Interaktivna Nastava u Praksi

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  • 8/13/2019 Interaktivna Nastava u Praksi

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    Pana Ilepah nenaror-ncaxonorrMMHa3Mja ,,

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    Palla Ilepllh: YlHTEPAKTYlBHA HACTABA Y IlPAKCYI

    yuoeaaxa. MaJIo ce nocsehaaano apeueaa ynyhaaaa.y yseaaxa KaKO h HayqHTH,KaKO he KOpHCTHTH uayneno H KOMyHHI\HpaTH ra cy mrran.a H3MHI\aJIa.

    lI TepaKT o yqelbeJeAaH OA OCHOBHHX rrpaBaI\a npossjena y canaunsoj HaCTaBH j 06YKa na

    CTaBHHKa aa npavjeay HOBHX, HHTepaKTHBHHX MeTOAa yxea,a.I1HTepaKTHBHo y-rerse: PaAH ce 0 ysersy xao cOI\HjaJIHOM npouecy, 0 yqea.y xao HHTepaKI\HjH H3Mel y y-reaaxa H HaCTaBHHKa, ysenaxa Mel yc06Ho, y-rena

    Ka H pOAHTeJha, .. OCHoBHa capxa HHTepaKTHBHHX MeTOAa jecre npenomea.e axnaje ca aa

    CTaBHHKa na yxeaaxa 06yKa ysemrxa na 3ajeAHHqKH yse na 3ajeAHHqKH pane aaI\HJheBHMa yxen,a, na 06paAH canpscaja, npassjena naysenor H apenaosaisy nponeca. ITpHMjeHa MeTOAe HHTepaKTHBHor yxea.a pe3YJITHpa rrOBOJhHOM eMOI\HOHaJIHOM KJIHMOM y paspeny, BHIIIHM HHBOOM MOTHBaI\Hje, paaaajeaosr capamsovMel y y ~ l e \ M a H rrpey3HMalbeM onroaopaocrn OA crpane ysenaxa.

    YqeHH I\H ce yxe ycarnamaaan.y CTaBOBa, sajenaasxoj aKI\HjH, TOJIepaHI\HjHH MOAepHoj KOMyHHKaI\HjH, casra xopacre Mep;Hje, assope saarsa, yr,r6eHHKe Yxe KOpHCTHTH caary apryaeaara a He apryaear caare.

    HapaBHO, He MO KeMO ocnopara TpaAHI\HOHaJIHY nacrasy, aJIH j 6HTHOCXBaTHTH l beHe OrpaHHqeHe AOMeTe H npenouaaaaajy eppOHTaJIHOr 06JIHKa paAa.

    AJIH, xao H y cnaxoj npyroj 06JIaCTH, TaKO H y HaCTaBH MopaMO rrparnra naYKY, HayqHy TeXHOJIOrHjy H CBe OHO IIITO npara naaaum.e npajeue.

    3aMHCJIHMO AOKTopa KOjH 6H OCTao na caaaarsmia OA npaje 20, 30 H namerOAHHa. I1JIH, Y3MHMO npavjep ayroenexrpaxapa H lbHXOB naaannsa npacryn rroCJIy y OAHOCy na npaje 10 20 H same rOAHHa.

    I1HTepaKTHBHa HaCTaBa, xao H CBe OCTaJIO nopen CBHX npenaocrn HMa CBO-je HeAOCTaTKe, xoje HaCTaBHHK Mopa H36jehH: CJIa6HjH yqeHHI\H nocrajy 3aBHCHHOA jaxax HeKH y ~ l e I \ csraa.yjy nepconanay onroaopnocr a HeKH He yrraacy aneKBaTaH Harrop.

    OBH H J I ~ l rrp06JIeMH npeaasanase ce rrpaBHJIHHM Bol elbeM rpyrmor parta, ca HarrOMeHOM na CBe nasenene npofinene HMaMO H y TpaAHI\HOHaJIHoj HaCTaBH.

    Hcrpascaaaa,e xo j j CrrpOBeJIO npHTaHCKO APYl liTBO sa ayp;HO-BH3yeJIHaacrpaacnaau,a j rrOKa3aJIO na xos j x nasrra:o 10 OHO I IITO qHTa,020 onor IIITO qyje,o 30 onor IIITO BHAH,o 50 OHO IIITO BHAH H xyje,080 OHO IIITO xaxce Ho 90 onor IIITO jenaonpeueno xaxe H pana Bophesah 1998).

