When talking about China, what suitable words will you think of
to describe her?civilized ancient country mysteriouswith a long
historylarge/widevast territory & abundant
How many aspects do you think the foreigners are most interested
in or curious about?
III. culture difference between China and Germany. Custom &
Culture. Geographygeographical location places of interest
Festivals Food cultureArt and Architecture Entertainment The
China is the ________ largest country in the world.
thirdRussiaCanadaThe top and second largest countries are ________
Located in the ________ part of the ______ contient, China
occupies an area of _______ square kilometers.easternAsian960
Wester Chinas ___________ Mountains are often reffered to as the
roof of the world. Mount _______________(known to the west as Mount
_________) is the peak.HimalayanQomolangmaEverest[hi'mljn]
Chairman Mao Zedong said in one of his poems: "Our motherland is
so rich in beauty." This is a most concise summary of China's
geographical features. Through a recent national poll, the
following have been recognized as the Top Ten Places of Scenic
Beauty and Historical Interest in China:Places of Historical and
Cultural Interest in China
1. The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest sights in the
world. It is an awe-inspiring feat() of ancient defensive
architecture. Its winding path over rugged country and steep
mountains takes in some great scenery. the Great Wall
2. the Forbidden City
the Forbidden City, imperial palace is located in the center of
Beijing. For five hundred years, emperors and their family members
have lived in this palace. The Forbidden City is one of the most
popular tourist spots to visit in Beijing next to the Great
3. Mount Huangshan in Anhui
Of all the notable mountains in China, Mount Huangshan, to be
found in the south of Anhui province, is probably the most famous.
Mt. Huangshan can boast not only of its magnificence but also its
abundant resources and great variety of zoological species, for
which it has been listed as a World Natural and Cultural Heritage
4. the West Lake in Hangzhou
Located in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, It possesses rich
cultural relics and historic sites and is endowed with touching
myths and legends. With over 40 attractive spots and more than 30
key cultural relics and historic sites such as Lingyin Temple and
Yuewang (Yue Fei) Grave Temple, the West Lake is regarded as a
famous historical culture-oriented tourist attraction in China.
5. Guilin land- scape
Guilin is a key tourist city of well-known culture and history
in china . People who come to Guilin for a visit are deeply
impressed by its natural beauty. Guilin is situated along the
Lijiang River,which is an attraction in itself.The beauty of water
and the Karst() peaks have attracted travelers to this area for
the Three Gorges of the Yangtze6.
The Three Gorges are grand canyons() situated in the upper and
middle reaches of the Yangtze River. namely Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge
and Xiling Gorge . with breath-taking sceneries, it makes its way
deep into and through the Wushan Mountains, forming the most
spectacular and absorbing gorges.
gardens in Suzhou7.
The Classical Gardens of Suzhou are a group of gardens in
Suzhou, Jiangsu province which were added to UNESCOs on the World
Heritage List. They include many key features of classical Chinese
The terra-cotta warriors and horses8.
The terra-cotta warriors and horses of the Qin Dynasty are
called the Eighth Miracle in the World. They were all molded on
real people and horses. The terra-cotta warriors are about 1.8m in
height, with different appearance and stately expression,
attracting large numbers of Chinese and foreign visitors.
the Summer Resort of Chengde9.
Located in the city of Chengde in northeastern Hebei province,
it was where Qing emperors spent their summer days. It is Chinas
largest imperial garden. Twice the size of Beijings Summer Palace,
construction spanned nearly ninety years. It has a simple but
elegant layout and was built by the natural mountains and rivers.
In 1994, the Imperial Summer Villa became a UNESCO World Heritage
the Sun and Moon Lake in Taiwan10.
Sun Moon Lake is the largest natural lake in Taiwan. The Eastern
part of the lake is round like the sun, while the western part is
shaped like a crescent ()moon - hence comes the name "Sun Moon
. Custom & CultureFestivals1. Spring festivalChinese New
Year falls on the first day of the first lunar month. It is the
most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all
family members get together, similar to Christmas or Thanksgiving
in the West.
key words:luxurious dinner on New years Evea whole fish, to
represent togetherness and abundance, and a chicken for
prosperityNoodles represent long lifenian gao in the south
&dumplings in the northgift money to the childrentemple fairpay
New Year's call
lighting fireworksSpring Festival couplets
Business flourishes Peace all year round Wishing you
Everything goes well Safe trip wherever you goMay all your
wishes come true Wishing you every success
Money and treasures will be plentiful Harmony brings wealth
Promoting to a higher position
The 15th day of the new year is called the Lantern Festival,
which is celebrated at night with lantern displays and children
carrying lanterns in a parade. And it is further enriched by the
customary lantern riddle parties. The riddles are stuck on the
surface of some of the lanterns for people to guess.2. Lantern
Besides entertainment and beautiful lanterns, another important
part of the Lantern Festival is eating small dumpling balls made of
rice flour with sweet fillings, which is called Yuanxiao in
3. Tomb Sweeping FestivalQingming, literally clear and bright,
is the most important springtime festival. It is also called the
Tomb Sweeping Festival, as people visit the gravesites of their
ancestors, pay respect to the dead at their tombs and hold memorial
ceremonies in honor of their ancestors. people also spend some time
cleaning the gravesite area.
