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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com. vv v . . , (. v) vvv (client) . Client vv Browser (Internet Explorer, Mozilla, Opera, Netscape Navigator etc..). . v domain name (URL = Unifrom Resource Locator) - . : www.caak.mn Yv .vv ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) . vv v vv , vv, vv. v v ? IP address (Internet Protocol Address) vv 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 v v v . 4 294 967 296 v v. v , v v . IP- vv URL . . http://www.yahoo.com/ . vv? www.yahoo.com vvv. v Browser vv . HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language- ) 2

www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com. HTML (notepad, notepad++, wordpad, emeditor etc...) vv . : Hello World! .html . .htm, .html 2 v. OS- v v .html . vv W3C World Wide Web Consortsium ( v ) . HTML, CSS, XML , vv, vv vv , vv (Browser) . v 4 .1. http:// - HyperTextTransferProtocol 2. www. WorldWideWeb ( ) 3. 3. yourname

4. .com, .edu, .org, .mn, .ru, .kr - v , . .15 , . . 5 . IBM . , , .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com , - . . , , . , , . , . , , . . 30 1 , 500 . . 1998 10 . 25% 2,5 , 54% 5,4 , 21% 2,1 . 7,1% . 13,85 28% , 48% , 24% . 1999 20 . ,

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com , . , . 29 . 4% . 50:50 . . 17% , . . 1998 1 54 42- , - 8 . 800 700 . 10000 3- , 5- . , . . web , ,

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com1.2. . . . . Inter net . . 1969 . 4- . . . , . 1992 . , . . Domain , Network access Point, backbone . .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com

. . Dial-up . ISP (Internet Service Provider - ) . Micom, Realcom, MCSCom, Sky Network ISP- . . Local Area Network LAN . LAN- ISP- . ISP- . ISP . . dedicated backbone- . Dedicated backbone . . Backbone- .. Point of Presence (POP) . . backbone- POP- . Dial-up- POP . . . 7

www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.combackbone . . . . Network Access Points (NAP) . . . ISP . , POP-. POP . POP- . . ISP . , . . . . . . 2 . 2 NAP- . NAP- - . NAP- .8

www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com ISP- NAP- . . . NAP- . backbone . . Router . - Router . Router - . - - . router 2 .

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router . router . . . router- 9

www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com . . router- . router . Backbone

National Science Foundation (NSF) backbone- . NSFNET 170 T1 . 1.544 Mbps . 1.544 IBM, MCI Merit NSF- 45 Mbps T3 . Backbone . . . OC (optical carrier- ) . OC-3, OC-12, OC-48 . OC-3 155 Mbps OC-48 2,488 Mbps (2.488 Gbps) . . . NAP- . , . .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com : IP

. . IP . IP Internet Protocol . . . . . . IP . 192.168.150.255 . . IP . 0-255 . . 192168150255 . 2- . 192.168.150.255 11000000.10101000.10010110.11111111 . 2- 8 . 32 . IP 32 . 2- 0, 1- . 2- 8 256 . 255 . 2- 32 4'294'967'296 . . 4.3 IP . 11

www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com. : 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.255 broadcast- . . IP . IP . IP , . Net Host 2 . Net . . Node . Host . : Domain . IP .. IP . 216.27.27.27 . . IP . . . Network Information Center IP . . 1983 Wisconsin- Domain Name Server (DNS) . IP IP . . google.com, yahoo.com, computertimes.mn .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com Uniform Resource Locators - domain . URL . http://www.computertimes.mn . URL . domain . - info@computertimes.mn. Domain IP . Domain .COM, .ORG, .NET, .EDU, .GOV . . .COM .

Google Microsoft Yahoo Dictionary

. . . , . . . , , FTP . . www.computertimes.mn . . . IP . Dial-up- IP . IP ISP .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com1.3 . ? MISPA . ? 2004 . (backbone) . . . . . . ISP 80 Mbps- . . 9 ISP 78Mbps . . (download) 44Mbps, (upload) 34Mbps . Magicnet 2MB . . . ICTA . , . . MISPA . .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com 2004 . . 247Mbps . : STM-1, 46E1 247Mbps . 2004 ISP VSAT 1Mbps 3-5 . . . MISPA . 1Mbps- 1250 . . 1Mbps- 400 . 10 . . . , ISP . ISP "0" . , , .2004-2005 247Mbps . STM-1 155Mbps . 247+155 = 402Mbps . 2004 5 . ICTA MISPA- . . 64Kbps- 59 . 20 .15

www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com 3 . DWDM . STM . DWDM . 2Gbps4Gbps . . . 402 Mbps . 2Gbps-4Gbps ISP Mbps 4Gbps . . ISP . . ISP- . .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com1.4 ISP (Internet Service Provider) . ISP - . . . . bandwidth ( ) . . . 100Mbps, 10Mbps . 2 - . . .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com . real time RTSP, MMS multimedia Real player, Windows media player multimedia , . . ISP - 512kbps . 128kbps . 512kbps - 128kbps = 384kbps bandwidth - . real time . .. , . . . 512kbps bandwidth - 128kbps . bandwidth - . . , .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com1.5 . . . , . 1. . . 2. . Bossblock 10 . 100% . . . 3. , . . . . . 4. , . . .

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www.zaluu.com www.zaluu.com

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