    I Ilp Henan Cysuh, HmuepaKiilu HO ynetee Ban.a Jlyxa 1999, CTp. 6.87

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    I1EAArOlliKA CTBAPHOCT T 1-2 2005 , HOBl Call

    Ha aaseneaor ce Blf;qlf: Bep6aJIHe penponyxrnnae HaCTaBe cy aa aajna:>KeM HlfBOY ecpaxacaocra. To anaxa na caxro aKTlfBHlfM panon ys eaaxa o6e36jel yjeMo erpaxacao yxen,e.

    Tpynna 06JIHIJ,H panaIlonaseha on rrcaxonornje yspacra yxeaaxa, snajyha KOJIlfKO cy lfM Ba:>KHlf

    CTaBOBlfBpIIIH>aKa, xao noxaansatse npen H>lfMa,pan y rpyrra HaM ce aaxrehe xaonocetiaa nenarourxa lf3a30B. 3a yseaaxe he HaCTaBHlf canpscaj pan na H>lfManocrara MHoro saaxajnaja axo je TO snaxajao sa H>lfXOBe BpIIIH>aKe.KaKO cjJopMlfpaTlf rpyrre yseanxa y onjersersy? KaKO CTBOPlfTlf orrrmranaepamre npernocrasxe OrrTlfMaJIHYcapamsy eMOD;lfOHaJIHY KJIlfMy?To cy rnrraisa na xoja HaCTaBHlfK Mapa nara onrosop na 6lf OCTBaplfOorrraMaJIHe rrpeTrrOCTaBKe aa nnrepax ranao ysen.e y IIIKOJIlf. TyKMaH UeHCOH HaJIa3e

    ner rpaaa Kp03 xoje rrporrasa CBaKa rpyrra:1. J opMupalbe: anrepaxnaje cy rrOBpIIIHe, qJIaHOBlf ce Mel yco6HO ynosaajy,Tpa:>KehIICJIlfqHOCTlfna ce rrpII6JIII:>Ke.2. I pscsanana: ycarnanrasan,e. e nanecy jacao ga naacrsaaoCaCJIyIIIajy OCTaJIe

    3. Hopsmparser xan paspajenre KOHcjJJIIIKTe II pasaajajy CMIIcao aa IICTIIHY,OHII cy 3peJIII ua D;IIjeHe npyror. Carta cxsarajy rpyrrHe nnn.eae.4. Ocrnapanarset BlfCOKa je rrponyxranaocr, qJIaHOBlf ce rpoxycapajy na CBO-

    je rpyrme ;qy:>KHOCTlf5. 3aBprnaBalbe: saxn.ynaaan,e a xoxmnerapaa-y rpyrmax aanaraxa, a go6lfTlf yqeHlfKa rrplf pagy na axaneacxosr rrocrarnyhy sajenna-rxoxr yse-n.y.

    .D:a 6lf ageKBaTHO cjJopMlfpao rpyrre, HaCTaBHlfK Tpe6a lfMaTlf y sany crse-nehe npernocraaxe:1. Koacraryacarn rpyrry2. AHaJIII3lfpaTlf omroce rpyrre nan-a paga - MO:>Ke y rpyrrlf;3. PlfjeIIIIITlf naraa.e aobcrna opraaasaauaja rpyrre4. Ocrsapara nanaxraxrce npernocrasxe sa pan y rpyna5. Ilpanpeuarn npararn aarepaxuaje y rpynaxra6. BaJIOplf30BaTlf sajenao ca yqeHlfD;lfMa, aKTlfBHOCTy rpyrrlf nocrnryha.??

    2 Ap Henan CY3I1h Hall. IWJlO CTp. 12;88

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    Palla Ilcpah: I1HTEPAKTI1BHA HACTABA Y TIPAKCI1

    OCHO HU KpuTepujyMU1.Xereporeue:

    pasnaxa y nperxonmoa nocrarnyhauayjenaa-renocr Me ;Jy rpynaua (y 3aBliCHOCTli :1 06JIliKa pana)2. Xosrorene:UIKOJICKa TaKMWleIha lIJIli

    3 a : \ a ~ I paarraxarax nnaoa CJIO KeHOCTlixoenyxanaja rro HliBOliMa aajrexa :IlIO rpanaaa pana 1. rpyrra,3aTliM ona nonpynaaajy 2. rpyrry, nony-rasajy lIX na casnanajylICTO rpanano 1Iporamrja ane penosr.)

