FINN - Bus Based Transit - Session A - 14th November : Toni Lindau BRT Station - Istanbul Source: EMBARQ BRT Station - Pereira Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank BRT Station – Rio de Janeiro BRT Station – Rio de Janeiro BRT Station – Rio de Janeiro BRT Station

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  • BUSBASED TRANSIT

    INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH BRT AND BHLS

    B FBRENDAN FINN

    ETTS LTD.

    All unattributed images are by the Author

  • Mass Transit based on Buses

  • Scope of this Presentation

    Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)

    Bus with High Level of Service (BHLS)

    M i f BRT d BHLSMetrics for BRT and BHLS

    International findings

  • Spectrum of Bus-Based Transit

    High performance, high capacity BRTg p , g p y Major infastructure, rapid service, intensive services

    Up to 1 million passengers/day

    Bogota Guangzhou Istanbul Bogota, Guangzhou, Istanbul,

    High-performance, moderate capacity BRT Major infastructure, rapid service, strong service

    Range 100-250,000 passengers/day

    Brisbane, Ottowa, Beijing, Mexico City,

    Bus with High Level of Service (BHLS) Bus with High Level of Service (BHLS) Moderate/little infrastructure, focus on reliability and quality

    Range 25,000-65,000 passengers/day

    Amsterdam, Gothenburg, Stockholm, Paris, Madrid, Hamburg,

  • BRT Bus Rapid Transit

    FEATURES

    EXAMPLES AND PRACTICE

  • Features of BRT

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    VehiclesVehicles

    Running WaysRunning Ways

    Stations & TerminalsStations & Terminals

    SystemsSystems

    Service PlanService Plan

  • Features of BRT Running Ways

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    VehiclesVehicles

    Running WaysRunning Ways

    Stations & TerminalsStations & Terminals

    SystemsSystems

    Service PlanService Plan

  • Running Way options

    Dedicated bus road Exclusive road for use of buses

    Operate at up to 100 kph (Adelaide, Brisbane)

    Median dedicated lanes centre of the road Usually have physical segregation

    Passing lane required for high efficiency Passing lane required for high efficiency

    If stations in the centre, probably need dedicated fleet

    If lateral stations, can offset to reduce road-take requirements

    Lateral dedicated lanes located at edge of the road May have problem to gain sufficient pavement width

    More difficult if many existing roadside uses

  • Running way - Istanbul

    Source: EMBARQ

  • Running Way Beijing, China

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • Running Way Guanghzhou, China

    Source : Paul Barter

  • Running way Seoul, Korea

  • BRT Running way Rio de Janeiro

  • BRT Running Way Lagos

    Source : Dayo Mobereola, LAMATA

    MSOffice3

  • Slide 14

    MSOffice3 Future tense , 21/09/2010

  • BRT Running Way - Jakarta

    Source : Transjakarta

    MSOffice2

  • Slide 15

    MSOffice2 Future tense , 21/09/2010

  • BRT Running way - Pereira

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • BRT running way - Pereira

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • BRT Running Way - Nantes

  • BRT running way - Paris

  • Essen : Busway track

    Source : Cambridgeshire County Council

  • BRT running way - Amsterdam

  • Pittsburgh East Busway constructionb g y o o

  • Cambridge : Busway

    Source : Cambridgeshire County Council

  • BRT Tunnel section - Brisbane

  • Features of BRT Stations and Terminals

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    VehiclesVehicles

    Running WaysRunning Ways

    Stations & TerminalsStations & Terminals

    SystemsSystems

    Service PlanService Plan

  • BRT Bus Station - Bogota

    Source : Peter Danielsson, Volvo Bus Corporation

  • BRT Station - Johannesburg

  • BRT Station, Sao Paulo

    Source : Toni Lindau

  • BRT Station - Istanbul

    Source: EMBARQ

  • BRT Station - Pereira

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • BRT Station Rio de Janeiro

  • BRT Station Rio de Janeiro

  • BRT Station Rio de Janeiro

  • BRT Station Rio de Janeiro

  • Busway Station - Pittsburgh

  • BRT Station - Brisbane

  • Passenger lift at BRT station - Brisbane

  • Precision docking Amsterdam

  • Precision docking - Nantes

  • Wheelchair ramp - Nantes

  • Wheelchair ramp - Cleveland

  • Rouen, France optical guidance system

  • Castellon, Spain Optical Guidance system

  • Cambridge : ParknRide

    Source : Cambridgeshire County Council

  • Features of BRT Service Plan

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    VehiclesVehicles

    Running WaysRunning Ways

    Stations & TerminalsStations & Terminals

    SystemsSystems

    Service PlanService Plan

  • Service Plan Mixed service type

    Base: AllBase: All--day, allday, all--stops trunk line stops trunk line l kl k l lll ll d id i

