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From Roots to WingsGujaratThe Land of the Legends, stands bordered by Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north east, Madhya Pradesh in the east, and Maharashtra and the Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the south. The Arabian Sea borders the state both to the west and the south west.
The State took its name from the Gujjars, who ruled the area during the 700s and 800s. Stone Age settlements around Sabarmati and Mahi rivers indicate the same time as that of the Indus Valley Civilization while Harappan centres are also found at Lothal, Rampur, Amri and other places.
Rock Inscriptions in the Girnar Hills show that the Maurya Emperor Ashoka, extended his domain into Gujarat in about 250 BC. With its fall, the control of the region came under the Sakas or Scythians.
During the 900s the Solanki Dynasty came to power and Gujarat reached its greatest extent.
Then followed a long period of Muslim rule. Ahmed I, the first independent Muslim ruler of Gujarat, found Ahmedabad in 1411. The Mughal Emperor Akbar conquered Malwa and Gujarat in 1570s.
The British East India Company set its first footsteps in Surat in 1818 and the State came in control of their rule.In 1600s, the Dutch, French, English and Portuguese had all established bases along the coast of the region.
Gujarat was divided into princely states. After the Indian Independence in 1947, all of Gujarat except Saurashtra and Kutchh became part of Bombay State until May 1, 1960, when the Government split Bombay state into the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat.
Ahmedabad became the chief city of the new State and housed the State Government Offices. They remained there until they were transferred to Gandhinagar in 1970.
Gujarat - The Land of the Legends
Gujarat is a State in northwestern India, on the border with Pakistan and Rajasthan in the north east, Madhya Pradesh in the east, and Maharashtra and the Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the south. The Arabian Sea borders the state both to the west and the south west.
Gujarat: The State took its name from theGujara, the land of theGujjars, who ruled the area during the 700s and 800s.
The first settlers in the State of Gujarat were Gujjars who happened to be an ethnic group of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Although their originis remain uncertain, the clan appeared in northern India and in Saurashtra about the time of the Huna invasion. The name of the tribe was sanskritized to Gurjara who followed the main religions of Hinduism, Islam, Sikkism and Christianity.
However, the earliest Archeological traces indicate the Indus Valley Civilization as historical relics with the stone age settlements are found in Gujarat around Sabarmati and Mahi rivers. Its roots are also in the Harappan traces found at Lothal, Rampur, Amri and other places.
Ancient Gujarat was ruled by the Maurya Dynasty. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya conquered a number of states in Gujarat while his grandson, King Ashoka extended his domain in Gujarat. The reigns of the first three Mauryas were significant but with Ashokas death in 232 B C the Mauryan empire began to crumble,leading to political defragmentation. The Shungas who succeeded the Mauryas tried, unsuccessfully, to uphold the semblance of political unity.
After the fall of the Maurya Empire, the Sakas or Scynthians controlled the region from A.D. 130 to 390. Under Rudra-daman, their empire contained Malwa (in Madhya Pradesh), Saurashtra, Kutchh and Rajasthan. During the 300s and 400s, the area formed a part of the Gupta Empire which in turn was succeeded by the Maitraka Dynasty. It was during the rule of Dhruvasena Maitrak that the great Chinese traveler and philosopher Huien Tsang visited India in 640AD.
Between the decline of the Mauryan power and the coming of Saurashtra under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, there was a Greek incursion into Gujarat led by Demetrius.
Three royal races of Hindus successively ruled over, namely, the Chawura, Solanki', and Baghilah races. The total number of individuals belonging to the tribes who held power amounted to twenty-three, and they retained possession of the country for five hundred and seventy-five years - previous to the period when Gujarat became subject to the Mohammedans. The Chawura tribe ruled one hundred and ninety-six years after which the power passed into the hands of the Solankhi tribe in the manner described.
It was during the 900s that the Solanki Dynasty came to power. Under the Solanki Dynasty, Gujarat reached to its greatest extent. It is believed that the Gujjars belonged to this Solanki Dynasty because Pratiharas, the Paramaras and the Solankis were imperial Gujjars. Ancient Gujarats last Hindu rulers were the Solanki clan of Rajputs from 960 AD to 1243 AD. It is also learnt, Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat and he was overthrown by the superior forces of Allauddin Khilji from Delhi in 1297.
