Historical Prague

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Historical Prague. The Capital. Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. It is situated in central Bohemia on both banks of the Vltava River. It has about 1.200.000 inhabitants. It is the centre of government, economics and culture. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Autorem materilu a vech jeho st, nen-li uvedeno jinak, je Mgr. Iris Kernerov. Dostupn z Metodickho portlu www.rvp.cz ; ISSN 1802-4785. Provozuje Nrodn stav pro vzdlvn, kolsk poradensk zazen a zazen pro dal vzdlvn pedagogickch pracovnk (NV).

    Obchodn akademie a Stedn odborn kola, gen. F. Fajtla, Louny, p.o.Osvoboditel 380, Lounyslo projektuCZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0644slo sady32slo DUM11PedmtAnglick jazykTematick okruhCizojazyn relieNzev materiluHistorical PragueAutorMgr. Iris KernerovDatum tvorbyDuben 2014RonktetAnotaceHistorick pamtky v Praze.Metodick pokynStrun pehled historie msta, fotografie a strun popis historickch mst.Na zvr otzky jako test pozornosti.

    Autorem materilu a vech jeho st, nen-li uvedeno jinak, je Mgr. Iris Kernerov. Dostupn z Metodickho portlu www.rvp.cz ; ISSN 1802-4785. Provozuje Nrodn stav pro vzdlvn, kolsk poradensk zazen a zazen pro dal vzdlvn pedagogickch pracovnk (NV).

  • Historical Prague

  • The CapitalPrague is the capital of the Czech Republic. It is situated in central Bohemia on both banks of the Vltava River. It has about 1.200.000 inhabitants. It is the centre of government, economics and culture.Prague is sometimes called Prague of Hundred Spires, Golden Prague, Mother of Cities. May be it is because of its numerous historical monuments of all periods and its church towers and domes. It has been the capital of the country since 1918. Since very long ago, Prague has been a very important political and social centre where the history of not only the Czech lands but of the whole Europe was made. 1992 - it was put on the UNESCO world cultural heritage list.

  • The HistoryThe city was founded by the Slavs who built a market on a crossroads of the trade routes near a ford over the Vltava River. It became a seat of Premyslid Princes and Czech kings and later Roman Emperors. With the king Charles IV the Golden Age of the city came - Prague was the biggest city on the continent at that time. During the Thirty Years War the town was plundered (1618-1948). In 1942 the Reichprotektor Reinhard Heydrich was assassinated. The end of WWII came on the 8th May 1945. The Prague Spring in 1968 was a year of political relief, which was soon interrupted by the Soviet invasion. The Velvet Revolution in 1989 ended the communism.

  • Vyehrad Castle

    Historical fort built in the 10th century on a hill over the Vltava River. According to a legend the location of the first settlement which later became Prague.

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  • National Theatre

    This beautiful building in Neo-Renaissance style was built twice from money collected by people all around the country. It was finished in 1881 for the first time, but in just two months it was destroyed by a devastating fire.In 1883 it was reopened. Inside it was decorated by the best artists, for example Mikol Ale. Obr.28Obr.29Obr.30Obr.31Obr.29Obr.3

  • Old Town Square

    Is surrounded with many beautiful houses built in different styles of architecture with Master Jan Hus Monument in the middle, the Tyne Church, St Nicolas Church and Kinsky Palace.Obr.4Obr.5Obr.6

  • Old Town HallAstronomical Clock

    The Prague Orloj is the most famous place in Old Town square visited on the hour by many tourists to see the four figures set in motion, with Death (represented by a skeleton) striking the time and a presentation of the statues of twelve Apostles.Obr.7Obr.8

  • Charles Bridge

    Is the most famous of the fifteen Prague bridges. It was built by Charles IV in gothic style in 1357. There are baroque statues and on both ends there is a tower. According to a legend eggs were added in to the mortar during the bridge construction.Obr.9Obr.10Obr.11

  • Lesser Town

    It is a place below the Castle. Narrow, crooked streets, beautiful houses, palaces, gardens, numerous little beer houses, wine cellars and pubs are typical for this part of Prague.Obr.13Obr.12Obr.14

  • Nerudova Street

    The Street is named after famous writer Jan Neruda, who was born, lived and wrote about Lesser Town. It will take you up the hill to the Castle Square. There are many beautiful houses, some even with signs on their facades.Obr.15Obr.16Obr.17Obr.18

