Click here to load reader

Communicable diseases lection 1-3

  • View
    697

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Text of Communicable diseases lection 1-3

  • 1. Communicable diseases / , .

2. 1-3 / / 3. 1. 2. 3. ( infectio , ) 4. () . 5. , . 6. , , . 7. . . 8. 1. , 2. 3. 9. () 10. 20- 300 , 3 . 11. (variola vera) 1977 . 1980 . 12. Edward Jenner Famous DoctorBorn 1749. Died 1823. 13. (Variola vaccinae) 14. Edward Jenner & Smallpox1796-05-14 . 13 , 11 15. Edward Jenner virus vaccine 16. , , , 17. (, , , , ) (, ) ( , ) 18. . 1941 1. ( ) 2. 3. ( ) 4. ( ) 5. p 19. 10 I. 20. 21. 22. , , , , , , , , SARS 23. , , 24. 25. Brucellosis 26. - - 27. . 28. , , 1 : 2 : (, incubatio) 3 : (, prodromos) 4 : ( manifestio) 5 : ( , reconvalestentio) 29. ( ) ( ) ( ,) 30. ( ) ( ) ( ) . 31. ( , , ..,) ( ) 32. 33. , , 34. 1. 2. / , / , , 35. 1. / , , , / 2. / , / 3. / / 36. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 37. 1. , , , 2. / / / / 38. Nosocomial infection 39. 40. (, , , . ) 41. - 2010-05-04- 165- -- , , . 42. - - , , , , 43. - 1. 2. 3. , 4. 5. 44. 1. 2. , , 45. 46. + . . , . 47. / / 48. , , 49. 50. 1. 2. 3. 4. , 5. , 51. - ( ) 52. 1 53. Hand Hygiene 54. procedure for handwashing palminterdigitaldorsum of handthumbfingernailswrist 55. -1 250 . , , , , - , 56. 1. 2. 3. , , 4. . . 57. Masks 58. 3 types of Mask Standard face mask (paper mask) Surgical mask N95 mask 59. How to wear the Surgical mask ?Bend the nasal barPut the chin into the mask 60. , - HBV~ 5% (HbeAg -)0.24%-0.024% (1/417-1/4167)~ 40% (HbeAg+)HCV3% (1-10%)0.24%-0.024% (1/417-1/4167)HIV~ 0.3%0.1% (0.09%)100 (1/416671/416667) 61. , - 1984 HIV-1- , (HCW) (HIV-2 ) HBV 4-5 - 2-3 62. , - - , , - , , , , , ..) - , , , , , 63. , - (50% , 2 60-80% ) /, ( ) 64. , / / 65. 4/3 . 66. /- ( )(1) : : : , , : - , , , (2) - 67. 1. 2. 3. 4. , 5. , 68. . 69. 1-3 / / 1. . 2006,2010,2012,/. / 2. . 2000 . ., . 3. - 165- 4. , . . ., . . 2012 5. . .,2012 6. www.who.infection control