The Muslim rule continued for 400 years. Gujarat's Muslim governor Zafar Khan Muzaffar asserted his independence, and established the first Muslim sultanate in Gujarat. He took advantage of the weak rulers of Delhi prevailing at the time. He declared independence and assumed the title of Muzaffar Shah. His successor, Ahmed I, the first independent Muslim ruler of Gujarat, found Ahmedabad in 1411 on the banks of the Sabarmati river.
Prior to this, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Gujarat, A.D. 1026. He had vowed to invade India in order to destroy idolatry, kill the kafirs, capture prisoners of war and plunder the vast wealth for which Gujarat was known. Later, Allaudin Khilji invaded Gujarat in 1298 A.D.
Sultanate of Gujarat remained independent until 1576 when the Mughal emperor Akbar conquered it and annexed it to the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Emperor Akbar conquered Malwa and Gujarat in 1570s. The Mughals ruled for about 2 centuries till the streak was terminated by the Marathas in the mid 18th century. Chhatrapati Shivaji, the great Maratha ruler conquered Gujarat with his military skill.
In 1600s, the Dutch, French, English and Portuguese all established bases along the coast of the region acquiring several enclaves along the Gujarati coast, including Daman and Diu as well as Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
The British East India Company established a factory in Surat in 1614, which formed their first base in India, but it was eclipsed by Bombay after the British acquired it from Portugal in 1668. The Company wrested control of much of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. Many local rulers, notably the Maratha Gaekwads of Baroda (Vadodara), made a separate peace treaty with the British, and acknowledged British sovereignty in return for retaining local self-rule.
Gujarat was placed under the political authority of the Bombay Presidency, with the exception of Baroda state, which had a direct relationship with the Governor-General of India. From 1818 to 1947, most of present-day Gujarat, including Kathiawar, Kutch, and northern and eastern Gujarat were divided into dozens of princely states, but several districts in central and southern Gujarat, namely Ahmedabad, Broach (Bharuch), Kaira, Panch Mahals, and Surat, were ruled directly by British officials.
A new era began with the Independence movement started by leaders like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Morarji Desai, K.M. Munshi, Narhari Parikh, Mahadev Desai, Mohanlal Pandya, Bhulabhai Desai and Ravi Shankar Vyas all who hailed from Gujarat. Gujarat became a place for some of the most popular revolts, including the Satyagrahas in Kheda, Bardoli, Borsad and the Salt Satyagraha.
After the Independence, in 1948, a Mahagujarat conference took place to integrate the entire Gujarati speaking population under one administrative body and on May 1, 1960, the Bombay State split into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. The term Mahagujarat encompassed the whole Gujarati speaking area including Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kutchh. For the first time after the Sultanate, Gujarat was once again autonomous.
Post Independence and Politics
After gaining independence in 1947, the Indian National Congress party (INC) ruled the Bombay state (which included present-day Gujarat and Maharashtra). Congress continued to govern Gujarat after the state's creation in 1960. During and after India's State of Emergency of 1975-1977, public support for the Congress Party eroded, but COngress continued to hold government until 1995.
Gujarat has had 14 different Chief Ministers since its formation in 1960. Dr. Jivraj Narayan Mehta 1 May 1960 - 19 September 1963 of Indian National Congress was the first Chief Minister. In the 1995 Assembly Polls, the Congress lost to the BJP and Keshubhai Patel came to power.
In 2001, following the loss of 2 assembly seats in by-elections, Shri Keshubhai Patel resigned and yielded power to Shri Narendra Modi. The BJP retained a majority in the 2002 election, and Shri Narendra Modi has served as Chief Minister of the state since 7 October 2001 to 21st May 2014.
