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  • Contents Manidha Naeyam Current Affairs Magazine Issue 8 February 2010 Available Online @ www.saidais.com Head Office Manidha Naeyam IAS & IPS Free Coaching Centre No.28 First Main Road C.I.T. Nagar Chennai-600035 mntcurrentaffairs@gmail.com mntcurrentaffairs@yahoo.com

    1 21 National

    1. cabinet nod for womens reservation bill

    8. The world lost a language.

    10. A.P. quota for sections of muslims quashed

    13. World spice congress.

    14. Kolkata group demands universal, justiciable food entitlements

    19. The Indus waters treaty

    22-29 International

    22. India-born businessman has been nominated to the canadian senate

    23. India, new zealand start fta talks

    23. Landmark deal in northern ireland

    24. Yanukovych wins ukraine run-off

    26. Sri lanka loses eu benefits

    29- 42 ECONOMY

    29.FAQ finance commission.

    31. manufacture in india, sell in india and make money in india.

    32. Oil exploration pact signed with hungary

    34. RBI introduces new category of nbfcs

    35. U.k. investor pulls out of vedanta

    42 46 Environment

    42. Mansagar lake

    43. A repository of seeds on cliff top of himalayas

    45. International conference on biodiversity - chennai

    43- 49 Science & Technology

    50 - 51 Personalities

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  • FEBRUARY 1- 28 2010

    Manidha Naeyam I.A.S & I.P.S Free Coaching Centre 1

    NATIONAL

    CABINET NOD FOR WOMENS RESERVATION BILL

    The Union Cabinet approved the Womens Reservation Bill, 2008, that seeks to reserve 33 per cent

    seats for women in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.

    The Parliamentary Standing Committee has approved the 108th Constitutional Amendment Bill in

    its original form with minor changes.

    WOMEN'S RESERVATION BILL - FAQ

    The Women's Reservation Bill has been a political raw nerve for nearly a decade now. It has always

    triggered heated debates in Parliament and outside.Its advocates say the Bill is essential for active

    political participation of women.Opponents argue that reservation would only help women of elitist

    groups gain political power, aggravating the plight of the poor and deprived sections.

    How did the Women's Reservation Bill originate?

    The proposed legislation to reserve 33.3 percent seats in Parliament and state legislatures for

    women was drafted first by the H D Deve Gowda-led United Front government. The Bill was

    introduced in the Lok Sabha on September 12, 1996. Though it has been introduced in Parliament

    several times since then, the Bill could not be passed because of lack of political consensus.

    What does the Bill provide?

    Reservation for women at each level of legislative decision-making, starting with the Lok Sabha,

    down to state and local legislatures.

    If the Bill is passed, one-third of the total available seats would be reserved for women in national,

    state, or local governments.

    In continuation of the existing provisions already mandating reservations for scheduled caste and

    scheduled tribes, one-third of such SC and ST candidates must be women.

    What is the argument in favour of the Bill?

    Its proponents say it would lead to gender equality in Parliament, resulting in the empowerment of

    women as a whole. Historically, the Bill's supporters say, women are deprived in India. Increased

    political participation of women will help them fight the abuse, discrimination, and inequality they

    suffer from.

    Does reservation for women exist in panchayat elections?

  • FEBRUARY 1- 28 2010

    Manidha Naeyam I.A.S & I.P.S Free Coaching Centre 2

    Yes, 33.3 per cent seats in panchayat elections have been reserved for women already. The

    experience of women's reservation at the panchayat level has been very encouraging. A million

    women are being elected to the panchayats in the country every five years. This is the largest

    mobilisation of women in public life in the world.

    Then why is there opposition to the Bill?

    Various political parties have staunchly opposed it because they fear many of their male leaders

    would not get a chance to fight elections if 33.3 percent seats are reserved for women. The Bill has

    also been opposed by politicians from the socially and economically backward classes. They argue

    that reservation would only help women of the elitist groups to gain seats, therefore causing further

    discrimination and under-representation to the poor and backward classes.

