Discover China

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Discover China. By 叶文静. Question:. When talking about China, what suitable words will you think of to describe her?. beautiful. large/wide. ancient. mysterious. civilized ancient country. vast territory & abundant resources. with a long history. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • When talking about China, what suitable words will you think of to describe her?civilized ancient country mysteriouswith a long historylarge/widevast territory & abundant resourcesancientbeautiful

  • How many aspects do you think the foreigners are most interested in or curious about?

  • III. culture difference between China and Germany. Custom & Culture. Geographygeographical location places of interest Festivals Food cultureArt and Architecture Entertainment The Chinese Zodiac

  • China is the ________ largest country in the world. thirdRussiaCanadaThe top and second largest countries are ________ and __________.

  • Located in the ________ part of the ______ contient, China occupies an area of _______ square kilometers.easternAsian960

  • Wester Chinas ___________ Mountains are often reffered to as the roof of the world. Mount _______________(known to the west as Mount _________) is the peak.HimalayanQomolangmaEverest[hi'mljn] /gu:mulanma/

  • Chairman Mao Zedong said in one of his poems: "Our motherland is so rich in beauty." This is a most concise summary of China's geographical features. Through a recent national poll, the following have been recognized as the Top Ten Places of Scenic Beauty and Historical Interest in China:Places of Historical and Cultural Interest in China

  • 1. The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest sights in the world. It is an awe-inspiring feat() of ancient defensive architecture. Its winding path over rugged country and steep mountains takes in some great scenery. the Great Wall

  • 2. the Forbidden City

  • the Forbidden City, imperial palace is located in the center of Beijing. For five hundred years, emperors and their family members have lived in this palace. The Forbidden City is one of the most popular tourist spots to visit in Beijing next to the Great Wall.

  • 3. Mount Huangshan in Anhui

  • Of all the notable mountains in China, Mount Huangshan, to be found in the south of Anhui province, is probably the most famous. Mt. Huangshan can boast not only of its magnificence but also its abundant resources and great variety of zoological species, for which it has been listed as a World Natural and Cultural Heritage Site.

  • 4. the West Lake in Hangzhou

  • Located in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, It possesses rich cultural relics and historic sites and is endowed with touching myths and legends. With over 40 attractive spots and more than 30 key cultural relics and historic sites such as Lingyin Temple and Yuewang (Yue Fei) Grave Temple, the West Lake is regarded as a famous historical culture-oriented tourist attraction in China.

  • 5. Guilin land- scape

  • Guilin is a key tourist city of well-known culture and history in china . People who come to Guilin for a visit are deeply impressed by its natural beauty. Guilin is situated along the Lijiang River,which is an attraction in itself.The beauty of water and the Karst() peaks have attracted travelers to this area for centuries.

  • the Three Gorges of the Yangtze6.

  • The Three Gorges are grand canyons() situated in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River. namely Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge and Xiling Gorge . with breath-taking sceneries, it makes its way deep into and through the Wushan Mountains, forming the most spectacular and absorbing gorges.

  • gardens in Suzhou7.

  • The Classical Gardens of Suzhou are a group of gardens in Suzhou, Jiangsu province which were added to UNESCOs on the World Heritage List. They include many key features of classical Chinese garden design

  • The terra-cotta warriors and horses8.

  • The terra-cotta warriors and horses of the Qin Dynasty are called the Eighth Miracle in the World. They were all molded on real people and horses. The terra-cotta warriors are about 1.8m in height, with different appearance and stately expression, attracting large numbers of Chinese and foreign visitors.

  • the Summer Resort of Chengde9.

  • Located in the city of Chengde in northeastern Hebei province, it was where Qing emperors spent their summer days. It is Chinas largest imperial garden. Twice the size of Beijings Summer Palace, construction spanned nearly ninety years. It has a simple but elegant layout and was built by the natural mountains and rivers. In 1994, the Imperial Summer Villa became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • the Sun and Moon Lake in Taiwan10.

  • Surroundedbygreenmountains,SunMoonLakeisthepearlofCentralTaiwan. Sun Moon Lake is the largest natural lake in Taiwan. The Eastern part of the lake is round like the sun, while the western part is shaped like a crescent ()moon - hence comes the name "Sun Moon Lake".

  • . Custom & CultureFestivals1. Spring festivalChinese New Year falls on the first day of the first lunar month. It is the most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all family members get together, similar to Christmas or Thanksgiving in the West.

  • key words:luxurious dinner on New years Evea whole fish, to represent togetherness and abundance, and a chicken for prosperityNoodles represent long lifenian gao in the south &dumplings in the northgift money to the childrentemple fairpay New Year's call

  • lighting fireworksSpring Festival couplets

    Business flourishes Peace all year round Wishing you prosperity

  • Everything goes well Safe trip wherever you goMay all your wishes come true Wishing you every success

  • Money and treasures will be plentiful Harmony brings wealth Promoting to a higher position

  • The 15th day of the new year is called the Lantern Festival, which is celebrated at night with lantern displays and children carrying lanterns in a parade. And it is further enriched by the customary lantern riddle parties. The riddles are stuck on the surface of some of the lanterns for people to guess.2. Lantern Festival

  • Besides entertainment and beautiful lanterns, another important part of the Lantern Festival is eating small dumpling balls made of rice flour with sweet fillings, which is called Yuanxiao in Chinese.

