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  • SustainableDevelopemnt

    Adaptation

    Mitigation

    INDC:Opportunity forDemocratic

    Republic ofCongo1

    RpubliqueDmocratiqueduCongo

    MinistredelEnvironnementetDveloppementDurable

  • Targetedsectorsformitigation

    Forestry

    Agriculture

    Energy

    2INDCRDCAugust2015

  • GHGsEmissionreductionsof17%belowBusinessasUsualby2030

    3INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Energy26%

    Agriculture43%

    Forestry31%

    Sectoral distribution of GHGs reductions by 2030

    4INDCRDCAugust2015

  • SpecificobjectivesbySector

    Energy

    Firewoodreductionandenhancementofaccessto

    electricpower

    Developemnt ofInter&intra

    urbantransportation

    Agriculture

    Agriculturalsettlementand

    reductionofslashandburnagriculture

    Developmentofintensive

    agricultureandagribusiness

    Forestry

    Reductionofdeforestation,

    forestdegradation&enhancementofcarbonstock

    5INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Mitigation:Specific actionsGHGs

    Reduced

    (MtCO2e)

    Cost

    (US$Millions)

    Energy

    FuelW

    ood

    RuralandurbanHydroelectrification

    Productionof650MWthroughsmallandmediumscalehydroelectricityplants(8to10siteswithatotalcostofUS$1million/MW&US$1.35millionforelectricitydistributiongrids)

    10

    2,000

    Promotionofefficientcookstoves &improvement ofcarbonizationtechniques

    - Encouragetheuseofimprovedcookstoves in3millionhouseholds(US$20each)

    - Improvecurrentcarbonizationyieldsfrom12 15% to2530% (Training,technicalandfinancialsupport)

    70

    Largescaleaforestation tocover fuelwoodneeds

    Carryoutlargescaleplantationson130,000ha(1,800US$/ha)tomeetthedemandforfuelwood

    240

    Tran

    sports Improvementofurbanandintercitytransportation

    - Providethethreemajorurbancenters(Kinshasa,Lubumbashi,Matadi)with roadwaysmasterplansandimplementtheseplans(US$0.2Billion)

    - Improveandequipthepublictransportationsystem(bus,rail,etc.)(US$0.6Billion)

    - Rehabilitateandpromotemultimodaltransportationforgoodsandpeople(US$0.8

    10 1,600

    6INDCRDCAot2015

  • Mitigation:Specific actionsGHGs

    Avoided

    (MtCO2e)

    Cost

    (US$Millions)

    Agric

    ulture

    SubsistenceAg

    r.&smallfarms Layoutandequipmentofagriculturalareas(irrigation)atarateof1

    millionha(800US$/ha) Monitoring,technicalandfinancialsupport(US$0.4Million)to:

    Professionalorganizationoffarmers(cooperatives),supportandintegratedmonitoringofvaluechain(production,processing,marketing)

    Promotionofagroforestryandagrosylvopastoralsystems,plantationsofvegetablesandorchards(inerodedareas)

    Introductionofgoodagriculturalpractices(naturalfertilizersandcropprotection,irrigation,soilsustainablemanagement,etc..)

    Awarenessraising/informationonagriculture&improved accesstoagriculturefinancemechanisms(microcredits,banks,etc.).

    16,4 1,200

    IntensiveAg

    r.

    Planningandequipment of1.6millionhaoflandforintensiveagriculturaluse(1200US$/ha)

    Promoting theintegration oflivestock toagriculturefortheproductionoffertilizer

    Recovery ofwaste andbyproducts from livestock farming intheform ofbiogas andnatural fertilizers

    17 2,330

    7

  • Mitigation:Specific ActionsGHGs

    Avoided

    (MtCO2e)

    Cost

    (US$Millions)

    Forest

    Afforestation

    reforestation

    - Reforestationof19%of4millionshaofdegraded forests ordeforestedland(1800US$/ha,that is US$1.37Billion)

