Factors Influencing Recidivism of Juvenile Delinquents آھأ­ ... Data collection was done by the Rorschach

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  • Factors Influencing Recidivism of Juvenile Delinquents Wimonwan Panyawong at el.

    J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand Vol. 53 No. 3 July - October 2008 271

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    J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand 2008; 53(3): 271-283

    * Faculty of Graduate Studies, Clinical Psychology Program, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University.

    ** Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University.

    Factors Influencing Recidivism of Juvenile Delinquents Wimonwan Panyawong M.Sc. *, Kanokrat Sukhatunga M.Ed., M.Sc. **,

    Gobhathai Kunarak M.D. **

    Abstract

    Objective: To study individual factors and social and environmental factors influencing recidivism

    of juvenile delinquents.

    Method: The study group comprised 168 juvenile delinquents at Baan Karuna and Baan Pranee

    Juvenile Observation and Protection Centers (137 males and 31 females) who had history of

    recidivism. Data collection was done by the Rorschach test to assess characteristic traits, the

    Standard Progressive Matrices to assess IQ, and structured interview conducted by questionnaire in

    order to assess other individual, social and environmental factors.

    Results: Result revealed that individual factors comprised of characteristic traits of immaturity and

    identity confusion. They often interpreted and managed life situation in a superficial approach and

    without thought. Results also found emotional problems regarding poor impulse control which led

    to problem relating to adjustment and interpersonal relationships. Result also found that they

    generally had an average IQ and above but low education and low income, like their parents.

    Regarding social and environmental factors, although they had broken homes, they had good

    relationships with family members. The peer group who had criminal records and drug use history

    also influenced to the juveniles.

    Conclusion: Results have shown that a projective test as the Rorschach test can expand the data

    from interviewing in the areas of cognitive, affective, and expressive domains which provide a

    deeper understanding the juveniles. This brought to promote program of increasing awareness for

    self-improvement.

    Keywords: recidivism, juvenile delinquents, Rorschach test

  • Factors Influencing Recidivism of Juvenile Delinquents Wimonwan Panyawong at el.

    J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand Vol. 53 No. 3 July - October 2008 273

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