Ciklet e Biznesit Dhe Rritja Ekonomike

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Kreu XVIICiklet e biznesit dhe rritja ekonomike

Cikli I biznesit dhe faza e tijGDP real

Pika me e larte

Pika me e larte

Pika me e ulet

Pika me e ulet

Koha Gjatesia e ciklit

Hendeku I prodhimit ne modelin kejnsianNiveli I Cmimeve

AS

P P* C

BAD AD

O

Q

Q*

Qp

GDP real

Hendeku I prodhimit ne modelin klasik P AS AS

P* P O

B A AD

Q*

Q

GDP real

Disa teori te cikleve te biznesit1. Teorite eksternaleoo

Politikat makroekonomikeModeli akselerator-multiplikator

2. Teorite internale

Smith lists three causes, arising from division, of improved productivity1. the labourer's dexterity - due to specializing, year-round, in a specific task 2. time not wasted passing from one task to the next - as in agriculture - as well as the more consistent and focused effort when working in just one area 3. the machines and tools that have evolved in conjunction with increasingly specialized labour.

Kosova

2008 Population, total (midyear) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) (millions) External Debt (% of GNI)

2.25.4 2,510

Albania

ShqiperiaMacroeconomic and Growth Year GDP (current US$) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) Total debt service (% of GNI) 2008 2008 2007 Latest data 12,294.9 6.0 1.3 -15.7 28.5 2,775.9 3,840

Current account balance (% of GDP) 2008 Co

Exports of goods and services (% of 2008 unt GDP) ry External debt stocks, total (DOD, 2007 current US$) (millions) Excel GNI per capita, Atlas method 2008 (current US$) GNI per capita, PPP (current 2008 international $) Trade (% of GDP) 2008 Gross capital formation (current 2008 US$) (millions) Total debt service (% of exports of goods, services and income) GDP deflator (base year varies by country) Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) 2007 2008 2008

7,95083.5 3,940.0 4 184 2.5

http://ddpW 2 DI_Ctry WDI_Ctry

USAMacroeconomic and Growth Year Latest data

GDP (current US$) (millions)GDP growth (annual %) Current account balance (% of GDP)

20082008 2008

14,204,322.31.1 -4.7

Co Exports of goods and services (% of unt GDP) ry

2006

11.247,580 46,970 28.2 2,574,900.0 122 2.2

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current 2008 Excel US$) GNI per capita, PPP (current 2008 international $) Trade (% of GDP) 2006Gross capital formation (current US$) 2006 (millions) GDP deflator (base year varies by country) Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) 2008 2008

Russian Federation

Federata RuseMacroeconomic and Growth Year GDP (current US$) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) Total debt service (% of GNI) Current account balance (% of GDP) Co 2008 2008 2007 2008 Latest data 1,607,815.8 7.3 3.2 6.4 33.4 370,172.5 9,620 15,630 56.0 407,432.6 9 332 15.0

Exports of unt goods and services (% of GDP) 2008

ry External debt stocks, total (DOD, current 2007 US$) (millions)GNI per capita, Atlas method (current 2008 US$) GNI per capita, PPP (current international 2008 $) Trade (% of GDP) 2008 Gross capital formation (current US$) 2008 (millions) Total debt service (% of exports of goods, 2007 services and income) GDP deflator (base year varies by country) Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) 2008 2008

Excel

China

KinaMacroeconomic and Growth Year GDP (current US$) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) Total debt service (% of GNI) Current account balance (% of GDP) 2008 2008 2007 2008 Latest data 4,326,187.1 9.0 0.9 9.8 35.0 373,635.4 2,940 6,020

Co Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 2008 unt External debt stocks, total (DOD, current ry 2007US$) (millions)

Excel GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) Trade (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (current US$) (millions)

2008 2008

20082008

63.41,843,200.9 2 140 7.2

Total debt service (% of exports of goods, 2007 services and income) GDP deflator (base year varies by country) Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) 2008 2008

GermWDI_Ctry http://ddpW 2 DI_Ctry any

GjermaniaMacroeconomic and Growth Year GDP (current US$) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) Current account balance (% of GDP) 2008 2008 2008 2007 Latest data 3,652,824.4 1.3 6.7 46.7 42,440 35,940 86.4 607,631.7 110 1.6

Co Exports of goods and services (% of unt GDP) ryGNI per capita, PPP (current international $) Trade (% of GDP)

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current 2008 US$) Excel 2008 2007

Gross capital formation (current US$) 2007 (millions) GDP deflator (base year varies by country) Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) 2008 2008

UnitedWDI_Ctry http://ddpW 2ngdomDI_Ctry Ki

Britania e MadheMacroeconomic and Growth Year GDP (current US$) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) Current account balance (% of GDP) 2008 2008 2007 2007 2008 2008 2007 2007 Latest data 2,645,593.4 0.7 -2.8 25.9 45,390 36,130 55.4 519,644.9

Co Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) unt ryGNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)

Excel

GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) Trade (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (current US$) (millions) GDP deflator (base year varies by country)

2008

123

Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)

2008

2.4

FranceW DI_Ctry http://ddp2

FrancaMacroeconomic and Growth Year GDP (current US$) (millions) GDP growth (annual %) Current account balance (% of GDP) 2008 2008 2008 2007 2008 2008 2007 2007 2008 2008 Latest data 2,853,062.2 0.4 -1.9 26.5 42,250 34,400 55.0 573,024.3 119 2.5

Co unt Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) ry

GNI per capita, Excel method (current Atlas US$) GNI per capita, PPP (current international $) Trade (% of GDP) Gross capital formation (current US$) (millions) GDP deflator (base year varies by country) Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)

Kurba e funkstionit te prodhimit ne periudha afateshkurteraGDP real

AS AS TP2 TP1

GNP2 GNP1 A

B

N1

N2

Puna N