  • 3. Tomb Sweeping FestivalQingming, literally clear and bright, is the most important springtime festival. It is also called the Tomb Sweeping Festival, as people visit the gravesites of their ancestors, pay respect to the dead at their tombs and hold memorial ceremonies in honor of their ancestors. people also spend some time cleaning the gravesite area.

  • But it is not just a day for mourning the dead. The festival is celebrated two weeks after the Equinox(), and the dates usually turn out to be the 4th, 5th, or 6th of April. With the coming of spring, nature wakes up, dressing the world in green. Therefore, the day is also a happy occasion for outdoor activities, such as picnicking, kite flying and dancing. This might be an important reason why this festival has been very popular for thousands of years.

  • 4. Mid-Autumn Festival Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th monthit is the time when the moon is said to be at its brightest and fullest. In ancient China, emperors offered sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the moon in autumn.

  • People enjoy the full, bright moon and eat mooncakes on that day. Mooncakes are to Mid-Autumn Festival what mince pies are to Christmas. The round cakes traditionally have a sweet filling of lotus seed paste or red bean paste and often have one or more salted duck eggs in the center to represent the moon.

  • 5. The Dragon Boat FestivalThe Dragon Boat Festival, also called the Duanwu Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth month according to the Chinese calendar. For thousands of years, the festival has been marked by eating zong zi (glutinous ricewrapped to form a pyramid using bamboo or reed leaves) and racing dragon boats.

  • The festival is best known for its dragon-boat races, especially in the southern provinces where there are many rivers and lakes which commemorates the death of Qu Yuan , an honest minister who is said to have committed suicide by drowning himself in a river.

  • 2. Traditional diet& Chinese food cultureIt is not easy to brief the civilization of Chinese Food in a short message, it is because, there are more than 56 folks inside the Mainland China, and the large area causes difference dining habits among the difference districts. But Chinese food is most well known for its various flavors() and ingredients().

  • Not same to the people living in western area, Chinese used to have their dinner together with all the family members, sitting around a table and each person will have one set of dining tool in front of them, including two bowls which one for rice and another for soup, one pairs of chopsticks. (Chinese always have soup during or after dining.) They will share the food dishes which were made and put into the central of table.

  • There are so many traditional and special Chinese foods, according to the folk culture, district, religion, and festival. For the famous classes divided by district, there are style of Guangdong, Beijing, Shanghai, Sichuan, North-West, and so onor by folk, there are kejia, Yunan, Fujian, etc. These all above mentioned styles are well-known in the worldwide.

  • Doufu(Bean curd)Steamed FishDim SumLobsterEggs In Tea chowmein

  • Cooking methodsStir-fryingdeep-fryingsteamingbraising

  • China is the hometown of chopsticks, or Kuaizi in Chinese. The invention of chopsticks reflects the wisdom of Chinese ancient people. A pair of chopsticks, though they look simple, can nip, pick, rip and stir food.chopsticks in China

  • Many foreigners are interested in but also puzzled about how to use chopsticks with facility. Here are some notes you'd better remember when to use chopsticks. First, you must hold the upper part and don't cross the chopsticks.

  • Second, hold the chopsticks with your thumb, index finger, middle finger and third finger. One stick is against your third finger and the other leans on your middle finger. Third, when you pick the food, use your index finger and middle finger to control the chopsticks. Practice a lot and then you will find it is an easy job.

  • different ways of holding chopsticks

  • correct way:

  • The use of chopsticks has been a part of Chinese food culture. There are some taboos of using chopsticks that you must pay great attention to, or you may make mistakes and be laughed at.

  • First, don't use chopsticks to hit the side of your bowl or plate to make a lot of noise, because Chinese people think only beggars would do this to beg food.Second, when you use chopsticks, don't stretch out your index finger, which would be regarded as a kind of accusation to others. Never use chopsticks to point at others.

  • Third, it is thought to be an impolite behavior when you suck the end of a chopstick. People will think you lack family education.Fourth, don't use chopsticks to poke at every dish without knowing what your want.And last, don't insert chopsticks vertically into the food. Chinese people do this only when they sacrifice the dead.

  • Chinese tea culture has a long history. Chinese tea culture refers to the methods of preparation of tea, the equipment used to make tea and the occasions in which tea is consumed in China. The terms chayi "Art of Tea " and "Tea Ceremony" have been used, but the term "Tea Culture" includes more than just the ceremony. Chinese tea culture

  • Tea culture in China differs from that of Europe, Britain or Japan in such things as preparation methods, tasting methods and the occasions for which it is consumed. Even now, in both casual and formal Chinese occasions, tea is consumed regularly. In addition to being a drink, Chinese tea is used in traditional Chinese medicine.