CHIEF MINISTERS TEN POINT PROGRAMME
1. Employment Opportunities for 5 Lakh Families
Creation of more employment through productivity enhancement in agricultural sector
Increase in animal husbandry and dairy-based activities
Quality skill training for tribal youth
Development of modern, scientific and technical facilities and linking the tribal youth to them for increased livelihood opportunities
Preference to women-headed households
2. Quality of Education and Higher Education
Higher secondary schools for science in each taluka
Provision for enrolling 1000 students in nationally recognized residential schools and creating a talent pool for tribals
Navodaya or Eklavya type residential school in each tribal taluka and making them comparable with quality urban schools
Establishment of 100 additional hostels for college students
Establishment of Arts, Science and Commerce colleges to cover remote and left out talukas
Establishment of excellent academic units including engineering and medical colleges, polytechnics, nursing colleges and ITI colleges
3. Economic Development
Annual allocation of Rs. 1 crore per taluka for development of identified economic activities through a cluster-based approach and market linkages
Linking remote tribal areas to nearby economic centres through development of basic infrastructure and facilities such as roads, water supply, irrigation and continuous power supply in all tribal areas
Value addition to local natural resources for higher returns to tribal families
Benefits of Chiranjeevi Yojana to all ST families
Annual health check-up programmes for all ST families
Financial assistance to BPL families in case of heart surgery
Special drive for tackling endemic diseases such as sickle cell anaemia, leptospirosis, etc
Special drive for tackling endemic diseases such as sickle cell anaemia, leptospirosis, etc
Housing for all ST families within the next five years
6. Safe Drinking Water
All ST families to get safe, assured and adequate drinking water within the next five years
At least 25% of the ST population to get access to piped water supply
Emphasis on group irrigation schemes
Creation of water conservation structures on watershed basis
Creation of more checkdams in tribal areas
Subsidy to BPL families for individual facilities such as oil engines, etc
Financial and technical assistance for promoting drip irrigation
8. Universal Electrification
Electrification to all hitherto uncovered hamlets
Alternative arrangements through solar energy for remote and dispersed hamlets
Free electrification to all BPL families
9. All-Weather Road Connectivity
9. All-Weather Road Connectivity
All hamlets with population of less than 250 to be connected by roads
Special drive for repairing existing roads in tribal areas
10. Urban Development
Development of 13 tribal towns to act as growth engines
All tribal talukas to get broadband connectivity within next five years
Gujarat State Disaster Management AuthorityImmediately after the 26thJanuary 2001 earthquake, Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA) was established and registered as a Society under the provisions of the Societies Registration Act and the Bombay Public Trust Act on 8 February 2001. GSDMA was initially mandated to implement the gigantic task of rehabilitation and reconstruction programme in the earthquake affected areas of the State and simultaneously act as a nodal agency to plan and implement pre-disaster preparedness and mitigation activities including training and capacity building of all the stakeholders involved in disaster management. After the passage of Gujarat State Disaster Management Act 2003, the Society constituted earlier as GSDMA was dissolved under Section 49 of the Act, and the Statutory Authority under Sub-Section 1 of the Section (6) came to an existence with effect from 1st September, 2003.CONSTITUTION & HISTORY
Section 7 of the GSDM Act 2003 provides the constitution of the Authority. Accordingly the Authority shall consist of chairperson and not more than fourteen other members as follow s, namely.
(a)The Chief Minister of the State, ex- officio, who shall be the Chairperson;
(b)Two Ministers nominated by the Chief Minister by virtue of their office from amongst the Council of Ministers of the State;
(c)The Chief Secretary of the State, ex-officio;
(d)The Secretary to the Government of Gujarat, Revenue Department, ex officio;
(e)The Chief Executive Officer of the Authority, ex-officio;
(f)The State Relief Commissioner, ex- officio; and
(g)The Director General of Police of the State, ex-officio;
(h)Such other officers of the State Government as may be appointed by the State Government by virtue of their office:
Provided that when a proclamation made under Article 356 of the Constitution is in force in the State, the Central Government may appoint three persons, in place of the Chief Minister and other two Ministers, to be the Chairperson and members of the Authority and the persons so appointed shall vacate their office upon the revocation or cesser of operation of such proclamation.
The members of the Authority shall hold office during the pleasure of the State Government and shall receive such remuneration as may be prescribed.
To go beyond reconstruction and make Gujarat economically vibrant, agriculturally and industrially competitive with improved standards of living and with a capacity to mitigate and manage future disasters
The Government of Gujarat (GOG) established the Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA) on February 8, 2001 to co-ordinate the comprehensive earthquake recovery program. The GSDMA is registered as a society under the Societies Registeration Act. The objectives of GSDMA are:-
To undertake social and economical activities for rehabilitation & resettlement of the affected people that would include new Housing, Infrastructure, Economics Rehabilitation, social Rehabilitation and other related programme.
-To prepare programmes and plans to mitigate the losses on account of disasters as a strategy for long terms disaster preparedness.