    3. d hoc- 6P30 epopMlIpaIhe, na ce He ry61I spajene na yjenaa-rasaa.y, aKOnaje aaaxajao sa nan.a pan 1Iycrrnjex ysenaxa. Ee3 0631Ipa na Ha i liH rpopsrapan.a rpyrre, ~ l I J h je nocraha MaKCliMaJIHYKoxe31I0HOCT (capanrsy) y O :lHOCy na narn sanarax.

    II TepaKIJ jay rpynuIIO):l rrojMoM nenaronrxe K O M Y H l I K a ~ l I j e nonpaaysorjeaa ce rrpeaonreise, caorrurraaan.e, 1I3JIaraIhe, rrplIMaIhe, je :lHOM pnje-rjy paaajene nopyxa xao 1I ycrrocraan.an,e onnoca, cnopaaysrajeaaa,e, cpencrna 1I HalJlIH onxohen.a Me ;Jy y-rena

    ~ l I M a y nponecy yxea,a 1Inoysaaan.a.:HaUIa T p a : l l I ~ l I O H a J I H a HaCTaBa je 61IJIa npeonrepeheaa jenaocvjepaoa KOM Y H l I K a ~ l I j o M y KOjOjje HaCTaBHlIK npeaocao rpanaso a Y leHlIK noaanrsao.,JJ:BocMjepHa lIJIli rrOJIliBaJIeHTHa nenaronrxa K O M Y H l I K a ~ l I j a Tpa)KlI HOBeynore HaCTaBUlIKa, HOBe nporpecaoaanae xoxmereauaje re HOBe xrerone y xojavahe Y l J e H l I ~ l I 61ITli aKTlIBHlI Y I e C H l I ~ l I HaCTaBe neh y TOKy otipane rpanana, rnje heYlJlITlIlIHTepaKTlIBHo 1Ixooneparasao.?Hnrepaxrraja y rpyrrlI je npenycnos aa paaaajan.e lIHTeprrepCOHaJIHlIX KBa-narera JIlI lHOCTli. aerpaxacny arrrepaxuajy Hy KHO je:

    ocnocooarn lIX aa ):IeMOKpaTlIjycaaxa Y leHlIK na 6y):lenoha 1IBo ;JeH1I36jeraBaTli nyrorpajno aanpacasaa.e ynore sohe jenaor YlJeHlIKanpartrra conajanae anrepaxtmjenpararn norroacaj mrrpoaeprapaaax 1I yseaaxa KOjlI lIMajy npo-6JIeMey couajanaoj K O M Y H l I K a ~ l I j l IHaYlJlITli ynenaxe c a M O p l T l ~ l 1I K P l I T l I ~ l IrrOXBaJIe 1Inoncrauarsa sa HeCTa61IJIHe ana rrcaxorpayaarasoaaaecyatinjarn nesnpany xoaxypemtajy,

    3 Flporh, lIPHenan Cy Hh .J Icnaromxa KOMyHHKaIIHja: HOBH nojaxry nenarorujn , leaaiotuxaciiutapnociii HOBH Call 2003.4l1cTo.

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    r ranxroutxx CTBAPHOcr LI, 1-2(2005),HOBH CanOne rpyne Mory 6HTH nonpesreae H TpajHe (CY3Hh, I1HTepaKTHBHa HaCTa-

    na CTp. 21 . Haaenena opMHpaIha H xapaxrepacruxe rpyne omroce ce caxro na rpynexoje ce rpopssapajy y CBpXy peaJIH30BaIha lIlKOJICKOr HaCTaBHor nnaaa Hnporpaxra.

