Hdsd Slope

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cch dng phn mm tnh ton nn t SLOPE

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  • Trang ba

    Hng dn s dng phn mm tnh n nh mi dc SLOPE/W

  • Hng dn s dng SLOPE/W 2

    Trng DHXD H Ni Lp 48CB Page 2 of 61

    LI GII THIU

    A.Gii thiu i nt v b chng trnh GEO-SLOPE ca CANADA.

    Cho n thi im hin nay,b chng trnh ny c trn 100 nc trn th gii s dng v nh gi l b chng trnh mnh nht,n gm cc MODUL sau:

    MODUL1(SEEP/W):Phn tch thm ;

    MODUL2(SIGMA/W):Phn tch ng sut-bin dng ;

    MODUL3(SLOPE/W):Phn tch n nh mi dc ;

    MODUL4(CTRAIN/W):Phn tch vn chuyn nhiim ;

    MODUL5(TEMP/W):Phn tch a nhit ;

    MODUL6(QUAKE/W):Phn tch ng thi da trn t hp cc MODUL trn.

    Nhng li bnh lun Trong sut 9 nm trn th trng, phn mm GEO-SLOPE gip nhiu k s gii c cc bi ton v a k thut v mi trng nhanh hn, mang li nhiu hng th hn.

    SLOPE/W siu vit hn bt k phn mm no v tnh ton n nh mi dc m ti tng bit Gio s Goran Salzors

    Trng HTH Chalmers Gothenburg Thu in

    SLOPE/W, SEEP/W v SIGMA/W nm trong s nhng sn phm hin c. Chng da trn nhng phng thc ngh thut

    Peter Petrov

    ENERGOPROEKT

    Sophia, Bulgaria

    Sau khi s dng rt nhiu phn mm khc nhau trn khp th gii, chng ti kt lun rng b chng trnh GEO-SLOPE cho ti nay l ton din nht v c a chung nht i vi vic phn tch v thit k a k thut

    Gio s Harry Tan Siew Ann

    i hc quc gia Singapre

    SEEP/W, SIGMA/W v SLOPE/W l mt s b sung tuyt vi cho chng trnh dy hc ca ti Gio s Jim Graham

    i hc tng hp Manitoba

    Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

    SLOPE/W v SEEP/W rt hu ch i vi cng vic nghin cu a k thut. Chng ti c th gii quyt c bt k bi ton no t n gin ti phc tp

    Serge Terentieff

    De Cerenville Geotechnique S.A EcublensThu S.

  • Hng dn s dng SLOPE/W 3

    Trong nhng nm qua chng ti rt hi lng vi cc phn mm v chng trnh h tr k thut ca GEO-SLOPE. N lc khng ngng ci tin phn mm ca cc bn l rt ng ch

    Kevin L. Mann

    Cng ty Xy dng Barr

    Minneapolis, Bang Minesota, M

    B.Gii thiu i nt v MODUL(SLOPE/W)tnh n nh mi dc

    Khi thit k cc cng trnh thu,ven b,,k,p,h cha vv...u phi tnh ton,kim tra s n nh ca mi dc nn t.Cc phn mm nc ngoi xm nhp vo Vit nam,cho n thi im hin nay cho thy phn mm GEO-SLOPE ca CANADA l hay hn c,xong ch c 1 vi c s c bn c ph kho,ngi dng hiu cha thu o,ng n phng php lun v ngha ca cc con s u vo u ra,dn n kt qu khng c tin cy.Cho nn vn kim tra,la chn,chnh l,ci bin,bin son ti liu l thuyt v ti liu hng dn s dng phn mm tnh ton n nh mi dc cho ph hp vi iu kin Vit nam l rt cn thit.

    C.Cc ni dung chnh ca SLOPE/W c chnh l,ci bin

    - khai thc,chy thng chng trnh,kim tra kt qu tnh bng cc v d thc t trong iu kin Vit nam. - C gii trnh cc cng thc tnh, ngha vt l ca s liu u vo,u ra trnh nhm ln cho ngi s dng. - dch,ci bin v ch cc hp thoi ,ti liu l thuyt ca MODUL tnh n nh t ting Anh sang ting Vit tin ch cho ngi dng.

    - C ti liu hng dn s dng bng ting Vit v c cc v d mu km theo.