-To undertake research and study regarding causes for losses on account of natural disaster and to suggest remedial measures for minimizing the same.
-To undertake research and study regarding causes for losses on account of natural disaster and to suggest remedial measures for minimizing the same.
-To obtain funds for rehabilitation and resettlement and to ensure optimum utilization of these funds obtained in the form of grant, aid, assistance or loan from Government of Gujarat, Government of India, World Bank and ADB, USAID, DFID, IFRC, and donors, NGOs, and from financial institutions, Public and private trusts or any other organisations.
-To manage Gujarat Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Fund.
-To act as a nodal agency, and to co-ordinate various issues relating to the deserving victims out of the funds, either directly or through a common fund, created for these purpose in any other feasible mode.
-To provide to arrange financial assistance so as to acheive the objects of the society.
-To raise money through financial instruments, bonds, deposits or such other manner may be permissible under the provision of Societies Registeration Act, 180 and the Bombay Public Trust Act 1950
-To develop approach, philosophy, policy guidelines and action plan and other relevane aspects for meeting out disaster of any kind; Management , Administration, Investment & Reinvestment of funds out of sale proceeds received from the sle of land, buildings, Equipments, furniture, fixtures, debris or any other things or articles or infrastructure.
-To act as a nodal agency and to coordinate various issures related to the maintenance of hygienic living conditions, welfare of victims, environmental maintenance and such other welfare measures, as may be assigned to the deserving authority.
-To do all the acts and things conducive for the attainment of the above objects in the most possible manner, which are relevant to fulfil the objects of SOCIETY.
THE BUDGET ALLOCATED TO GSDMAS AGENCY, INCLUDING THE PARTICULARS OF ALL PROPOSED EXPENDITURES AND REPORTS ON DISBURSEMENTS MADE.
The Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Programme (GEERP) funded by the World Bank and the Gujarat Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Programme (GERRP) funded by the Asian Development Bank along with the Government of Gujarat counterpart funding was implemented by GSDMA covering various important works of reconstruction and rehabilitation such as assistance to the house owners, water supply, roads, electric supply and strengthening of the dams. The funding agencies for the programmes i.e. World Bank & Asian Development Bank released finances on Reimbursement Basis as and when the expenditure was incurred in the programmes. The GERRP and GEERP funded by Asian Development Bank & World Bank have been completed on 30.06.07 and 31.10.08 respectively.
The aggregate estimated cost of the said projects to be borne by the World Bank was for Phase-I - US$ 261.6 Million, (WB Revised PIP Phase-II), Phase-II - XDR 356.00 Million (WB ICR) and to be borne by the ADB was US$ 315.14 Million (ADB ICR) and Rs. 1363 Crore by the Government of Gujarat. Year wise expenditure incurred under these projects (till the projects were funded by the respective agencies) and expenditure incurred for projects which were funded by the Government of Gujarat funds since 2001-2002 is shown below:
(Rs. in Crore) As per Balance Sheet
Financial YearAggregate Expenditure
The details of the budget of GSDMA approved for the year 2012-2013 is as under
(Rs. in Crore)
1GSDMA(Housing and Others)155.09
2Assistance to Disaster Management Authority for Cyclone Risk National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP)5.00
3Industrial Disaster Mitigation Project Gujarat3.00
44 (Four) ERCs under Public Private Partnership(PPP)10.00
5Man Power & Maintenance Expenses of Emergency Response Centers (ERCs)8.41
6Establishment of Flood Rescue Training Centers (FRTC) at Vadodara in association with National Disaster Response Force(NDRF) BN-06 Gandhinagar2.50
7Construction of Taluka Emergency Operation Centers (TEOCs)3.00
8Construction of Residential quarters at Emergency Response Centers3.00
Grant received under the 13th Finance Commission (2010-2015) through the Revenue Department
The 13th Finance Commission had observed that effective disaster response requires trained manpower to deal with complex situations where effective and speedy handling reduces the impact of a disaster on human life and property. It was therefore felt necessary to continuously undertake measures to build capacity amongst those responsible for disaster response and augmenting public awareness.
Accordingly, the 13th Finance Commission has recommended a grant of Rs. 525 Crores (for all the 28 States of the country) for building capacity within the administrative machinery for better handling of disaster response and for preparation of district and state level disaster management plans as envisaged under the Disaster Management Act of 2005. The total allocation for Gujarat is Rs. 30 Crores (for the year 2010-2011 to 2014-2015) having five equal installments of Rs. 6 Crores per year.