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    Overlay: PeakOverlay: Peak--only or allonly or all--day express servicesday express services

    onononononononfer

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    Local

    Express CBD

    Express

    D

    University,University,

    46

    University,University,HospitalHospitalDistrictDistrict

  • BRT and land-use in Curitiba

    Source : URBS, Curitiba

  • BRT Network - Curitiba

    Source : URBS Curitiba

  • Service differentiation - Curitiba

    Source : URBS Curitiba

  • Ahmedabad 85 km of BRT network

  • 115 CORRIDORS OF BUSWAY 5 CORRIDORS OF BUSWAY -- JAKARTA 201JAKARTA 20155

    95 10

    3 15

    41

    2

    3

    16

    1 Blok M - KotaGajah Mada/Hayam Wuruk Majapahit M. Merdeka Barat Mh. Thamrin Jend. Sudirman - Sisingamangaraja

    2 P.Gadung HarmoniPahlawan Kemerdekaan Suprapto Senen Juanda -Harmini CB Merdeka Barat Kwitang

    3 Kalideres - HarmoniDaan Mogot Kyai Tapa Hasyim Asyhari Harmoni CB Juanda Pasar Baru

    4 P.Gadung Dukuh AtasPemuda Pramuka - Tambak Sultan Agung Setia Budi

    12

    14

    AB

    11

    g g

    5 Kp.Melayu - AncolJatinegara Matraman Raya Kramat Raya Senen Gunung Sahari

    6 Ragunan KuninganWarung Jati Mampang Prapatan Rasuna Said Latuharhari Sultan Agung Rasuna Said

    7 Kp.Melayu Kp.RambutanOtista Cawang Sutoyo Raya Bogor

    8 Lebak Bulus HarmoniPondok Indah S. Iskandar Muda T.Nyak Arief Jalan Panjang Daan Mogot S.Parman Tomang Harmoni CB

    Pi ti Pl it

    7

    8

    13

    6

    9 Pinangranti - PluitSutoyo Haryono Gatot Subroto S.Parman Jembatan 2 Latumenten

    10 Cililitan - Tanjung PriokSutoyo DI. Panjaitan A. Yani

    11 Ciledug - Blok MHos Cokroaminoto Cileduk Raya Kya Maja

    12 Kalimalang - Blok MKalimalang Let Haryono Kapten Tendean W. Minginsidi

    13 Depok - ManggaraiDepok ManggaraiMargonda Lenteng Agung PS. Minggu Prof. DR Supomo Minangkabau

    14 Pulo Gebang Kp.MelayuSentra Prima Soekanto Soegiono Basuki Rachmat Pedati

    15Tanjung Priok - PluitTg. Priok - Kemayoran - Pluit

  • Nantes Busway and Chronobus network

  • Features of BRT

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    VehiclesVehicles

    Running WaysRunning Ways

    Stations & TerminalsStations & Terminals

    SystemsSystems

    Service PlanService Plan

  • Articulated buses Bogota and Curitiba

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • Hamburg: XXL bus

    Source : Hamburger Hochbahn AG

  • BRT vehicle - Pereira

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • BRT Vehicle - Nantes

  • BRT Vehicle Amsterdam

  • Standard Bus Brisbane

  • Features of BRT

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

    VehiclesVehicles

    Running WaysRunning Ways

    Stations & TerminalsStations & Terminals

    SystemsSystems

    Service PlanService Plan

  • ITS systems for BRT

    Operations Managementp g Automatic Vehicle Location and Management

    Traffic Signal Priority

    S i d S l i d Service and System planning and support

    Collision avoidance/warning

    Precision docking Precision docking

    Customer-facing and support services Automatic fare collection

    Real-time passenger information

    Journey planning

    S it d t t Security and passenger management systems

  • Control Centre Bogota, Columbia

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • Control Centre Rio de Janeiro

  • Zurich AVM Control Centre

  • Control Centre - Johannesburg

  • In-vehicle headway management - Seoul

  • Real-time passenger information - Brisbane

  • Fare collection at BRT Stations

    Smart Card Fare GatesSmart Card Fare GatesTransMillenio, Bogota

    Mag TicketMag. TicketQuito: TroleBus

    Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • Image and Marketing - Brisbane

    Brisbane: S.E. BuswayBrisbane: S.E. Busway

    69 Source : Sam Zimmerman, World Bank

  • BRT Branding Rio de Janeiro

  • BRT Branding Johannesburg

  • BHLS Bus with High Level of BHLS Bus with High Level of Service

    C A P A C I T Y A N D C O S TC A P A C I T Y A N D C O S T

    F E A T U R E S

    E X A M P L E S

  • What is BHLS?

    BHLS? Derives from French term BHNS, maybe later another name

    Generic term for a wide range of quality bus systems