  • Tea can be classified as:green tea, black tea,oolong tea and scented teaaccording to the processing method.green tea: Longjing from Hangzhou; Bi Luo Chun from Jiangsu Province; Huangshan Maofeng;Junshan Yinzhen (Silver tea)[] from Dongting Lake, Hunan Province

  • Black tea is fermented() tea. It is believed to warm the stomach and is good for drinking in autumn and winter.Oolong tea is a semi-fermented tea. which is a mix between green tea and black tea. It is often called Kung-fu tea for the complexity of its brewing() process.The three major Oolong growth areas are _______ _________ and _________FujianGuangdongTaiwan

  • The most important is the Chinese architectural emphasis on the horizontal axis() Another important feature is its emphasis on symmetry(), which connotes() a sense of grandeur.3. Art and architecture

  • Chinese buildings may be built with either red or grey bricks, but wooden structures are the most common; these are more capable of withstanding earthquakes, but are vulnerable() to fire. The roof of a typical Chinese building is curved.

  • Chinese classifications for architecture include: lou (Multistory buildings) tai (terraces) ting (pavilions) ge (Two-story pavilions) ta (Chinese pagodas) xuan (Verandas with windows) xie (Pavilions or houses on terraces) wu (Rooms along roofed corridors)

  • Temples is the symbolization of the long history and richculture of China, and are regarded as valuableart treasures. Buddhism has been practiced extensively in China as numerous temples have been constructed throughout the country,which not only symbolize Buddhist culture, witness the rise and fall of Buddhism. They are of great historical and artistic value.

  • China is a country with a diversified religions. Apart from the indigenous Taoism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity were introduced from foreign lands. Taoist structures are called gong()or guanmosque is the term for Moslem structure and church for a Christian structure.Templetope() and grotto are called the Three Great Structures of Buddhism.

  • Luoyang White Horse Temple (lu yng bi m s )Three famous temples in China:

  • Hangzhou Lingyin Temple ()

  • Dengfeng Shaolin Temple ()

  • Fujian earthen house

  • Fujian Earth is a pearl of oriental civilization, because most of them built by the Hakka people in Fujian, so called "Hakka Earth Building. " It has a long history, variety, scale, structure, functional and rich content is known, has a very high historical, artistic and scientific value, known as the "Eastern castle","Wonderful World Architecture

  • It is based on raw soil as the main construction material, mixed with clay(),fine sand, lime(), glutinous() rice, brown sugar, water etc. Most tulous are to be found in the valleys, surrounded by high mountains, and some are in the depths of the great mountains.

  • Most are three to four stories high. Rooms on the first floor are used as kitchens, rooms on the second floor are used as barns(), and rooms on the third and fourth floors are for bedrooms and living rooms. For defensive purposes, the rooms on the first floor have no windows and their circular construction helps them withstand the regular shocks

  • Although there are more than 360 ancient local operas in China, Peking Opera is known as China's national opera, despite its comparatively young 200-year history.Although it is called Peking Opera, the origins of Peking Opera are not in Beijing but in the provinces of Anhui (East China) and Hubei (South-central China). Its rise is due in great part to the patronage of the imperial royalties.Peking Opera

  • Peking Opera roles include sheng (male role), dan (female role), jing (painted-face male role), and chou (comedic male role), distinguished on the basis of sex, age, and personality.

  • Wushu(Kongfu) is also called national skill or feat, it is a kind of Chinese traditional sport item. It contains series of actions and many single action to kick, strike, tumble(), hold fall, cleave()together in some certain rules. It has wide foundation during the mass, it is an precious and varied culture bequest() which Chinese accumulate during the long social practice.

    Chinese Kongfu

  • 4. EntertainmentChinese chess

  • Chinese chess, or Xiangqi is an extremely popular game which was closely related to military strategists in ancient China. It originated from the Warring States Period, created on the basis of two confronting military formations. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, wars were fought for years running. A new chess game was patterned after the array() of troops. This was the earliest form of Chinese chess.

  • and it had already become very popular, with its style of play basically fixed by the Song Dynasty(9601279).Today, more than 40 countries and regions have established their own Chinese chess clubs.

  • The chessboard is square in shape, with the Chuhe River separating two sides. On either side, there are 90 intersections to place pieces. There are 32 pieces divided into two groups with black and red color. All the pieces must be placed in fixed positions firstly.

  • The red side moves first and players take alternate turns. The pieces have different rules to move. e.g. the Horse moves one point orthogonally() one outward diagonally(), the Elephant moves exactly two points diagonally. The Chariot() moves horizontally or vertically. The solider moves forward one point only. When the Marshal is checked and cannot be saved, that side is lost. But there can also be a stalemate. ()

  • 5. The Chinese ZodiacRatOxTigerHareDragonSnakeHorseSheepMonkeyCockDogBoar

  • When someone asks you what sign you are, do you say Scorpio or Dragon? Chinese people have their own zodiac chart. Unlike the Western zodiac, it's based on a 12-year cycle according to the lunar calendar. Each year is represented by a different animal.

  • III. culture difference between China and Germany