The grant is transferred to the Revenue Department of the State Government on a yearly basis by the Ministry of Finance, Department of Expenditure, Finance Commission Division, Government of India, New Delhi. On request of the Revenue Department, GSDMA had prepared a list of proposed projects / activities to be taken up from the 13th Finance Commission Grant and the same was submitted to the State Government for approval.
As per the approval accorded by the State Government, Revenue Department is transferring the grant to GSDMA for implementing the projects on a yearly basis. GSDMA, in turn, submits the utilization certificate for grant utilized to the Revenue Department which in turn, submits the same to the Government of India.
For the year 2010-2011 and 2011-2012, GSDMA has spent an amount of Rs. 8.51 Crores against Rs. 8.12 Crores received from the Revenue Department as 13th Finance Commission Grant for implementing projects which were approved by the State Government. A utilization certificate to this effect has also been submitted to the Revenue Department by GSDMA on 5th July 2012.
The guidelines for utilization of 13th Finance Commission Grant as stipulated by the Government of India can be referred through the link shown below:
STATE EMERGENCY OPERATION CENTRE (SEOC)
Currently, in Gujarat, there is a State Control Room manned by the Revenue Department situated at Sachivalaya. Control Room plays an important role in emergency response, rescue and relief as known from the experience of the State Government in responding to the 26th January 2001 earthquake at Kutch.
The latest concept in disaster management all over the World is about conversion of Control Rooms in to Emergency Operation Centres. Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) responds immediately during an emergency situation and is equipped with State of the Art communication equipment which enables it to communicate quickly to the affected area and provide immediate support during the Golden Hour of the disaster. Hence the State Government decided to look at the prospect of converting the existing Control Room in to an EOC.
Dr. Richard Sharpe, Technical Director, Earthquake Engineering of Beca International Consultants Ltd. and Mr. Charles Kelly, Disaster Management Consultant visited the existing State Control Room and suggested that the State Control Room is in very vulnerable zone (Zone III for seismic risk) and in the basement of a 10 storey building of Sachivalaya. In case of any untoward incident like bomb blast, terrorist attack, etc. in the sachivalaya; the State Control Room cannot function properly and hence they suggested that the location of the Control Room needs to be shifted and a State Emergency Operation Centre with State of the Art equipment and other facilities has to be constructed at a site separate from the sachivalaya.
A decision was hence taken by the State Government to build a new SEOC at Sector-18 in Gandhinagar. An exhaustive list of the facilities ideally required for State EOC was worked out in consultation with the Revenue Department based on the recommendations of the report prepared by Dr. Richard Sharpe and Mr. Charles Kelly.
The funding came from the World Bank funded Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project (GEERP) as well as the State Government funds. The design of the SEOC was prepared considering the guidelines provided by Dr. A. S. Arya, the then National Seismic Advisor to the Government of India looking into the Seismic Zones in Gujarat.
A plot size of8,000 Sq.Mtrs. was provided by the State Government for construction of State EOC in Sector 18, Gandhinagar. The total area for the construction work comes to2,231 Sq.Mtrs.
The construction work for SEOC started in December 2007 and completed in February 2010.
A list of facilities / utilities provided in the State EOC at Gandhinagar is as shown below:
5.Media Room (with toilets)
6.Room for Honble Ministers and officers (with toilets)
7.Chamber for Relief Commissioner
8.Chamber for Director of Relief
9.VIP Conference Room (with provision for video-conferencing facility)
10.Facility Management Room (with toilets)
11.State Alert & Warning Room
13.Staff sitting Room
14.Department Room 5
16.Rest Room (with toilets) - 2
17.Ladies and Gents Toilet Rooms - General
Apart from the above mentioned facilities, additional facilities which have been provided in the compound of State EOC are as shown below:
2.Fire Fighting System
4.Generator Rom 160 KVA
5.Security Cabin and main gates
6.Water Harvesting System
8.Electric and Transformed Room 315 KVA
Each room has been provided with air conditioning system and CCTV cameras. The main building also consists of announcing system, fire extinguishers, smoke detectors and sensors.
Information Communications Technology System (ICTS) Network For Emergency Response
The State Emergency Operations Center (SEOC) has been designed to be the central operations center for coordination of all District and Taluka Emergency Operation Centers.