But it is not just a day for mourning the dead. The festival is
celebrated two weeks after the Equinox(), and the dates usually
turn out to be the 4th, 5th, or 6th of April. With the coming of
spring, nature wakes up, dressing the world in green. Therefore,
the day is also a happy occasion for outdoor activities, such as
picnicking, kite flying and dancing. This might be an important
reason why this festival has been very popular for thousands of
4. Mid-Autumn Festival Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day
of the 8th monthit is the time when the moon is said to be at its
brightest and fullest. In ancient China, emperors offered
sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the moon in autumn.
People enjoy the full, bright moon and eat mooncakes on that
day. Mooncakes are to Mid-Autumn Festival what mince pies are to
Christmas. The round cakes traditionally have a sweet filling of
lotus seed paste or red bean paste and often have one or more
salted duck eggs in the center to represent the moon.
5. The Dragon Boat FestivalThe Dragon Boat Festival, also called
the Duanwu Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth
month according to the Chinese calendar. For thousands of years,
the festival has been marked by eating zong zi (glutinous
ricewrapped to form a pyramid using bamboo or reed leaves) and
racing dragon boats.
The festival is best known for its dragon-boat races, especially
in the southern provinces where there are many rivers and lakes
which commemorates the death of Qu Yuan , an honest minister who is
said to have committed suicide by drowning himself in a river.
2. Traditional diet& Chinese food cultureIt is not easy to
brief the civilization of Chinese Food in a short message, it is
because, there are more than 56 folks inside the Mainland China,
and the large area causes difference dining habits among the
difference districts. But Chinese food is most well known for its
various flavors() and ingredients().
Not same to the people living in western area, Chinese used to
have their dinner together with all the family members, sitting
around a table and each person will have one set of dining tool in
front of them, including two bowls which one for rice and another
for soup, one pairs of chopsticks. (Chinese always have soup during
or after dining.) They will share the food dishes which were made
and put into the central of table.
There are so many traditional and special Chinese foods,
according to the folk culture, district, religion, and festival.
For the famous classes divided by district, there are style of
Guangdong, Beijing, Shanghai, Sichuan, North-West, and so onor by
folk, there are kejia, Yunan, Fujian, etc. These all above
mentioned styles are well-known in the worldwide.
Doufu(Bean curd)Steamed FishDim SumLobsterEggs In Tea
China is the hometown of chopsticks, or Kuaizi in Chinese. The
invention of chopsticks reflects the wisdom of Chinese ancient
people. A pair of chopsticks, though they look simple, can nip,
pick, rip and stir food.chopsticks in China
Many foreigners are interested in but also puzzled about how to
use chopsticks with facility. Here are some notes you'd better
remember when to use chopsticks. First, you must hold the upper
part and don't cross the chopsticks.
Second, hold the chopsticks with your thumb, index finger,
middle finger and third finger. One stick is against your third
finger and the other leans on your middle finger. Third, when you
pick the food, use your index finger and middle finger to control
the chopsticks. Practice a lot and then you will find it is an easy
different ways of holding chopsticks
The use of chopsticks has been a part of Chinese food culture.
There are some taboos of using chopsticks that you must pay great
attention to, or you may make mistakes and be laughed at.
First, don't use chopsticks to hit the side of your bowl or
plate to make a lot of noise, because Chinese people think only
beggars would do this to beg food.Second, when you use chopsticks,
don't stretch out your index finger, which would be regarded as a
kind of accusation to others. Never use chopsticks to point at
Third, it is thought to be an impolite behavior when you suck
the end of a chopstick. People will think you lack family
education.Fourth, don't use chopsticks to poke at every dish
without knowing what your want.And last, don't insert chopsticks
vertically into the food. Chinese people do this only when they
sacrifice the dead.
Chinese tea culture has a long history. Chinese tea culture
refers to the methods of preparation of tea, the equipment used to
make tea and the occasions in which tea is consumed in China. The
terms chayi "Art of Tea " and "Tea Ceremony" have been used, but
the term "Tea Culture" includes more than just the ceremony.
