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Fotografi Landscape Karya Warih Sanjaya SKRIPSI A. Fotografi 1. Sejarah Fotografi Fotografi berasal dari kata photo dan graphos. Fotografi merupakan gabungan dari ilmu,teknologi,dan

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  • Fotografi Landscape Karya Warih Sanjaya

    SKRIPSI

    Diajukan kepada Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni

    Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

    Untuk Memenuhi Sebagian Persyaratan

    Guna Memperoleh Gelar

    Sarjana Pendidikan

    Oleh

    Ramadhan Tantowi Sugiharto

    NIM 11206244006

    PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN SENI RUPA

    FAKULTAS BAHASA DAN SENI

    UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA

    2018

  • iv

    MOTTO

    A goal without a plan is just a wish

  • v

    HALAMAN PERSEMBAHAN

    Ayahanda dan Ibu Tercinta

    Mereka adalah orang tua hebat yang telah membesarkan dan mendidikku dengan

    penuh kasih sayang

    Terimakasih atas pengorbanan,nasehat dan do‟a yang tiada hentinya kalian

    berikan kepadaku selama ini.

    Kakak dan saudaraku tersayang

    Terimakasih atas dukungan serta do‟a kalian, semoga Allah SWT membalas

    kebaikan kalian.

    Keluarga besar Seni Rupa Angkatan 2011 yang telah mengenalkanku arti sebuah

    keluarga,sahabat dan arti kebersamaan.

  • viii

    DAFTAR ISI

    HALAMAN JUDUL .......................................................................................... i

    HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN ........................................................................... ii

    HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ............................................................................ iii

    HALAMAN MOTTO ........................................................................................ iv

    HALAMAN PERSEMBAHAN ......................................................................... v

    HALAMAN PERNYATAAN ........................................................................... vi

    KATA PENGANTAR ....................................................................................... vii

    DAFTAR ISI ...................................................................................................... viii

    DAFTAR GAMBAR ......................................................................................... xi

    DAFTAR TABEL .............................................................................................. xiv

    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ...................................................................................... xv

    ABSTRAK .......................................................................................................... xvi

    BAB I : PENDAHULUAN

    A. Latar Belakang Masalah ........................................................... 1

    B. Fokus Masalah ......................................................................... 3

    C. Tujuan Penelitian ..................................................................... 3

    D. Manfaat Penelitian ................................................................... 3

    BAB II : KAJIAN TEORI

    A. Fotografi ................................................................................... 5

    1. Sejarah Fotografi ................................................................ 5

    2. Fotografi Landscape ........................................................... 6

    B. Konsep Pengambilan Foto ........................................................ 7

    C. Elemen Visual ........................................................................... 8

  • ix

    1. Garis ................................................................................... 8

    2. Bidang ................................................................................ 8

    3. Ruang ................................................................................. 8

    4. Warna ................................................................................. 9

    5. Tekstur ............................................................................... 9

    D. Komposisi ................................................................................. 10

    1. Komposisi 1/3 bidang ........................................................ 11

    2. Komposisi Arah Gerak....................................................... 12

    3. Komposisi Point of Interest ............................................... 12

    4. Komposisi Diagonal ........................................................... 12

    E. Pencahayaan .............................................................................. 13

    F. Kamera ...................................................................................... 16

    G. Lensa ......................................................................................... 17

    BAB III : METODE PENELITIAN

    A. Pendekatan Penelitian .............................................................. 18

    B. Sumber Data .............................................................................. 19

    C. Instrumen Penelitian ................................................................. 20

    D. Metode Pengumpulan Data ...................................................... 20

    E. Analisis Data ............................................................................ 22

    F. Triangulasi ................................................................................ 24

    BAB IV : HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN

    A. Profil Warih Sanjaya ................................................................ 26

    1. Latar Belakang Warih Sanjaya ......................................... 26

    2. Kegiatan Kesenian Warih Sanjaya .................................... 27

  • x

    B. Karya Warih Sanjaya ............................................................... 29

    1. Cahaya Cinta di Kenjeran ................................................. 29

    2. Usia Senja ......................................................................... 31

    3. Sendiri di Atas Sunyi ........................................................ 32

    4. Menanti Malam ................................................................. 34

    5. Yang Terlupakan ............................................................... 35

    6. Sendu Merindu .................................................................. 37

    7. Syair Alam ........................................................................ 39

    8. Pesona Senja ..................................................................... 40

    C. Komposisi Fotografi LandscapeWarih Sanjaya ....................... 42

    1. Cahaya Cinta di Kenjeran ................................................. 42

    2. Usia Senja ......................................................................... 46

    3. Sendiri di Atas Sunyi ........................................................ 50

    4. Menanti Malam ................................................................. 55

    5. Yang Terlupakan ............................................................... 59

    6. Sendu Merindu .................................................................. 63

    7. Syair Alam ........................................................................ 68

    8. Pesona Senja ..................................................................... 72

    BAB V : PENUTUP

    A. Kesimpulan .............................................................................. 77

    B. Saran ......................................................................................... 77

    DAFTAR PUSTAKA ........................................................................................ 79

    LAMPIRAN ....................................................................................................... 81

  • xi

    DAFTAR GAMBAR

    Gambar Halaman

    I. Diagram Warna ................................................................................ 9

    II. Pembagian 1/3 Bidang / Rule of Thirds ........................................... 11

    III. Skema Arah Cahaya ........................................................................ 16

    IV. Bagan Triangulasi Teknik dan Sumber ........................................... 25

    V. Cahaya Cinta di Kenjeran................................................................ 29

    VI. Usia Senja ........................................................................................ 31

    VII. Sendiri di Atas Sunyi ........................................................................ 32

    VIII. Menanti Malam ................................................................................ 34

    IX. Yang Terlupakan .............................................................................. 35

    X. Sendu Merindu ................................................................................. 37

    XI. Syair Alam ........................................................................................ 39

    XII. Pesona Senja .................................................................................... 40

    XIII. Cahaya Cinta di Kenjeran................................................................ 42

    XIV. Sketsa prespektif Cahaya Cinta di Kenjeran ................................... 43

    XV. Sketsa Garis Cakrawala Cahaya Cinta di Kenjeran ........................ 44

    XVI. Sketsa Point of InterestCahaya Cinta di Kenjeran .......................... 44