Discovering Shakespeare’s meaning

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Discovering Shakespeare’s meaning. 200510003 김광진 200610403 신지윤 200610030 권은해 200713239 김진웅 200510343 조창현 200810482 진혜원. Again Boramae Park. A TABLE OF CONTENTS. 목차 1 IMAGERY 목차 2 LITERAL AND FIGURATIVE IMAGES 목차 3 METAPHOR 목차 4 SIMILE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Discovering Shakespeare’s meaning

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DiscoveringShakespearesmeaning200510003 200610403 200610030 200713239 200510343 200810482

1 IMAGERY 2 LITERAL AND FIGURATIVE IMAGES

3 METAPHOR

4 SIMILE

5 PERSONIFICATION

6 EMBLEM

7 SYMBOLAgain Boramae ParkA TABLE OF CONTENTSDefinition of ImageryAny series of words used to create a mental image, figure, or likeness of a person, place or thing.

Uses of ImageryTo suggest the atmosphere of a sceneTo reveal the attitudes of his speakersTo define the nature of the universe in which his dramatis personae function

Discovering Shakespeares meaning1. ImageryUses of Imagery

Discovering Shakespeares meaning1. Imagery

Definition of Literal Imageswhere a straightforward evocation of a specific object is involved

Uses of Literal ImagesI know a bank where the wild thyme blows,Where oxslips and the nodding violet grows,Quite over-canopies with luscious woodbine,With sweet musk-roses, and with eglantine.(p.32) (A Midsummer Night's Dream, II.i.249-252)

Discovering Shakespeares meaning2. Literal and Figurative ImagesDefinition of Figurative Imageswhere an object, or state is defined in terms of another

Uses of Figurative ImagesTo make an imaginative leap in order to comprehend an author's point"He ran like a hare down the street" - Figurative"He ran very quickly down the street" - Literal

Discovering Shakespeares meaning2. Literal and Figurative ImagesDefinition of MetaphorIdentifying, rather than comparing, one object with another, thus transferring the qualities of the second to the first.

Uses of MetaphorTo realize a new and different meaningTo increase stylistic colorfulness and variety

Discovering Shakespeares meaning3. MetaphorWhen we are born, we cry that we are comeTo this great stage of fools,(p.33) (King Lear, V.iii.189-190) A walking shadow, a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage(Macbeth)Definition of SimileInvolving a comparison between one object and another, and being usually introduced by 'as' or 'like'

Discovering Shakespeares meaning4. SimileUses of Simile

Discovering Shakespeares meaning4. Simile

"And what's her history?""A blank, my lord. She never told her love, but...sat, like patience on a monument, smiling at Grief."Sblood, I am as melancholyas a gib cat, or a lugged bear.(p.32) (Henry IV, I.ii.71-72)

(Twelfth Night, II.iv.114-116)Definition of PersonificationThe representation of an abstract concept or inanimate object in human terms

Discovering Shakespeares meaning5. PersonificationUses of PersonificationTo makes objects and their actions easier to visualize for readersDiscovering Shakespeares meaning5. PersonificationBut look, the morn in russet mantle cladwalks o'er the dew of yon high eastward hill -(p.32) (Hamlet, I.i.171-172)Sleep...knits up the raveled sleeve of care.... balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course, chief nourisher in life's feast.(Macbeth)

Definition of EmblemPictorial image that represents an abstract idea or a concept, or a person such as king or saint. Emblem embodies some abstraction in concrete, visual terms; a tribe, or nation, a virtue or a vice.

Definition of SymbolSomething such as an object, picture, written word, sound or particular mark that represents something else by association, resemblance or convention, and evokes one object, or concept, while simultaneously suggesting another, unrelated one.

Discovering Shakespeares meaning6. Emblem and SymbolDifferences between Emblem and Symbol

Discovering Shakespeares meaning6. Emblem and Symbol

The christian cross is a symbol of the Crucifixion; it is an emblem of sacrifice.

Red Cross is a symbol of the International Red Cross; it is the emblem of the humanitarian spirit.Uses of symbol

Discovering Shakespeares meaning6. Emblem and SymbolCome, seeling Night,Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful Day,And, with thy bloody and invisible hand,Cancel, and tear to pieces, that great bondWhich keeps me pale! - Light thickens; and the crowMakes wing to th'rooky wood;Good things of Day begin to droop and drowse,Whiles Night's black agents to their preys do rouse.

imagery) The word tottered implies that the castle is tattered(=ruined), and tottering as if about to fall. And the description of the castle has reference to its occupant, Richard. The imagery suggests the insecurity, not only of the castle which is Richards physical shelter, but also of Richards social position. Henry Bolingbroke : Lets march without the noise of threatning drum, That from this castles tottered battlements Our fair appiontments may be well perusd At this point, the King appears on the upper stage, and his physical elevation is an emblematic representation of his superior social status.