Chinese tea culture
Tea culture in China differs from that of Europe, Britain or
Japan in such things as preparation methods, tasting methods and
the occasions for which it is consumed. Even now, in both casual
and formal Chinese occasions, tea is consumed regularly. In
addition to being a drink, Chinese tea is used in traditional
Tea can be classified as:green tea, black tea,oolong tea and
scented teaaccording to the processing method.green tea: Longjing
from Hangzhou; Bi Luo Chun from Jiangsu Province; Huangshan
Maofeng;Junshan Yinzhen (Silver tea) from Dongting Lake, Hunan
Black tea is fermented() tea. It is believed to warm the stomach
and is good for drinking in autumn and winter.Oolong tea is a
semi-fermented tea. which is a mix between green tea and black tea.
It is often called Kung-fu tea for the complexity of its brewing()
process.The three major Oolong growth areas are _______ _________
The most important is the Chinese architectural emphasis on the
horizontal axis() Another important feature is its emphasis on
symmetry(), which connotes() a sense of grandeur.3. Art and
Chinese buildings may be built with either red or grey bricks,
but wooden structures are the most common; these are more capable
of withstanding earthquakes, but are vulnerable() to fire. The roof
of a typical Chinese building is curved.
Chinese classifications for architecture include: lou
(Multistory buildings) tai (terraces) ting (pavilions) ge
(Two-story pavilions) ta (Chinese pagodas) xuan (Verandas with
windows) xie (Pavilions or houses on terraces) wu (Rooms along
Temples is the symbolization of the long history and richculture
of China, and are regarded as valuableart treasures. Buddhism has
been practiced extensively in China as numerous temples have been
constructed throughout the country,which not only symbolize
Buddhist culture, witness the rise and fall of Buddhism. They are
of great historical and artistic value.
China is a country with a diversified religions. Apart from the
indigenous Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity were introduced
from foreign lands. Taoist structures are called gong()or
guanmosque is the term for Moslem structure and church for a
Christian structure.Templetope() and grotto are called the Three
Great Structures of Buddhism.
Luoyang White Horse Temple (lu yng bi m s )Three famous temples
Hangzhou Lingyin Temple ()
Dengfeng Shaolin Temple ()
Fujian earthen house
Fujian Earth is a pearl of oriental civilization, because most
of them built by the Hakka people in Fujian, so called "Hakka Earth
Building. " It has a long history, variety, scale, structure,
functional and rich content is known, has a very high historical,
artistic and scientific value, known as the "Eastern
castle","Wonderful World Architecture
It is based on raw soil as the main construction material, mixed
with clay(),fine sand, lime(), glutinous() rice, brown sugar, water
etc. Most tulous are to be found in the valleys, surrounded by high
mountains, and some are in the depths of the great mountains.
Most are three to four stories high. Rooms on the first floor
are used as kitchens, rooms on the second floor are used as
barns(), and rooms on the third and fourth floors are for bedrooms
and living rooms. For defensive purposes, the rooms on the first
floor have no windows and their circular construction helps them
withstand the regular shocks
Although there are more than 360 ancient local operas in China,
Peking Opera is known as China's national opera, despite its
comparatively young 200-year history.Although it is called Peking
Opera, the origins of Peking Opera are not in Beijing but in the
provinces of Anhui (East China) and Hubei (South-central China).
Its rise is due in great part to the patronage of the imperial
Peking Opera roles include sheng (male role), dan (female role),
jing (painted-face male role), and chou (comedic male role),
distinguished on the basis of sex, age, and personality.
Wushu(Kongfu) is also called national skill or feat, it is a
kind of Chinese traditional sport item. It contains series of
actions and many single action to kick, strike, tumble(), hold
fall, cleave()together in some certain rules. It has wide
foundation during the mass, it is an precious and varied culture
bequest() which Chinese accumulate during the long social
4. EntertainmentChinese chess
Chinese chess, or Xiangqi is an extremely popular game which was
closely related to military strategists in ancient China. It
originated from the Warring States Period, created on the basis of
two confronting military formations. During the Spring and Autumn
Period and the Warring States Period, wars were fought for years
running. A new chess game was patterned after the array() of
troops. This was the earliest form of Chinese chess.
and it had already become very popular, with its style of play
basically fixed by the Song Dynasty(9601279).Today, more than 40
countries and regions have established their own Chinese chess
The chessboard is square in shape, with the Chuhe River
separating two sides. On either side, there are 90 intersections to
place pieces. There are 32 pieces divided into two groups with
black and red color. All the pieces must be placed in fixed
The red side moves first and players take alternate turns. The
pieces have different rules to move. e.g. the Horse moves one point
orthogonally() one outward diagonally(), the Elephant moves exactly
two points diagonally. The Chariot() moves horizontally or
vertically. The solider moves forward one point only. When the
Marshal is checked and cannot be saved, that side is lost. But
there can also be a stalemate. ()
5. The Chinese
When someone asks you what sign you are, do you say Scorpio or
Dragon? Chinese people have their own zodiac chart. Unlike the
Western zodiac, it's based on a 12-year cycle according to the
lunar calendar. Each year is represented by a different animal.
III. culture difference between China and Germany