    Who are the main political opponents of the Bill?

    From day one, Lalu Prasad Yadav of the Rashtriya Janata Dal and Mulayam Singh Yadav of the

    Samajwadi Party have been the main political forces opposed to the Bill.

    Why?

    The SP and RJD are opposed to the bill in its present form and want a quota within quota for women

    from backward classes.

    Lalu says the Bill 'would deny adequate representation to other sections of society.' He favours 10

    to 15 percent reservation for women. 'My party is not opposed to women's reservation, but the

    case of Dalits, backward classes, Muslims and other religious minorities should not be overlooked,'

    is his argument.There should be reservation within reservation," said Lalu.

    Mulayam favours making it mandatory for political parties to give 10 percent of election tickets to

    women.

    If 33.3 per cent reservation for women is added to the already existing 22.5 percent for scheduled

    castes and tribes, more than 55 per cent of seats in Parliament would be reserved. This would not

    be fair to other sections of the population.

    Most members opposing say that it is better to create reservation of women in political parties than

    in Parliament. The provision of rotation of reserved states is also debated. It can reduce the

    incentive of the elected MPs to spend energy because he or she may not be able to re-seek the

    mandate from the same constituency.

  • FEBRUARY 1- 28 2010

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    What is the status of the Bill now?

    The Bill had been referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Law and Justice, and

    Personnel, which gave its report in December 2009.

    It recommended passage of the Bill in its present form and suggested that the issue should not be

    left to the discretion of political parties.

    The central government cleared the Bill on February 25, 2010. For such a bill to pass, the

    Constitution has laid out an elaborate procedure. So, even if the Rajya Sabha passes the bill its real

    impact will be felt only when it passes through the Lok Sabha.

    Political pundits, sociologists, political scientists, feminists and historians and almost everybody has

    said that if the bill becomes an act then it will be the biggest socio-political news since

    independence.

    4 Chief Ministers for Meghalaya

    Meghalaya now has four leaders in the rank of Chief Minister.

    The State government has elevated Pradesh Congress Committee president Lyngdoh from

    the rank of Deputy Chief Minister which he was enjoying as political adviser to Chief

    Minister D.D. Lapang to Chief Minister.

    The political leaders already enjoying the rank of Chief Minister are Dr. Lapang; the former

    Chief Minister, J.D. Rymbai, as Chairman of the Meghalaya Economic Development Council;

    and another former Chief Minister, Donkupar Roy, as Chairman of the State Planning Board.

    PTIS DIAMOND JUBILEE

    Employees of The Press Trust of India (PTI) will celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of the

    newswire for three days from February 2.

    Press Trust of India is the largest news agency in India.

    It is headquartered in Delhi and is a nonprofit cooperative among more than 450 Indian

    newspapers and has a staff of about 2,000 writers spread across 150 offices nationwide.

    It took over the Indian operations of the Associated Press and Reuters soon after India's

    independence on August 15, 1947.

    It provides news coverage and information of the region in both English and Hindi.

    Its current chairman is Mr. V.K. Chopra

  • FEBRUARY 1- 28 2010

    Manidha Naeyam I.A.S & I.P.S Free Coaching Centre 4

    MOZART OF MADRAS BAGS TWO GRAMMYS

    Oscar-winner A.R. Rahman continued his winning streak, bagging two Grammy awards for

    his foot-tapping number Jai Ho and outstanding soundtrack for the film Slumdog

    Millionaire.

    The composer shared the award for Jai Ho with lyricist Gulzar and Tanvi Shah, who penned

    the Spanish words of the international hit.

    Rahman won in the category of Best Compilation Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture,

    Television Or Other Visual Media for Slumdog Millionaire and Best Song Written For Motion

    Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media for Jai Ho.

    The Mozart of Madras bagged two Academy awa