The aspect of the Kings role that brings glory to his people like the sun is realized in visual terms on the stage by Richards appearance, richly clad, and upon the upper stage.Discovering Shakespeares meaningHenry Bolingbroke : See, see, King Richard doth himself appear,As doth the blushing discontented sun Yet looks he like a king, Behold, his eye, As bright as is the eagles, lightens forth Controlling majesty.Discovering Shakespeares meaning The eagle is the king of birds, and Richard is a king among men. The eagle soars high above the earth, scanning the world below him with an acute gaze, as Richard, in his majesty, over-sees his subjects. Kings appearance on the upper stage fuses these concepts.

On the upper stage, Richard looks down, literally, upon his subjects clear-sightedly.Richard [To northumberland] : We are amazd, and thus long have we stood To watch the fearful bending of thy knee, Because we thought ourself thy lawful king; And if we be, how dare thy joints forget To pay their awful duty to our presence?Discovering Shakespeares meaning By failing to kneel to the monarch, Northumberland not only withholds a gesture of respect, but also enforce his own growth in relation to the King. Richard Unable to imposes his authority, and his surrender can be seen next speech.

Richard : Most mighty prince, my Lord Northumberland,What says King Bolingbroke? Will his MajestyGive Richard leave to live till Richard die?Discovering Shakespeares meaning The ironic speeches in which Richard now salutes Bolingbrokes messenger indicate the reversal of roles and that is unchangeable.Discovering Shakespeares meaningExamples from Richard

Rich. Down, down I come, like glist'ring Phaeton,Wanting the manage of unruly jades.In the base court? Base court, where kings grow baseTo come at traitors' calls, and do them grace!In the base court? Come down? Down, court! down, king!For night-owls shriek where mounting larks should sing.Richard's action : The movement denotes his submission to superior force, but it also enacts a descent from kingship to 'baseness', from supremacy over others to the common human condition. the significance of the stage spectacle is enriched by the figurative language that accompanies it.

Playing upon the sun image used in relation to the sovereign : The image transforms Richard from the true, sun-like monarch, to an aspirant to that role, with his descent from the upper stage enacting his waning authority and foreshadowing his destruction. Discovering Shakespeares meaningRich. Up, cousin, up; your heart is up, I know,Thus high at least, although your knee be low.

The visual and verbal imagery of ascent and descent is continued.

This points towards the ultimate nature of the predominance that Bolingbroke is to gain. Bolingbroke is in the ascendancy and Richard is doomed to decline. Discovering Shakespeares meaning3) Now is this golden crown like a deep well That owes two buckets, filling one another, The emptier ever dancing in the air, The other down, unseen, and full of water, That bucket down and full of tears am I, Drinking my griefs, whilst you mount up on high. The aspirants to the crown of England, as the deposed king comments in the above act, are like two buckets in a well.Showing the elevation of one and the decline of the other.It is alternation of fortunes that the stage spectacle and the figurative language combine.Discovering Shakespeares meaningExamples from 'Othello'1) an old black ram Is tupping your white ewe; The figurative language turns upon a contrast which is realized in terms of stage spectacle. It is built upon colour. From the very outset of the play images evocative of darkness and light are in opposition to one another.

2) I ha't, it is engender'd; Hell and night Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light.From this point onwards the literal darkness in which the action is set becomes evident.Discovering Shakespeares meaning3) Rod. Here is her father's house, I'll call aloud. Iago. Do, with like timorous accent, and dire yell, As when, by night and negligence, the fire Is spied I populous cities.(skipped) Awake! what ho, Brabantio! Thieves, thieves, thieves!(skipped)BRANBANTIO at a window.(skipped) Zounds, sir, you are robb'd, for shame put on your gown,(skipped) Awake the snorting citizens with the bell,A host of devices are used here to communicate the night-time setting to the audience. The darkness of the play world has been implied by the nature of the characters' exchanges, by the imagery, and the disposition of the actors on the upper and lower stage. Discovering Shakespeares meaning4) Bra. Give me a taper, call up all my people: This accident is not unlike my dream, Belief of it oppresses me already: Light I say, light! stirred into action by the cries of the men below him, begins to call for light confirming the blackness.

5) Enter BRANBANTIO in his night-gown