritual bath, baptism of repentance Slide 37 B. Jesus Baptism by John the Baptist 118 1. John,baptizing in the Jordan, recognizes Jesus. 2. At Jesus request John baptizes him. 3. After the baptism, a voice from the heavens and a vision of the Holy Spirit, descending like a dove Slide 38 4. Symbolism in Jesus Baptism 118 a. The dove - in OT symbol of Israel & less often Spirit of God b. The voice - in OT God speaks from heaven, sometimes concealed by a cloud Slide 39 C. Two Problems with Jesus Being Baptized by John the Baptist 120 A. Johns Baptism of Repentance B. Symbolism in Jesus Baptism Slide 40 C. Problems with Jesus Being Baptized by John the Baptist 120 1. Johns baptism is a sign of repentance for sins, but Jesus is divine, sinless 2. Early church wanted to show that Jesus was greater than John. But Jesus seems to be submitting to John! Slide 41 C. Problems with the Baptism contd 120 Jesus acceptance was not an admission of sin, rather it indicated his willingness to immerse himself completely in the life & concerns of his people 3. Matthews solution: Jesus says, It is part of Gods plan that I should be baptized. 4. The first step on the road to the cross Slide 42 C. Two Problems with Jesus Being Baptized by John the Baptist 120 A. Johns Baptism of Repentance B. Symbolism in Jesus Baptism D. A Moment of Self-Discovery for Jesus Slide 43 D. Jesus Baptism: 120 Aha! a moment of self-discovery Slide 44 D. Jesus Baptism: 120 Jesus learns two chief lessons about himself: 1. That he was chosen in a special way to proclaim and begin a new kingdom a moment of self-discovery (Isaiah 42:1 = Suffering Servant who will deliver Gods people) 2. That he would be given the power to fulfill that role through the spirit of God symbolized by the dove Slide 45 104 Second Episode: Temptation of Christ in the Desert First Episode: Baptism by John in the Jordan III Beginnings of Public Life Slide 46 The Temptation in the Desert 1. Jesus is out in the wilderness for 40 days fasting and praying a. Satan approaches him with three temptations: i To turn stones into bread ii To throw himself from a high point of the temple and have God catch him (to prove his special relationship with God) iii To fall down and worship the devil who would then give him all the kingdoms of the world 121 Slide 47 2. What does this story MEAN? a. Jesus, The New Israel, did not fail. During the Jews 40 years in the desert, they gave in to temptations, but Jesus does not. 122 Slide 48 2. What does this story MEAN? b. Jesus rejects the kind of messiah expected by his people: i Economic power (stones into bread) ii Magical power (throw himself from a high point of the temple to wow everyone.) iii Political power (worship the devil, and control all the kingdoms of the world) 122 Slide 49 Chapter Five 104 The Mission Begins II The Hidden Years I Infancy Narratives III Beginnings of Public Life IV Preacher / Teacher Slide 50 IV Wandering preacher / unique teacher A. How was Jesus like other rabbis of his day? B. How was Jesus unlike other rabbis? C. Jesus unique relationship with his disciples D. The twelve apostles E. Simon Peter Slide 51 A. How was Jesus like other rabbis of his day? 123 1. It was common for Jewish rabbis, or teachers of the Law, to roam from place to place teaching. 2. Rabbis were often followed by disciples, who studied under them. Slide 52 IV Wandering preacher / unique teacher A. How was Jesus like other rabbis of his day? B. How was Jesus unlike other rabbis? C. Jesus unique relationship with his disciples D. The twelve apostles E. Simon Peter Slide 53 B. How was Jesus unlike other rabbis? 123 1. His message: He proclaimed a new kind of Kingdom of God. 2. He claimed that he was not just announcing it, but establishing it! 3. He taught on his own authority, not by quoting other rabbis or scripture. 4. He used parables and performed miracles, a dramatic difference from other rabbis. Slide 54 IV Wandering preacher / unique teacher A. How was Jesus like other rabbis of his day? B. How was Jesus unlike other rabbis? C. Jesus unique relationship with his disciples D. The twelve apostles E. Simon Peter Slide 55 C. Jesus Unique Relationship with his disciples 125 1. He chose THEM, - they did not choose him. 2. His disciples would never claim their own authority, but would always rely on the authority of Jesus. 3. They were not just to watch and learn, but were called to share in His mission of proclaiming the kingdom. Slide 56 IV Wandering preacher / unique teacher A. How was Jesus like other rabbis of his day? B. How was Jesus unlike other rabbis? C. Jesus unique relationship with his disciples D. The twelve apostles E. Simon Peter Slide 57 D. The Twelve Apostles 125-6 1. The twelve:Their number echoed the 12 tribes of Israel. 2. Given two tasks by Jesus: 3. Greek verb apostelo = to send forth. carry on his mission of preaching the Good News. share in his power and Slide 58 D. The Twelve Apostles 126 4. Ordinary people - but often portrayed as baffled, unable to understand Jesus, some abandoned him for awhile, etc., but 5. because of their association with Jesus, these ordinary people were capable of extraordinary things. Slide 59 IV Wandering preacher / unique teacher A. How was Jesus like other rabbis of his day? B. How was Jesus unlike other rabbis? C. Jesus unique relationship with his disciples D. The twelve apostles E. Simon Peter Slide 60 124 1. The recognized leader among the apostles. 2. Considered by Roman Catholics as the first pope. Slide 61 E. Simon Peter 124 3. Peter is portrayed in the gospels as being a lot like us -- at our best and our weakest. 3. Peter is portrayed in the gospels as being a lot like us -- at our best and our weakest. b. Often hot-headed, bold, and then cowardly. a. He makes mistakes and needs forgiveness c. Can seem very bright, and then really ignorant. Slide 62 The End