  • Prague Castle

    It is a block of palaces, administrative and religious buildings, fortresses and houses from all periods of history. In the past centuries, it was the seat of Czech princes and kings, and since 1918 it has been the seat of the president.Obr.19Obr.20Obr.21

  • St Vitus Cathedral

    The biggest and most important cathedral in the country dominates the whole complex of Prague Castle. It was founded in 1344 by Charles IV and finished in 1929.Obr.23Obr.22Obr.24

  • St Wenceslas ChapelThe Crown Jewels

    The nicest chapel inside the St Vitus Cathedral is decorated with semi-precious stones, there are paintings about the life of St Wenceslas and his statue.A small door with seven locks leads to Crown Chamber with the Czech Crown Jewels (Crown of Saint Wenceslas, the royal orb and the sceptre).

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  • St George Church

    The oldest religious site at the Castle is the best preserved Romanesque building in the whole country. The basilica was founded by Vratislavus I of Bohemia in 920. It is dedicated to Saint George. Obr.28Obr.29Obr.30Obr.31Obr.29Obr.29Obr.30

  • Golden Lane

    According to a legend, alchemists lived and worked in 16th century here. However, these houses were homes of the gunners of Emperor Rudolph II.Franz Kafka, Czech-Jewish writer used to write in the little blue house no. 22 for two years. Obr.28Obr.29Obr.30Obr.31Obr.29Obr.31

  • The Royal Garden

    Annes Summer Palace called Belvedere is a beautiful Renaissance building built for Anna, the wife of the Hapsburg ruler Ferdinand I in 16th century.This garden was the first European home of tulips, which were brought here from Turkey. And from here they spread to the rest of the continent including the Netherlands.Obr.28Obr.29Obr.30Obr.31Obr.29Obr.32Obr.33

  • QuestionsAnswer the questions:1. Where is Prague situated?2. Who was it founded by?3. When was Prague the biggest city on the continent?4. What are the nicknames of Prague?5. Since when has Prague Castle been the seat of Czech presidents?6. Where are the Crown Jewels kept?7. How many bridges crossing the Vltava river are there in Prague?8. Which two writers are mentioned here?

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  • AnswersSolutions:Where is Prague situated?It is situated in central Bohemia on both banks of the Vltava River.2. Who was it founded by? The city was founded by the Slavs who built a market on a crossroads of the trade routes near a ford over the Vltava River. 3. When was Prague the biggest city on the continent? With the king Charles IV the Golden Age of the city came - Prague was the biggest city on the continent at that time. 4. What are the nicknames of Prague? Prague of Hundred Spires, Golden Prague, Mother of CitiesObr.28

  • AnswersSolutions:5. Since when has Prague Castle been the seat of Czech presidents?Since 19186. Where are the Crown Jewels kept? Behind a small door with seven locks in St Wenceslas Chapel inside the St Vitus Cathedral7. How many bridges crossing the Vltava river are there in Prague?Fifteen8. Which two writers are mentioned here?Jan Neruda, Franz Kafka

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  • Zdroje obrzkObr. 1-2Vlastn tvorbaObr. 3ZRNER, Patrick-Emil. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2005-09-20. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Praha_2005-09-20_n%C3%A1rodn%C3%AD_divadlo.jpg Obr. 4-14Vlastn tvorbaObr. 15 SAUBER, Wolfgang. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2010-06-04. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mala_Strana_-_Nerudagasse.jpg Obr. 16-25Vlastn tvorbaObr. 26Lamprus. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia [online]. 2011-02-27. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Czech_crown_jewels.jpg Obr. 27 SAUBER, Wolfgang. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2010-06-04. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:B%C3%B6hmen_Reichskleinodien_-_Krone_1.jpg

  • Zdroje obrzkObr. 28-29Vlastn tvorbaObr. 30PRAZAK. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2006-07-27. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bazilika_Svat%C3%A9ho_Ji%C5%99%C3%AD.jpg Obr.31M R A Z, Maros. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2005-07. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prague_-_Zlata_ulicka.jpg Obr. 32Vlastn tvorba Obr. 33BLAHA, Karen. Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons [online]. 2008-07-05. [cit. 2014-04-01]. Dostupn z: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pra%C5%BEsk%C3%BD_hrad,_Letohr%C3%A1dek_kr%C3%A1lovny_Anny_02.jpg