It will be the central hub for all communication and emergency management for the state of Gujarat. The SEOC is envisaged to have state of art communication facilities for communicating with all stakeholders during the time of an emergency or a disaster.
Natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, cyclones etc. cause damage and result in disruption of Information and Communications infrastructure, which is necessary for effective and efficient disaster management activities.
Hence, GSDMA has proposed to establish Information and Communications Technology System for effective disaster response.
The robust network would extend to State, District, Taluka and the local incidence point with a well defined control and coordination structure supported with adequate and appropriate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) resources tools. This network would be designed for integrating State Emergency Operation center (SEOC) at Gandhinagar with 26 District Emergency Operation centers (DEOCs), 5 Emergency Response Centers (ERCs) and 226 Taluka Emergency Operation centers (TEOCs).
Administration (State Emergency Management Authority / agency) need a secure centralized location, with adequate communications for planning, decision support and coordination during a disaster or emergency. Hence the proposed Gujarat State Disaster Response - Information and Communications Technology System (GSDR-ICTS) is expected to be of robust design to survive the disaster situations.
The proposed Information and Communications Technology System (ICTS) infrastructure will be set up on Build Own Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis to support disaster response system.
A technical committee under the chairmanship of CEO - GSDMA has been constituted to oversee the process of finalizing the agency as per the procurement guidelines of the State Government.
The proposal is awaiting the final approval of Chairman of the State Disaster Management Authority.
State Emergency Operation Center
DISTRICT EMERGENCY OPERATION CENTRES (DEOCS)
Immediate first response to any disaster has to be from the district administration. Hence it is necessary to ensure that District EOCs are strengthened / constructed with state of the art emergency communication equipment to communicate with State EOC as well as other local level functionaries.
In order to assess the present condition of the District EOCs, a survey was carried out by GSDMA for all the districts in the State. A detailed format was prepared and sent to the District Collectors listing out the details about the present status and requirement of infrastructure in the District EOCs. A list of minimum facilities required in an EOC was also prepared by GSDMA and circulated with the format to all the 26 districts. The minimum facilities required in an EOC are as shown below:
1.Chamber for district Collector (with attached toilet)
2.Small meeting room (with video-conferencing facilities)
3.Communication Room (with TV, Radio, Wireless, Telephone and other communication equipments)
4.Workstations for line departments (with 2 or 3 local phone facilities)
5.Visitors Room / Waiting Room
8.Rest Room / Retire Room (with toilet) for 2 people
As per the information collected from all the District Collectors, it was found that in 25 districts viz. Ahmedabad, Anand, Patan, Navsari, Amreli, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Dahod, Dangs, Gandhinagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Valsad, Tapi, Kutch, Mehsana, Narmada, Panchmahal, Porbandar, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar and Vadodara, there was a need for constructing new EOCs. Only in case of Bhavnagar district, it was indicated that there is no need to construct a new EOC but will require adding some more basic facilities in the existing EOC. Hence it was strengthened accordingly.
It was also decided by the State Government that districts in high risk areas should have EOCs of comparable physical capability to the model for State EOC. Moreover, the District EOCs had to be made more resilient than the State EOC as it will be the first principal responder in the case of a major local emergency. Hence it was decided to construct the District EOCs in all the districts having the capabilities implied by the Government of India specifications for a State EOC. Hence the designs and drawings for all the District EOCs were prepared considering the Seismic Zone - V as base.
Currently, construction / strengthening work of25 District EOCsis completed. For Surat EOC, land suitable for construction (at higher ground) has been identified and work for preparing the estimates is under progress through the R & B Department.
District Emergency Operation Center
ESTABLISHMENT OF REGIONAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRES (ERCS)
Based on the experience of the Kutch earthquake of 26th January 2001 which occurred on a massive scale spreading over 12-13 districts, it was realized that in order to respond effectively within the golden hour of occurrence of a disaster, there is a need for sophisticated equipments and trained personnel at a regional level.
In countries which are frequently prone to major disasters, specialized Regional Emergency Response Centers (ERC) have been set up, which houses trained personnel and response equipments.
The need for such advanced ERCs was also felt during several occasions (especially during floods and cyclones) wherein the services of Army and Air Force was rendered due to shortage of adequate trained personnel and sophisticated equipments for search and rescue operations.
