How do Houstons community dynamics Impact SOCIAL Segmentation?Hadiqa Memon Anthony Moore Rachel Shenoi
2010 Ut Health of Houston Survey
Number of neighborhood and environmental problems and health status:Relative levels of disadvantage and health status by quartiles:
West UniversityHouston Ship Channel(Health of Houston Survey 2010, The University of Texas School of Public Health)
How do the relative rates of asthma, specifically in the Houston Ship Channel and West University, indicate the health of Houstonians and highlight the socioeconomic segmentation of Houston?
So why does this matter?
Socioeconomically disadvantaged families may not be able to afford adequate medical treatment.
The relationship of socioeconomic factors to increased health risks:
Measure asthma incidence rates across Houston over a specific time period. Obtain levels of 3 key pollutants (diesel particulate matter, NO2, and SO2) across Houston over a specific time period via TCEQ (Texas Commission on Environmental Quality) database.Compare tapestry, income level, and race segmentation for a 1, 3 and 5 mile radius from the Houston Ship Channel and West University via ESRI GIS.
Figure 1: Black (5 mile radius); Red (10 mile radius); Blue (20 mile radius).
Applying market research and business principles to get a better understanding of the people that make up the Houston communities.
29%Ethnic EnclavesAvg. HHI: $27,000 - 64,000Socioeconomic Status Index: 63 119Avg. Household Size: 3-4Various ethnic groups, with a good majority of Hispanic heritage.
12%Midtown SinglesAvg. HHI: $17,000 41,000Socioeconomic Status Index: 48- 90Avg. Household Size: 2 3 A diverse group of young individuals in service positions.
11%Affluent EstatesAvg. HHI: $98,000 157,000Socioeconomic Status Index: 171-232Avg. Household Size: 2-3Older generation with community that enjoys a greater quality of life.
Potential Impacts of Research Question:Spatial HeterogeneitySpatial variance of asthmaEnvironmental ImpactFinancial cost for the health of Houstonians (Cost of US asthma estimate: $11.3 billion in 1998)Environmental JusticeCertain minority populations are forced, through their lack of access to decision-making and policy-making processes, to live with a disproportionate share of environmental badsand suffer the related public health problems and quality of life burdens. (McEntee 2009)Public PolicyQuality of LifeThe opportunity cost of a growing economy in relation to the health of citizens
(Rob, 2000, Environmental Institute of Houston)(Bonorris, 2010, American Bar Association and Hastings College of the Law)
Analyzing the formation of socioeconomically disadvantaged hot spots and their disease threats.Research in community planning and effective distribution of resourcesCost effective methods to reduce air pollution and other environmental impacts
Further Avenues of Research: