Contents Manidha Naeyam Current Affairs Magazine Issue 8 February 2010 Available Online @ www.saidais.com Head Office Manidha Naeyam IAS & IPS Free Coaching Centre No.28 First Main Road C.I.T. Nagar Chennai-600035 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
1 21 National
1. cabinet nod for womens reservation bill
8. The world lost a language.
10. A.P. quota for sections of muslims quashed
13. World spice congress.
14. Kolkata group demands universal, justiciable food entitlements
19. The Indus waters treaty
22. India-born businessman has been nominated to the canadian senate
23. India, new zealand start fta talks
23. Landmark deal in northern ireland
24. Yanukovych wins ukraine run-off
26. Sri lanka loses eu benefits
29- 42 ECONOMY
29.FAQ finance commission.
31. manufacture in india, sell in india and make money in india.
32. Oil exploration pact signed with hungary
34. RBI introduces new category of nbfcs
35. U.k. investor pulls out of vedanta
42 46 Environment
42. Mansagar lake
43. A repository of seeds on cliff top of himalayas
45. International conference on biodiversity - chennai
43- 49 Science & Technology
50 - 51 Personalities
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CABINET NOD FOR WOMENS RESERVATION BILL
The Union Cabinet approved the Womens Reservation Bill, 2008, that seeks to reserve 33 per cent
seats for women in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.
The Parliamentary Standing Committee has approved the 108th Constitutional Amendment Bill in
its original form with minor changes.
WOMEN'S RESERVATION BILL - FAQ
The Women's Reservation Bill has been a political raw nerve for nearly a decade now. It has always
triggered heated debates in Parliament and outside.Its advocates say the Bill is essential for active
political participation of women.Opponents argue that reservation would only help women of elitist
groups gain political power, aggravating the plight of the poor and deprived sections.
How did the Women's Reservation Bill originate?
The proposed legislation to reserve 33.3 percent seats in Parliament and state legislatures for
women was drafted first by the H D Deve Gowda-led United Front government. The Bill was
introduced in the Lok Sabha on September 12, 1996. Though it has been introduced in Parliament
several times since then, the Bill could not be passed because of lack of political consensus.
What does the Bill provide?
Reservation for women at each level of legislative decision-making, starting with the Lok Sabha,
down to state and local legislatures.
If the Bill is passed, one-third of the total available seats would be reserved for women in national,
state, or local governments.
In continuation of the existing provisions already mandating reservations for scheduled caste and
scheduled tribes, one-third of such SC and ST candidates must be women.
What is the argument in favour of the Bill?
Its proponents say it would lead to gender equality in Parliament, resulting in the empowerment of
women as a whole. Historically, the Bill's supporters say, women are deprived in India. Increased
political participation of women will help them fight the abuse, discrimination, and inequality they
Does reservation for women exist in panchayat elections?
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Yes, 33.3 per cent seats in panchayat elections have been reserved for women already. The
experience of women's reservation at the panchayat level has been very encouraging. A million
women are being elected to the panchayats in the country every five years. This is the largest
mobilisation of women in public life in the world.
Then why is there opposition to the Bill?
Various political parties have staunchly opposed it because they fear many of their male leaders
would not get a chance to fight elections if 33.3 percent seats are reserved for women. The Bill has
also been opposed by politicians from the socially and economically backward classes. They argue
that reservation would only help women of the elitist groups to gain seats, therefore causing further
discrimination and under-representation to the poor and backward classes.
Who are the main political opponents of the Bill?
From day one, Lalu Prasad Yadav of the Rashtriya Janata Dal and Mulayam Singh Yadav of the
Samajwadi Party have been the main political forces opposed to the Bill.
The SP and RJD are opposed to the bill in its present form and want a quota within quota for women
from backward classes.
Lalu says the Bill 'would deny adequate representation to other sections of society.' He favours 10
to 15 percent reservation for women. 'My party is not opposed to women's reservation, but the
case of Dalits, backward classes, Muslims and other religious minorities should not be overlooked,'
is his argument.There should be reservation within reservation," said Lalu.
Mulayam favours making it mandatory for political parties to give 10 percent of election tickets to
If 33.3 per cent reservation for women is added to the already existing 22.5 percent for scheduled
castes and tribes, more than 55 per cent of seats in Parliament would be reserved. This would not
be fair to other sections of the population.
Most members opposing say that it is better to create reservation of women in political parties than
in Parliament. The provision of rotation of reserved states is also debated. It can reduce the
incentive of the elected MPs to spend energy because he or she may not be able to re-seek the
mandate from the same constituency.
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What is the status of the Bill now?
The Bill had been referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Law and Justice, and
Personnel, which gave its report in December 2009.
It recommended passage of the Bill in its present form and suggested that the issue should not be
left to the discretion of political parties.
The central government cleared the Bill on February 25, 2010. For such a bill to pass, the
Constitution has laid out an elaborate procedure. So, even if the Rajya Sabha passes the bill its real
impact will be felt only when it passes through the Lok Sabha.
Political pundits, sociologists, political scientists, feminists and historians and almost everybody has
said that if the bill becomes an act then it will be the biggest socio-political news since
4 Chief Ministers for Meghalaya
Meghalaya now has four leaders in the rank of Chief Minister.
The State government has elevated Pradesh Congress Committee president Lyngdoh from
the rank of Deputy Chief Minister which he was enjoying as political adviser to Chief
Minister D.D. Lapang to Chief Minister.
The political leaders already enjoying the rank of Chief Minister are Dr. Lapang; the former
Chief Minister, J.D. Rymbai, as Chairman of the Meghalaya Economic Development Council;
and another former Chief Minister, Donkupar Roy, as Chairman of the State Planning Board.
PTIS DIAMOND JUBILEE
Employees of The Press Trust of India (PTI) will celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of the
newswire for three days from February 2.
Press Trust of India is the largest news agency in India.
It is headquartered in Delhi and is a nonprofit cooperative among more than 450 Indian
newspapers and has a staff of about 2,000 writers spread across 150 offices nationwide.
It took over the Indian operations of the Associated Press and Reuters soon after India's
independence on August 15, 1947.
It provides news coverage and information of the region in both English and Hindi.
Its current chairman is Mr. V.K. Chopra
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MOZART OF MADRAS BAGS TWO GRAMMYS
Oscar-winner A.R. Rahman continued his winning streak, bagging two Grammy awards for
his foot-tapping number Jai Ho and outstanding soundtrack for the film Slumdog
The composer shared the award for Jai Ho with lyricist Gulzar and Tanvi Shah, who penned
the Spanish words of the international hit.
Rahman won in the category of Best Compilation Soundtrack Album For Motion Picture,
Television Or Other Visual Media for Slumdog Millionaire and Best Song Written For Motion
Picture, Television Or Other Visual Media for Jai Ho.
The Mozart of Madras bagged two Academy awa