    I IHTep3KTHBH3 H3CT3B3 P33J1H IHTHX HHB 3 CJlO J{eHOCTH II PlOjo OO O oapeheu U iieqaiouuco iicuxonouuce ocnoee uaciiiaee Pa je jenan O ~ Hajn03HaTHjHx 06JIHKa H H ~ H B H ~ y a J I H a Q H j e HaCTaBe.HaCTaBa pa3JIHqHTHX HHBoa CJIO)J eHOCTH je TeopHjcKH 3aCHOBaH, CHCTe-

    MaTCKH opraHH30BaH, cHMyJITaH, ~ H c p e H Q H p a H H BacnHTHo-o6pa30BHH p a ~ naCTaBHHKa H ysenaxa pa3JIHqHTHX HHBoaH crpyxrypa saan,a, HHTeJIeKTyaJIHOr pasnoja, cnoco6HOCTHyxea a p a ~ H H X HaBHKa, rexma pana, MOTHBaQHje aa yxerse H~ p y r e rpaxrope. PeJICBaHTHH sa OnTHMaJIHy yayrpaunsy ~ H e p e H Q H j a Q H j y POHTaJIHe HaCTaBe. S

    I I e ~ a r O l I l K o n C H X O J I O l I l K e OCHOBe onor M O ~ e J I a HaCTaBHorpana cy:1. Y nnaaaparsy npanpexrarsy H opraHH30BaIhY HaCTaBe H e o n X O ~ H O jeYBa)J aBaTH pa3JIHKeH3Meljy yqeHHKa HHBOH H crpyxrype snaa.a, HHTeJIHreHQHja,MOTHBaQHja, pasaajeaocr HaBHKa H TCXHHKa ynen,a, crnapaJIa IKHM cnocooaocraaa .2. a 6 e 6 H j e ~ H T H H H ~ H B H ~ y a J I H a Q H j y y-ren.a (He caMO y O ~ H O C Y na rrpenanarse H TeMno pana Hero H C063HpOMaa cnoco6HOCTHysenaxa ,3. Canpzcaj Bjc)J(6Hna pa3JIHqHTHM HHBOHMa TC)J HHe H yrryrcrasa HaCTaB-HHKa aa opraaasoaaa e y-rersa, o 6 c 6 H j e ~ H T H ocraapasaa e QHJbCBa Hsanaraxa HaCTaBC.4. IIoBpaTHa aarpopsranaja 0 noaanrarsy H nanpenoaan-y y-renaxa y npoQecy pana je 6HTaH eJIeMeHT H sa HaCTaBHHKa H aa yqCHHKa.5. Hacrasa ce Mopa 3aCHHBaTH na pa3HOBpCHOCTH caryannje pa3HOJIHKO-CTH rroncrnuaja H npoueca.6. Y HPC rpetia KOpHCTHTH ~ H j e MoryhHocTH YTHQajana nponec yxen,a:

    a) cTpyKTypOM sanaraxa nporpasorpara canpzcaj yxea a H6) canpacajesr Bje)J 6H nporpasraparn nponec yqCIha.

    Hexe tJ.HtJ.3KTH IKe c I I e ~ H l f l H I H O C T H H3CT3Be - PHaCTaBa PHC canpaor crsenehe, peJIaTHBHO caMOCTaJIHe H Meljyco6Ho noBe3aHC erane:

    H ~ e H T H H K a Q H j a HHBoaH crpyxrypa arran-anpanpexran,e Bje)J 6H

    -I npO P MHJlC I1J1Hh, Haciiiaea pasnuuuuiux Hl16 a cnosceuociiiu Y IHTCJbCKH aKyJ lTCT , Beorpan1997, CTp. 17.

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    Palla Ilepah: I1HTEPAKTI1BHA HACTABA Y ITPAKCI1

    asaohea,e HaCTaBeapennoaarse HaCTaBHorpanaY HaCTaBII PHC IIHTeH3lIBHlIje je HaCTaBHIIKOBO aaraacoaaa,e y npanpeua

    lhy HaCTaBe Hero y lheHOM1I3Bol)elhY.TOK -raca AlIcjJepeHU;lIpaHor Bje)l 6alha AIIHaMlIqHlIjlI je OA HaCTaBHor rrponeca y yooaxajeaoj HaCTaBII. TaKBo Bje)l 6alhe MO)l e nonexan no-rern II 6e3 ynonnor AlIjena -raca. HeKaA he oner, 6lITlI Hy)l Ha sajenaaxxa otipana KJhyqHIIX canp)l aja npnje TeKCTOBa casrocranaor pana y-renaxa. Y:ac ce MO)l e 3aBpIIIlITlI caxceTI