Indian CampGroup 5
About the writer of Indian CampErnest Miller Hemingway
1899-1961One of the most famous novelist in the 20th centuryHemingways writing styleOther famous works:The Old Man and the Sea A Farewell to Arms For Whom the Bell Tolls
About Indian CampThe fourth short story written by Hemingway
Both of Indian Camp and another work The Killer narrate the character Nicks growth and exposure to the dark side of the world
The Story LineNick and his father with Uncle George went to an Indian camp to practice medicineInside on a wooden bunk lay a young Indian woman who was being in laborNick witnessed his father performed a surgery with his big kettle without any anaesthetic on the pregnant
The Story LineThe husband of the Indian woman couldnt bear the torture that his wife was undergoing, so he cut his throat from ear to ear The dialogue between Nick and his father revealed the importance of death
AnalysisMedical Ethic"Oh, Daddy, can't you give her something to make her stop screaming?" asked Nick. "No. I haven't any anaesthetic," his father said. "But her screams are not important. I don't hear them because they are not important."
"That's one for the medical journal, George," he said. "Doing a Caesarian with a jack-knife and sewing it up with nine-foot, tapered gut leaders."
Life and Death"Is dying hard, Daddy?" "No, I think it's pretty easy, Nick. It all depends."
Main charactersNick AdamsNicks father (Dr. Adams)Uncle George
Supporting roles: The young Indian lady (give birth to a baby)The husband (suicide)The young Indian (assistant)
About the Characters
Nick Adamsa leading role Nick represents young Hemingway?
Compare these two parts we find thatNew born baby: (should be happy) Nick never looked at it. (Nick os: wow its so hard and terrible!)Suicide husband: (should be horrible) Nick saw it clearly. (Nick os: Ah! That seems fast and easy!)
Nicks father (the doctor)Being "professionally cool" Based on Hemingway's own father, Clarence HemingwayHe cared nothing about the womans painscary and ironic
Uncle George (Nicks uncle)a shady character Did he hold some secrets or scare?
Uncle George (Nicks uncle)Why did Uncle George keep looking at his arm? Where did he go? Was it fear? Or something else?
Skeptics talk about Uncle George Later when he started to operate Uncle George and three Indian men held the woman still. She bit Uncle George on the arm and Uncle George said, "Damn squaw bitch!" and the young Indian who had rowed Uncle George over laughed at him.
Across the bay they found the other boat beached. Uncle George was smoking a cigar in the dark. The young Indian pulled the boat way up on the beach. Uncle George gave both the Indians cigars.
squaw bitch a sign of intimacy ? cigars giving of cigars by the father of a newborn baby ?Also stays behind after the birth. Uncle George is the father of the baby?
Symbolic Meanings in the Story
The doctorThe civilized worldScientificThe pursuit for stable livesRationalEx: the doctors behavior after he came to the camp.
The Indian campThe backward societyPrimitiveIrrationalThe dark side of mankind Ex: the Indian husband who committed suicide.
RaceThe white (the doctor)civilized, scientific, secure, and rational side of life The Indian camp dark, primitive, irrational side of life
Racial discrimination1.There is no help given by Nicks father or uncle in rowing the boat2.Uncle George gave Indians cigars. Cigar means a hand-out given by white people3.Images of darkness and dirtiness are used to explain the condition of the Indian camp
4.Doing a Cassarian with a jack-knife and sewing it up with nine-foot, tapered gut leader 5.Dr.Adam felt exalted and talkative as football players are in dressing room after a game
To sum up, the whole story shows the Supermacism to such an extent
Sexual discriminationThe woman is wordless and the only noise she made reflects the pain of her very female-specific conditionDamn squaw bitch. Squaw refers to Indian woman, which is often demanding
3.Her screams are not important dont hear them because they are not important Masculine stoicism ignore pain of others, especially women and minority
Life and Death
ContrastA short story covers through life and deathNewborn Mother suffering between life and death Father suicide
Initially RecognizingInitiated to the adult world of childbirth and death, curious and confusedPartial recognitionknow death is easy but neglect that giving birth is difficult
DeathWhich is easier, life or death?Is the fathers death meaningless?Mothers painful screaming. Doctors indifference fathers deathNicks partial recognition death is easy and he would never die by such means
The Doctor-Devil or Angel?Didnt use anaestheticInappropriate toolsThe sharp pain of the parturient The grief of the husband
The Doctor-Devil or Angel?Rescued two livesShowed the profound meaning of life for his son
Racialism?Patriarchal consciousness?Emotional detachment?
The Doctor-Devil or Angel?
ConclusionMedical EthicLife and DeathGender IssueRace
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