French andindianwar

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  • 1. The French & Indian War (1756to 1763) The Great War for Empire By:Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HSChappaqua, NY

2. Was 1763a "turning point"in British-colonial relationships??? 3. North America in 1750 4. British French Fort NecessityFort Duquesne *George Washington*Delaware & Shawnee Indians TheOhio Valley 1754The First Clash 5. Ben Franklinrepresentatives from New England, NY, MD, PA

  • Albany Congress failed Iroquois broke off relations withBritain & threatened to trade with the French.

1754Albany Plan of Union 6. Gen. Edward Braddockevict theFrench from the OH Valley & Canada(Newfoundland & Nova Scotia)

  • Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley, & Acadia.
  • Killed 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne by 1500 French and Indian forces.

Only Br. Successexpelled Francefrom Louisiana.CAJUNS 1755Br. Decides to Eliminate Fr. Presence in No. Amer. 7. Native American tribesexploited both sides!LordLoudouin Marquisde Montcalm 1756War Is FormallyDeclared! 8.

  • March in formation orbayonet charge.
  • Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials.
  • Prima Donna Br.officers with servants & tea settings.
  • Drills & tough discipline.
  • Colonists should pay for their own defense.
  • Indian-style guerilla tactics.
  • Col. militias served under own captains.
  • No mil. deference or protocols observed.
  • Resistance to rising taxes.
  • Casual,non-professionals.

Methods of Fighting: Military Organization: Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions British Colonials 9.

  • He understood colonial concerns.
  • He offered them a compromise:

-col. loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br.would reimburse col. assemblies for their costs. - Lord Loudoun would be removed. RESULTS? Colonial morale increased by 1758. 1757William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister 10. * By 1761, Sp. has become an ally of Fr. 1758-1761The Tide Turns for England 11. France -->lost her Canadian possessions, most of her empire in India, and claimsto lands east of the Mississippi River. Spain --> got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England. England --> got all French lands in Canada, exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial dominancein India. 1763Treaty of Paris 12. North America in 1763 13. 1. It increased her colonial empire inthe Americas. 2. It greatly enlarged Englands debt. 3. Britains contempt for the colonialscreated bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that a major reorganization of herAmerican Empirewas necessary! Effects of the Waron Britain? 14. 1. It united them against a common enemy for the first time. 2. It created a socializing experience for all thecolonials who participated. 3. It created bitter feelingstowards the British that would only intensify. Effects of the War on the American Colonials 15. 1763 Pontiacs Rebellion Fort Detroit British gifts of smallpox-infected blankets from Fort Pitt. The Aftermath:Tensions Along the Frontier 16. Pontiacs Rebellion (1763) 17. British Proclamation Line of 1763. ColonialsPaxton Boys (PA) BACKLASH! 18. Br. Gvt. measures to prevent smuggling:

  • James Otiscase
  • Protection of a citizensprivate property must beheld in higher regardthan a parliamentary statute.
  • 1761 writs of assistance
  • He lostparliamentarylaw and custom had equal weight.

Rethinking Their Empire 19. 1. Sugar Act - 1764 2. Currency Act - 1764 4. Stamp Act - 1765 3. Quartering Act - 1765 George Grenvilles Program, 1763-1765 20. Real Whigs Q-> What was the extent of Parliaments authority over the colonies?? Absolute? ORLimited? Q-> How could the colonies give orwithhold consent for parliamentary legislation when they did not have representation in that body?? Theories of Representation 21. Loyal Nine - 1765 Sons of Liberty began in NYC: SamuelAdams Stamp Act Congress 1765 * Stamp Act Resolves Declaratory Act 1766 Stamp Act Crisis 22. 1767 William Pitt, P. M. & CharlesTownshend, Secretary of the Exchequer.

  • Shift from paying taxes for Br. wardebts & quartering of troops paying col. govt. salaries.
  • He diverted revenue collection frominternal toexternal trade.
  • Tax these importspaper, paint, lead, glass, tea.
  • Increase custom officials atAmerican portsestablished aBoard of Customs in Boston.

Townshend Duties Crisis:1767-1770 23. 1. John Dickinson1768 * Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania . 2. 17682 ndnon-importationmovement: * Daughters of Liberty * spinning bees 3. Riots against customs agents: *John Hancocks ship, theLiberty . *4000 British troops sentto Boston. Colonial Response to the Townshend Duties 24. "patriots!" For the first time,many colonists began calling peoplewho joined the non-importation movement,