    D.Cc kh nng ca MODUL(SLOPE/W)

    D.1.Kh nng m hnh ho

    -M hnh ho phng php phn tch(Bishop,Janbu,ordinary,Spencer...) ; -M hnh ho mt trt; -M hnh ho cc iu kin p lc l rng; -M hnh ho neo,ti trng ngoi; -M hnh ho t khng bo ho. D.2.Phn tch n nh mi dc theo quan im xc sut

    -p dng phng php Monte Carlo ; -Gii quyt c bi ton v tnh bin i ngu nhin ca cc thng s u vo; -Dng hm phn b chun vi lch v phng sai bit; -Xem kt qu phn tch theo xc sut. c gi mun tm hiu su thm v b chng trnh ny,xin lin h vi TS. ,Tel:(04)8.239513 hoc 0913.365.777. Ngi vit li gii thiu

    TS. -HXD

  • Hng dn s dng SLOPE/W 4

    Trng DHXD H Ni Lp 48CB Page 4 of 61

    Mc lc

    Hng dn s dng SLOPE/W .......................................................................... 1 Bi ton v d ............................................................................................................................................... 5

    nh ngha bi ton ..................................................................................................................................... 6 Thit lp vng lm vic ........................................................................................................................... 6 Thit lp t l v ...................................................................................................................................... 7 Thit lp li v ...................................................................................................................................... 7 Ghi bi ton ............................................................................................................................................. 8 Phc tho bi ton .................................................................................................................................. 9 Ch ra phng php phn tch .............................................................................................................. 11 Ch ra cc tu chn khi phn tch .......................................................................................................... 12 nh nghi cc c im ca t .......................................................................................................... 12 V ng phn cch lp t - Draw Lines ........................................................................................... 14 V ng o p-Draw Piezometric Lines ............................................................................................. 16 V bn knh mt trt-Draw the Slip Surface Radius .......................................................................... 18 V li mt trt - Slip Surface Grid .................................................................................................... 19 Tu chn-View Preferences .................................................................................................................. 21 V h trc - Sketch Axes ...................................................................................................................... 23 Hin th cc c tnh t-Display Soil Properties .................................................................................. 25 Gn nhn cho cc lp t - Label the Soils .......................................................................................... 28 B sung cc thng tin v bi ton ......................................................................................................... 31 Kim tra li bi ton-Verify the Problem ............................................................................................... 34 Ghi d liu - Save the Problem ............................................................................................................. 35

    Gii bi ton-Solving the Problem ........................................................................................................... 36 Bt u gii-Start Solving ..................................................................................................................... 36 Thot khi SOLVE - Quit SOLVE ......................................................................................................... 37

    Xem kt qu ................................................................................................................................................ 38 V mt trt bt k - Draw Selected Slip Surfaces .............................................................................. 39 Hin th kt qu theo cc phng php tnh khc ................................................................................ 40 Xem lc ca tng phn t t-View the Slice Forces .......................................................................... 40 V chu tuyn - Draw the Contours ........................................................................................................ 42 Thm nhn cho chu tuyn - Draw the Contour Labels ......................................................................... 43 Biu din kt qu trn th - Plot a Graph of the Results .................................................................. 44 In bn v - Print the Drawing ................................................................................................................ 47

    S dng cc chc nng nng cao ca SLOPE/W ................................................................................. 48 La chn phng php phn tch chnh xc ........................................................................................ 48 Thc hin phn tch xc xut ................................................................................................................ 49 Chn nh - Import a Picture .................................................................................................................. 59

  • Hng dn s dng SLOPE/W 5

    Bi ton v d Chng ny gii thiu SLOPE/W bng cch trnh by theo kiu tng bc gii mt bi ton phn tch n nh. Sau khi thc hin xong v d ny, bn c th nh ngha c bi ton, tnh h s an ton, xem kt qu v nhanh chng hiu c tng quan cc c im chnh cng nh hot ng ca SLOPE/W.

    Hnh.1 minh ho s cho mt bi ton phn tch n nh. Mc ch y l tnh h s an ton ti thiu v xc nh v tr mt trt.

    Mt dc c ct thnh 2 lp ti v tr 2:1 (ngang:dc). Lp trn c dy 5m, tng chiu cao ca lt ct l 10m. Nn nm su 4m di lt ct. iu kin p lc nc ln l rng c miu t bng ng o p trong hnh 1. Cc tham s v cng t cng c cho trn hnh 3.1.

    Hnh .1 M hnh v d v bi ton tnh n nh

  • Hng dn s dng SLOPE/W 6

    Trng DHXD H Ni Lp 48CB Page 6 of 61

    nh ngha bi ton Chng trnh SLOPE/W DEFINE c s dng nh nghi, m t bi ton.

    khi ng SLOPE/W DEFINE: Chn DEFINE t menu Start, Programs, Slope/w.

    -- hoc--

    Kch p chut vo biu tng DEFINE trong ca s SLOPE/W Group. Khi ca s DEFINE xut hin, kch nt Maximize gc trn phi ca s phng to DEFINE ra ton mn hnh. iu ny cng m rng nht vng lm vic nh ngha bi ton.

    CH : Coi nh bn c mt s kin thc nht nh v vic s dng Windows. Nu cha, bn cn hc qua