    - Afforestationof15%of7millionshaofmarginalareas(1800US$/hathat is US$1.9Billion)

    - Financialincentives forreforestation andreduction ofratesofdeforestation andforest degradation

    - Improved managementofprotected areas

    15 3,500

    Lumbe

    r

    - Diversifytheuseofforestspeciesandincreasethevolumecutperhatoensureeconomicviabilityandenvironmentalsustainability

    - Implementforesttechnicalmanagementoflowerimpactthroughtraining,awarenessandfinancialincentives

    - Supportthecontrolandrepressionoffraud

    8,4 1,000

    Mine&oil

    sites

    reha

    bilitation - SetupaninformationandmonitoringsystemofminingandoilinDRC

    - EnsuremonitoringandmandatoryimplementationoftheEnvironmentalManagementPlans(EMP) 0,6 300

    Bush

    fires

    - Sensitizeandeducatethepopulationtothefightagainstbushfires- Establishmonitoringsystemsandbushfiremanagementplans 0,2 300

    8INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Costsofmitigationmeasures

    9

  • Mitigationmeasurescostdistributionbysector

    Energie31%

    Agriculture28%

    Forts41%

    10INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Adaptation:Targetedsectors

    Forestsector

    Energy(water)&

    transportation

    CoastalmanagementAgriculture

    11INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Action Cost (US$ Million)

    Resilienteconomicgrowthintheagriculturalsector 392 ImplementationoftheAdaptationcomponentofthe

    NationalAgriculturalInvestmentPlanoftheDRC 346

    Integration ofclimatechangeresilienceintodevelopmentstrategiesandclimateriskplanning 640

    InvestmentinresearchandinnovationtostrengthDRCsclimateresilience 135

    Strategiccoordinationofprograms,plans,adaptationinitiativesandknowledgemanagement 51

    Integrationofearlywarningsystemsinagriculture 10

    Adaptation measures in agricultural sector : US$ 1.56 billions

    12INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Action Cost (US$Million)

    Improvingaccesstodrinkingwater 2,400

    Improvingaccesstosanitationofusedwaterandofsustainablewastemanagement

    2,800

    Improvedaccesstocommunication(roads)andimprovedaccesstoareasvulnerabletoclimatechange

    2,000

    Improvingaccessofpoorpeopletohealthservices 100

    Strengtheningofgovernmentandnongovernmentalinstitutionalcapacity

    50

    Adaptation measures in energy sector (water) & transportation : US$ 7.35 billions

    13

  • ConservationofBiologicalDiversity(CBD)offorestecosystemsandsustainableland

    management(SLM)Cost : US$0.05 billion

    Adaptation measures in forestry sector: US$ 0.05 billion

    14INDCRDCAugust2015

  • Action Cost(US$Million)

    Fightagainstcoastalerosion:Rehabilitationandcoastalmanagement

    58

    Supporttoincomegeneratingactivities50

    Strengtheningofearlywarningsystemandcapacitybuildingincoastalareas

    10

    Adaptation measures to protect the coastline : US$ 0.118 Billion

    15INDCRDCAugust2015

  • DRCsINDCCosts

    AdaptationUS$9.1billions

    MitigationUS$12.54Billions

    TotalcostUS$21.64Billions

    INDCRDCAugust2015 16

  • Cobenefits Adaptation/Mitigation

    Adaptation

    MitigationHydroelectricity

    MitigationAgriculture

    MitigationTransportation

    MitigationAfforestationreforestation

    Mitigation

    AdaptationSanitation

    AdaptationWaste

    AdaptationAgriculture

    AdaptationAfforestationReforestation

    17INDCRDCAugust2015

  • 18INDCRDCAugust2015

    Thankyouforyourattention

    Contact:BenjaminToirambeDirecteurChefdeService

    DirectiondeDveloppementDurableMinistredelEnvironnementetdu

    DveloppementDurableRpubliqueDmocratiqueduCongo

    Email:toirambe2014@gmail.comPh.:+243999954148/+243813079651

    Skype:bamoninga