Gujarat being one of the most vulnerable States to disasters such as earthquake, floods, cyclones, chemical and industrial disasters, the State Government therefore decided to establish five such Regional Emergency Response Centres (ERCs) at strategic locations across the State.
These ERCs are strategically located at Gandhinagar/Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot and Gandhidham.
Based on the recommendation of the technical committee constituted for establishment of ERCs and the consultant who was entrusted with the study, a list of vehicles / equipment required for emergency response was finalized and procurement was initiated under the World Bank funded Gujarat Emergency Earthquake Reconstruction Project (GEERP). The vehicles / equipment for all the five ERCs have been procured.
A consultative process with Chief Fire Officers of various Municipal Corporations and officials from Director of Relief, Revenue Department was also initiated for finalizing the plan for Operation and Maintenance (O & M) of ERCs and its associated equipments. It was decided that the responsibility of O&M of ERCs and its equipments be given to the concerned Municipal Corporations and the State Government should provide the necessary grant to each Municipal Corporation through the State Budget.
It was also decided that a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) must be signed between, CEO-GSDMA, Relief Commissioner - Revenue Department and concerned Municipal Corporations in this regard. A meeting was held with the Urban Development & Urban Housing Department (UD & UHD), Government of Gujarat to finalize the draft MoUs with the respective Municipal Corporations after which approval of Hon'ble Minister - Disaster Management was taken by Commissioner of Relief, Revenue Department for signing the MoUs.
Physical construction work at Gandhinagar / Ahmedabad, Gandhidham and Rajkot ERC is completed in all respects. For Surat and Vadodara ERCs, Phase-I (Administrative Block) work is completed and Phase II (Parking & Workshop) work is under progress.
The MoU for Rajkot ERC was signed on 17.11.2011, for Surat ERC on 21.12.2011 and for Gandhinagar ERC on 1.6.2012. For Vadodara and Gandhidham ERC, the process for signing the MoU is underway.
List of vehicles / equipment procured for each ERC is shown inAnnexure-1
CREATION OF STATE DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE (SDRF)
As per the recommendations from National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Government of India, New Delhi, the State was requested to set up State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) teams in the State on similar lines of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams set up by the Central Government.
GSDMA, through the Home Department, initiated the task of carving out SDRF teams out of the existing SRPF companies in the State.
Home Department has already finalized 11 companies specially earmarked for disaster management having strength of 100 members each to be designated as SDRF teams.
These companies will be trained jointly at Vadodara by NDRF teams based at Gandhinagar and Vadodara Municipal Corporation.
List of equipments to be procured for these SDRF teams was worked out by the 06 Battalion of NDRF stationed at Gandhinagar and the procurement is currently under progress through Vadodara Municipal Corporation.
NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCESAVING LIVES AND BEYONDABOUT NDRFTwo national calamities in quick succession in the form of Orissa Super Cyclone (1999) and Gujarat Earthquake (2001) brought about the realization of the need of having a specialist response mechanism at National Level to effectively respond to disasters. This realization led to the enactment of the DM Act on 26 Dec 2005. The NDMA was constituted to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.The DM Act has made the statutory provisions for constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters. Accordingly, in 2006 NDRF was constituted with 08 Bns (02 Bn each from BSF, CRPF, ITBP and CISF). As on date NDRF is having strength of 10 Bns. Each NDRF Bn consists of 1149 personnel. Union cabinet has also approved the conversion/up-gradation of 02 Bns from SSB.The force is gradually emerging as the most visible and vibrant multidisciplinary, multi-skilled, high-tech, stand alone force capable of dealing with all types of natural and man-made disasters.The DM Act, 2005 envisages a paradigm shift from the erstwhile response centric syndrome to a proactive, holistic and integrated management of disasters with emphasis on prevention, mitigation and preparedness. This national vision inter alia, aims at inculcating a culture of preparedness among all stakeholders.NDRF has proved its importance in achieving this vision by highly skilled rescue and relief operations, regular and intensive training and re-training, capacity building & familiarization exercises within the area of responsibility of respective NDRF Bns, carrying out mock drills and joint exercises with the various stakeholders.Vision of NDRF is to emerge as the most visible and vibrant multi-disciplinary, multi-skilled, high-tech force capable to deal with all types of natural as well as manmade disasters and to mitigate the effects of disasters.